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D. A Class! G. Essay System! Jones, poete, comparatiste et traducteur. Universite de Sherbrooke, Departement des lettres et communications, Faculte des lettres et sciences humaines, 2500, boulevard Universite, Sherbrooke (Quebec) J1K 2R1 Canada. Un article de la revue TTR. Tous droits reserves © TTR: traduction, terminologie, redaction — Les auteurs, 2010. Salons. Essay! Un eclairage sur la societe par les revues savantes. C’est sur la toile de fond historique de la « crise de la litterature comparee » qu’est examinee dans cet article de quelle maniere Douglas Gordon Jones a conjugue poesie, comparatisme et traduction au cours des annees soixante et au-dela, en reponse a la situation telle qu’elle se presentait alors a lui.
Sa reponse fut la litterature canadienne comparee, dont la traduction litteraire sera des le depart un element constitutif et a laquelle se grefferont bientot des reflexions traductologiques. D.G. Essay Sat Tips! Jones, Poet, Comparatist, Translator. This article looks at essay failing a class, the way in essay which Douglas Gordon Jones brought together poetry, translation and essay about failing, comparatism in the context of, and reflective essay learning experience, as a response to essay about failing, the “crisis in pro choice comparative literature” in failing a class the 1960s. School Paper! Literary translation was a cornerstone of about failing a class, Jones’ conception of theme, Comparative Canadian Literature, a model that subsequently inspired Translation Studies scholarship. L’idee de crise de la litterature comparee n’est pas nouvelle. D’ailleurs, comme l’ecrivit Haskell Block, en 1970, dans une plaquette intitulee Nouvelles tendances en litterature comparee , « [i]l est fort possible que les conditions d’une crise soient reunies en permanence, non seulement dans les etudes humanistes de nos jours, mais egalement dans la vie quotidienne » (p.
15). Essay Failing! Ce dernier tenait neanmoins a preciser que « [c]rise ne veut pas dire catastrophe » (p. Theme Discount 2011! 51). « The Crisis of essay about failing, Comparative Literature » etait, en fait, le titre de la communication que prononca Rene Wellek il y a un demi-siecle au Congres de Chapel Hill (en Caroline du Nord), en 1958. Il s’agissait du deuxieme congres (et du veritable point de depart) de l’Association internationale de litterature comparee. Essay Sat Tips! Ce congres etait organise par Werner P. About! Friederich, professeur americain d’origine suisse, qui enseignait a Chapel Hill. L’idee de Friederich etait de reunir en un meme lieu ses collegues americains de meme que les comparatistes europeens issus des pays liberes en 1945, ce qu’il parvint a faire avec l’appui de la Fondation Ford . Pour faire un premier lien avec le contexte canadien et quebecois, soulignons la presence, a Chapel Hill, d’un certain Northrop Frye « Every problem in essay sat tips literary criticism », declare-t-il alors, « is a problem in essay about failing comparative literature, or simply of sportsmanship essay winners, literature itself » (cite par Block, 1970, p. Essay About Failing A Class! 33). Frye analyse, lors de ce congres, les mythes sous-jacents au poeme Lycidas de Milton, dans une communication intitulee « Literature as Context: Milton’s Lycidas  ». Selon Block, il s’agit d’un « exemple […] excellent […] de l’analyse comparative d’un seul poeme » ( ibid .). Sportsmanship Essay Winners! Ici, comparatisme s’entend au sens d’etude des archetypes, des themes mythologiques et bibliques qui informent une oeuvre litteraire. « An avowedly conventional poem like Lycidas », ecrira plus tard Frye dans Anatomy of Criticism , « urgently demands the a class, kind of criticism that will absorb it into reflective essay learning experience the study of about failing, literature as a whole » (1957, p. 100).
Ainsi, pour Frye, la veritable critique litteraire, c’est celle qui fait le plus de liens et etablit le plus de parente et d’analogies possibles avec d’autres oeuvres. Rappelons d’ailleurs la place accordee historiquement, au sein des etudes comparatistes, a l’etude des rapports entre les mythes anciens et la litterature contemporaine. Essay! Un exemple eloquent en est le livre Lecture mythocritique du roman quebecois d’Antoine Sirois, chercheur « [f]orme en litterature comparee », comme il le rappelle lui-meme dans l’introduction a cet ouvrage (1999, p. 9), dans lequel on retrouve entre autres une etude de la place du mythe d’Orphee dans quelques romans d’Anne Hebert. Le point culminant du congres de Chapel Hill fut cette charge lancee par Rene Wellek contre la methodologie du comparatisme francais. About! Issu de l’ecole linguistique de Prague, marque par le formalisme russe, Wellek denonca, dans sa communication, la tendance historicisante de la grande ecole francaise, pour proner un comparatisme « structuraliste » (v. Block, 1970, p. Experience! 49). Essay A Class! Les etudes d’influences pratiquees jusqu’alors etaient jugees steriles par Wellek et compagnie. Plusieurs idees de Wellek furent reprises par Etiemble dans Comparaison n’est pas raison. Thesis! La crise de la litterature comparee (1963) . Certes, Etiemble reconnait l’importance de l’etude des rapports de fait (liens directs, influences decelables) entre deux corpus litteraires « Mon comparatiste », ecrit-il avec l’ironie qu’on lui connait, « je le veux donc rompu au depouillement des archives, des collections de petites revues.
Outre une formation d’historien, je lui en souhaite une aussi de sociologue. About! Je ne lui interdirais meme pas la culture generale » (1963, pp. Essay System! 82-83). Mais Etiemble valorise l’etude des affinites et des parallelismes ahistoriques (v. Block, 1970, p. Essay! 26), en soulignant la legitimite de la comparaison « lors meme qu’il ne saurait y avoir d’influence » (Etiemble, 1963, p. Pro Choice Essays! 24). Etiemble donne comme exemple une etude publiee en 1955 par James Liu comparant les conventions propres au drame poetique elisabethain a celui de l’epoque bien anterieure et bien differente des Yuan (Etiemble, 1963, p. Failing! 100). Etiemble insiste en outre sur l’importance de revenir au texte, de faire l’experience intime de sa beaute litteraire, de developper une conscience de la valeur intrinseque de l’oeuvre (v. Reflective Learning! Block, 1970, p. About Failing! 27). Essay New Education! Dans l’expression « litterature comparee », rappelle-t-il, il y a comparee mais il y a aussi litterature. Essay About Failing A Class! Etiemble propose en somme de combiner l’enquete historique et la reflexion critique (ou esthetique), afin que la litterature comparee aboutisse a une poetique comparee (Etiemble, 1963, p. 101). Dans cet essai, Etiemble en profite aussi pour livrer quelques-unes de ses reflexions sur les rapports entre litterature comparee et traduction. Essay System! L’art de la traduction, estime-t-il, est neglige par les comparatistes ( ibid. Failing A Class! , p. Essay System! 95). « La litterature comparee devrait accorder son du a l’art de la traduction », ecrit-il ( ibid. About Failing A Class! , p. Essay! 44). « Nous manquons de traducteurs competents.
L’enseignement de la litterature comparee devrait donc se consacrer a nous en former d’excellents » ( ibid. Essay Failing A Class! , p. 48). New Education System! Etiemble adhere d’ailleurs a l’idee exprimee par Andre Gide (traducteur de Joseph Conrad, entre autres), selon laquelle « tout ecrivain devrait consacrer une part de sa vie a enrichir sa litterature en lui offrant la traduction de quelques-uns des chefs-d’oeuvre qu’il est capable de sentir, parmi ceux des langues qu’il connait » ( ibid. , p. Essay! 49). Essay! Il encourage l’etude comparee des traductions , laquelle – en appliquant avec tact la methode de l’explication de textes – permet d’aller fort avant dans l’analyse de l’art du poeme, croit Etiemble ( ibid. , p. 96). C’est le modele acheve de l’explication comparee. Pour Etiemble, le fait d’inciter les futurs comparatistes a apprendre le plus de langues etrangeres possible n’est pas contradictoire avec l’idee d’accorder droit de cite a la traduction et a la traductologie dans le cadre des etudes de litterature comparee. Essay About Failing A Class! Toutefois, tous ne partageaient pas cet avis a l’epoque (pas plus, d’ailleurs, qu’aujourd’hui). Parmi les refractaires figure notamment Haskell Block, qui n’etait pas d’accord avec Etiemble sur la place de la traduction et de la litterature traduite dans les etudes comparatistes. Thesis! « La litterature comparee n’est pas l’etude de la litterature etrangere traduite, malgre l’importance et la necessite de celle-ci » (Block, 1970, p. 43). Essay Failing A Class! Ce sont entre autres les preoccupations de comparatistes comme Etiemble qui ont debouche sur la traductologie dans le cadre – ou en dehors – de la litterature comparee . Pro Choice! Etiemble s’interesse aussi a l’enseignement de la litterature comparee. About A Class! « Il faut […] remanier nos programmes » (Etiemble, 1963, p. Essays! 103), ecrit-il en conclusion de son ouvrage, « … en pensant a l’an 2050 » ( ibid. About A Class! , p. 105).
J’aimerais examiner – sur cette toile de fond historique – de quelle maniere Douglas Gordon Jones a conjugue poesie, comparatisme et traductologie au cours des annees 1960 et au-dela, en reponse a la situation telle qu’elle se presentait alors a lui. Essay New Education! Sa reponse fut la litterature canadienne comparee, dont la traduction litteraire sera des le depart un element constitutif. Rappelons brievement, pour commencer, quelle est la contribution de D. Essay About Failing A Class! G. Theme Discount! Jones comme poete, critique, traducteur et professeur. Failing! Poete repute, Doug Jones est l’auteur d’une dizaine de recueils. New Education! Il a remporte en 1977 le Prix litteraire du Gouverneur general (Poesie de langue anglaise) et le Prix de poesie A. J. About Failing! M. Essay Winners! Smith, decerne par la Michigan State University, pour son recueil Under the Thunder the essay about a class, Flowers Light Up the Earth . Essay Sat Tips! Un choix de ses poemes figure dans toutes les anthologies de poesie canadienne-anglaise d’importance. About Failing! Sa poesie, d’un grand lyrisme, est un commentaire vibrant et subtil sur les attitudes changeantes et les grandes preoccupations des Canadiens au cours des dernieres decennies.
Ses vers sont empreints de grace, d’elegance, d’esprit et d’acuite intellectuelle. Nous devons en outre a D. Pro Choice Essays! G. Essay About Failing! Jones un ouvrage critique incontournable : Butterfly on essay sat tips Rock: A Study of essay about a class, Themes and reflective essay experience, Images in Canadian Literature (1970). Publiee a une epoque cruciale dans l’evolution de la conscience reciproque des deux principales communautes linguistiques et culturelles du pays, cette etude est vite devenue un classique dans le domaine des etudes litteraires canadiennes comparees. Essay About! L’activite de reflexion critique est allee de pair, chez Jones, avec une activite soutenue de traduction de poesie quebecoise vers l’anglais. Thesis 2011! Tout en poursuivant sa propre carriere poetique, il a mis ses talents de poete et de critique au service de la poesie quebecoise (contemporaine et plus ancienne) qu’il lisait, admirait et decortiquait dans ses cours et ses articles.
Ses traductions ont ainsi fait connaitre de grands poetes quebecois comme Paul-Marie Lapointe et Gaston Miron aux communautes canadienne-anglaise et internationale. Essay About Failing A Class! Jones est d’ailleurs le fondateur, en 1969, de la revue de traduction poetique Ellipse , periodique auquel il a collabore a un titre ou un autre pendant une bonne trentaine d’annees. Essay Sat Tips! C’est une contribution dont la portee est incalculable. En fondant cette revue avec Sheila Fischman, il a cree un lieu d’echange entre les communautes culturelles de langue anglaise et francaise au pays. About Failing! Pendant plusieurs decennies, il a travaille personnellement a garder cet espace ouvert et frequente. School Paper! Jones a remporte, en 1993, le Prix litteraire du Gouverneur general pour sa traduction vers l’anglais d’un recueil de Normand de Bellefeuille, Categoriques un, deux et trois . About Failing! Parmi les poetes canadiens de langue anglaise de sa generation, il a fait preuve d’une remarquable ouverture envers la poesie quebecoise, qui a exerce une influence sur sa propre ecriture poetique. Essays! C’est une contribution qui s’apparente, a certains egards, a celle de F. R. Essay About A Class! Scott, que Jones a bien connu et auquel il consacre deux etudes en 1983 (dont l’une porte sur Scott traducteur).
Enfin, D. G. Jones fut professeur de litterature canadienne comparee a l’Universite de Sherbrooke, de 1963 a 1994. Paper Criteria! Il a enseigne a des generations d’etudiants en litterature canadienne, en litterature quebecoise, ainsi qu’en traduction. Essay About Failing! Il a forme et inspire de nombreux poetes, traducteurs et professeurs de litterature, anglophones et francophones, comme Judith Cowan, Louise Desjardins, Richard Giguere et Pierre Nepveu. Quand son collegue Ronald Sutherland cree, a l’Universite de Sherbrooke, le programme de maitrise en Litterature canadienne comparee au debut des annees 1960, il le fait pour l’essentiel dans l’esprit du comparatisme tel qu’il est redefini a la fin de la decennie precedente par Wellek et d’autres. Essay Sat Tips! La touche originale de Sutherland sera de proposer de pratiquer ce comparatisme dans une perspective canadienne et quebecoise. A Class! A l’oree de la Revolution tranquille, la periode est eminemment propice a ce genre de reflexions. Sportsmanship Winners! Dans ce contexte, la contribution particuliere de Jones, qui se joindra a Sutherland, rappelons-le, comme professeur d’etudes anglaises et de litterature canadienne comparee des 1963, est d’avoir conjugue ce comparatisme canadien avec la traduction litteraire, dans l’esprit prone par Etiemble. Essay About Failing A Class! A cette epoque, on thesis prend conscience du nombre infime de traductions existantes d’oeuvres litteraires quebecoises et canadiennes-anglaises.
En 1968, Philip Stratford fait paraitre dans la revue Meta une etude comportant un premier inventaire de la litterature canadienne en traduction . Failing A Class! Au cours de la decennie suivante, la traduction va d’ailleurs continuer a etre dans l’air du temps et a faire partie des preoccupations d’organismes federaux comme le Conseil canadien de recherches sur les humanites. A la fin de 1972, par exemple, un « comite de traduction » est forme au sein de cet organisme en vue de dresser des listes d’oeuvres canadiennes, de langue anglaise et francaise, ressortissant au domaine de la litterature et des sciences humaines et sociales, qui meriteraient d’etre traduites, ainsi que de traducteurs susceptibles d’accomplir cette tache. Essay! Antoine Sirois, alors directeur du Departement d’etudes francaises de l’Universite de Sherbrooke, preside ce comite, compose de Philip Stratford, d’Andre Clas et de Michael Gnarowski . About Failing A Class! Dans un tel contexte, la contribution de Doug Jones a ete d’elire la poesie comme champ d’action, de s’adonner a la traduction poetique et de proposer celle-ci comme modele de lecture et d’analyse de la poesie quebecoise, comme l’approche comparatiste de l’heure. Des les annees 1960, pour les besoins de l’enseignement de seminaires de theorie de la litterature canadienne comparee, par exemple, Jones ajoute a sa frequentation de nombreux poetes canadiens de langue anglaise et francaise celle de traductologues de la premiere heure comme George Steiner de meme que celle de plusieurs theoriciens structuralistes francais comme Roland Barthes.
Sa reflexion sur le comparatisme litteraire canadien sera enrichie par la decouverte, a travers Marshall McLuhan, des travaux de l’historien canadien Harold A. Innis. Theme! Jones s’interesse particulierement a la these developpee par Innis sur les modes de communication privilegies par certaines societes, these qu’il applique a son tour au contexte litteraire canadien. About Failing! Dans un courriel recent, Jones resume ainsi les conclusions auxquelles il est arrive « What we see in essay sat tips much of the failing, English-Canadian literature is a society characterized by essay experience a predominantly spatial bias of essay a class, communication. What we see in Quebec literature in pro choice essays French from the failing a class, nineteenth to at least the theme discount 2011, mid-twentieth century is about, a society with a strong temporal bias of theme discount, communication  ». Toutefois, Jones precise qu’il n’a pas voulu pour autant, dans ses ecrits theoriques, etablir a tout prix des comparaisons entre poetes canadiens et quebecois : « Most of my articles may not be particularly useful, in themselves, as examples of “comparative” criticism  ». Dans un article intitule « Grounds For Translation », Jones note la difficulte de traduire le poeme « Soir d’hiver » de Nelligan. Pourtant, ecrit-il, « [e]xperience I think tells us there is essay about failing a class, something wrong with the essays, idea that poetry is essay about failing, untranslatable » (Jones, 1977, p. Criteria! 66). Essay A Class! A l’instar de George Steiner, qui vient de publier After Babel (en 1975), il estime que tout acte de communication se distingue autant par ce qu’il voile que par ce qu’il devoile. Reflective Learning Experience! De meme que la langue est un outil a la fois collectif et individuel, Jones note un jeu d’aller et de retour entre l’individuel et le collectif en litterature. A la fin de son article, de maniere tout a fait postmoderne, Jones salue la liberte de mal traduire, « the essay, freedom to learning experience, play with what is given, to failing a class, reverse what is given, to transform and essay sat tips, recreate » ( ibid. , p. Essay Failing! 86) : « It is sportsmanship, precisely through translation, » conclut-il, « that is, inevitably, mistranslation, mis-reading, that the a class, poet, the essay sat tips, writer, all of essay, us who share an pro choice essays, articulate culture, manage to essay about failing, find nourishment, manage to avoid being locked in essays “the prison house of about a class, language” » ( ibid ., p. Learning Experience! 88). Cet article de Jones montre bien de quelle facon traduction et comparatisme sont intrinsequement lies a ce moment precis de l’histoire litteraire du pays. L’auteur se demande ainsi. Why do we translate Quebec poetry? Because, in a sense, we have been asked to.
It is an immediate response to the cry to a class, be heard, to pro choice, be recognized, to about, be given existence in thesis theme discount 2011 the eyes of essay failing a class, others. And who is essay sat tips, going to essay about a class, listen if English-Canadians do not, the essay learning, people who have shared the essay about failing a class, same geography, the thesis 2011, same history, who have been “host” and essay failing, “hostis”, friend and enemy, for over two centuries? […] If we translate Quebec poetry so that Quebeckers may exist, we do so as well so that we may exist. Any genuine intercourse is thesis theme 2011, reciprocal, reinforcing our existence, providing a heightened and about failing, more articulate sense of system, our own identity – of essay about, one’s self and essays, the other. Nor are English-Canadians possessed of essay failing a class, such a large and thesis theme discount, assured identity that they have no need of such reinforcement. Jones, 1977, pp. Essay About! 78, 80. Jones souligne, en outre, l’importance de la diffusion des traductions : il donne l’exemple d’une soiree de lectures de poemes de Gaston Miron et de Paul-Marie Lapointe dans la traduction de Jones, a Pittsburgh, en presence du traducteur et des auteurs. Essay System! « I’ve seen an failing a class, audience in Pittsburgh come alive to Paul-Marie Lapointe and thesis discount, Gaston Miron, so that for failing a class, a few hours at school research criteria, least Lapointe and essay, Miron and, indeed, Quebec, existed on the banks of the sportsmanship essay winners, Monangahela » ( ibid. Essay Failing A Class! , p. 78) . L’article de Jones, « Grounds For Translation », fut reproduit dans The Insecurity of learning experience, Art.
Essays on Poetics , recueil de textes publie sous la direction de Ken Norris et Peter Van Toorn chez Vehicule Press en 1982. Failing! David Homel fait, dans la revue Spirale en decembre 1983, une recension de ce titre et d’un autre paru l’annee precedente chez le meme editeur (une anthologie de poesie de langue anglaise du Quebec, Cross/cut. Contemporary English Quebec Poetry ) . Homel insiste sur le fait que les « ecrivains anglophones d’ici sont un groupe special : des gens tres conscients du dualisme historique de leur pays ». Pour eux, poursuit Homel, « rester en contact avec les courants litteraires du Quebec francais est chose essentielle. Essay New Education System! L’ecrivain anglais en est un pour qui – pour reprendre la pensee du poete Doug Jones – vivre dans une terre de Babel ne donne aucunement lieu a l’angoisse : sa reaction, c’est de traduire. Et ainsi, ecrit Homel, naquit le poete-traducteur : John Glassco […], Frank Scott […] et Jones lui-meme » (Homel, 1983, p. About A Class! 9). Ainsi, apres notre Babel a nous, qu’est-ce qu’on fait? La reponse de Jones : on essay new education system traduit, et ce faisant, on a class compare et on prend des notes. La prise de conscience de la presence de l’Autre est fulgurante. High Paper Criteria! Il n’y a pas de temps a perdre. Ainsi, voici l’avenement du poete-comparatiste-traducteur.
La poesie meme de D. Essay About A Class! G. Winners! Jones se ressent d’ailleurs de l’heureux alliage de ces trois champs d’activite et d’ecriture. Essay Failing A Class! Un exemple eloquent de cette interaction entre l’ecriture poetique et la traduction poetique, nourrie des reflexions d’un comparatiste feru de litterature quebecoise, se donne a lire dans la suite poetique « Saint Martins/Sint Maartens », publiee par Jones dans un recueil intitule Wild Asterisks in Cloud (1997). Reflective Essay Learning Experience! Jones a ecrit ce long poeme lors d’un sejour avec sa femme, Monique, dans cette ile des Petites Antilles, ou il avait emporte avec lui la traduction anglaise, par Eliot Weinberger, du long poeme Altazor de l’ecrivain chilien Vicente Huidobro, livre que lui avait offert Hugh Hazelton (un autre poete-comparatiste-traducteur) « My poem is about failing a class, a kind of essay sat tips, poetic journal of about failing a class, our stay on essay system the island where I read this translation along with the failing, original text, and essay sat tips, used bits of about, it as I wrote my own poem, which ended up quoting bits in Spanish and making quite a few references to essay system, that text », precise-t-il (Jones, 2009). Essay Failing! L’une de ces citations de Huidobro par Jones a trait au rire des morts que le poete chilien dit entendre sous la terre : « la risa de los muertos debajo de la tierra » (Jones, 1997, p. Thesis Theme Discount! 120). Essay About! De la, Jones renvoie a Alain Grandbois qui ecrit, dans son poeme « Le silence », qu’il suffit peut-etre de gratter la surface de la terre pour que, « d’un seul coup », surgissent « toutes les musiques » des morts, ceux de la Deuxieme Guerre mondiale en particulier (Grandbois, 1990, p. Essay New Education System! 167). En plus d’integrer dans son propre poeme quelques vers de Grandbois en francais, Jones y mele quelques extraits de cette poesie dans sa propre traduction anglaise. Comme il le souligne lui-meme : The poet writes about about his world with the school paper criteria, assistance of essay about failing a class, another poet writing in essay new education system Spanish who is failing a class, made clear in essay sat tips English by about an American translator, leading the poet to discount, quote another poet in French, which he then translates into essay about his (and presumably his eventual reader’s) English – as a way of making a point, and essay sat tips, expressing his sense of about failing a class, connections, and, well, developing a poem. Le fait qu’une autre voix, celle d’un poete chilien, traduit en anglais par le traducteur americain Weinberger, se joint ici a celles de Grandbois et de Jones n’est pas sans signification elle temoigne d’une ouverture aux voix de toutes les Ameriques, qui est sans conteste l’une des avenues de plus en plus explorees par les etudes comparatistes et traductologiques d’aujourd’hui. En somme, par sa contribution originale, Jones a montre que le comparatisme, loin d’etre une approche inadaptee aux etudes traductologiques actuelles, etait au contraire propre a eclairer et a enrichir la comprehension de nombreuses pratiques litteraires et traductives au Quebec et ailleurs au pays.  Toutefois, etant donne que cette fondation n’etait pas tres favorable a l’idee de financer la participation de comparatistes est-europeens en ce debut de guerre froide, seule la Yougoslavie fut representee a ce congres parmi les pays d’Europe de l’Est. Research!  Texte reproduit dans Collected Works of Northrop Frye , vol.
16 : « Northrop Frye on Milton and about a class, Blake » (2005). Essay Sat Tips!  Prolongement d’un essai qu’Etiemble avait fait paraitre en 1958 dans Hygiene des lettres, III : Savoir et gout , pp. 154-173. Notons en passant qu’Etiemble avait fait paraitre aux Editions de l’Arbre, a Montreal, en 1943, une traduction francaise d’un livre sur le fascisme ( La marche du fascisme , de G.-A. Borgese). Failing A Class!  Un bon exemple recent serait l’analyse que propose Barbara Folkart de diverses traductions anglaises d’un meme poeme de Saint-John Perse dans Second Finding (2007).  L’objet d’etude de la traductologie n’est d’ailleurs pas tant, a mon avis, la litterature traduite que le processus meme de la traduction et ses effets. Reflective Essay Experience!  Stratford poursuivra ces recherches pour faire paraitre, en 1975, une « Bibliographie de livres canadiens traduits de l’anglais au francais et du francais a l’anglais » .  Je remercie Antoine Sirois de m’avoir permis de consulter des dossiers personnels faisant etat des travaux de ce comite. Essay A Class!  Courriel a l’auteure en date du 9 juin 2009. System! Je remercie chaleureusement Doug Jones d’avoir bien voulu reagir a une ebauche de ce texte et repondre a mes questions. Essay Failing!  Jones souligne qu’il a tout de meme signe des etudes comparatives de forme plus classique dans le domaine, telle son analyse comparee de la poesie de Margaret Avison et de Rina Lasnier, parue dans Ellipse (n o 49, 1993). High School Paper Criteria!  Petite note historique : Pittsburgh a commence par s’appeler… Fort Duquesne (fort etabli par les Francais en 1754 a un emplacement qui est aujourd’hui en plein centre-ville de Pittsburgh). Patricia Godbout est professeure titulaire au Departement des lettres et communications a l’Universite de Sherbrooke. Failing! Son domaine de recherche principal est l’histoire de la traduction litteraire au Canada. Elle est membre du Groupe de recherche et d’etude sur le livre au Quebec et collabore a la redaction du Dictionnaire des gens du livre au Quebec sous la direction de Josee Vincent et Marie-Pier Luneau. Essays! Elle collabore egalement au projet d’edition critique de l’oeuvre d’Anne Hebert sous la direction de Nathalie Watteyne. Essay A Class! Elle vient de terminer (juin 2010) un mandat de deux ans a la direction du Centre Anne-Hebert.
Elle a obtenu en 2009 une subvention pour travailler sur les « traducteurs de papier » dans les romans quebecois depuis 1960. Reflective Learning Experience! Elle a fait paraitre en 2004 un livre intitule Traduction litteraire et sociabilite interculturelle au Canada, 1950-1960 (Presses de l’Universite d’Ottawa). Essay About Failing A Class! Plus recemment, elle a collabore a l’ouvrage collectif de langue anglaise intitule Canada and sportsmanship winners, Its Americas en y signant un chapitre intitule « Louis Dantin’s American Life » (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2010). Elle vient egalement de faire paraitre aux Presses de l’Universite Laval la traduction d’un livre de Winfried Siemerling, dont le titre francais est Recits nord-americains d’emergence : ecriture, culture et politique de re/connaissance (2010). BLOCK, Haskell M. Failing A Class! (1970). Sportsmanship Essay Winners! Nouvelles tendances en litterature comparee . About Failing! Paris, Editions A.-G. Essay Sat Tips! Nizet. Luise von Flotow and about a class, Reingard M. Nischik, eds. Sportsmanship Essay! Translating Canada.
Charting the about, Institutions and paper criteria, Influences of essay about, Cultural Transfer: Canadian Writing in German/y . Reflective Essay Learning! Ottawa, University of about a class, Ottawa Press, “Perspectives on high school criteria Translation,” 2007, 344 p. Par Denise Merkle. Par Denise Merkle. Vanessa Leonardi. Failing A Class! Gender and reflective, Ideology in about failing a class Translation: Do Women and sportsmanship winners, Men Translate Differently? A Contrastive Analysis from a class, Italian into reflective English. Failing A Class! Bern, Peter Lang, 2007, 323 p. Par Carolyn Shread.
A Glimpse from the essay new education, Chambord Staircase at essay a class, Translation’s Role in Comparative Literature.
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Is Failing a Class in College a Big Deal? - …
10 ways to create an eye-catching CV. Essay A Class. You may work with your hands, but to nab that job, you’ll have to impress on winners, paper first. About Failing. Jenni Middleton talks to the experts to find out thesis discount, how a strong CV can snatch you that crucial interview. A friend of mine who works in sales once received a CV with a candidate’s photo attached. She was pictured in a gents’ toilet, leaning against the condom machine – and was completely naked. Although the snap may have shown off her best assets, they clearly weren’t the professional presentation skills the company was looking for. And while nurses usually have a lot more decorum and a lot more sense, according to essay a class, the experts, such gaffes are all too common when Joe and Joanna Public apply for their dream jobs. Here are our top 10 tips to make sure your job application stands out from the pack – but for all the right reasons.
All too many recruits fail to talk about what they can do for the company they are applying to. Mark Lester, managing director of Platinum Professional CV Writers, says student nurses should shout about their achievements. “Don’t tell them all the stuff that everyone who is school paper criteria, applying for the job will have done,” says Mr Lester. “Depending on the role, be sure to present your relevant technical competencies (such as procedures and equipment you have used), as well as your qualifications (for example, nurse independent prescribing qualifications that you have or are going for), areas of expertise (paediatric, AE, oncology, mental health) and essay a class, nagerial experience as clearly as possible. Don’t list your job description, show the hirer your potential style – what you’re good at and what you’re known for,” he says. It may not be possible to essay sat tips, list all your skills or experience linked to about failing, the employer’s agenda but do try and be mindful of it. So, Mr Lester says, if your target department in a hospital is driving cost reduction, then reference achievements and responsibilities where you have supported change, managed and essay sat tips, embedded new ways of working, and identified savings, even if it’s just been shadowing someone on a work placement who has achieved that. If you are asked to send a CV, then remember a clinical CV will indicate all of your training and proficiencies in essay failing, using certain types of equipment, all of which will be vital for a healthcare employer to see in high paper criteria, your CV, says James Innes, author of The CV Book, which has a section dedicated to medical CVs.
He says that although many jobs are applied for using application forms, CVs are still essential for many vacancies in essay a class, the healthcare sector. But unlike in other sectors, your CV needs to be more complex, and will usually be longer to reflect that greater detail. He says it’s fine for it to go over the usually accepted two sides, and run to three, four or five pages as you progress through your career and have to pro choice essays, add more positions. Mr Innes advises that you do the legwork for the reader of your CV, so order the sections so that they are logical, and arranged more or less in order of the value they contribute. He suggests that you include sections on clinical skills, audits, research, presentations, publications and – for when you are more experienced – teaching. But try and keep it concise. About Failing. Don’t include too much information about research – try to summarise. Many professions don’t include references from the start, but Mr Innes says this is sportsmanship, not the case with clinical CVs, which should include details as well as your professional registration, including reference numbers.
Mike Ellis, regional director at Hays Healthcare recruitment, says that student nurses who are currently studying may not know what they want to about a class, specialise in, but should still gather references from professionals they’ve worked with to help secure employment in the future. “What employers are looking for are professionals who can evidence the work they have done – whether on rotation or placement. Maintaining a strong working relationship with senior nurses or lead clinicians will provide valuable references, and proof of your skills, needed for future applications,” he says. 5. High Research Paper. Prove you are commercially focused. Given cutbacks in the public sector, such as natural attrition not resulting in replacements, competition for nursing positions is essay about failing, fierce. What employers are most interested in seeing from candidates at present is commercial skills, says Ellis. “This is essay sat tips, because the government is encouraging a stronger partnership between the about failing a class public and private sector, in a bid to reduce spending, and sportsmanship essay winners, the notion that many functions will be outsourced to the private sector in the future. Those who can demonstrate commercial mindedness will be valuable to essay about failing, the changing face of healthcare.” For students who don’t have commercial experience, volunteering at new education, a nursing home, charity or domiciliary provider will help gain much needed skills and essay about failing a class, experience. The next crucial stage is showcasing these skills on discount 2011, your CV effectively; it should be accessible to both public and about failing, private sector employers. 6. Tailor your application to each job. Tailor your CV to the specific vacancy you are applying for, rather than using a general CV, says Innes.
Lester agrees. Essay Learning Experience. “Focus. About Failing. The CV is about winning an interview, so don’t document your entire life, just what you can do to excel at this job.” But he urges you to add in the things that make you stand out. Theme 2011. “If you have that special talent, tell them. It may make them think they can use your broader experience in ways they had not thought of.” Detailing what patients you’ve worked with, equipment you’ve used, daily duties you’ve undertaken and clinical practices you’ve worked in will all help the employer to understand where your skills and experience fit into their organisation, says Ellis. He advises that you tailor your CV and application to each job opportunity to about failing a class, help you to new education, stand out from the crowd. About Failing A Class. “A position in pro choice essays, oncology, for essay a class example, will require specialist skills, therefore showcase these in your application,” he says. “Refer to specialist clinical and medical professionals, innovative and technological ways of thesis theme 2011, working. Knowledge of topical drugs, treatment or specific equipment always adds credibility and demonstrates your interest and passion.” Innes says that “a formal, academic style” usually works best to highlight how professional you are.
And he says it is non-negotiable that you have a business-like email address. A jokey address may be fine for arranging nights out with friends, but ensure your account is sensibly named when it comes to job applications. 8. Get right to the heart of the matter. People have limited time to go through hundreds of applications, especially now that jobs are in shorter supply, so give the about failing a class most interesting, engaging and pertinent facts that sell you first. Don’t expect every prospective employer will get to essays, the end of the application form. You’re writing a job application, not a thriller – so don’t keep them guessing until the end. Spell check and get a friend who has an essay about, eye for grammar to proofread your CV too. Ellis recommends detailing placements and employment by month and reflective learning, year to essay about failing, help direct employers or agencies more easily to your experience. Make sure your chronology is complete and fill in essay, any gaps.
Unexplained absences from work will make people suspicious. The Royal Brompton and essay about failing a class, Harefield NHS Foundation Trust receives around 500 applications a week for reflective essay learning experience all its jobs, and a typical band 5 post attracts about essay failing, 60 to 100 applicants. Nurse recruitment adviser Steve Caddick says that those who stand out from essays this massive pack are those who have looked into the hospital or unit they have applied to and tailored their supporting statement accordingly. “With newly qualified nurses, I am not interested in the training they have done as it should all be the same, and I am not interested in how they adhere to the NMC Code as that should be a given for essay a class every nurse. I want to pro choice essays, know what they do differently, and what they will bring. And I also want to be sure they want our job, and will look to about failing a class, see if they have researched the unit and the hospital.
If I am going to hire them, I want to know what the trust is going to essay, get out of that individual that they could not get from someone else.” His advice is essay failing a class, not to send a blanket email application, but change your supporting statement for new education system every job you apply for. Essay. Read more tips and essay learning, advice to essay, support you through your nursing degree on Student Nursing Times. NT Jobs has thousands of current vacancies - start your job search today! Nursing Times is not responsible for the content of external internet sites. New Education System. Find your dream job with Nursing Times Careers Week. 21 February, 2014. From 24 to 28 February, Nursing Times is about, going to be helping you improve your CV, find your perfect job and stun your employers with a perfect application. Exclusive: NHS should offer staff affordable housing, says leader.
Trusts should consider offering junior nursing staff affordable housing as an school research criteria, incentive to join the health service, an NHS leader has told Nursing Times. Poor working conditions drives huge increase in number of a class, nurses leaving NMC register. Poor working conditions, including inadequate staffing levels affecting the quality of care, are motivating more nurses and midwives to leave the register than join it for the first time in recent history, according to figures released by the Nursing and Midwifery Council today. High School Paper. Exclusive: scheme launched to help employers support nurses in crisis. A new membership scheme to help organisations support nurses suffering hardship has been launched by a charity to “get nurses back on their feet”. Investment in essay about a class, existing workforce 'needed to pro choice essays, help train extra nurses' Universities have welcomed government plans to create more than 5,000 extra clinical placements for undergraduate nursing students in England but said this must come alongside investment in the existing nursing workforce and training capacity. You must sign in to make a comment. Do you have any tips for writing the perfect CV? Please remember that the submission of any material is governed by our Terms and Conditions and by submitting material you confirm your agreement to these Terms and Conditions.
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Looking back – motivating .NET Core. First let’s look back to understand how the failing a class .NET platform was packaged in the past. Thesis! This helps to motivate some of the decisions and essay failing a class ideas that resulted in the creation of .NET Core. When we originally shipped the .NET Framework in 2002 there was only thesis 2011 a single framework. Shortly after, we released the .NET Compact Framework which was a subset of the essay failing .NET Framework that fit within the system footprint of smaller devices, specifically Windows Mobile. Essay About A Class! The compact framework was a separate code base from the .NET Framework. It included the entire vertical: a runtime, a framework, and an application model on top.
Since then, we’ve repeated this subsetting exercise many times: Silverlight, Windows Phone and most recently for Windows Store. This yields to learning fragmentation because the failing a class .NET Platform isn’t a single entity but a set of platforms, owned by school paper criteria, different teams, and maintained independently. Of course, there is nothing wrong with offering specialized features in order to cater to a particular need. But it becomes a problem if there is no systematic approach and about failing a class specialization happens at every layer with little to no regards for corresponding layers in other verticals. The outcome is discount 2011, a set of essay a class platforms that only experience share APIs by the fact that they started off from a common code base. Over time this causes more divergence unless explicit (and expensive) measures are taken to converge APIs. What is the problem with fragmentation?
If you only target a single vertical then there really isn’t any problem. You’re provided with an API set that is optimized for failing your vertical. The problem arises as soon as you want to target the horizontal, that is multiple verticals. Sportsmanship Essay! Now you have to essay failing a class reason about the availability of APIs and come up with a way to produce assets that work across the verticals you want to essay sat tips target. Today it’s extremely common to have applications that span devices: there is about, virtually always a back end that runs on reflective learning experience the web server, there is essay about a class, often an administrative front end that uses the pro choice Windows desktop, and a set of mobile applications that are exposed to the consumer, available for multiple devices. Thus, it’s critical to support developers in building components that can span all the .NET verticals.
Birth of portable class libraries. Originally, there was no concept of code sharing across verticals. No portable class libraries, no shared projects. You were essentially stuck with creating multiple projects, linked files, and #if . This made targeting multiple verticals a daunting task. In the Windows 8 timeframe we came up with a plan to deal with this problem.
When we designed the failing Windows Store profile we introduced a new concept to model the subsetting in a better way: contracts. Originally, the .NET Framework was designed around the assumption that it’s always deployed as a single unit, so factoring was not a concern. The very core assembly that everything else depends on is mscorlib. The mscorlib provided by the .NET Framework contains many features that that can’t be supported everywhere (for example, remoting and AppDomains). This forces each vertical to subset even the very core of the platform. This made it very complicated to tool a class library experience that lets you target multiple verticals. The idea of contracts is to provide a well factored API surface area.
Contracts are simply assemblies that you compile against. In contrast to regular assemblies contract assemblies are designed around proper factoring. We deeply care about the dependencies between contracts and research paper criteria that they only have a single responsibility instead of being a grab bag of APIs. Contracts version independently and follow proper versioning rules, such as adding APIs results in essay about failing a class, a newer version of the assembly. We’re using contracts to model API sets across all verticals. The verticals can then simply pick and choose which contracts they want to system support.
The important aspect is that verticals must support a contract either wholesale or not at all. Essay About Failing A Class! In other words, they can’t subset the contents of a contract. This allows reasoning about the API differences between verticals at the assembly level, as opposed to the individual API level that we had before. This aspect enabled us to provide a class library experience that can target multiple verticals, also known as portable class libraries. Unifying API shape versus unifying implementation. You can think of portable class libraries as an experience that unifies the different .NET verticals based on their API shape. This addressed the criteria most pressing need, which is the ability to essay failing a class create libraries that run on different .NET verticals. Reflective Essay Learning Experience! It also served as a design tool to drive convergence between verticals, for instance, between Windows 8.1 and Windows Phone 8.1. However, we still have different implementations – or forks – of the .NET platform.
Those implementations are owned by different teams, version independently, and have different shipping vehicles. This makes unifying API shape an ongoing challenge: APIs are only portable when the failing implementation is sportsmanship essay winners, moved forward across all the verticals but since the code bases are different that’s fairly expensive and thus always subject to essay a class (re-)prioritization. And even if we could do a perfect job with converging the APIs: the fact that all verticals have different shipping vehicles means that some part of the ecosystem will always lag behind. A much better approach is unifying the implementations: instead of only essay providing a well factored view, we should provide a well factored implementation. This would allow verticals to essay simply share the same implementation. Convergence would no longer be something extra; it’s achieved by construction. Of course, there are still cases where we may need multiple implementations. A good example is discount, file I/O which requires using different technologies, based on the environment. However, it’s a lot simpler to ask each team owning a specific component to think about how their APIs work across all verticals than trying to retroactively providing a consistent API stack on essay about failing a class top. Reflective! That’s because portability isn’t a something you can provide later.
For example, our file APIs include support for Windows Access Control Lists (ACL) which can’t be supported in all environments. The design of the APIs must take this into about, consideration, and, for reflective instance, provide this functionality in a separate assembly that can be omitted on platforms that don’t support ACLs. Machine-wide frameworks versus application-local frameworks. Another interesting challenge has to essay failing do with how the .NET Framework is deployed. The .NET Framework is a machine-wide framework. Reflective Learning Experience! Any changes made to about failing a class it affect all applications taking a dependency on it. Having a machine-wide framework was a deliberate decision because it solves those issues:
It allows centralized servicing It reduces the disk space Allows sharing native images between applications. But it also comes at a cost. For one, it’s complicated for application developers to essay learning take a dependency on a recently released framework. You either have to take a dependency on the latest OS or provide an application installer that is about failing a class, able to thesis discount install the essay failing a class .NET Framework when the application is installed. If you’re a web developer you might not even have this option as the IT department tells you which version you’re allowed to essay sat tips use. And if you’re a mobile developer you really don’t have choice but the OS you target. But even if you’re willing to failing a class go through the trouble of providing an installer in order to chain in the .NET Framework setup you may find that upgrading the .NET Framework can break other applications. Hold on – aren’t we saying that our upgrades are highly compatible? We are.
And we take compatibility extremely seriously. We have rigorous reviews for any changes made to the .NET Framework. And for high anything that could be a breaking change we have dedicated reviews to investigate the impact. We run a compat lab where we test many popular .NET applications to failing a class ensure that we don’t regress them. We also have the ability to tell which .NET Framework the application was compiled against. This allows us to essay sat tips maintain compatibility with existing applications while providing a better behavior for applications that opted-into targeting a later version of the essay a class .NET Framework.
Unfortunately, we’ve also learned that even compatible changes can break applications. Let me provide a few examples: Adding an interface to an existing type can break applications because it might interfere with how the type is being serialized. Essay Sat Tips! Adding an overload to a method that previously didn’t had any overloads can break reflection consumers that never handled finding more than one method. Renaming an internal type can break applications if the type name was surfaced via a ToString() method. Those are all rare cases but when you have a customer base of 1.8 billion machines being 99.9% compatible can still mean that 1.8 million machines are affected. Interestingly enough, in many cases fixing impacted applications is fairly trivial.
But the problem is that the application developer isn’t necessarily involved when the break occurs. Let’s look at a concrete example. You tested your application on essay failing a class .NET Framework 4 and that’s what you installed with your app. But some day one of your customers installed another application that upgraded the machine to essay sat tips .NET Framework 4.5. Failing! You don’t know your application is pro choice essays, broken until that customer calls your support. At this point addressing the compat issue in your application is fairly expensive as you have to get the corresponding sources, setup a repro machine, debug the application, make the necessary changes, integrate them into about a class, the release branch, produce a new version of essay your software, test it, and finally release an update to your customers. Contrast this with the case where you decide you want to take advantage of a feature released in a later version of the .NET Framework. At this point in the development process, you’re already prepared to make changes to your application. If there is a minor compat glitch, you can easily handle it as part of the about failing a class feature work. Due to these issues, it takes us a while to release a new version of the .NET Framework.
And the more drastic the change, the more time we need to bake it. This results in the paradoxical situation where our betas are already fairly locked down and we’re pretty much unable to essay learning take design change requests. Two years ago, we’ve started to ship libraries on NuGet. Since we didn’t add those libraries to the .NET Framework we refer to them as “out-of-band”. Out-of- band libraries don’t suffer from the problem we just discussed because they are application-local. In other words, the libraries are deployed as if they were part of your application. This pretty much solves all the about a class problems that prevent you from upgrading to a later version. Your ability to take a newer version is only limited by essays, your ability to release a newer version of your application.
It also means you’re in control which version of the library is being used by a specific application. Essay A Class! Upgrades are done in the context of a single application without impacting any other application running on the same machine. This enables us to release updates in a much more agile fashion. NuGet also provides the notion of preview versions which allow us to release bits without yet committing on a specific API or behavior. This supports a workflow where we can provide you with our latest design and – if you don’t like it – simply change it. New Education System! A good example of this is immutable collections. It had a beta period of about nine months. We spend a lot of time trying to get the design right before we shipped the very first version. Needless to say that the final design – thanks to about failing the extensive feedback you provided – is way better than the initial version.
All these aspects caused us to rethink and change the approach of school research criteria modelling the .NET platform moving forward. This resulted in the creation of .NET Core: .NET Core is a modular implementation that can be used in a wide variety of verticals, scaling from the data center to essay about failing touch based devices, is available as open source, and is supported by essay sat tips, Microsoft on Windows, Linux and Mac OSX. Let me go into a bit more detail of how .NET Core looks like and how it addresses the issues I discussed earlier. Unified implementation for .NET Native and ASP.NET. When we designed .NET Native it was clear that we can’t use the .NET Framework as the foundation for the framework class libraries.
That’s because .NET Native essentially merges the framework with the application, and then removes the pieces that aren’t needed by the application before it generates the native code (I’m grossly simplifying this process here. For more details, take a look at this deep dive). As I explained earlier, the .NET Framework implementation isn’t factored which makes it quite challenging for a class a linker to reduce how much of the framework gets compiled into the application – the dependency closure is reflective, just too large. ASP.NET 5 faced similar challenges. Essay A Class! Although it doesn’t use .NET Native one of the discount goals of the new ASP.NET 5 web stack was to provide an XCOPY deployable stack so that web developers don’t have coordinate with their IT department in order to take dependencies on later versions. Essay! In that scenario it’s also important to essay sat tips minimize the size of the framework as it needs to be deployed alongside the application.
.NET Core is essentially a fork of the NET Framework whose implementation is also optimized around factoring concerns. Even though the scenarios of .NET Native (touch based devices) and ASP.NET 5 (server side web development) are quite different, we were able to provide a unified Base Class Library (BCL). The API surface area for the .NET Core BCL is identical for failing both .NET Native as well ASP.NET 5. At the bottom of the BCL we have a very thin layer that is specific to discount 2011 the .NET runtime. We’ve currently two implementations: one is specific to the .NET Native runtime and essay about failing one that is specific to CoreCLR, which is used by ASP.NET 5. However, that layer doesn’t change very often. It contains types like String and essay sat tips Int32. The majority of the BCL are pure MSIL assemblies that can be shared as-is. In other words, the APIs don’t just look the same – they share the same implementation. For example, there is no reason to have different implementations for failing collections. On top of the BCL, there are app-model specific APIs.
For instance, the system .NET Native side provides APIs that are specific to failing Windows client development, such as WinRT interop. ASP.NET 5 adds APIs such as MVC that are specific to essays server- side web development. We think of .NET Core as not being specific to either .NET Native nor ASP.NET 5 – the BCL and the runtimes are general purpose and essay failing a class designed to be modular. As such, it forms the thesis discount foundation for essay all future .NET verticals. NuGet as a first class delivery vehicle. In contrast to the .NET Framework, the .NET Core platform will be delivered as a set of essay new education system NuGet packages. Essay About Failing A Class! We’ve settled on NuGet because that’s where the majority of the library ecosystem already is. In order to continue our effort of being modular and well factored we don’t just provide the entire .NET Core platform as a single NuGet package. Instead, it’s a set of fine grained NuGet packages:
For the BCL layer, we’ll have a 1-to-1 relationship between assemblies and NuGet packages. Moving forward, the NuGet package will have the sportsmanship same name as the assembly. For example, immutable collections will no longer be delivered in a NuGet package called Microsoft.Bcl.Immutable but instead be in essay a class, a package called System.Collections.Immutable. In addition, we’ve decided to use semantic versioning for sportsmanship essay our assembly versioning. The version number of the NuGet package will align with the essay a class assembly version. The alignment of naming and versioning between assemblies and experience packages help tremendously with discovery. There is essay a class, no longer a mystery which NuGet packages contains System.Foo, Version=188.8.131.52 – it’s provided by essay sat tips, the System.Foo package in version 1.2.3. NuGet allows us to deliver .NET Core in about a class, an agile fashion.
So if we provide an upgrade to any of the NuGet packages, you can simply upgrade the corresponding NuGet reference. Delivering the framework itself on NuGet also removes the difference between expressing 1st party .NET dependencies and 3rd party dependencies – they are all NuGet dependencies. Reflective Essay! This enables a 3rd party package to express, for instance, that they need a higher version of the System.Collections library. Installing this 3rd party package can now prompt you to upgrade your reference to System.Collections. You don’t have to understand the about a class dependency graph – you only sportsmanship essay need to consent making changes to it. The NuGet based delivery also turns the .NET Core platform into an app-local framework. The modular design of .NET Core ensures that each application only needs to about deploy what it needs. New Education! We’re also working on enabling smart sharing if multiple applications use the same framework bits.
However, the goal is to ensure that each application is about, logically having its own framework so that upgrading doesn’t interfere with other applications running on the same machine. Our decision to use NuGet as a delivery mechanism doesn’t change our commitment to new education system compatibility. We continue to take compatibility extremely seriously and will not perform API or behavioral breaking changes once a package is marked as stable. Essay About! However, the app-local deployment ensures that the rare case where a change that is considered additive breaks an application is reflective essay learning, isolated to development time only. Failing A Class! In other words, for .NET Core these breaks can only experience occur after you upgraded a package reference. Essay About! In that very moment, you have two options: addressing the compat glitch in high school research paper criteria, your application or rolling back to the previous version of the NuGet package. Essay About A Class! But in contrast to essay new education the .NET Framework those breaks will not occur after you deployed the application to a customer or the production server. The NuGet deployment model enables agile releases and faster upgrades. Essay About A Class! However, we don’t want to compromise the one-stop-shop experience that the .NET Framework provides today. One of the great things of the .NET Framework is that it ships as a holistic unit, which means that Microsoft tested and high school paper supports all components as a single entity.
For .NET Core we’ll provide the same experience. We’ll create the notion of a .NET Core distribution. This is a class, essentially just a snapshot of all the packages in the specific version we tested them. The idea is thesis discount, that our teams generally own individual packages. Essay About Failing A Class! Shipping a new version of the learning team’s package only about a class requires that the team tests their component, in the context of the components they depend on.
Since you’ll be able to mix- and-match NuGet packages there can obviously be cases where certain combinations of reflective components don’t play well together. Distributions will not have that problem because all components are tested in combination. We expect distributions to be shipped at essay about, a lower cadence than individual packages. We are currently thinking of up to four times a year. This allows for the time it will take us to run the necessary testing, fixing and sign off. Although .NET Core is essay sat tips, delivered as a set of essay about a class NuGet packages it doesn’t mean that you have to essay winners download packages each time you need to create a project.
We’ll provide an offline installer for distributions and also include them with Visual Studio so that creating new projects will be as fast as today and not require internet connectivity in the development process. While app-local deployment is great for isolating the impact of about failing taking dependencies on newer features it’s not appropriate for all cases. Critical security fixes must be deployed quickly and holistically in order to high school research paper be effective. We are fully committed to essay about making security fixes as we always have for school criteria .NET. In order to avoid the failing compatibility issues we have seen in the past with centralized updates to the .NET Framework it’s essential that these only target the security vulnerabilities.
Of course, there is still a small chance that those break existing applications. That’s why we only do this for truly critical issues where it’s acceptable to cause a very small set of apps to no longer work rather than having all apps run with the vulnerability. Foundation for open source and pro choice cross platform. In order to essay about failing a class take .NET cross platform in a sustainable way we decided to open source .NET Core. From past experience we understand that the success of open source is a function of the community around it. A key aspect to this is an open and transparent development process that allows the community to participate in code reviews, read design documents, and contribute changes to the product. Open source enables us to extend the .NET unification to cross platform development. Sportsmanship Essay Winners! It actively hurts the essay about failing ecosystem if basic components like collections need to be implemented multiple times. The goal of .NET Core is having a single code base that can be used to build and support all the platforms, including Windows, Linux and reflective essay learning experience Mac OSX. Of course, certain components, such as the file system, require different implementations.
The NuGet deployment model allows us to abstract those differences away. Essay About Failing! We can have a single NuGet package that provides multiple implementations, one for each environment. However, the important part is that this is an new education, implementation detail of this component. All the consumers see a unified API that happens to work across all the failing a class platforms. Another way to look at this is winners, that open source is a continuation of our desire to release .NET components in an agile fashion: Open Source offers quasi real-time communication for about the implementation and overall direction Releasing packages to NuGet.org offers agility at reflective essay learning, the component level Distributions offer agility at the platform level. Having all three elements allows us to failing offer a broad spectrum of essay sat tips agility and maturity. Relationship of .NET Core with existing platforms. Although we’ve designed .NET Core so that it will become the foundation for all future stacks, we’re very much aware of the dilemma of creating the “one universal stack” that everyone can use: We believe we found a good balance between laying the essay about failing a class foundation for the future while maintaining great interoperability with the existing stacks. I’ll go into more detail by essays, looking at several of essay about failing these platforms.
The .NET Framework is still the platform of choice for reflective essay building rich desktop applications and .NET Core doesn’t change that. For Visual Studio 2015 our goal is to make sure that .NET Core is a pure subset of the .NET Framework. In other words, there wouldn’t be any feature gaps. Essay Failing! After Visual Studio 2015 is released our expectation is theme, that .NET Core will version faster than the .NET Framework. This means that there will be points in time where a feature will only be available on the .NET Core based platforms. We’ll continue to release updates to .NET Framework. Essay About! Our current thinking is that the release cadence will roughly be the same as today, which is about once a year.
In these updates, we’ll bring the innovations that we made in reflective learning experience, .NET Core to about failing the .NET Framework. Winners! We’ll not just blindly port all the feature work, though – it will be based on a cost-benefit analysis. As I pointed out, even additive changes to the .NET Framework can cause issues for about failing a class existing applications. Our goal is to minimize API and essay learning behavioral differences while not breaking compatibility with existing .NET Framework applications. There are also investments that are exclusively being made for the .NET Framework such as the work we announced in essay failing a class, the WPF Roadmap. Many of essays you asked what the .NET Core cross platform story means for Mono. The Mono project is essentially an open source re-implementation of the .NET Framework. As such, it shares the about richness of the APIs with the .NET Framework but it also shares some of its problems, specifically around the implementation factoring. Mono is alive and thesis theme 2011 well with a large ecosystem on top.
That’s why, independent of a class .NET Core, we also released parts of the .NET Framework Reference Source under an open source friendly license on GitHub. This was done to allow the Mono community to close the gaps between the .NET Framework and Mono by using the reflective essay learning experience same code. About A Class! However, due to essay new education system the complexity of the .NET Framework we’re not setup to run it as an open source project on GitHub. In particular, we’re unable to accept pull requests for it. Another way to look at it: The .NET Framework has essentially two forks. Essay About A Class! One fork is provided by Microsoft and is Windows only. The other fork is Mono which you can use on Linux and Mac.
With .NET Core we’re able to develop an entire .NET stack as a full open source project. Experience! Thus, having to maintain separate forks will no longer be necessary: together with the Mono community we’ll make .NET Core great for failing a class Windows, Linux and Mac OSX. This also enables the Mono community to innovate on sportsmanship top of the leaner .NET Core stack as well as taking it to environments that Microsoft isn’t interested in. Both the Windows Store 8.1 and failing a class Windows Phone 8.1 platforms are much smaller subsets of the high school research .NET Framework. However, they are also a subset of .NET Core. This allows us to failing a class use .NET Core as the underlying implementation for high school paper criteria both of these platforms moving forward. So if you’re developing for failing a class those platforms you are able to directly consume all innovations without having to wait for an updated framework. It also means that the number of essays BCL APIs available on both platforms will be identical to the ones you can see in ASP.NET 5 today. For example, this includes non-generic collections. This will make it much easier for you to essay failing bring existing code that runs on thesis discount top of the .NET Framework into about failing a class, the touch-based application experience.
Another obvious side effect is that the BCL APIs in Windows Store and system Windows Phone are fully converged and failing a class will remain converged as the underlying .NET platform is now both powered by .NET Core. Sharing code between .NET Core and other .NET platforms. Since .NET Core forms the foundation for all future .NET platforms code sharing with .NET Core based platforms has become friction free. This raises the question how code sharing works with platforms that aren’t based on .NET Core, such as the .NET Framework. The answer is: it’s the same as today, you can continue to new education use portable class libraries and shared projects: Portable class libraries are great when your common code is platform-independent as well as for reusable libraries where the platform-specific code can be factored out. Essay Failing! Shared projects are great when your common code has a few bits of platform-specific code, since you can adapt it with #if . For more details on how choose between the two, take a look at this blog post. Moving forward, portable class libraries will also support targeting .NET Core based platforms. The only difference is that if you only target .NET Core based platforms you don’t get a fixed API set.
Instead, it’s based on NuGet packages that you can upgrade at will. If you also target at least one platform that isn’t based on .NET Core, you’re constrained by the APIs that can be shared with it. In this mode, you’re still able to high school research upgrade NuGet packages but you may get prompted to select higher platform versions or completely drop support for them. This approach allows you to about failing co-exist in both worlds while still reaping the benefits that .NET Core brings. The .NET Core platform is a new .NET stack that is optimized for open source development and reflective learning agile delivery on NuGet. We’re working with the Mono community to make it great on failing Windows, Linux and Mac, and essay sat tips Microsoft will support it on all three platforms.
We’re retaining the values that the .NET Framework brings to enterprise class development. About! We’ll offer .NET Core distributions that represent a set of NuGet packages that we tested and thesis discount 2011 support together. Visual Studio remains your one- stop-shop for development. Consuming NuGet packages that are part of a distribution doesn’t require an internet connection. We acknowledge our responsibility and continue to a class support shipping critical security fixes without requiring any work from the application developer, even if the affected component is exclusively distributed as NuGet package. Questions or concerns? Let us know by commenting on this post, by sending a tweet to @dotnet, or by starting a thread in the .NET Foundation forums.
Looking forward to essay hearing from you! Congratulations to everyone involved. As a web developer, I am super excited about this and the scenarios it will create! Thanks to everyone for all the work they put into it! Thanks MS. This will be a great thing when it releases. Essay About Failing A Class! As a hard core Linux user I welcome the reflective steps you are taking in this cross platform direction. Well done, and essay about keep up the essay winners good work.
Glad to see the essay about failing a class multiplatform move outside the thesis discount 2011 Windows (iis, desktop, mobile, phone, tablet) space. It will make .net much better. How is moving away from COM based objects and the win32 based C API done on a large scale? So how about open sourcing silverlight? the biggest argument I've heard against ASP.Net over the years was the cost of Windows server production licenses. With that issue out of the essay about failing a class way, hopefully we'll see some growth for the .Net stack outside enterprises.
Like everyone else, I'm excited about .NET Core, but something bothers me… You say that one of the thesis theme motivations for .NET Core is to solve the issue that updating the machine-wide framework can break applications that were built against about failing, an older version; but this scenario mostly affects desktop applications, and if I understand correctly, the desktop is essays, not in the scope of .NET Core… so it doesn't solve anything for desktop apps. And what about essay about WCF? Will it be part of the .NET Core? Will we be able to reflective essay learning experience write console applications using .NET core / .NET native? Oh god this is a dream come true, Microsoft. Thank you developers!
Thank you so much. Thanks for this detailed post. About Failing! It clarifies a ton of questions I had. I would cast my vote to, over time, come up with new .NET Core-based versions of existing libraries and essay sat tips project types not already in scope for .NET Core. For example, MVC and Entity Framework are both releasing new versions that are not backwards compatible, but either directly evolved from or at least highly inspired by their previous versions, but compatible with the newer, more modern .NET Core. It would be great to see similar efforts for WPF, System.Drawing, Windows Services, etc. In some cases they may still be Windows-only (probably the case for both these examples), but that's OK — in failing a class, the long run it will allow Microsoft to stop maintaining two versions of .NET, and allow us to share code without PCLs, and only deal with NuGet dependencies. Like with MVC and EF updates, each app could choose if/when they bite the bullet and accept the major breaking change. Another innovation from MS. One of my dream comes true. So what about alternative platforms for distribution of .Net Core?
NuGet is essay sat tips, Windows only. I think it will be essential to figure out essay about a class, a best practice for new education distribution to Mac and Linux based systems not just Windows based package managers. This article gives us plenty of information about about failing where things are going on .net framework however it does not reply to real world multiplatform challenges we are facing. Let's say that I want to create a desktop application targeting windows, mac and linux. How can this be done? Is Microsoft going to release any tools where we can write cross platform code? How can we share UI code? How are we going to essay sat tips debug and failing a class compile cross platform code? I am truly excited about .NET again after many years. Keep up the fantastic work team and congradulations on sportsmanship winners this feat of engineering. FYI: cross-platform .Net native – probably not possible to port the Visual C++/Windows version to essay failing Linux.
However, I did see a channel 9 video about an ms intern working on an LLVM based .net precompilation tool. His work went into an open source project that is still active. That might be another route to 2011 take for a linux/MacOS version of essay failing a class .Net native. This is so great! Too late MS. .NET is already a walking corpse. Dead but not quite buried. I just started ASP.NET and .NET in general and paper I am very pleased to about see the advancements that will allow for web apps developed with ASP to be able to run under Linux. Thesis Theme! Continue the good work!
In 2012, after the Microsoft .NET Framework version 1.0, there was the essay about failing a class Shared Source Common Language Infrastructure initiative: what are the main differences and improvements of making .NET Core released to open source if compared to school paper criteria that old initiative? I find the framework-via-NuGet approach very intriguing and am dealing with a similiar situation on essay a class top of .NET where I am maintaining a framework made up of several dozen libraries that should support individual release cycles. Like the name 'distribution' very much for describing the works in a tested fashion release of the combined NuGet packages. Was looking for a descriptive name myself #128578; Now, another question in this regard and I haven't yet analyzed the dependency graph within .NET Core, but I'm assuming you will have dependencies between some of the packages? Now, will you specify the upper boundary for your dependencies in essay, the NuGet packages or will you leave it open until there is an actual breaking change that stops the next major version from working with the dependent package? David Ebbo blogged about his recommendation for innocent-until-proven-guilty (blog.davidebbo.com/…/nuget-versioning-part-2-core-algorithm.html), but I'm not sure yet about the impact this approach has for large scale frameworks. Best regards, Michael. So basically WPF will die together with the old .NET Framework that will eventually be superseded by .NET Core?
Like other commenter here, I'm still very confused about how (or even if) .net Core will ever impact the desktop? You talk about cross-platform development a lot, but you can't deploy a windows store app to linux or OSX (Or even Windows Vista/7) so what's the plan for these platforms? That's something I've never seen an answer for. This… is failing, awesome. Well done all! Why that article so long? Just to explain Core is not what you'll use in real Windows.NET? Yiannis Berkos This article… it does not reply to pro choice essays real world multiplatform challenges we are facing. That's because MS has nothing to offer! A whole article of blah-blah/open source/core/kernel/portable buzzwords, but nothing helpful to essay about a class WPF/WinForms developers. As I guess all this open source hype is just hey, free horses, fix our sh*t and we port it to our Windows.NET.
I'd like to know a lot more about how the System.Windows and System.Windows.Forms .NET libraries will migrate to become cross-platform to run also on Linux and essay MacOS. Will these libraries be renamed to e.g. System.NET.Forms to remove the previous tie-in to the Windows OS? Who will develop and failing a class support the underlying presentation layer - OS bindings for Linux and high paper MacOS? If we are talking about about failing Linux, then which OS GUI(s) will be supported? Will X.Window manager, KDE, XFCE, E17, LXDE be supported for example? It seems to me that with over 20 different GUI/ Window managers for sportsmanship winners different Linux variants, it could be a difficult job for MS to support them all with a mapping to System.Windows.Forms or whatever its successor will be called. You guys are getting this all wrong, I don't see why you think MS is essay about failing, responsible to create platform everything, if they do great, but that's a giant ask kiddys, is it supposed to be better or at least as good as native on every platform, if it's not gonna be better like WPF then whats the point, the world is flush in second rate frameworks already, the key thing here is solid framework to essay experience base you app on then interop with whatever the targets best in about failing, breed native UI View, that is if you want to be world class right now, if you just want max reach for thesis discount your CRUD or forms app switch to essay failing a class HTML5, this is meant for something way better then that, IMHO. Many great things, good to have a portable lean stack.
Sounds great but you created one of main the problem yourself (starting 4.5) by not allowing .NET Framework to essay sat tips be installed side-by-side so applications could choose between 4.0, 4.5, 4.5.1, 4.5.2 in a shared environmement and by a class, doing things like keeping the 4.0 as the displayed version number even if 4.5 is pro choice essays, far from it and having a different CLR but same version and about failing a class silent upgrading of the CLR on your dev machine just by research, installing VS 2012+ but can still target 4.0 but not really 4.0. Disk space does not seem like an issue anymore with this new approach so was it the reasoning behind the no side-by-side anymore? Another concern is with third party libraries that will bundle their own versions of assemblies and your own application that may have different versions numbers. Will that lead to something like having two System.Collections.dll files in your deployment folder? Little return of DLL hell? Sounds like a good approach, but several questions: How long does nugget save back level versions of libraries? If I have to do maintenance on a year or two old project, will I still be able to get the libs, or must I save them as part of my source repository? For those of us with no current interest in cross platform: You don't mention the about failing WinRT stack. Essay Sat Tips! When will GDI and Win32 go away as a foundational layer for the .Net framework?
Where do we go to find out info on failing the future path of high research WinRT and the full desktop? The obvious questions about the Road Map for the .Net Framework side of the house and the desktop are still out there. The info provided in The Roadmap for WPF is not much more than a list of bug fixes. This article at least outlines the plan for the .net core. We need the same for failing the .net framework please. Congratulations. You can really feel the thesis theme discount 2011 maturity of Microsoft in the way decisions have been made to build this new .NET Core stack. I'm glad to see the direction you guys are going with more agile deliverables and per-app library deployments. A Class! However, I agree with the sentiment expressed by new education system, others that the desktop needs to be supported in .NET Core.
At minimum this means console applications. Essay Failing! I'd like to essay see MS develop a new, cross-platform UI technology that is not WPF and does not use XAML (which is a horrible, overly verbose language). There's a reason WinForms and WPF coexist after so many years- writing WPF applications is essay a class, extremely powerful but overly complex. I also don't think WinStore/Metro apps fill this niche, as the pro choice essays sandbox these live in a class, is not really appropriate for many enterprise apps and they're obviously not cross-platform ready. Perhaps HTML + Razor syntax (with C#) would work for a desktop technology as well as it's worked for ASP.NET MVC? I also have to say that MS really needs to new education lying about its support for non-favored platforms. It's clear that you guys are phasing out development of the essay about failing a class .NET Framework proper, so you should be HONEST about that rather than giving empty pledges of ongoing support. Your developers have seen you do this over and over essay sat tips, and over about, again- Silverlight, EF6, VB6 (just look at how many people are still angry at you after all these years!)
You're not sparing anyone's feelings by telling these white-lies- it makes it hard for managers to make decisions about what dev platforms to use and it hurts developers careers by giving them false hope that their skill set will remain relevant without having to learn newer technologies. Research Paper! Tell people what support will really be like going forward for the .NET Framework- security fixes and critical bugs, with few if any new features. Now when you decided about essay about .NET Core, why not to open source Silverlight (which you anyway not going to promote)? – The community can port its code to run on top of .NET Core and essays everyone will be happy. @Ron : How is moving away from COM based objects and essay failing a class the win32 based C API done on essay sat tips a large scale? The same as in small scale — very carefully #128578; Seriously though, there is nothing wrong with using COM and Win32; in many cases they are simply the operating system APIs that we have to use to about a class implement our libraries, such as System.IO.FileSystem. The key design goal is to essays keep the a class exposed APIs independent of the OS so that it's possible to support the essays same APIs on different operating system. For libraries that don't need OS support (such as collections or regex) that's obviously trivial. Failing! For OS related services that means we need to think about how we factor the functionality to deal with optional features that can't be supported every.
The post provides the example of ACLs. @Thomas Levesque : You say that one of the motivations for .NET Core is to learning experience solve the issue that updating the about failing a class machine-wide framework can break applications that were built against an older version; but this scenario mostly affects desktop applications, and thesis discount 2011 if I understand correctly, the desktop is about a class, not in the scope of .NET Core… so it doesn't solve anything for desktop apps. That's a fair point and I'm quite sympathetic to discount 2011 that view point. However, performing fundamental changes to a complex product like .NET is essay, always a journey. Whenever we try to make too many drastic changes everybody loses because the chance of thesis theme discount 2011 us getting it right is failing, slim. That's why it's best to make the innovations in area that (1) immediately adds value and (2) is somewhat safe so that we can adjust if things turn out to be problematic. As explained in the post, the .NET Framework is theme discount 2011, a complex system but we're fully committed to move it forward.
We understand that the current story isn't the about failing addressing all the needs but we think of thesis theme discount 2011 .NET Core as a stepping stone in the right direction. @Jeremiah Gowdy : Will we be able to write console applications using .NET core / .NET native? That's something we're working on. We'll absolutely have the Console APIs available in .NET Core. Failing! In fact, I believe this one is coming online on GitHub in a couple of pro choice weeks. The other part that you'll need for running console apps is an application model that allows you to start run your code. Currently, the only runner we have is ASP.NET's console application template which is mostly geared for essay web workers. As far as .NET Native goes: it's on the list but we're currently focused on essay new education scenarios that are relevant for touch based clients.
@James S : WPF, System.Drawing, Windows Services on .NET Core. For .NET Core we're currently focusing our resources to complete the support for touch based devices and a class ASP.NET related scenarios. We believe that we're currently serving our desktop customers best by investing in the existing, .NET Framework stack as this ensures that our investments are immediately consumable from high school research criteria existing code. For brand new code, such as immutable collections, we also make sure that it will work on top of the .NET Framework. @cjibo : So what about alternative platforms for distribution of essay about failing .Net Core? NuGet is Windows Only.
We're fully committed on using NuGet. Whenever there are limitations we believe it's better to essay winners improve NuGet than to build or leverage an about failing, alternative package manager. The reason being that dependencies across different package managers would be incredibly complicated to reason about. @Yiannis Berkos : Let's say that I want to create a desktop application targeting windows, mac and linux. Pro Choice Essays! How can this be done? I'm not aware of any plans to essay about a class provide a cross-platform UI framework, if that's what you're asking for. In general, I don't think we believe in high school paper, using the exact same bits on all platforms. About Failing A Class! From personal experience I'd say the goal of sportsmanship winners any successful cross-platform strategy is maximizing sharing while not compromising the experience due towards the essay about failing lowest common denominator. So I'd say: think of your app as a burger, representing the layering. The bottom bun will require OS specific implementations, but we'll probably provide a good chunk of it.
The top layer (UI) is also very likely to require leveraging OS/experience specific functionality. The beefy part in the middle represents your business logic and winners you should make sure you can share most of it across all platforms. OS specific concepts should be either pushed down or up (via inversion of control). Tooling wise, you can use PCLs (binary sharing) or shared projects (source sharing). There also additional tools which you can use to maximize sharing in about failing a class, the top layer.
For example, Xamarin.Forms is a thin abstraction over the OS UI stack that allows you to share code that can be the same. It also allows to special case certain OSs. @Craig .NET is already a walking corpse. I take this as a compliment as The Walking Dead is reflective essay learning, a pretty successful show #128578; @Luigi Bruno : In 2012, after the essay about failing Microsoft .NET Framework version 1.0, there was the Shared Source Common Language Infrastructure initiative: what are the main differences and improvements of making .NET Core released to open source if compared to essay new education system that old initiative? I assume you meant 2002, not 2012.
The Shared Source Common Language Infrastructure Implementation (SSCLI), also known as Rotor wasn't open source, it was shared source. Technically, open source means that the license is an OSI approved license. The .NET Core stack uses the MIT License which is a well established, OSI approved open source license. Practically speaking, SSCLI was also never run as an open source project, which means there was no live access to our version control, no open and transparent development process and we didn't take pull requests. On top of essay about failing a class that, the thesis theme 2011 license disallowed using the code to failing a class build a different product. @Michael : Now, another question in this regard and pro choice I haven't yet analyzed the dependency graph within .NET Core, but I'm assuming you will have dependencies between some of the essay about failing packages? Will you specify the upper boundary for your dependencies in sportsmanship essay winners, the NuGet packages or will you leave it open until there is an actual breaking change that stops the next major version from working with the essay a class dependent package? Generally speaking, we always ship preview releases which don't commit on pro choice essays a final shape and will generally perform breaking changes between releases. By the time we ship a stable package we're fairly confident that there are no breaking changes. So we'll leave it open as we don't do breaking changes.
If there are breaks, then we consider this a bug and rather fix the about bug than to ship updated packages that limit the thesis theme version range. The latter results in a game that the essay about failing a class ecosystem can't win. @Dev : So basically WPF will die together with the old .NET Framework that will eventually be superseded by .NET Core? No. The .NET Framework doesn't die — it simply versions slower. Essays! You can think of .NET Core as the faster moving younger brother.
@Stephen : You talk about cross-platform development a lot, but you can't deploy a windows store app to linux or OSX. A cross platform stack doesn't mean that everything is available everywhere. That's simply not feasible without a massive cost and/or compromising the experience in failing a class, a fundamental way. Instead, cross platform means that you componentize the stack and for essay new education each component make it as broadly available as possible. Some components (such as the runtime) truly need to go everywhere in order to have a story in the first place. Some components are probably going mostly everywhere (such as file system support). Some components might only failing go to a few platforms (such as ACLs).
And some components might only go to a single platform (such as WinRT support). On top of that, you need tooling that allows you reason about the availability of components across all the platforms. Your job as an application developer then is to essay factor your application according to the needs of cross platform. Essay Failing! See my previous reply to Yiannis Berkos for more details. @Rob Sherratt : I'd like to know a lot more about how the System.Windows and System.Windows.Forms .NET libraries will migrate to become cross-platform to run also on Linux and MacOS . See my previous replies to Stephen and Yiannis Berkos. I'm not aware of any plans to essay provide a cross platform implementation for the UI technologies. I'm also doubtful that's what developers actually want.
I think it's possible to provide a thing abstraction layer (such as Xamarin.Forms) but a true shared UI technology would be pointless. It would simply mean that the resulting apps looks and behaves equally foreign on all devices. @vibou : Disk space does not seem like an issue anymore with this new approach so was it the reasoning behind the a class no side-by-side anymore? It's tempting to think that way but that's actually (no longer) true. Many consumer devices, such as tablets or hybrid machines, have SSDs which, compared to regular disk drives, have a much more limited capacity. Secondly, the consumer experience isn't really great if they get a new machine and then for each app they have to install a several hundred megabyte framework. Also, each time we service it, NGen needs to update the native images which also binds CPU resources, depending on how many side-by-side frameworks exists. We could try to make our side-by-side story more sophisticated by sportsmanship essay winners, allowing smart sharing between frameworks but that's actually as complicated as ensuring that the new framework is essay about, compatible.
Also note that side-by-side doesn't mean we're out of the essays compat business either. At some point, you'll want to update to essay about the higher framework anyways so we still need to invest in our compat strategy. That's why we came to the realization that at essay, this point for the .NET Framework, in-place updates are a better story. However, we make sure that new components can be delivered in app-local fashion, even for .NET Framework applications. For example, immutable collections for .NET Framework developers are essentially side-by-side. Another concern is with third party libraries that will bundle their own versions of assemblies and your own application that may have different versions numbers. Will that lead to something like having two System.Collections.dll files in your deployment folder? Little return of DLL hell? While it's true that our NuGet components version independently a given application will only use a single version (the highest version required by any component in about a class, your application). We make sure that our components are always backwards compatible. Of course, there will always be cases where certain combinations don't blend well but that's why we also ship distributions which represent a set of components that are tested together and pro choice thus blend nicely.
This will serve as the about failing a class equalizer to minimize the different combinations that developers will encounter in practice. @pmont : How long does nugget save back level versions of libraries? Indefinitely. In other words, all version will be available forever. In fact, NuGet doesn't even provide any features to remove components from the essay server. If I have to do maintenance on a year or two old project, will I still be able to get the about a class libs, or must I save them as part of my source repository?
You don't to save the binaries in system, your repo. NuGet.org will still have the exact versions you used two years ago. Where do we go to find out info on the future path of WinRT and the full desktop? WinRT is a Windows technology, not a .NET technology. Essay About Failing! The Windows developer blog would be a good starting point. You raise a bunch of good points.
Of course, I can't promise that we'll not make any mistakes moving forward, we'll try really hard to sportsmanship essay winners be more transparent, open, and essay about a class honest about our decision make process. However, you make one assumption that I'd like to debunk: it's easy to essay think from an outsider's perspective that we always have the perfect master plan that we simply don't share. That's not true. As Scottt Hanselman said before, we're not nearly as organized to be half as evil as some people think we are. The reality is essay failing, that engineering is very complicated and takes a lot of time. We try to be quite transparent around what goals we have and which areas we're focusing on. Reflective Essay Experience! So when I say I don't know or I'm not aware of any plans don't take this as the essay about failing magic code words for according to my master plan that's never going to happen. It simply means that I don't know and essay sat tips I'm not aware of any plans. Awesome work!
Its a good time to be a .NET developer. Great job! Is there yet a list of what classes/namespaces that will be part of core vs not in core? @Meir : Now when you decided about .NET Core, why not to open source Silverlight (which you anyway not going to promote)? As you've probably seen in the Silverlight roadmap there are currently no plans to build a Silverlight 6. We don't believe in throwing over the fence open source. Open source isn't a way to get free labor or outsource the product team's responsibility to the community. This sounds like a good way to support portability across disparate platforms. As an iOS/Droid/MacOSX/WinPhone(WPF/XAML)/WinForms/Win32/Linux programmer, I look forward to being able to about cross platforms more quickly, using a common codebase. Any plans for adding WinForms-like iOS/Droid/MacOSX/Linux modules to .NET Core?
I could then use my favorite UI development stack (C# WinForms) to develop apps for new education all platforms (my favorites being iOS and MacOSX), with only minor re-tooling! Would it need to be done completely in the Mono space? This article was very informative and engaging but it contains several minor grammatical errors; I suggest a through proofread/correct cycle. Daniel Randall: This article was very informative and engaging but it contains several minor grammatical errors; I suggest a through proofread/correct cycle. Did you mean to demonstrate by example ere? #128578; @Immo Landswerth; As a cross-platform developer in C and essay about C++, I'm perhaps more aware of what's available than the strictly C# Windows devlopers here are, so I'm glad to see Microsoft focusing on the core that the community needs, instead of inventing a new wheel.
Having said that, I can sympathise with them wanting to be able to use what they are used to for developing software on pro choice essays new plaforms, but without a heck of a lot of effort from about failing Microsoft and essays the Mono/Xamarin development teams, I don't see it happening soon. Great information, what a new direction for .NET application platform! What's the relationship between .NET Core and WinRT? Are .NET Core runtime and library built with WinRT on windows? Are we expecting cross platform client side library (UI technology) down the road? like Silverlight reborn for mobile and essay about failing desktop client? First of all, thank you for essay sat tips answering our questions. I notice that .NET Native is always spoken of in context to .NET Core…are there no plans to bring .NET Native to WPF/WinForms? Never ever use #if. Use separate files with platform dependent code.
Is there any plan to continue or open source XNA? It's still a much beloved framework to this day even as it ages. It's a good starting point to get game developers to set foot into C# and the world of .NET. I think it would be beneficial to essay a class the MonoGame project to make that code available for them to use. I need my nex web application to run in windows or Linux. Sportsmanship Winners! I am concerned about failing a class how fast aspnet will run in Linux.
Right now mono is very slow. Thesis Discount 2011! I need something that will have a good performance.how long will we have to wait to test kestrel out in Linux? I may have to failing just go with Java if the wait is much longer… I think you should make some cross-platform UI, with VS designers support. It may be WPF Lite without hard-to-port features (like web browser, specific forn rendering options, etc). Pro Choice! Without cross-platform, NET Core will be limited to console or ASP.NET 5 apps, and essay failing a class will not be popular. Do you plan to support android ? @Tristan: Check out Eto.Forms in the Visual Studio Gallery; it will do this now for thesis .NET and Mono. Perhaps the author will add suport for failing .NET Core to it later on. Your post is benefited to my web developer. http://goo.gl/ZQldNQ.
@Immo: Thanks for the details. High School! It's cool that you plan on essay about a class keeping breaking changes out pro choice, of the major version increments, too. Best regards, Michael. Awesome! Read the whole thing. I'm so exited to take a look at the CLR part when its released. I have couple questions:
1) Will any of a class this .NET Core stuff be used in .NET Micro? 2) What kind of memory constraints would .NET Core have? (Could it replace .NET Micro). 3) Will porting .NET Core CLR to other CPU types like MIPS, PPC ect be an easy task? 3.3) Will porting to asm.js/NaCl/WebGL for essay new education IE, Firefox, Chrome, ect be doable? How much of the CLR has CPU specific instructions? 5) Can I embed .NET Core and about a class invoke the runtime like I can with Embedded Mono? 6) Will .NET Native be open sourced as well so we could port it to other platforms and CPU types? I like to speculate, is the reason you haven't talked about app ui's because you have something up your selves? Like open source and essay true cross platform DircertX which all ui will be based on? worries me regarding how serious you are about open source.
As a developer of service applications, which we currently deploy as NT services, the equivalent (daemon processes in Linux/OSX) are just console applications. So support for Console apps gives us both the ability to write command line utilities on POSIX platforms, and the ability to write services on those platforms too. Heck, with a Console app we could implement FastCGI. Using something like TopShelf service apps would become completely portable. I appreciate you bringing ASP.NET but there are service applications that are not web apps that would really benefit from essay sat tips what you're working on. So if it's possible to about failing keep the school research door open to making runnable console apps with the kind of about failing a class performance we are hoping for, that would really let .NET explode into the POSIX world. With .NET Core, on touch device, can the app has direct access to SQL server using SqlConnection? To be honest, this is reflective essay learning, way more confusing than just having a distribution release. Also any support for non-Windows platforms worries me as it indicates Microsoft is essay about a class, moving away from Windows OS.
@Jens Larson: Why should Microsoft reinvent the wheel, when the Open Source community has already done this work? There are numerous projects that provide the essay new education system missing functionality, if you know to look for about a class them. @airtonix: There are two separate repositories; github.com/…/referencesource (the one he is talking about in the line you quote) and thesis theme discount githup.com/…/corefx which they have fully opened to outside developers. Microsoft is not taking pull requests on the Reference Source simply because it is the past development and is being made available for the Mono Project to a class use to bring the two somewhat divergent implementations of essay system .NET back together. .NET Core 5 is the future, and about failing the open source development influence will make it into reflective essay, future releases of the .NET Framework, but in a somewhat more controlled fashion. @Alex: All this means is that Microsoft has realized that there is more to the world of essay computing, especially at the server level, than the new education Windows Server products that they've developed, and they are accepting that reality. Essay A Class! It doesn't mean that they will abandon developing Windows, but it may mean that eventually they do what Apple did in the late 1990's and open up portions of the Windows Source itself, or something similar; Apple, with Mac OS X, proved that it was viable to utilize the open source community to build a strong platform under the GUI and still keep some proprietary elements.
Will everything be sooner on essay a class the .net core? Can you share something about the plans on supporting this programming model? thanks a lot for essay sat tips the detailed post. About Failing! Was time to reflective experience write something about your plans and what the core framework is. Essay A Class! It is a little bit confusing to the people. They struggle with what the new core means. It is interesting to read what you are doing and school criteria how the teams are working.
To explain the verticals and failing a class that there are several teams working on the different verticals was interesting, too. And I think, people aren't aware of the complexity and so the need for the core framework. I like to new education system suggest some points in order to about a class help the people understand what's going on in the .NET Framework and to keep them on the road with your plans and new education system the technical possibilities as well as restrictions. Just to about a class help them selecting the right things for their application developments and pro choice essays the help them mastering the complexity. One blog post is not enough to essay a class explain the way .NET goes in the future. Bring it back to mind of developers regularly.
Explain it again and paper again. Provide some more walkthroughs, text and video tutorials, small technical blogs and so on, just to explain what the core Framework is. Do it on a regularly base. Show people how to use the core and the full framework. Essay Failing A Class! Explain when they should use the one and when the other. Show/explain example use cases and applications for the core and the full framework.
Guide them intensively and regularly. Do not only show what people can do. Show restrictions of the core and essay learning experience the full framework and show them what they cannot do with the one and/or the other framework vertical. Do it regularly. Thanks a lot for all the great work! Looking forward what's coming especially on the other platforms!
Hope to see a lot of the essay about a class staff I like on Windows on essay sat tips the Mac and a class Linux in research criteria, the future! #128578; Kind regards from Berlin! Ih Net Native will not use .NET Framework, that mean that WinForm/WPF apps wont't be possible with NET Native ? Please, give us ability to create Native (Portable) Class Libraries. Thanks. Essay A Class! As a .net developer I'm glad I'm not 'legacy' anymore! That being said, it's getting too confusing to develop for system MS platform. Right now when I open NewProject window of about VS just to essay sat tips create a Store App I have Universal App option, Windows Phone option, as well as Windows Phonge Silverlight option. About A Class! Apparently, soon there'll be a .Net Core option, right? It's hard to new education believe all these frameworks for the same platform aren't created by some competitor companies! Unfortunately what I read is about failing, this: We are unable to high produce a single framework for our one platform, yet we are going to provide a single framework for essay about a class all other platforms including Mac and Linux. Please don't get me wrong.
I love working with Microsoft platform and tools. I have tried 'eclipse', and 'netbeans' and they suck! I have used Android APIs as well as many firmware OSs. All of them suck compared to Microsoft products, especially compared to .net and VS. School Research Criteria! I absolutely respect the essay failing a class fact that Microsoft doesn't treat their programmers as cr p like many other competitors(Google f.i.) by thesis discount, dumping on them cr ppy products and frameworks. I just wish one day the 'one' Microsoft dream becomes a reality again; to open Visual Studio and have that one yet best option for creating a Windows Phone project. .Net and C# was that option on desktop for years. Please bring us that one option for mobile and failing solve the confusion caused by too many incomplete choices. @Immo Landwerth – a couple of comments from the corporate WPF desktop trenches (major investment bank organisation) First and essay new education most importantly, the issue of in-place framework upgrades is a nightmare in essay about failing, this environment.
We are still stuck using 4.0 because there are a couple of system apps with 4.5.x compatibility issues and a firm-wide deployment of the “new” platform won’t happen any time soon. Our team must argue for commissioning non-standard workstation OS builds if we want to about failing make use of 4.5/4.6 for our app, and this creates enormous friction within a large corporate as you can probably imagine. I understand your rationale against SxS for consumers and SMEs and completely agree that it makes sense. However, couldn’t you provide some kind of thesis theme option to essay about failing build and deploy a desktop app with the complete framework packaged in, with no “smart sharing”? We’d have to take the hit on essay new education system disk space and load-time efficiency but those are trivial matters for about a class us, while being stuck on an old framework version certainly isn’t. Also @Jeremiah Gowdy you are spot on with your comments about console-mode services.
Our applications typically use Java on the middle tier for services of this type. If could use .NET Core console services instead then that would open up some great synergies that we currently miss out on. But in general, a big “way to go” to MSFT for this announcement; it’s a watershed point moment for .NET, no question. The problem with microsoft for the past lost decade has been that it has spent more time re-factoring than it has spent taking existing investment forward. This is yet again another massive re-factoring to put us where we have been stuck since WPF came out, only 10 years later.
And now, just as winRT is in bad need of maturing to hopefully someday replace WPF, MS is yet doing another massive re-write and starting over yet again. Is it not indicative of all that is wrong with this approach the essay sat tips fact that we have two async patterns in winRT just because MS insists on starting from scratch all the about failing a class time? However what is school paper criteria, turly worrying about this is not that you'll do it anyways leading to essay about failing yet another stack that will uncessfuly try to reflective learning experience get .NET FX apps out of the established windows framework which is the one with 1.5 billion users, not your new thing. What worries me is that 3 years from now you'll do it again, and start over again with yet another stack because this one wasn't adopted outside of the essay about failing a class asp.net folks and all this effort would have been better spent in high school criteria, the one thing every .net developer has been begging you to do: take existing .net, that is wpf, win forms, .net FX 4.5 and a class just let me make mobile apps with it using my existing code base. Scrap winRT forever as you did with silverlight and stop your internal cross teams wars. We already had a technology that worked until the system windows 8 team decided for failing no reason to roll back the clock API wise 10 years, it and started over with a half baked framework that today has failed in the market. In trying to solve a problem which needs fixing: ASP.NET on linux, you're fragmenting yet again windows client development. Yet you're achieving nothing: client development is essays, going to stay on iOS and Android's native stacks, and on the .NET FX for essay about a class windows stacks. Why would anybody create these .net native apps based on .net core for mobile devices which won't run on windows 7's 1.5B install base? Better yet, you can only create them on winRT, which is 2011, pathetically inmature.
All so I can share some logic between the app and asp.net's backend? who does this anyway? Specially when mobile apps aren't even written in c#, as most are java, objective C. The 1% of people who will care for this won't matter. I much rather have either a winRT API which can be used for desktop development, or a WPF version that can be used for mobile. Essay! If the price for that is new education system, that my .dll doesn't always work on some server backend, so be it. Essay A Class! Yet most of the time, as long as you develop for mscorlib you're fine, and if your linux variant needs #if statements via the shared project way, so be it. How about school criteria merging all the verticals into one common core that doesn't change much? No forking, no compatiblity issues, less disk space in the long haul. Maybe call it .net one. First of all let me say that I'm really excited about the whole .net core thing and your move toward open source. Neverthless I have to disagree when you say: As you've probably seen in the Silverlight roadmap there are currently no plans to build a Silverlight 6. We don't believe in essay about failing a class, throwing over the fence open source.
Open source isn't a way to get free labor or outsource the product team's responsibility to the community. Well, I think you missed the point here. Silverlight is a killer technology for sportsmanship winners building in-browser front-ends for line of about a class business apps. I mean, productively. High School Research Paper Criteria! With C#, LINQ, and about failing a class a predictable layout system designed for apps, not documents. Pro Choice! Sure it has its flaws, but for the needs of a typical LOB application it's like WPF (cool) without the failing need for the full-blown .net framework, easily consumable through the browser, even on Macs. Now, you may have different plans for the future of the UI side of the essay winners .net story, but why not letting other people which are still interested in Silverlight take over about a class, the project? You don't have to participate if you think it's not worth the effort. It's not like getting free labor.
It's letting the essay sat tips community decide wether the platform has to die or not. Maybe it still will. Maybe not. Will the CoreCLR provide the same Profiling API as the .NET Framework (msdn.microsoft.com/…/bb384493(v=vs.110).aspx)? Will it be part of the open source code as well? if you think you are maintaining great interoperability without the abilty to essay about a class Wrap WCF services with MEF contacts interop will be degraded greatly, given the detail of the essay sat tips post and the question being ignored on every MSDN thread. Essay About Failing! I hope I'm wrong, @immo please tell me I am. I get the sick feeling I'm not. kind of makes the whole thing pointless if your not gonna include the best pieces, I wouldn't blame you, WCF and MEF are jewels, I don't see anyone else giving away there best stuff but it would instantly open up so many options. : I am really happy with the new path of the reflective .NET team. Is there some chance of failing that the .NET Native Compiler generates native codes for non-windows platforms? It will be great to reflective essay learning experience use C# as really an evolution of the C++. @hi @immo, I looks pretty difficult to do anything with .net core, so count me in about a class, !,LOL.
first trip down the rabbit hole ended at EventDescriptor.cs need InternalSR.ValueMustBeNonNegative. looks like 15 other modules reference the school research InternalSR class as well, in the about failing a class referencesource-masterSystem.ServiceModel.InternalsSystemRuntime. vs in the mystersoius stangers path,LOL. I am super excited about the direction of .net. Essay! You guys are just in the nick of time. When I look at new startups and a lot of fast growing companies, I see a lot of Ruby, Python, and a lot of other open source tech.
Consumer facing app dev seems to revolve around open source a lot more than enterprise LOB app dev. About! By fully embracing an high school research criteria, open source path, I think you'll be keeping ASP.NET (and .net in general) relevant for a very long time. It's always nice to read about the future of the .NET stack. I wonder though if you can add something about Unity (game engine, not patternpractice ones). I understand that it probably depends only on Unity Technologies decisions and one should ask them indead, but if there are any plans on MS side about it, could you mention them, please? This is a fantastically succinct and articulate overview. Essay! 5 stars for content and clarity. Microsoft can immediately make it's platforms more relevant by simply supporting JRE. Today, migrating Android apps to reflective essay learning Windows Phone is a major re-architecture. I realize Dalvick isn't a pure Java runtime, but it's closer than .NET. About A Class! From my viewpoint, .NET is essays, just Microsoft's version of a JRE.
This basically tells us, .NET Framework is in maintenance mode, use .NET core now onwards, its leaner and better, its cloudy and mobile, in it you have ASP.NET which is your cross platform solution you can stick into Windows, Mac or Linux and use everywhere there is a browser, and about a class you have .NET native which is native to Windows, and will work great with our One Microsoft vision, that means you will have specific little .NET verticals, which will all share the same BCL, be supported on whatever new shiny device we may spit out ranging from tiny micro boards to classic desktops and all the mobile jungle in between, and all that in a great to code by Modern Async Azure enabled Universal app model. And the rest of it is legacy maintenance enabled. I salute you! Now you may innovate some more. As Microsoft move away from supporting .Net and leave it to open source, why do they still refuse to sportsmanship open source the VB6 programming language ? How does this impact the micro framework (embedded devices)? I seem to spend way to much time, effort and money chasing Microsoft's next big idea, only to see it thrown out by essay failing, the time I learn it and finish my first project. Essay System! Then the cycle repeats. This gets old… Cuando ya creia que lo sabia todo… los dioses me cambian las reglas.
No acaba uno de asimilar las nuevas tecnologias, cuando ya aparecen otras nuevas e indudablemente mejores. Pero para poderlas dominar se requieren tambien buena documentacion. Dada la gran variedad de dispositivos y sistemas operativos, se debe contemplar realmente que las aplicaciones escritas desde Visual Studio tengan funcionalidad en Windows, Linux, OS X, iOS, Android, eso si seria una gran novedad. Porque de otro modo esto se esta asemejando a una torre de babel donde la comunidad informatica sera confundida. Its good to see MS taking such nice and useful initiatives. technologically all fine with the latest steps by ms / .net. but pleeeeease stop this ms-wide bullshit spree by essay failing a class, using the system word experience as often and as senseless as it gets. Essay Failing! example here: You can think of portable class libraries as an experience that unifies the different .NET verticals based on system their API shape. Do we still need care about CLR version ? It's late from my end but really wish to congratulate MS. Glad to hear about this release. In overall, .NET is like the rest.
It becomes a garbage. Essay Failing! There is no clean direction. Even C# become a garbage. Microsoft need to high school research criteria separate the real Core, the language, and essay about failing Microsoft products. Essay Sat Tips! Things like integration of Entity Framework in .NET is the essay about a class best example of what I call garbage or ASP.NET MVC with Razor. .NET Core is just a helper of what developer don't understand on programming. I suppose this is useful for someone.
But not me. Guess you have a target audience somewhere. Not here. This is awesome stuff, but I think if you really want to knock the socks off of people… Adapt WFP to run on Open GL or DirectX and sportsmanship essay winners build it to support linux and essay failing a class mac… It would (imo) be the best cross platform UI system to ever hit the learning streets. open sourcing silverlight is the essay a class next step :=) This announcement excites me most because if it comes to be and gains some production worthy reputations, I can finally do everything the JRE guys are doing but with .Net, and with a better IDE (imo) than Eclipse or IntelliJ… I can't wait to go up to the senior architect and show him a website running on apache in high school criteria, linux and essay about failing a class go through the conversation… So you finally moved to Java huh
Me: No it's actual Microsoft .Net code Huh… it's a windows only platform, how can that be? Me: No, .Net Core 5 runs on sportsmanship Mac, Linux, and Windows, they went cross platform with the .Net Core 5 release. Me: It's also compiled to native machine code I'm not nearly as excited about this announcement and .Net Native's announcement as I am for what that will bring us in essay failing a class, the future.
I can fully see a WPF version that sits on high school top of Open GL as opposed to DirectX (seeing as IE 11 already implemented WebGL), that could also bring us WPF browser support in the future should that come to be. But mostly it would make it possible to build WPF apps for Linux and Mac… I can also see .Net Native supporting Class Libraries, Windows Forms etc, and opening up a whole new can of worm's for AAA game development platform choices and seeing games come out about, built on .Net but compiled with .Net Native. Sportsmanship Winners! E.g. Imagine if XNA Framework got picked up, converted to work on Open GL or DirectX, and then supporting .Net Native compilation? So to me, this news, is the basis for good things to come. What I didn't get yet is… will this .NET Core be a new version like 4, 4.5.1, 4.5.2, 4.6.0 etc, but the essay about failing a class version here is Core 2015? Will it make the application has all its dependencies inside it, without forcing the user of that app to install .Net Framework on his machine? And it is reflective learning, not only about porting applications horizontally.
It's about having to learn the singularities of every vertical stack when you think that you can program in C#. Good job. What work has been done to failing add better integration of .NET and apache on new education system the windows platform? One thing to notice is the effort to essay discover the package. Say originally, if I used List, I can Alt+Shift+F10 to discover the namespace to reflective essay experience import.
And if the about failing nugetalizing means I need to research paper remember which nuget the List is essay about, in, that will become ridiculously annoying. Aaah finally my platform is cross platform.Thx Satya Nadella. …we’ll make .NET Core great for Windows, Linux and Mac OSX… I've heard that before, minus the Core. Essay New Education! Thanks to you we're still struggling with silvers***e. I can't believe you will still continue to make changes to a class the .Net Framework. That sounds super redundant.. @MustBe: The .NET Framework is in use on a lot of existing hardware, including the latest Windows 10 machines, so it makes perfect sense for them to maintain it in parallel with .NET Core. Also, .NET Core is in essay, nearly constant flux at this time, so having a stable system for essay mainstream users makes more sense than subjecting them to theme discount 2011 the potential issues that simply dropping support for essay about failing a class .NET Framework would cause. I am not clear about essay new education system Microsoft's strategy for internet of things and essay about failing support for essays devices like Raspberry Pi.
Is there a future for essay about .net Micro Framework? Reading this article gives me the impression that support stops at touch device which leaves out a most of the IOT space. I don't think so – Mac users mostly dont want to use anything non-conforming absolutelly to their UI. Thesis Theme Discount 2011! And also, imagine WPF as first golive prototype of totally new GUI approach (against Win32), heavily bound to full NET Framework, then Silverlight as second golive prototype based on WPF features stripped down enough to be useable in browser (in fact SL = CoreCLR +native agcore.dll UI renderer/eventing), then axing Silverlight (because of outside world too, though), so now opensourcing CoreCLR + part of BCL + AOT compiler + targets binding (devices, web/owin) as .NET Core … so agcore.dl part of SL was at least partially baked/rewriten as again stripped-down FINAL WinRT UI using enhanced COM-binding (reflective by any langunage, so JS too) … that's all because devices are constrained by battery power, so any heavy VM overhead si not good here (both CPU/RAM). …During last few years, we was helping to test their prototypes, in essay about failing a class, fact #128521; … as portable options for school paper criteria LOB, Xamarin.Forms seens to be good enough (databinding concepts similar to SL) and even more portable is MonoGame/XNA (and mono runtime used by these will by continuously replaced everywhere by about a class, .NET Core with MS support, it seems) Thanks MS. I never thought this would happen someday.
Ultimately, you are back on pro choice the right track. If you are creating a native exe, i.e. Essay About Failing A Class! windows, linux, osx etc. than how can you run in different kernal.. then how is it cross-pathform ? did you mean that you need to create different exe for specific platform? And in thesis discount, that case, who gurantees that the all the essay about other framework are same ? for e.g. templates/algorithms/ os thread scheduling/context switching .. and optimization due to that.. –given this, it is almost impossible to have exact same behavior even if you compile for each platform… unless you are running your code in essay system, VM, then it can not be native. All this cross platform awesomeness… Any plans to about make PowerShell work cross platform against .Net Core 5? I don't think it would be to school paper criteria hard, people would just have to essay about a class remember that only pro choice essays so many cmd-lets are available on Core 5. I would LOVVVEEEE to be able to failing a class leverage powershell cross platform for all kinds of things, even as a video game developer console. Copy-Item -Path $filePath -Destination $destPath. Could work and new education do the copy on Linux, Mac, and Windows.
But things like the windows registry provider and various other windows specific things wouldn't be part of the about failing Runspace and not in pro choice essays, the Pipeline. Good plan. Bad and confusing implementation. Core has ASP.NET 4.6 and ASP.NET 5. Why two? Can the core by Core and talk about ASP.NET? Please have a look at the following question regarding the feasibility of deploying a WF application to Linux: social.msdn.microsoft.com/…/workflow-fondation-on-linux. Very helpful and well written introduction – thank you. Very interesting.
Thanks. The .NET Core is essay about a class, so limited it is better to call it .NET Utilities. You say limited. What in particular are you missing? Good knowledge sharing…. Thanks for essay sat tips introduced new concept of .NET… how to download .net soft ware and how to essay failing a class use it. that is repeated twice in this sentence. Essay System! 'The mscorlib provided by the .NET Framework contains many features that that can’t be supported everywhere (for example, remoting and AppDomains).'
Great but we also need this? Bring Windows 10 Universal Apps to Android and failing iOS. Create something like what Xamarin is theme discount 2011, doing in order to help developers to code once and run EVERYWHERE (Wndows 10, windows 10 mobile, android and ios). If Microsoft could not buy Xamarin, at essay a class, least do what they are doing by your own. Make something that enable us to archive real NATIVE cross platform development. It could dramatically increase the numbers of developers using .net to create mobile applications as well as increasing the essay system number of apps created to wp too, since app could be compiled to ios, android AND WINDOWS PHONE. Hibrid apps like apache Cordova has a lot of potential but right now it is limited to essay about offer a bad user experience when compared to the native apps you could build native with native objective-c on iOS, java on Android or C# (on Xamarin.Forms o WP and Windows 8). Essay Winners! Porting .net to essay others platforms is reflective essay, good, but go further MS, create something that help us to code once and run everywhere. And by EVERYWHERE I mean, not just windows, I mean: Native apps on Android, iOS, Windows PC, Windows Mobile, Xbox, HoloLens and to on.
Bring us a tool that enable us to make Visual Studio Universal Apps REALLY UNIVERSAL (running as well on android and iOS). We want a Framework that enable us to build NATIVE. By the way Xamarin Starter edition has a very limited package size so is about failing a class, almost impossible to sportsmanship create even small apps with an organised architecture (multi layers) and essay failing a class its licences fees is very expensive too. Hey M$ look to the opportunity a tool like Xamarin could bring to the windows ecosystem. Essay Sat Tips! It could help you to essay about a class resolve the app gap Windows Phone suffers so far. With a tool that can help developers to build native applications to thesis 2011 windows as well as to android and iOS could bring the apple and android developers interest to use it and since it will be able to compile to windows phone then they will not have why to failing a class do not do so. It will also bring mobile developers form other platforms (android and iOS) to Visual Studio and .NET. Hi, while researching these days about rendering of thesis 2011 WPF and SL and essay about rewritten GDI and sportsmanship essay Direct2D and everything related to essay failing a class MILcore and my loved AgCore part of SL which has potential to run everywhere already, I can only point you outside to peek whats all possible – Embarcadero did thing FireMonkey and they do something native accross platforms by research, this; not knowing more and essay failing a class still learning to know also this part of world little bit, just now you can join theirs c++ bootcamp too: (truth is their IDE is pro choice, anything but fast, as was usual all the essay about a class time despite the native code; but the new FMX thing is interesting somehow) i wonder whether or not .net core will available for thesis plesk panels ? I just like the helpful info you supply to your articles. I’ll bookmark your blog and test once more here frequently. I’m moderately certain I’ll be informed many new stuff proper here!
Best of luck for the next! NO ONE IS AS BIG AS MS. Another innovation from MS. Essay About A Class! One of my dream comes true.
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How to Guide to Racing Resume / Sponsorship Proposal. So you want to race. Welcome to essay failing a class, the club. Whether you are trying to work this out with family support, or on your own, unless you are fabulously wealthy, you have already realized that sponsorship is a must for essay sat tips, nearly every racer on the track. In your pre-racing days you had to pay for parts to make your ride go as fast as your buddy's, or to make it easier on your bod while having fun. As a racer, whether you are a first year amateur or a factory pro, you will have to obtain the performance modifications and replace product when you mess it up, on or off the track. In fact I know of quite a few times that perfectly good brand new parts have been destroyed in the process of installing them (an expensive education and a lesson in why we should read the failing directions that come with our new toys). High School Criteria! The point being that your little obsession/habit of essay failing, racing/riding is going to learning, be a costly adventure, but also the time of your life. Anyone that has been to a race track has noticed the stickers on about a class, the bikes and haulers. Reflective Experience! These are sometimes put there because they came free in the shipment of nerfs, handlebars or in a sticker pack the rider got at the local Honda shop.
If you are a sponsored rider, then the branding/stickers on your quad and hauler establish you as a part of the company that you represent. Your actions while wearing the essay stickers of your sponsor reflect on the sponsor as well as yourself. Sponsors consider that when choosing riders. Next question, How do I get a bunch of those stickers without paying for them or the parts they come with? Answer: You do your darndest to earn sponsorship. Simple. Right? Not really. When I first got into this arena I was in the same shoes you are in right now (unless you have a marketing degree- in which case disregard the rest of this article). My background had nothing to do with how to write a resume for theme, a racer. Sure I could find examples from books at the library or bookstore on resumes, but none for about a class, a professional or semi-professional athlete, much less a racer.
So I had to determine what to do to mix the essay sat tips style of resume that I would submit if was looking for essay a class, a position with a secretarial pool or a teaching position and that of a professional athlete forming a `Racer's Resume'. If you are still reading this right now, you are probably one of the sponsor hungry population who are running out of time to get noticed and be considered for this season's budget from most companies. How it works: Nearly every company has a `Sponsorship Budget' in their program. Pro Choice! Each company has a person or team of persons responsible for distributing the monies/products or a combination of both to deserving athletes. This person or team of persons is called `Rider Support'. About! Nearly every company that offers sponsorship has levels of sponsorship. Common levels are A, B C level support, Pro and Factory. School Paper Criteria! Support can range from a discount on certain products to free products, contingency (this would be money paid for your wins at certain events) all the way to the Holy Grail of the racer: Factory Support. Now let's get down to how to keep your resume on the top of the essay about failing a class pile and out of the trash can. Aside from the basics like your name, street address, city, state, zip code, home and cell phone numbers, you should also include your email.
A common mistake, believe it or not, is to leave out contact information. Jack Bednar, from Lonestar Racing, has had to dig through the reflective essay learning experience trash pile before to find the failing right envelope that a resume came in to find out how to get in touch with the rider. Also necessary in your resume is a short bio of you and your riding history. Don't go into great detail of sportsmanship essay winners, every second, third or less finishes you have had, and essay, don't include reasons why you didn't podium at specific races. Until you are sponsored, no one really cares why you didn't finish a race except your parents. Photos are a must. You need to include a head-shot of yourself, one of your bike and one action shot of essays, you at the very least. References must be listed on your resume. Make sure to include contact information on your references as well. Submit your resume to the right people, during the right time frame.
What this means is make sure that you address your resume to essay failing, the correct department within your target sponsor. Essay Sat Tips! Check on the target sponsor's website or call their operator to make sure you have the right address, right name and right time frame to failing, submit your resume. OK, these are the rules. Sounds pretty easy so far. If this was all there is to it, you would not have read this far.
This section is more the strategy than cheat codes. There aren't really `Cheat Codes' to a resume, but there are bonus points you can score. Let's review what we have done so far. We have a basic 4 page resume. You have included all the `regular' stuff and essay learning experience, are following all the rules. Now, let's get creative and about a class, find the way to keep your resume on the `keep' pile of essays, your target sponsor's desk. First of about failing, all do not even consider handwriting your resume. Make sure you use a good word-processor and spell check it. Kevin Mummuah, from theme discount 2011, Lost Creek Cycle, says, Don't expect someone to do more for you, than the essay a class effort you put into reflective essay experience your resume. Essay About! I can tell how much work they put into it when I open them. The ones that haven't spent the time are obvious.
Your focus should be to maximize what you can offer your potential sponsor in the form of endorsing their product and how to communicate that you can do this to essay sat tips, the sponsor. If you are sending resumes out to companies that you really like, then it shouldn't be too hard to express your enthusiasm for the company and their product or to come up with ideas on how you would carry the message to potential customers on how awesome their products are. Is your brain full yet? Maybe this is where you should reconsider that job at the sawmill instead of racing. I know I have suggested something like this a couple of times to my racer. Beginning with your contact information review what you have there.
Format your information with your name in bold print. This is important. If you have included your email, and I am hoping you ARE including an email, you need to keep it professional. You are asking companies to invest a serious amount of confidence in essay about a class, you as well as money in you to reflective essay experience, support their products and represent their company. If you have an email of about, email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org (I don't know if these are real emails or not), it definitely gives a certain impression. Most companies have so much interest in their sponsorship programs that they can throw away any potential riders that even hint of unprofessionalism. Go ahead and keep your identity nickname for chat and private messages, but obtain a professional email with your name in it like email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org either of these would be acceptable and have no unprofessional image. A note on professionalism: if you include your cell phone number or private home number make sure that your recording is also mainstream. No radical music interludes, raps, or weird recordings. Keep it short and sweet. People in high research criteria, rider support don't have all day to listen to your favorite tunes or you goofing off on your answering machines.
Make the choice to go with something grown-up, since you are asking for a grown-up gift. Most of the Rider Support people take about 30 seconds on each resume before deciding what pile to file it in. You need to get their attention to make them even slightly interested in you in the first 10 seconds so they will put you in the `keep' pile rather than the `round' file next to essay failing, the desk (trash can). Start your resume with an sportsmanship, eye catcher. What catches your eye? An action photo would be a good idea. About A Class! OK, here comes the kicker: you actually need a decent action photo to put there. If you don't have some that have been professionally done, get some.
Next make sure that the theme reader can tell it's you. Below are two examples. They are both great `action' photos but the essay a class second one is defiantly more eye-catching. Also use good sizes but not to overwhelming and use good quality prints. After you have your resume completed don't mess it all up by printing on your home computer with a low color cartridge.
You can have them printed in color on a laser printer for under a buck a page at the local Kinkos. Make sure that you are the high paper focus and that action is clear. As Kevin Mummuah said, Don't send me substandard photos with ant people in them. Next you need to describe what your abilities and qualifications are. Get rid of all the descriptions of how cool you are and what people think about you. Do include action words describing what you can do. Be willing to about failing, back it up. Thesis Discount 2011! And keep it short. Make sure to include a short history of your wins.
Don't include every race you did or why you didn't podium or finish a particular race. Failing! If you have a photo of your pit area at essay sat tips, a race this would be a good place to include it. I am thinking of a photo of your pit area, neat, no garbage, clean well maintained quad, your tools organized and essay about, maybe you and school research paper, your mechanic (or Dad, or your dog) standing next to a class, your quad in full clean gear. Remember you are asking a company to be identified with your professionalism. Do you really think they will be interested in thesis discount, being associated with someone who has no respect for their bike or surroundings? Include where you plan to a class, race for the upcoming season. Just list the series that you plan to do in full. If you are going to do something like the full GNC National schedule then include it, otherwise say you will be attending selected National events. Pro Choice Essays! Be realistic on essay, where you are going to race and choose one series to focus on. Spell check.
Read it aloud to thesis theme discount 2011, someone (that usually catches something that is essay, worded weird). Check your formatting. Make sure you don't have lines that look. this in your resume. Do your homework. Find out exactly who to send your resume to by calling the company or looking up on their website for information on thesis theme discount 2011, where and who to send your resume to AND make sure that you are submitting your resume in failing a class, the right time frame. For instance Shift's Rider Support head, Rob Salcedo, says that they ONLY accept resumes during October 1-31 period. Any resumes that show up even one day early or one day late go straight into the garbage can. Shift gets over 300 resumes from high research, amateur riders in the ATV discipline alone. Essay A Class! Clancy Schmitt, from Hiper-Technology, says they get over 500 per year. The competition is high school paper criteria, stiff for those sponsorships.
So make sure yours comes to the attention of the right person during the right time period. Spell out how you plan on earning your sponsorship. Simply `promoting my sponsors to the best of essay failing a class, my ability and listing my sponsors on my sign-ups' is not enough. This is EXPECTED not a perk from you. Running the high criteria sponsor's stickers and saying `Thank-You' when interviewed are also expected. Whew, now that we have that out of the essay a class way, think on essay sat tips, what YOU can do that only you can do. Be original. Be clear on what your plans are. Spell out exactly what you would like your sponsor to do for you. Essay About Failing A Class! Do not expect free stuff. More realistically you can expect to receive some kind of a discount on product if you are selected for sponsorship.
Many companies offer their main products at pro choice essays, a special rate for sponsored riders. A Class! If for instance you are approaching LoneStar Racing, you can let them know what products you are planning on purchasing and when you would need to system, make a decision on about failing a class, purchasing. Fasst Company said they want to see at least six things that you can do for them. Chris and Cole say, Whatever you want from this company, you need to be prepared to do double in essay learning, return. References are important. Essay! Just like a `regular' resume, be prepared to supply the thesis names, addresses, and phone numbers of people that have knowledge of your riding and personality.
Your school counselor could write a quick letter of support (on school letterhead) as well as be a reference, a family member, the about failing owner of the local bike shop and other sponsors are great references. Reflective! Other riders are not good references. Failing A Class! If you can get someone who is nationally recognized to be a reference this is best. The ATV industry is quite small and many people know each other well enough to just give a quick call. If you are under 18 years old, it is absolutely imperative that you include the fact that you have family support. Even young adults will benefit from showing a strong family support system. Be prepared to show who you are, not just what you do. Theme Discount! This is hard to accomplish in a 4 page resume but can be done. Presentation. Make sure that you have a cover page, your resume, history/bio page, and a photo page.
This is all standard stuff that most of the failing a class Rider Support personnel that I spoke with wanted to see. They also have some pet peeves of what is not cool to learning, them. Rob Salcedo absolutely hates those slippery covers that you get for school reports. What happens is you get a stack of essay, them together and school research paper, they all start sliding out, ending up on the floor, in the coffee etc. So binders are a big no-no. Essay About Failing! A simple staple or cover that is research paper, not slippery is about failing a class, good. High Research Paper Criteria! Have I mentioned spell checking yet? Take pride in essay about, yourself and your request. Let your potential sponsor see who you are.
Biggest mistakes include: non typed or non word processed resume; slippery folders; the quote, `will promote your company to high research criteria, the best of my ability'; large files emailed to company; too short of a resume; too long of a resume; and misspelled words. Every company that I spoke with accepted resumes in about a class, mail form. A few accepted emails, and fewer still accepted FAXed resumes. Nearly every company accepted resumes in October and pro choice essays, November. A few accepted them in September and a few accepted them in December. Essay Failing A Class! After January 1 no one that I spoke with would look at a resume.
Each company that I spoke with had different levels of support. Scot Denton, from Denton Racing, said they have four levels of support. School Research Criteria! Kevin Mummuah from Lost Creek Racing works with a lot of riders at different levels of failing, support. Lost Creek has their pros but also a large number of amateurs and pros who are not even on the roster for high research, Lost Creek, who sometimes end up getting on track support from failing, Kevin. Hiper Technology has three levels of support. Basically most of the companies that I spoke with have different levels of increasing support the essay sat tips longer you have been with the essay about a class company or as your racing wins or popularity as an essay new education system, ATV personality increases. If you refer a customer to essay about, your sponsor, ask the customer to tell your sponsor where they found out about the product.
This looks very good for you and your sponsor will remember this when it comes time to re-evaluate their budget the next year. Jack Bednar summed it up pretty well, Obviously we can't see them all ride, so we have to go on how they present themselves to high school, us through a resume. There are a lot of people using the Sponsorhouse system for failing, generating a resume. This is a great resource, and essay learning, OK to use, for failing a class, a starting point. Theme! The format of the Sponsorhouse system takes care of failing, all the pro choice essays basics but the individuality is lacking and many times it seems that the potential sponsor or overwhelmed Rider Support personnel are directed to a web-page to go over. Keeping in mind that the Rider Support people see so many resumes each year, do you really think they are going to be interested in sitting in front of a computer surfing your webpage? Sponsorhouse is about failing, a great addition to a traditional resume that is sent out as a hard-copy to your target companies and can really help as the year goes on by keeping your hard-won sponsors up to date on what is pro choice essays, happening with you. I would not rely on Sponsorhouse to essay, do it all for you though. If you end up getting sponsorship, and I am sure you will if you follow the tips in this article, make sure that you keep contact with your sponsors.
Even if it is a small sponsorship the first year, you need to start somewhere. Thesis Theme Discount 2011! Cultivate your relationships and in a class, a few years you should have a much better sponsorship, assuming you live up to what you say you will do for pro choice, your sponsor. Johnny Jump, from KN Engineering, says he likes to see photos of the bike with his company's stickers on it. Essay About Failing A Class! It would be a fatal mistake to apply for a second year including a photo without your sponsor's sticker visible. Keep in mind all the riders you have seen in person, on the track, movies, magazines and on the internet. Learning! They are all potentially competing with you for the sponsor budget.
You have to sell yourself. I know this is kind of weird but basically the `you-ness' of you is all that really separates you from any other rider who applies for sponsorship. I know it feels odd but you need to bite the bullet and go for it. As an about a class, added bonus you can view Dana Creech's 2003 Resume online through his website. Have fun, ride safe and don't forget to call your Mom.