Write my essay for me with Professional Academic Writers -
Is Teenage Love Real Essay - Oberurnen
book report climax Why do book reports strike terror in the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is is teenage, not easy. A book report challenges students to think and in classroom, write critically about what they’ve read. In the early elementary grades, extra support is given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to essay, write about a favorite character and masters degree, other book details. But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and high school, they are expected to love real, write book reports independently. Website! At Time4Writing, we work with students on is teenage love essay, an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses. We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of terror! How to thesis buy, Write a Book Report. Before you write, read. There’s no substitute for reading the book.
Choose a book you’ll enjoy—reading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and paper at your side. Jotting down page numbers and notes about essay significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to thesis buy, write. Remember, unless your book is real, a personal copy, don’t write in the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the book, you are ready to start the writing writing process. When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the is teenage real proven steps of the michelle writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and publishing. In the first step, prewriting, you’ll plan what you want to say. An outline is a great prewriting tool for book reports. Start your book report outline with the following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of is teenage love essay Book.
3. Robinson Princeton! Book Details: Characters. Is Teenage Real! 4. Book Details: Plot. 5. Evaluation and Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for each of these paragraphs. Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content. Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the basic information about the book: the book’s title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of pages, and year published). The opening paragraph is thesis, also your opportunity to build interest by mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the book or noteworthy credentials of the author. Was the book a bestseller? Is the author a well-known authority on the subject?
Book reports are personal, too, so it’s perfectly acceptable to state why you chose to read it. In the body of the essay book report—paragraphs two, three, and four—you’ll describe what the book is per page, about. This is your chance to show you’ve read and is teenage real essay, understood the book. Assuming you’ve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by writing an overview of the story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot. Specify who tells the story (point of view) and the tone or atmosphere of the book. Is it a creepy tale of suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the main characters and identify the major conflict or problem the main characters are trying to solve. You can also write another paragraph about the boy in the striped pajamas other characters in the book. Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you don’t need to tell every detail of the story. Instead, focus on love, the main sequence of events.
You can discuss plot highlights, from the dissertation words rising action to is teenage love real, the book’s climax and conflict resolution. Make sure you mention the author’s use of any literary devices you’ve been studying in class. Analysis Essays! Book Reports on Non-fiction. If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, you’ll want to devote the body of your book report to is teenage love essay, a description of the book’s subject and the author’s points of view. Words! Use the is teenage love chapter headings to help you present the author’s ideas and arguments in an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you don’t have to cover every argument made by the author. Instead, choose the main ideas and the ones most interesting to you. If you read a biography, write about some of the important events in the person’s life. Personal Evaluation and Conclusion. You’ll like writing the final paragraph because it is here that you’ll be able to offer your own critique of the dissertation words book. What are the book’s strengths and weaknesses?
Did the book hold your interest? What did you learn from the book? If you read a work of fiction, how did the book affect you? If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by the author’s arguments? Try to be balanced in your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the book. Give your honest opinion of the book and whether or not you would recommend it to others.
Revising, Editing, and Publishing. After you’ve drafted your book report, you’re ready to follow the next three steps of the writing process: revising, editing, and publishing. Begin revising by reading your book report aloud or to a friend for feedback. As you edit, check your grammar and use of the correct guidelines for book quotes and writing the love essay book title. Give enough time to revising and editing, and your published book report will be that much better. Book Reports: A Type of behavior in classroom essay Expository Essay.
A book report is usually written as an expository essay, although it can be written in other forms. In some cases, a teacher will ask students to take a point of real essay view when writing a book report. Here is an example: “Explain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the best American kid’s novel of the last decade. Please use examples.” This type of writing prompt requires a persuasive style of writing. Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to read or not read a particular book. If writing a book review, don’t reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. Michelle Robinson Princeton! Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in is teenage love real essay, building students’ writing skills. When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at thesis buy, any writing assignment, including a book report.
Time4Writing offers online writing courses for is teenage love real essay, kids in elementary, middle school, and high school, and pairs each student with a certified teacher for personalized writing instruction. Time4Writing’s eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in helping students develop their writing skills and website essays, building confidence. Find out is teenage love essay how Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes can make a real difference in your child’s writing.
Buy Essays Online from Successful Essay -
Is Teenage Love Real Essay - Oberurnen
oedipus joke essay Ed Friedlander, M.D. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified April 1, 2010. . pluck out the is teenage love real heart of essay, my mystery. -- Hamlet. This page is for high school and college students, or anyone else. Everybody brings a different set of experiences to a book, a theater, or a classroom.
Although I've tried to help, ultimately you'll need to essay, decide for yourself about essay, Shakespeare and Hamlet. I hope you have as much fun as I have! Once you get past the minor difficulties posed by the language, you'll probably enjoy Hamlet -- and not just for its action. Hamlet is the first work of is teenage real essay, literature to look squarely at masters degree the stupidity, falsity and sham of everyday life , without laughing and without easy answers. In a world where things are not as they seem, Hamlet's genuineness, thoughtfulness, and sincerity make him special. Hamlet is no saint. But unlike most of the other characters (and most people today), Hamlet chooses not to compromise with evil.
Dying, Hamlet reaffirms the tragic dignity of a basically decent person in a bad world . Hamlet is the first work of literature to show an ordinary person looking at is teenage love real the futility and wrongs in life, asking the toughest questions and coming up with honest semi-answers like most people do today. Unlike so much of thesis buy, popular culture today, Hamlet leaves us with the message that life is indeed worth living, even by imperfect people in an imperfect world. Shakespeare's Hamlet is full of talk about death, dead bodies, murder, suicide, disease, graves, and so forth. And there is love real essay, no traditional Christian comfort or promise of eventual justice or happiness for the good people. In Classroom Essay! But the real essay message is ultimately one of hope.
You can be a hero. Aristotle wrote that in a tragedy, the protagonist by definition learns something. Pajamas Essay! Whatever you may think of Aristotle's reductionist ideas about serious drama, Shakespeare's heroes all develop philosophically. (You may not agree with everything they decide.) As you read the play, watch how Hamlet -- who starts by wishing he was dead -- comes to terms with life, keeps his integrity, and strikes back successfully at what's wrong around him. So far as I know, it's the first time this theme -- now so common -- appeared in world literature. Revenge should know no bounds. -- Claudius.
Hamlet, our hero, is the son of the previous king of love, Denmark, also named Hamlet (Old Hamlet, Hamlet Senior as we'd say), who has died less than two months ago. Hamlet remembers his father as an all-around good guy, and thesis buy as a tender husband who would even make a special effort to shield his wife's face from the cold Danish wind. The day Hamlet was born, Old Hamlet settled a land dispute by killing the King of Norway in personal combat. How old is Hamlet? We have contradictory information.
The gravedigger mentions that Hamlet is thirty years old, and that the jester with whom Hamlet played as a child has been dead for real essay twenty-three years. A thirty-year-old man might still be a college student. However, Ophelia is unmarried in an era when girls usually married in their teens, and website essays several characters refer to Hamlet's youth. So we might prefer to think that Hamlet is in his late teens or early twenties. And many people have seen Hamlet's bitter, sullen outlook at real essay the beginning of the play as typical of youth. You'll need to michelle, decide that one for yourself. Is Teenage Love Real Essay! (I think thirty might be a mistake for twenty. Richard Burbage, who played Hamlet first, was older than twenty, and perhaps the editor thought twenty must be wrong.
You decide.) Hamlet was a college student at Wittenberg when his father died. (Of course the historical Hamlet, who lived around 700, could not have attended Wittenberg, founded in 1502). Thesis Buy! The monarchy went to his father's brother, Claudius. (Shakespeare and the other characters just call him King.) Hamlet's mother, Gertrude, married Claudius within less than a month. Old Hamlet died during his after-lunch nap in his garden. Is Teenage Love Essay! The public was told that Old Hamlet died of snakebite.
The truth is that Claudius murdered Old Hamlet by pouring poison in his ear. Thesis Buy! Old Hamlet died fast but gruesomely. The ghost describes the king's seduction of the queen (the garbage passage) just prior to describing the actual murder. Is Teenage Love Essay! This makes the most sense if the queen actually committed adultery before the murder, and that the affair was its actual motive. Even in our modern age, if a twenty-plus-year marriage ends with the sudden death of one partner, and the survivor remarries four weeks later, I'd believe that there had probably been an adulterous affair. And everybody at the Danish court must have thought the the striped pajamas prompts same thing. If you don't know this, you're naive.
It's not clear that Gertrude actually knew a murder was committed, and is teenage love real essay we never get proof that anyone else knew for certain, either. But everybody must have been suspicious. And nobody was saying anything. Young Hamlet is behavior in classroom essay, very well-liked. He is a soldier, a scholar, and a diplomat.
We learn that he's the glass of fashion and is teenage love essay the mould of form, i.e., the young man that everybody else tried to imitate. He's also loved of the distracted multitude, i.e., the ordinary people like him, and if anything were to happen to him, there would be riots. Exactly why Claudius rather than Hamlet succeeded Old Hamlet is not explained. Hamlet refers (V.ii) to the election, i.e., the dissertation per page choosing of a new king by a vote of is teenage essay, a small number of warlords (as in Macbeth). (By Shakespeare time, it was the online in creative degree Danish royal family that voted.) Interestingly, the Norwegian king is also succeeded by his brother, rather than by his own infant son Fortinbras. Or the royal title may have gone to is teenage, Claudius simply because he married the royal widow, who he calls our imperial jointress. Some people may tell you that in the Dark Ages, Jutland may have practiced matrilineal descent, i.e., a society where family identity and inheritance is passed through the female line. Since this is historical fiction, and since the historical Hamlet's uncle simply held a public coup, this seems moot. Matrilineal descent is known among some primitive people in our own century, and is attested to by ancient writers on various cultures. The advantage of website analysis essays, this system is is teenage love essay, that the best men tend to get picked for hereditary positions of power. With male-line succession, the old king is followed by his oldest son, who may be stupid and get himself killed quickly. Under matrilineal descent, the old king picks the man who will actually wield power after he is gone, but still preserves his own genes.
In spite of what anybody else may tell you, we know of no human culture where the men, who are physically stronger and do the fighting, let the women make the laws and website analysis essays the big decisions (a matriarchy). You may decide this is unfortunate. A real anthropologist, Eric J. Smith [link is now down] at U. Is Teenage Love Real Essay! Wash., points out that its checks-and-balances system made the Iroquois government the closest thing to a matriarchy ever described. The play opens on the battlements of the castle. It's midnight. Online Masters Writing Degree! (Shakespeare anachronistically says 'Tis now struck twelve.) Francisco has been keeping watch, and Bernardo comes to relieve him. Is Teenage Real Essay! Neither man recognizes the other in the darkness, and each issues a tense challenge. In Classroom Essay! Francisco remarks, It's bitter cold. and I am sick at heart. This sets the scene, since Shakespeare had no way of darkening his theater or showing the weather.
The fact that each guard suspects the other of is teenage real, being an intruder indicates all is not well, even though Francisco does not say why he is sick at heart. Francisco leaves, and Marcellus arrives to website analysis, share Bernardo's watch. Bernardo is surprised to is teenage love real essay, see also Hamlet's school friend Horatio (who has just arrived at the castle; we never really find out why he's here) with Marcellus. Marcellus and Bernardo think they have twice seen the ghost of michelle robinson thesis princeton, Old Hamlet. Is Teenage Real! Horatio is dissertation words, skeptical. The ghost appears, the is teenage love real men agree it looks like the old king, and Horatio (who is a scholar and thus knows something of the paranormal) tries to talk to it. The ghost turns away as if driven back / offended by the word heaven (God), and it disappears. The men talk about Old Hamlet. Behavior In Classroom Essay! They also talk about the is teenage real unheralded naval build-up commanded by per page, the present king. This is in is teenage response to an expected military invasion by the Norwegian prince Fortinbras, who wishes to regain the territories lost by his father's death. The men wonder whether the ghost is returned to website essays, warn about military disaster.
The ghost reappears. The men try to talk to it to find out love essay what it wants. They try to strike it. It looks like it is about to speak, but suddenly a rooster crows (the signal of morning) and the ghost fades away. Online In Creative Degree! (As usual, Shakespeare is telescoping time.) Marcellus relates a beautiful legend that during the is teenage essay Christmas season, roosters might crow through the boy in the striped pajamas essay night, keeping the dark powers at bay. Claudius holds court.
This is apparently his first public meeting since becoming king. Also present are the queen, Hamlet, the royal counselor Polonius, Polonius's son Laertes, and the Council -- evidently the warlords who support his monarchy. Hamlet is still wearing mourning black, while everybody else (to please Claudius) is dressed festively. Claudius wants to show what a good leader he is. He begins by talking about the love real essay mix of sorrow for his brother's death, and boy in pajamas essay joy in love real essay his new marriage. He reminds the Council that they have approved his marriage and accession, and thanks them. Analysis! Claudius announces that Fortinbras of Norway is raising an is teenage love real essay, army to try to take back the land his father lost to Old Hamlet.
Claudius emphasizes that Fortinbras can't win militarily. Claudius still wants a diplomatic solution and sends two negotiators to Norway. Next, Laertes asks permission to return to France. Boy In Pajamas! The king calls on Polonius. When Polonius is talking to the king, he always uses a flowery, more-words-than-needed style.
Polonius can be played either for humor, or as a sinister old man. (Sinister, evil people can still do foolish things -- like getting themselves caught spying on someone who is very upset.) Either fits nicely with the play's theme of phoniness. Polonius says he is agreeable, and love real essay the king gives permission. This was rehearsed, and Claudius is taking advantage of the opportunity to look reasonable, especially because he is in classroom essay, about to deal with Hamlet, who wants to return to college. Claudius calls Hamlet cousin (i.e., close relative) and essay son (stepson), and asks why he is still sad. Hamlet puns. Michelle Thesis! His mother makes a touching speech about how everything must die, passing from nature to eternity, i.e., a better afterlife. She asks him why he is essay, still acting (seems) sad. Hamlet replied he's not acting, just showing how he really feels. Claudius makes a very nice speech, asks that Hamlet stay at the court, and reaffirms that Hamlet is masters in creative writing degree, heir to his property and throne. Is Teenage Love! Hamlet's mother adds a nice comment, and behavior essay Hamlet agrees to stay. He may not really have a choice, especially since Claudius calls his answer gentle and essay unforced.
Does Claudius really care about thesis buy, Hamlet? Maybe. The meeting is over, and Claudius announces there will be a party, at is teenage love essay which he'll have the guards shoot off a cannon every time he finishes a drink. Hamlet is left alone. He talks to himself / the audience. Today's movie directors would use voice-overs for such speeches (soliloquies if they are long and thesis buy the speaker is alone, asides if they are short and there are other folks on is teenage love real stage.) He talks about losing interest in life and how upset he is by his mother's remarriage and its implications. (In Shakespeare's era, it was considered morally wrong to marry your brother's widow. Henry VIII's first wife had been married to Henry's older brother, who died, but the marriage had not been consummated.
This puzzle sparked the website analysis essays English reformation.) Hamlet is trapped in a situation where things are obviously very wrong. Like other people at such times, Hamlet wishes God hadn't forbidden suicide. Interestingly, he does not mention being angry about not being chosen king. Horatio, Marcellus, and Bernardo come in. Love Essay! Hamlet is surprised to see his school buddy. Horatio says he's truant (not true), and that he came to see the old king's funeral (not true -- he's much too late). Hamlet jokes that his mother's wedding followed so quickly that they served the leftovers from the funeral dinner. (I think Horatio probably came to boy in pajamas essay prompts, Elsinore out of concern for Hamlet, spoke with the guards first, and was invited at once to see the ghost. Some guys don't say to another guy, I came to see YOU even when it's obvious.) You'll need to essay, decide what Hamlet means when he says that he sees his father in his mind's eye.
Sometimes, bereaved people notice their eyes fooling them -- shadows forming themselves in the mind into online in creative degree an image of the deceased. Other mourners report even more vivid experiences that they do recognize to be tricks of perception. Or perhaps Hamlet is simply thinking a lot about his father, or holding onto his good memories. The friends tell Hamlet about the real ghost. Hamlet asks what the thesis buy ghost looked like -- skin color and beard colors -- and agrees they match his father.
Hamlet asks the men to keep this a secret and to let him join them the next night, hoping the love real essay ghost will return and talk. Afterwards he says he suspects foul play. Everybody else probably does, too, even without any ghost. Laertes says goodbye to Ophelia, his sister. He asks her to write daily, and urges her not to get too fond of Hamlet, who has been showing a romantic interest in her. At considerable length, he explains how Hamlet will not be able to website analysis, marry beneath his station, and explicitly tells her not to have sex (your chaste treasure open) with him. Ophelia seems to be the passive sort, but she has enough spunk to urge him to live clean too, and not be a hypocrite. Laertes suddenly realizes he has to leave quickly (uh huh). Polonius comes in and lays some famous fatherly advice on Laertes.
It's today's self-centered worldly wisdom. Listen closely, and say less than you know. Think before you act. Don't be cold, but don't be too friendly. Spend most of your time with your genuine friends who've already done you good. Is Teenage Love Real Essay! Choose your battles carefully, and fight hard. Dress for success. Don't loan or borrow money. And most important -- look out for Number One ('Above all -- To thine own self be true.') I get quite a bit of mail about Polonius's advice, especially about To thine own self be true.
Some people see this as Shakespeare's asking us to be totally honest in michelle thesis princeton our dealings with others. Others have seen this as a call to mystical experience, union with the higher self. I can't see this. The key is to thine own self. In Shakespeare's time, the expression true to meant be loyal or look out is teenage real essay first for the interests of. ; it also meant fidelity to a romantic relationship. This usage recurs in the Beatle' song All My Loving. To be false implies making a promise or a pretense and not delivering. If it's clear up front that you don't do favors without expecting something in return, nobody can complain about being misled.
The rest of Polonius's advice is masters in creative writing degree, otherwise totally worldly, practical, and amoral (though not immoral) -- what one would read in a self-help book. Polonius is not the model for scrupulous honesty. Polonius tells Reynaldo to real essay, lie. Dissertation Per Page! Polonius lies to the king and love real queen, claiming he knew nothing of website analysis, Hamlet's romantic interest before he saw his love letters. And Polonius tells his daughter that everybody puts on a false front. Is Teenage Real Essay! Hearing this actually makes the king feel ashamed. When Laertes leaves, Polonius questions Ophelia about her relationship with Hamlet. Pajamas! One can play Polonius as kind and jocular with his son, rough (even cruel and obscene) with his daughter. He calls her naïve, orders her not even to talk to is teenage real essay, Hamlet, and demands to see his love letters to her. Contemporary readers who are puzzled by dissertation, this should remember that in Hamlet's era (and Shakespeare's), a father would probably get less money from his future son-in-law if his daughter was not a virgin. Polonius, of course, pretends he cares only about Ophelia's well-being.
Hamlet, Horatio, and the guards are on the walls just after midnight, waiting for love real essay the ghost. The king is still partying, and trumpets and cannon go off because he's just finished another drink. Hamlet notes that this is a custom more honored in the breach than [in] the observance, now a popular phrase. (This was a Danish custom in Shakespeare's time too. The Danish people's neighbors make fun of words, them for this. Old Hamlet may not have engaged in the practice, hence the is teenage real breach.)
This fact inspires Hamlet to make a long speech, So, oft it chances. , about how a person's single fault (a moral failure, or even a physical disfigurement) governs how people think about online writing, them, overriding everything that is real essay, good. Masters In Creative Writing! Of course this doesn't represent how Hamlet thinks about Claudius (who he detests for lots of is teenage love essay, reasons), and it's hard to explain what this is behavior in classroom, doing in the play -- apart from the fact that it's very true-to-life. You may decide that Hamlet is restating the play's theme of appearance-vs.-reality. The ghost enters. Hamlet challenges it. Real! He asks whether it is good or evil, his real father or a devilish deception.
He asks why it has returned, making us think about the unthinkable and unknown (so horridly to thesis princeton, shake our disposition / with thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls). The ghost beckons Hamlet. Horatio warns him not to real, follow, because the ghost might drive him insane. Horatio notes that everybody looking down from an unprotected large height thinks about jumping to death (a curious fact). Online Masters! Hamlet is determined to follow the is teenage ghost, and probably draws his sword on his companions. (So much for the idea that Hamlet is psychologically unable to take decisive action.) Hamlet says, My fate cries out, i.e., that he's going to his destiny. He walks off the essay stage after the ghost. Love Essay! Directors often have Hamlet hold the in creative writing degree handle of his sword in front of his face to real, make a cross, holy symbol for protection.
Marcellus (who like everybody else surely suspects Claudius of foul play) says, Something is rotten in the state of Denmark (usually misquoted and misattributed to Hamlet himself.) Horatio says God will take care of pajamas essay, Hamlet (Heaven will direct it). Is Teenage Real! Nay, says Marcellus, unwilling to leave the supernatural up to dissertation words per page, God, let's follow him. The scene change is to indicate that the real essay place has changed, i.e., Hamlet and the ghost are higher up. Hamlet demands that the ghost talk, and he does. He claims to be Old Hamlet. Because he died with unconfessed sins, he is going to burn for a long time before he finds rest. He gives gruesome hints of an afterlife that he is not allowed to describe. (Even the more fortunate dead returning to earth are fat weeds.) He then reveals that he was murdered by Claudius, who had been having sex with the in creative queen. (At least the ghost says they were already having an affair. Real! Before he describes the murder, the ghost says that Claudius had won to his shameful lust the affections of the seeming-virtuous queen.) The ghost's account now becomes very picturesque.
Old Hamlet says that Claudius's natural gifts were far inferior to his own, i.e., that Old Hamlet was much better looking, smarter, nicer, and so forth. Michelle! Claudius was a smooth talker (wit) and is teenage love real essay gave her presents. Old Hamlet says that lust, though to a radiant angel linked / Will sate itself in a celestial bed / And prey on essays garbage. In plain language, Gertrude was too dirty-minded for a nice man like Old Hamlet. She jumped into bed with a dirtball. Claudius poured poison in the king's ear. Old Hamlet tells the is teenage real grisly effects of the poison. Behavior In Classroom Essay! It coagulated his blood and love real essay caused his skin to crust, killing him rapidly. Masters Writing! His line O horrible, O horrible, most horrible! is probably better given to Hamlet. The ghost calls on Hamlet to love, avenge him by killing Claudius. He also tells him not to online degree, kill his mother. (Taint not thy mind. doesn't mean to think nice thoughts, which would be impossible, but simply not to think of killing her.) The ghost has to leave because morning is approaching.
Hamlet says he'll remember what he's heard while memory holds a seat [i.e., still functions] in this distracted globe. Love! By distracted globe, Hamlet probably means both my distraught head and this crazy world. (The name of the in classroom essay theater, too.) Hamlet already has made up his mind about is teenage real essay, Claudius and his mother, without the ghost's help. So before considering whether the boy in the striped pajamas ghost is telling the is teenage love essay truth, Hamlet calls his mother a most pernicious woman, and boy in the striped pajamas prompts says of is teenage real essay, Claudius one may smile, and smile, and be a villain. We all know that from experience -- most really bad people pretend to be nice and friendly. When Hamlet's friends come in, he says, There's never a [i.e., no] villain in behavior essay all Denmark. He probably meant to say, . as Claudius, but realizes in is teenage essay midsentence that this isn't the robinson thing to say.
He finishes the sentence as a tautology (Villains are knaves.) Hamlet says he thinks the ghost is telling the truth, says he will feign madness (put an antic disposition on -- he doesn't explain why), and (perhaps re-enacting a scene in the old play) swears them to secrecy on is teenage real essay his sword and in several different locations while the ghost hollers Swear from below the stage. It's obvious that Hamlet's excitement is comic, and the scene is website analysis, funny. Hamlet calls the ghost boy, truepenny, and old mole, and is teenage love real says to his friends, You hear this fellow in the cellarage. The Striped! It seems to me that Shakespeare is is teenage love real, parodying the older play, and even making fun of the online writing degree idea of ghosts, and that he's saying, Don't take this plot seriously, but listen to the ideas. Horatio comments how strange this all is, and Hamlet (who likes puns) says that they should welcome the ghost as a stranger in need. There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy. (Ethan Hawke has our philosophy. I wonder if this might be what Shakespeare actually wrote.) In Shakespeare's era, philosophy means what we call natural science.
Notice that Horatio, who is skeptical of ghosts, is the one who suggests trusting God when the ghost appears, and is teenage love who will later talk about flights of angels carrying Hamlet's soul to in creative degree, heaven. Shakespeare's more rational-minded contemporaries (and probably Shakespeare himself) probably did not believe in ghosts. But scientific atheism (scientific reductionism, naïve naturalism) wasn't a clearly-articulated philosophy in Shakespeare's era. Some time has passed. From Ophelia's remarks in III.ii. (which happens the day after II.i), we learn that Old Hamlet has now been dead for four months. Shakespeare telescopes time. We learn (in this scene) that Ophelia has (on Polonius's orders) refused to accept love letters from is teenage love essay Hamlet and behavior told him not to come near her. We learn in is teenage essay the next scene (which follows soon after) that the thesis king and queen have sent to Wittenberg for Hamlet's long-time friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern (two common Danish surnames), and that they are now here. Hamlet has been walking around aimlessly in the palace for up to four hours at a time.
Polonius, in private, sends his servant Reynaldo to spy on Laertes. Polonius reminds him of how an effective spy asks open-ended questions and tells little suggestive lies. Polonius likes to spy. Ophelia comes in, obviously upset. She describes Hamlet's barging into her bedroom, with his doublet all unbraced (we'd say, his shirt open in front), his dirty socks crunched down, and pale and is teenage real essay knock-kneed, as if he had been loosèd out of hell / to speak of horrors.
Or, as might say, as if he'd seen a ghost. Hamlet grabbed her wrist, stared at her face, sighed, let her go, and walked out the door backwards. What's happened? Hamlet, who has set about to feign mental illness, is actually just acting on his own very genuine feelings. Hamlet cares very much about Ophelia. He must have hoped for a happy life with her. Now it is painfully obvious that they are both prisoners of a system that will never allow them to have the happiness that they should. If you want to write a good essay, jot down in about 500 words what Hamlet was thinking while he was saying nothing. Here's where we really see him starting to be conflicted. Will he strike back, or just play along with Claudius and perhaps marry the woman he loves and be happy? What kind of a relationship can a man who's trying to in classroom, be upright have in a bad world?
Hamlet says everything and says nothing, just as the essay skull will do later. When Hamlet acts like a flesh-and-blood human being showing authentic emotions, people like Polonius will say he is insane. And Polonius suggests Hamlet is lovesick. Website Analysis! Maybe Polonius really believes this. Maybe he just realized that perhaps his daughter might be the next Queen of Denmark. The king and queen welcome Rosencrantz and is teenage Guildenstern. Claudius says that except for the death of Hamlet's father, he's clueless as to why Hamlet is upset. (Uh huh.) He asks them very nicely to thesis buy, try to figure out what's wrong so Claudius can help. (Now Claudius might well be sincere.) Gertrude says she wants them to make Hamlet happy, and that the good and generous king will reward them well. Both say how much they appreciate the is teenage opportunity, and Claudius thanks them. Often a director will have Claudius call each by the other's name, and Gertrude point out which is which (lines 33-34).
They go off to find Hamlet. Polonius comes in and announces that the ambassadors from Norway have returned, and that after their report he will tell them why Hamlet is acting strange. Gertrude thinks that Hamlet is thesis princeton, simply distressed over his father's death (which Claudius thought of) and her remarriage (which Claudius pretended he couldn't think of.) The ambassadors are back from real Norway. Fortinbras was indeed mounting an army to attack Claudius's Denmark. Thesis Buy! The King of Norway was sick and supposedly thought Fortinbras was going to is teenage love, invade Poland instead. Dissertation Words Per Page! (Uh huh.) When he learned the truth, the is teenage real essay King of Norway arrested Fortinbras, made him promise not to invade Denmark, and paid him to invade Poland instead. Essays! The King of Norway now requests that Claudius let Fortinbras pass through Denmark for is teenage love essay the invasion. (Denmark is on the invasion route from Norway to in creative writing, Poland if the is teenage real Norwegian army is to cross the sea to online masters writing degree, Denmark.
And we know a sea-invasion was expected from the amount of shipbuilding mentioned in I.i.) This all seems fake and for is teenage essay show, and probably Claudius (who doesn't seem at all surprised) and the King of Norway had an understanding beforehand. As before, Polonius can be a foolish busybody or a sinister old man. Behavior! (Foolish busybodies do not usually become chief advisors to warrior-kings.) Polonius launches into a verbose speech about finding the cause of madness, prompting the queen to tell him to get to the point (More matter with less art; the is teenage love real essay queen actually cares about Hamlet.) He reads a love letter from Hamlet. It's about the genuineness of his love. Polonius asks the website king, What do you think of me? The king replies, [You are] a man faithful and honorable. Now Polonius tells a lie. Is Teenage! He emphasizes that he had no knowledge of Hamlet's romantic interest in Ophelia until she told him and essay gave him the love letter. Polonius then truthfully tells how he forbade Ophelia to love essay, see or accept messages from michelle thesis princeton Hamlet.
However, Polonius does not mention the wrist-grabbing episode. He then reminds the king of is teenage love essay, how reliable an advisor he has always been, and says Take this from this (my head off my shoulders, or my insignia of office from me; the actor will show which is meant) if this be otherwise. Robinson Princeton! He finishes, If circumstances lead me [i.e., allow, the actor could say let], I will find / Where truth is hid, though it were hid indeed / Within the center [of the earth]. He suggests he and the king hide and watch Ophelia and Hamlet. Polonius likes to spy. At this time, Hamlet (who may have been eavesdropping), walks in is teenage love reading a book.
Polonius questions him, and Hamlet pretends to be very crazy by giving silly answers. They are pointed, referring to the dishonesty of boy in essay, Polonius (To be honest, as this world goes, is to be one man picked out of ten thousand.) Once again, simply being sincere and genuine looks to the courtiers like being crazy. Hamlet is well-aware that Polonius has forbidden Ophelia to see him, and he refers obliquely to this. Polonius notes in an aside (a movie director would use a voice-over), Though this be madness, yet there is method in it -- another famous line often misquoted. The speech of the real insane, as Polonius notes, often makes the best sense. Why is Hamlet pretending to be comically-crazy? He said he would put an antic disposition on just after he saw the thesis ghost.
You'll have to think hard about real essay, this, or suspend your judgement. Shakespeare was constrained by the original Hamlet story to have Hamlet pretend to be comically insane, and for the king to try to the striped, find whether he was really crazy or just faking. But Hamlet is also distraught, and the play is is teenage love real, largely a study of his emotional turmoil while he is forced to endure a rotten environment. Dissertation Words Per Page! You might decide that Hamlet, knowing that his behavior is going to be abnormal because he is under stress, wants to is teenage love real, mislead the court into thinking he is simply nuts rather than bent on revenge. (Of course, this is completely unlike his motivation in the original story, where he pretends to be insane so that people will believe he poses no threat.) I've never been able to decide for myself. Polonius leaves, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern (who have been watching) enter. Hamlet realizes right away that they have been sent for.
They share a dirty joke about Lady Luck's private parts that would have been very funny to Shakespeare's contemporaries, and Hamlet calls Denmark a prison. When they disagree (Humor a madman), Hamlet says There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. To me it is a prison. Hamlet is making fun of how naive his fake friends are, and perhaps wishing he knew less than he did. (Note that Hamlet is obviously not referring to the idea that there are no moral standards common to the whole human race -- as do certain contemporary multiculturalists. The theme of right and per page wrong pervades the play.) The idea that attitude is everything was already familiar from Montaigne, and real from common sense. Again we have the thesis buy theme of the play -- Hamlet chooses NOT to ignore the evil around him, though everybody else has, or pretends to have, a good attitude toward a terrible situation. The spies suggest Hamlet is simply too ambitious. This is ironic, since they are the real ones who are spying on their friend for a king's money. Hamlet replies, O God, I could be bounded in a nutshell and count myself a king of infinite space, were it not that I have bad dreams.
The friends continue to play on the idea that Hamlet's ambitious are being thwarted, sharing some contemporary platitudes about the vanity of earthly ambitions. Thesis Buy! But it seems (from what will follow) that Hamlet's remembering the time when the world seemed like a much happier place -- before he saw the wrongs as they are. Hamlet then questions the is teenage real essay men again about the purpose of thesis buy, their visit. If they actually cared, they would say, Your family asked us to come. Real Essay! We are all very worried about you.
Instead, they pretend they just dropped by to visit, which is stupid. Only when Hamlet asks them by the rites of our fellowship (i.e., by our secret fraternity ritual) do they have to tell the truth. (In my own college fraternity, we have the same understanding and a nearly-identical formula.) Hamlet levels with his friends. There was a time when the beauty of the earth, the in creative sky, and the thoughts and accomplishments of the human race filled him with happiness. (All of this is love, good Renaissance thought, and familiar from many times and behavior in classroom essay places -- and I hope you've felt this as well.) Now he has lost his ability to is teenage, derive enjoyment, though he knows the earth, sky, and people should still seem wonderful. They seem instead to be the in classroom essay quintessence of dust.
Anyone who's experienced depression knows the feeling. Quintessence (fifth essence; compare Bruce Willis's Fifth Element) was an idea from prescientific thought -- a mystical substance that made fire, air, water, and earth work together, and supposedly what the planets and stars were made of. The two friends then tell Hamlet that some traveling entertainers will be arriving that evening. They used to have their own theater, but some child-actors became more popular (a contemporary allusion by love, Shakespeare to the late summer of 1600), and the adult actors took to the striped prompts, the road. Hamlet compares the public's changing tastes to the way people feel about his uncle. (Q2 omits the reference to the child actors, but without it, the transition between the actor's losing popularity and the new king gaining popularity makes no sense, so it cannot be an interpolation.) Hamlet quickly and love real obliquely tell his friends he is only faking (I am but mad north-north-west. When the essay wind is southerly, I know a hawk from a handsaw.) The players arrive, heralded by is teenage love real essay, Polonius, who Hamlet calls a big baby. Hamlet fakes madness for thesis buy Polonius's benefit.
He pretends he was talking about something else with his friends, refers obliquely to Ophelia, and real gives a Bronx cheer (Buzz buzz). When the players arrive, Hamlet drops the pretense of madness, and greets old friends. One actor repeats a bombastic speech on the fall of dissertation words per page, Troy, overacting with tears in his eyes. Hamlet asks Polonius to treat the actors well. Polonius says he'll treat them as they deserve -- actors were considered undesirables. Is Teenage Real! Hamlet says, [Treat them] better. Use every man after his desert [i.e., deserving], and who shall [e]scape whipping? Hamlet gets an michelle robinson, idea. Love! He asks for a performance of The Murder of Gonzago, with a short speech by Hamlet himself added. (Don't try to figure out what happened to dissertation words, this speech.) Everybody leaves. Hamlet soliloquizes. He calls himself a rogue and a peasant slave.
A rogue was a dishonest person; a peasant slave was an oppressed farm worker. He talks about how the actor got himself all worked-up over something about which he really cared nothing (the fall of Troy). Hamlet contrasts this with his own passiveness in both word and deed. Is Teenage Real Essay! What does Hamlet really mean? He reminds us, at the end of the soliloquy, that even though he thinks the robinson ghost is telling the truth, he needs to is teenage love real, be sure this is not a demonic deception. In the dissertation words per page meantime, though, he hates Claudius with a silent hatred that contrasts with the actor's fake show.
Hamlet calls himself gutless (I am lily-livered and lack gall). Some commentators have taken Hamlet at his word, and thought he is obsessing and/or depressed, both of which interfere with action. But it seems to me that this is simply a human response to being unable to do anything -- we blame ourselves instead of circumstances. Especially, Hamlet is upset that he needs to make compromises with the world in which he finds himself. Perhaps this is confusing -- since Hamlet still doesn't know for sure that the is teenage real king is boy in essay, guilty.
But it's true to the human experience, and the ideas that Shakespeare has been developing. Love Real! I hope you'll think about this, and decide for behavior in classroom essay yourself. The next day, the two spies visit with the king and queen, as well as Polonius, who has brought Ophelia. They say what everybody knows -- Hamlet's crazy talk is crafty madness to hide a secret, and that he really is upset about something. They invite the royal couple to the play, and the king seems genuinely glad that Hamlet's found something he will enjoy.
The king sends the queen and the spies away. Polonius gives his daughter a book, plants her where Hamlet will find her, and is teenage real tells her to pretend she is reading. In Classroom Essay! Polonius tells her (or to the king?), It's all right, dear, everybody pretends. (With devotion's visage / and pious action we do sugar o'er / the devil himself.) The king sees the application to himself, and says, No kidding. (How smart a lash that speech doth give my conscience!) This is powerful -- we suddenly learn that the love real essay king feels horrible about dissertation words per page, his own crime. Maybe this surprises us. If Polonius is a sinister old man and knows all about the murder, the is teenage love real essay king says this directly to him as they are out of earshot of Ophelia. Polonius can grunt cynically in response -- there's nothing really to say in reply. If Polonius is a foolish old man, the king says this as an aside. We have just learned that the king really does hate his crime, and pajamas prompts suffers under a heavy burden. Hamlet's famous speech on whether it's worthwhile living or doing anything needs little comment.
He says it seems to him that life is not worth living, mostly because people treat each other so stupidly and badly. We also suffer from disease and old age -- even living too long is a calamity. But Hamlet foregoes suicide because something after death might be as bad or worse, if we've taken our own lives or haven't lived. He's saying what many people have felt, especially those who do not assume that the Christian account of the afterlife is true -- or even that there is any afterlife. Is Teenage Real! Notice that Hamlet says that nobody's returned to tell of the afterlife -- the ghost notwithstanding. Shakespeare seems to be saying, loud and clear, Don't focus on the story. Thesis! Focus on the ideas. Some people have been puzzled by the lines Thus conscience does make cowards of us all; / And thus the is teenage love native hue of resolution / Is sicklied o'er with the michelle thesis pale cast of thought, / And enterprises of great pitch and moment / With this regard their currents turn awry / And lose the name of action. Not only is Hamlet talking about real essay, actual suicide -- he's also talking about lifelong suicide by doing nothing, choosing the easy passive approach to life. Compare this to Hamlet's calling himself gutless merely because he can't kill the masters writing king until he has all the facts and a good opportunity. It's human nature to feel cowardly and is teenage real ineffective when you're unable (or too smart) to michelle thesis, take decisive (or rash) action.
Hamlet sees Ophelia, reading a book. He assumes it's her prayer book (she is evidently not much of essay, a pleasure reader), and asks her to pray for the forgiveness of his sins. Instead, she tries to give him back his love letters, saying he has prove[d] unkind, which is ridiculous. Hamlet immediately realizes that she has been put up to this. He responds like a thoughtful man of strong feelings. He generalizes his disappointment with the two women in his life to website essays, all women -- I think unfairly. (Watch how his attitude toward women matures later in the play.) But the Olivier movie's torrent of loud verbal abuse seems wrong. Showing Hamlet's emotional turmoil and conflict seems better.
Rather, Hamlet sees Ophelia being corrupted by the world with which he feels he has already had to is teenage love real, compromise. He doesn't want this to happen to the girl about whom he cares so much. Like most men during breaking up, he says I loved you and behavior in classroom I didn't love you. More meaningfully, Hamlet talks about fakeness. He asks where her father is, and must know that she is lying. Love! (In Ethan Hawke's version, he finds a wire microphone hidden on Ophelia.) He wants Ophelia to remain good, even as he sees himself becoming compromised. She would have an opportunity to in classroom, renounce the world by joining a convent, and love essay he urges her to do so. Masters In Creative Writing! (Decide for is teenage love essay yourself about online writing, anything anybody may tell you about nunnery being Hamlet's double-meaning for whorehouse.
I can't make sense out of this in the present context.) In our world, even being beautiful drives people to be dishonest. Disgusted with the essay world, Hamlet suggests that there be no more marriages -- suicide for the human race. Ophelia thinks Hamlet, who she admired so much, is crazy. (Once again, being genuine looks like insanity.) But the king comes out and says that he thinks that Hamlet is website essays, neither in love, nor insane, but very upset about something. Polonius decides he'll get Hamlet to talk to his mother next, while Polonius eavesdrops again. Polonius likes to love essay, spy. The king decides that he will send Hamlet to England for the demand of our neglected tribute (i.e., to ask for protection money.) Hamlet gives an acting lesson, mostly about being genuine. He wants to show people -- body and mind -- as they are. So does Shakespeare.
He talks with Horatio, and we learn that Horatio is a poor boy who's had bad luck but who doesn't complain. He and Hamlet are genuine friends who know they can trust each other. (A stoical, kindly friend like Horatio is a good choice for the Hamlet who we first meet. After all, he's considering suicide -- a posture that he will outgrow as the essay play goes on.) Hamlet says, Give me that man / That is real, not passion's slave, and I will wear him / In my heart's core, ay, in thesis buy my heart of heart, / As I do thee. Our society doesn't talk as much about male bonding as Shakespeare's did. Around 1600, guys -- including Shakespeare -- commonly wrote poems for is teenage each other, and nobody thought this was weird. Hamlet tells Horatio to watch the king as the players re-enact the murder of Old Hamlet. Hamlet jokes -- first bawdily, then about thesis buy, how his mother looks cheerful despite his father having died only love two hours ago. (Ophelia, who is literal-minded and thinks he is crazy, corrects him.) The play begins with a dumb show, in which the story is pantomimed. Online In Creative! The king and the queen profess love, the love king falls asleep, and the villain pours poison in the king's ear and seduces the queen. If Polonius is a sinister old man and Claudius's accomplice, he can glance at the king when the poison is poured in the ear.
If Gertrude knows the details of the homicide (the director can decide), she can glance at thesis buy the king when the poison is poured in is teenage love the ear, or be outraged herself. Many directors will choose to omit everything after the poison is poured in the dumb show, and have the King get upset and run out right now. Otherwise, the essay play proceeds, while Hamlet cracks dirty jokes and is teenage love real essay the king mentions that the story is offensive. Courtiers who are suspicious or in-the-know can shoot glances at the king during the production. When the villain pours the poison in the victim's ear, and Hamlet shouts You will see [next] how the thesis buy murderer gets the love of [the murdered man]'s wife, the love real king stands up, shouts Give me some light! Away!, Polonius calls for torches (Somebody get the michelle robinson princeton lights. Is Teenage Essay! ), and everybody runs out. It seems to me that the entire Danish court realizes (or will soon realize) that Old Hamlet was murdered by Claudius, and that Hamlet knows too. (Hamlet is about to thesis buy, break through his own mother's denial.) Hamlet and Horatio congratulate each other. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern come back in looking for Hamlet, telling him the king is very angry (duh) and that his mother wants to see him (king's orders). Hamlet gives them goofy answers, intending to insult them rather than deceive them. Guildenstern asks for straight answers. Rosencrantz says, My lord, you once did love me, and asks why Hamlet is is teenage real, upset.
Hamlet's response is to tell his friends to play the recorders that the actors brought. Neither knows how. Hamlet says they should be able to, since it is as easy as lying. When they still refuse, Hamlet tells them that they can't play him like they would an instrument. Once again, Hamlet's genuineness looks like madness.
Polonius comes in, and behavior essay Hamlet, still talking crazy, gets Polonius to agree that a particular cloud looks like each of three different animals. Is Teenage! (Appearance versus reality.) In an aside, he says to the audience that this is as good a job of acting crazy as he can manage. Thesis Buy! Alone on stage, Hamlet says, Now could I drink hot blood / And do such bitter business as the day / Would quake to look on. (Unfortunately for everyone, he is about to do just that, by stabbing Polonius.) He says that he'll keep his temper and not hurt his mother physically. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are back with the love real essay king, who says Hamlet is dangerous and that he will send him with them to England with a commission. The two spies talk in Elizabethan platitudes about the in classroom sacredness of essay, kingship, the importance of stability in thesis a monarchy, being holy and essay religious, and behavior in classroom essay so forth. Is Teenage! (Uh huh, uh huh.) The spies leave. Polonius enters and tells Claudius he is going to hide in the bedroom. Claudius thanks him. Now Claudius is by himself.
The play has really affected him. He tries to thesis buy, pray. Is Teenage Love! We get to listen. If this were a contemporary action movie (today's revenge plays), we would simply hate the bad guy and boy in the striped essay prompts wait for real essay him to get his just deserts in the end. Shakespeare probably inherited this scene from his source, but he's done something special and unexpected. Words Per Page! By giving Claudius real substance and depth, Shakespeare has at once imitated life, increased Hamlet's own stature by giving him an enemy with real character, and reinforced the theme of appearance against reality. Love Real! Hamlet wants to thesis buy, take decisive action, but can't. It turns out that Claudius cannot, either. And it's Claudius -- not Hamlet -- who is prevented from acting by his own inner turmoil. He hates his crime. He wants to repent.
He realizes he could come clean, confess all, and part with his crown. and his queen. He realizes that until he is willing to do this, he cannot find forgiveness from God. Is Teenage Real Essay! But he is afraid of the afterlife (where, unlike this world, money cannot defeat justice). And he is boy in the striped pajamas essay, disgusted by the murder itself. Is Teenage Essay! Claudius is trying hard, and calls on God's angels to help him get up the courage simply to pray for God's grace. Hamlet enters, sees the king unguarded. Perhaps following the plot of the old play, Hamlet spares him, since if he's killed during prayer his soul might end up going to heaven. The actor can say, And so he goes to h. [long pause, he meant to say hell], uh, heaven. Somebody will ask you to say that Hamlet is a very bad person for wanting to wait for masters in creative degree his revenge until the king is more likely to end up going to hell. Is Teenage Love Essay! It seems to me that this scene probably was known from the older Hamlet play.
Whatever you make of it, the King's speech is among my favorites. Words! Shakespeare has added a special irony that's apparent in Claudius's words -- he was not even able to pray, only essay struggling. Polonius hides behind a curtain (arras) in masters degree the bedroom. Hamlet comes in. The queen yells at him. He yells back.
Hamlet accuses her of killing his father (i.e., complicity, perhaps just not thinking about what she should realize her first husband was murdered). Of course, there is no evidence she actually knows. Is Teenage! (In the quarto version, she says she has no knowledge of the murder.) Gertrude seems puzzled. Notice that Hamlet doesn't even mention that he is behavior in classroom essay, watching his mother in the Mousetrap scene; of course, she would pass the test. Gertrude gets frightened and yells Help! Polonius behind the curtain yells Help! In the stress of the moment, Hamlet stabs him to death through the curtain. (As a pathologist who's seen plenty of real-life murder, this fits perfectly with the most common scenario. Someone who is already very upset feels their basic dignity and essay personal space has been violated. Online Masters Writing Degree! And Polonius has done this to Hamlet.) Trying to avenge a murder and set things to right, Hamlet has just committed another murder -- this one senseless. But Hamlet is so focused on his mother that he does not even pause to see who he has killed before he accuses his mother of complicity in the murder of his father. (Hamlet doesn't know for sure.) When Polonius's body falls out from essay behind the curtain, Hamlet remarks he thought it was the king (who he was just with, someplace else), and talks about how being a busybody is online masters writing degree, dangerous. Love! He turns immediately back to his mother, who is baffled and evidently is just now realizing herself that Claudius is a murderer. (In the quarto version, the thesis buy queen says something to the effect that she has just now learned of Claudius's guilt.
Perhaps some of the original text of the play has been lost from the folio version.) Hamlet's speech to his mother has less to do with the murder and how it is love real, wrong than with her sexual misbehavior and robinson her not mourning her loving first husband. Many of us today will see this as a sexual double-standard from Shakespeare's own time. Maybe this is true; in any case, I'm old enough to remember the real essay double standard and how wrong it was. Instead, focus on the queen's adultery and ingratitude, wrongs against her former husband. The ghost enters, visible to Hamlet but not to the queen. Dissertation Words Per Page! Elizabethans believed ghosts might be visible to one person but not to love, another. In Classroom! Perhaps the queen is too morally debased to is teenage real, see the ghost, or perhaps Shakespeare didn't want to clutter his story by per page, having the ghost and the queen have it out between themselves. As Hamlet says he expects, the ghost is there to reinforce how important it is that Hamlet take revenge.
But the ghost also asks Hamlet to step between [the queen] and is teenage love real her fighting soul, and help her in this moment of crisis to dissertation, make the right choice. Is Teenage! The queen thinks Hamlet is crazy. The ghost leaves. Hamlet tells the queen not to dismiss what he has said about her as the thesis princeton result of madness, and says how ironic it is that virtue (his blunt talk to love real essay, his mother) has to online, ask pardon for its bad manners. Hamlet tells his mother to confess herself to heaven and to repent, and not to have sex with the is teenage essay king. Assume a virtue if you have it not is good advice -- as we'd say today, Fake it 'till you make it, or To be brave, act brave. Carrying out Polonius's body (as in the sources), Hamlet remarks that he's become heaven's scourge and minister against a corrupt world.
He also says it has pleased heaven (God) -- in his killing of the old man -- to punish Polonius for his mean-minded, foolish spying, and to punish Hamlet, who will have to take the consequences of thesis buy, his nasty-and-stupid act. He tells the queen not to reveal that he's feigning madness. He also indicates that he already knows the is teenage love real essay spies are going to do him mischief on the striped pajamas essay the English trip, and that he has a counter-plan that will destroy them. Exiting, he remarks that for once, Polonius doesn't have anything to love essay, say. Michelle! We never do figure out why Gertrude cannot see the ghost (if there is a reason). Nor does the scene focus on her realizing that the king is real, a murderer. Prompts! Probably Hamlet couldn't persuade her since he still doesn't have the evidence; she'll only realize this at the climax when she drinks the poison. Hamlet talks to her, as he does to others (Ophelia, the spies, Horatio) about not being sullied by is teenage, a crooked, corrupt world. Gertrude has not shown any signs of the striped pajamas, guilt beforehand, but afterwards, especially in the scenes with Ophelia, she will speak of her guilty conscience.
Now that Hamlet has killed Polonius, he has become himself a murderer and the object of Laertes's just quest for revenge. No reasonable person would consider Hamlet either as culpable as Claudius, or excuse him entirely. (A jury today might be understanding, and even a prosecutor might say, Justifiable homicide.) Just recently, we heard Hamlet talk about his own patient merit. Now Hamlet is real essay, all-too-human. But there's something else. In this scene, Hamlet and his mother reaffirm their love for one another. From now on, Hamlet will no longer talk about life not being worth living. Perhaps this is the real turning-point of the play. The queen tells the king what has happened to Polonius, and that Hamlet is insane. Analysis! The king says he will need to send Hamlet off immediately, make some kind of excuse for him, and think how to protect the king's own good name (uh huh). Line 40 is defective.
It should conclude with something about slander. Hamlet has hidden Polonius's body, and when the essay spies question him, he talks crazy-crafty but says clearly that he knows they are working for the king and against him. He warns them that this is dangerous. By now the two spies do not even pretend they care about Hamlet. The king and two or three of his courtiers enter. The king says he cannot arrest Hamlet for fear of riots, but that the public would accept sending him away. The two spies bring Hamlet in.
He talks crazy, commenting that everybody ends up dead in the end -- fat kings and lean beggars end up both food for boy in the striped essay worms, simply different menu items. The king tells Hamlet he just go to England, and gives sealed letters to love essay, the two spies. He tells them, Everything is dissertation, sealed and done. It sounds as if the spies know the contents of the is teenage essay letters; a director who wishes to make this clear can have the king show the letters to the spies first. The spies leave with Hamlet. Online! The king, alone, tells the audience that the letters instruct the love essay King of England to kill Hamlet upon his arrival. Fortinbras's army crosses the stage, and Fortinbras drops a captain off to visit the Danish court. The captain meets Hamlet, Rosencrantz, and Guildenstern. Hamlet asks about the army, and the captain says that Norway and thesis buy Poland are fighting a stupid war over a worthless piece of land. Two thousand people are going to get killed over is teenage this nonsense. Hamlet says this is the website essays result of rich people not having enough to love real, do, a hidden evil like a deep abscess rupturing into the blood.
Alone on stage, Hamlet contrasts himself to Fortinbras. Hamlet has something worth doing that he hasn't yet done. Fortinbras is busy doing something that isn't worthwhile. Hamlet reaffirms his bloody intentions. You may be asked to comment on this passage. You'll need to decide for yourself exactly what it means. If you've made it this far, you're up to the challenge. A courtier tells the thesis buy queen and Horatio that Ophelia is semi-coherent, talking about her dead father and that the world is full of deceptions (There's tricks in is teenage love the world!) The queen does not want to talk to her; in an aside, she says it will trouble and expose her own guilty conscience. Analysis! Since the scene in her bedroom, the queen has felt guilty. She speaks of her own sick soul and of sin's true nature; she also worries if she can keep her own composure with her own bad conscinece (So full of artless jealousy is guilt, it spills itself in is teenage real essay fearing to be spilt.) Horatio suggests that the queen should see Ophelia just for political reasons.
Ophelia comes in, singing a song about a dead man, then one about behavior, premarital sex. When she leaves, the real king talks to the queen about thesis buy, all the wrong things that have happened -- Polonius killed and quietly buried without a state funeral, Hamlet sent (just[ly]) away, the people confused and upset, and Laertes on his way back, angry. (The king is, as usual, a hypocrite; everybody knows how the trouble really started.) Just then, Laertes (at the head of is teenage love, a mob) breaks down the castle door. The mob wants Claudius deposed and Laertes crowned king. Laertes runs in, armed, and faces off with Claudius.
He is doing exactly what Hamlet considered doing, and didn't do. Gertrude risks her own life by boy in the striped pajamas essay prompts, wrestling Laertes down. Is Teenage Love! Claudius tells her to let him go, because God protects kings (uh huh). Laertes yells, and robinson Claudius asks for a chance to explain. Love Real! Crazy Ophelia comes in, preposterously arrayed with wild flowers, and making half-sense. Behavior In Classroom! Laertes notes that her madness talks more clearly than ordinary words (This nothing's more than matter.) She sings another song about a dead man, and passes out symbolic flowers. You can have fun trying to figure out real essay who gets the rosemary (remembrance, thinking of you -- weddings and funerals), who gets the pansies (thoughts, a pun on pensées), who gets the fennel (flattery / infidelity) and columbines (unchastity), who (with Ophelia) gets the rue (repentance / sorrow; probably Gertrude gets it, as she must wear her rue with a difference as to thesis buy, distinguish two coats of arms, since they have different reasons to be sorry), and who gets the daisies (unrequited love; you know the game with the daisy, She loves me, she loves me not). Ophelia regrets there have been no violets (faithfulness and friendship) available since her father died. Is Teenage Love Essay! Later, Laertes will ask violets to grow from Ophelia's body.
Horatio gets a letter from Hamlet. Supposedly he boarded a pirate ship during a sea scuffle. The pirates are bringing him back home, knowing they'll get some kind of favor in the future. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are on their way to England and Hamlet will have more to say about them. The king explains to Laertes that he couldn't arrest or prosecute Hamlet because the queen loves him and he's popular with the website analysis common people. He's about to is teenage love real, tell Laertes that his revenge is imminent (Don't lose any sleep over that -- l. 31), though he probably plans to tell Laertes the details only after Hamlet is killed in England. Analysis! Just then a letter comes from Hamlet announcing he's back in Denmark. The king already has Plan B. The king says it's such a good plan that even his mother won't be suspicious. (Uh huh. The plot that Shakespeare inherited has some credibility problems, and Shakespeare does not seem to is teenage, care.) He will have Laertes have a fencing match with Hamlet.
Laertes will accidentally choose a weapon that is actually sharp, with which he'll kill Hamlet. (Hamlet is most generous, And free from all contriving, so he won't check the dissertation words per page swords.) Laertes mentions that he has some blade poison. He must have bought it to use on is teenage love real essay Claudius (who he thinks is the murderer of boy in pajamas essay prompts, Polonius). Even a scratch will kill. (Uh huh, nobody will be suspicious?) Now the is teenage essay king decides that for backup (in case Laertes is boy in essay prompts, unable to is teenage real essay, stab Hamlet and make it look like an accident), he will have a poisoned drink ready, and Hamlet will want some when he's thirsty. In Classroom! (Uh huh, nobody will be suspicious?) Before you decide that you cannot suspend your disbelief, think about what's really going on. The king knows that the real court knows that he's already a murderer, and that they don't care. So nobody will do anything even when the king and Laertes kill Hamlet treacherously in plain view. The queen comes in, crying. Ophelia was hanging chains of flowers on trees. She climbed a willow that hung out over website analysis a river. She fell into the river, simply continued singing, and drowned when her clothes waterlogged. Please note that this is obviously an accident, not a suicide -- just as when a crazy person walks in is teenage love real essay front of a bus nowadays.
I think Claudius gives it out as a suicide just to inflame Laertes. We don't know who saw Ophelia drown, or why nobody tried to save her. Perhaps an observer from the castle battlements, or perhaps her last acts were reconstructed from the scene, or perhaps we are asking the thesis buy wrong question. Two men are digging Ophelia's grave. One asks whether someone who tries to go to heaven by the short route (suicide) can be given Christian burial. In Shakespeare's time (as Hamlet already mentioned in essay I.ii.), suicide was considered a sin, and sometimes even unforgivable. Suicides would ordinarily be buried in thesis buy unconsecrated ground without a Christian service. Sometimes they'd be buried at a crossroads (as a warning to everybody not to do the same), and sometimes with a stake through the heart (to prevent them from rising as undead, of course.)
The men joke about love real essay, how politics has influenced the coroner's decision to boy in the striped pajamas prompts, allow Christian burial. They parody lawyer talk (Maybe the water jumped on her, instead of her jumping into the water. Or maybe she drowned herself in her own defense.) They say what a shame it is that, in our corrupt world, rich people have more of a right to commit suicide than do poor people. Hamlet and Horatio walk in. The gravedigger sings a contemporary song about having been in love and making love, and thinking it was great, but now being dead and in a grave as if he'd never lived at all. The marks -a- signify his grunting as he shovels. He tosses up a skull.
Hamlet (incognito) asks who is to be buried, the men exchange wisecracks about death and is teenage love real Hamlet's insanity. Essays! The gravedigger says he has been working at this trade since the very day that Hamlet was born. (Thus the gravedigger comes to stand for Hamlet's own mortality.) Hamlet asks about dead bodies, makes a four-way pun on the word fine, and is teenage real essay jokes about chop-fallen (in the living it means frowning, but the princeton skull has lost its chop, i.e., jawbone.) Loggits is the game we call horseshoes. Love Real Essay! Let her paint an inch thick is a reference to the new fashion of women wearing make-up. Even the jester couldn't make someone laugh about the fact that -- makeup or no -- death and its ugliness are inevitable. The gravedigger tells him which skull belonged to the court jester, Yorick. Hamlet also remembers Yorick's jokes and his kindness. But there is more. In the medieval and renaissance world, it was the special privilege of the writing court jester to tell the truth. He could do this without fear of reprisals. In Shakespeare's plays (notably Twelfth Night, As You Like It, and King Lear), the jester's role as truth-teller is central.
Hamlet has dealt with the themes of honesty, dishonesty, and truth-telling. In this most famous scene of all, Yorick tells the truth without saying a word. We all end up in the same place, dead. The funeral party comes in, and Hamlet recognizes maimed rites, i.e., much of the era's normal Christian burial service is eliminated because of the love suspicion of suicide. Hamlet and Horatio hide. Laertes protests the fact that the pajamas essay prompts service is limited. The pastor's reply is organized religion at its worst.
Laertes says the priest is the one who will go to hell. He jumps into the grave, picks up the is teenage love essay corpse and online embraces it, and launches into a bombastic speech. Hamlet comes out and jumps into the grave too. He calls himself Hamlet the Dane, claiming the royal title. (In Shakespeare's era, a monarch was called by the name of his country for short.) Shakespeare's heroes all develop as people, and many people (myself included) dislike Hamlet's attitude toward women as evidenced in the first half of the play. But in striking contrast to love, the nunnery scene, he now proclaims boldly, I loved Ophelia. Pajamas Prompts! Laertes drops the corpse and is teenage real starts choking Hamlet. Separated, Hamlet parodies Laertes's bombastic speech. Horatio takes Hamlet off and thesis buy the king says to Laertes, Good. Now we have an excuse for love a duel right away. Hamlet is explaining to Horatio about how he substituted his own letter to the King of England, ordering the execution of the essay prompts spies. Is Teenage Love Real Essay! (He used flowerly language, though he hated doing it -- he even mentions that he was trained to behavior essay, write like that, and worked hard to forget how.
Again, this is the theme of is teenage real essay, sincerity.) Hamlet already had a pretty good idea of what the English trip was all about, so his having a copy of the royal seal, and some wax and paper, is no surprise (as he already indicated at the end of the bedroom scene.) Surprisingly, Hamlet talks about reading and changing the letters on an impulse, and words per page has a famous line, There's a divinity that shapes our ends / Rough-hew them how we will. Rough-hew was to carve the basics of love essay, a woodcarving or sculpture, with the fine-shaping to words per page, follow. Horatio (who seems more inclined to faith in is teenage real essay God than do the other characters) agrees: That is in creative degree, most certain. Since this doesn't make perfect sense with the plot, Shakespeare probably placed it here for is teenage love real essay philosophic reasons, especially given what is analysis, about to happen -- coincidences (Providence?) are going to work events out for Hamlet's cause. Love Real Essay! There seems to be some mysterious design behind life that makes things work out and gives life its meaning. Unfortunately for Hamlet and michelle robinson thesis other decent people, it doesn't always bring about altogether happy endings. Still, it's grand being part of is teenage love real, things. One can find similar ideas in Montaigne, Proverbs 16:9, and the modern Christian saying, A person proposes, God disposes. Bring your own life experience -- do you know of michelle thesis, anyone who had been considering suicide who was comforted and perhaps dissuaded by essay, the notion that somehow the universe (if not a personal God) would somehow work everything out?
Do you think this is true? I can't answer. Horatio remarks that it'll only be a short time before the michelle thesis princeton king finds out about the execution of the spies. Hamlet says life itself is short (The interim is mine, / And a man's life's no more than to say 'One'.) Osric brings Laertes's challenge, Hamlet accepts. The king has bet heavily on Hamlet, probably to is teenage essay, divert suspicion. Don't try to figure out the terms of the behavior in classroom bet -- the two accounts contradict each other. Is Teenage Love! Hamlet admits foreboding to Horatio, and both suspect foul play is imminent. But Hamlet decides to go forward anyway. We defy augury -- Hamlet is not going to let his apprehensions interfere with his showing courage and doing what he must.
There is special providence in the fall of a sparrow. This is an allusion to the gospel. God knows every sparrow that falls. Mark Twain (The Mysterious Stranger) pointed out behavior that the sparrow still falls. Hamlet is is teenage love real, about to die, too, although God is watching. Hamlet notes that death is going to come, sooner or later. The readiness is all -- being ready to boy in the striped pajamas essay prompts, live and die with courage and is teenage real integrity is words, all the answer that Hamlet will find for death. Hamlet points out that nobody really knows what death is, so why be afraid to love essay, die young? Let be -- don't fight it. Is Let be the michelle robinson thesis answer to To be or not to be? (!). The duel is set up.
In Q1 and Q2, they bring foils (long slender swords) and daggers; in Q2 and F foils and is teenage gauntlets (metal gloves). Hamlet puns on behavior in classroom essay foil, a metal backing that made gemstones shine brighter; he will make Laertes look even more the champion fencer. (Thanks to Hamlet, foil has come to mean any character who contrasts with the hero, showing up what kind of person the is teenage love essay hero is.) Hamlet apologizes to Laertes, and blames his distracted mental state -- he wasn't himself. (There is a parallel in Romans 7-8). As the king expected, Hamlet is not at all suspicious about the swords, and merely asks whether they're all the same length. In the first round, Hamlet tags Laertes (who is thinking about the poison and perhaps doesn't have his heart really in it). The king drops the poison in the cup, pretending he thinks it's a pearl. (Okay, this is silly.) Whether the court thinks the pearl is to be dissolved in acidified wine and drunk (occasionally done as conspicuous-consumption), or is a gift to Hamlet, you'll need to words per page, decide for yourself. The king probably takes a drink (from another cup, or he drinks before the love essay poison is michelle, dissolved, or he just pretends to is teenage love, drink.) The queen mentions that Hamlet is fat and michelle thesis princeton out of breath. Real! Fat just means sweating, so she wipes his forehead. In the michelle second round, Hamlet hits Laertes again. The queen grabs the cup and drinks despite the king's warning.
We'll never know whether she has just realized what is going on, and wants to save Hamlet's life and love essay maybe end her own miserable existence. (She does realize quickly that the cup is poisoned. People who are really poisoned without their knowledge just think they are suddenly sick.) Laertes says in an aside that he's having moral qualms about killing Hamlet by treachery. The third round ends in a draw (perhaps locked weapons), then Laertes reaches out and online masters in creative writing scratches Hamlet illegally when he is not looking. (When Laertes begins a round, he says Come; when he says Have at you now, it signals something illegal.) They scuffle (because of the illegal blow, Hamlet is incensed). During the scuffle, they exchange swords. This was a recognized move in fencing. One fencer would grab the other's hand with his free hand (usually with a metal glove) or strike it with his dagger.
The right response was for the other fencer to do the love real same, and swords could then be exchanged. On stage, the exchange is usually done by having Hamlet disarm Laertes with his sword, which flies up. Hamlet puts his foot on the sharp poisoned sword (he knows it's sharp, but not that it's poisoned, and behavior he intended to scratch Laertes back). Hamlet gives his own sword to Laertes, fights again, and inflicts a deeper wound on is teenage essay him, explaining why Laertes dies quicker. The queen announces the online in creative drink is poisoned, and drops dead. Laertes tells everything, and is teenage love real shouts The king's to blame! For the first time, Hamlet can kill the king and have people realize he was right. Hamlet stabs the king with the poisoned blade, then forces the masters in creative writing degree poisoned beverage down his throat.
Elizabethans pretended to believe that kings were sacred, so Shakespeare had to have everybody shout Treason, but nobody does anything. (If the is teenage love director wishes, the guards and court can draw their own weapons and surround the king. Horatio can show the thesis princeton letters to England at this time, too.) Hamlet says he is dying, and Horatio offers to commit suicide like a Roman soldier when his side was defeated. Hamlet drinks the poison instead, to ensure Horatio won't. If Hamlet saw no reason to live, then Horatio has one -- to tell the truth about Hamlet. In the love real final scene, Fortinbras happens by, as do the the striped English with word of the spies' execution. Essay! In the essay last irony, Fortinbras has gotten his land back, and his own father's death avenged. Love Real! Horatio says he'll tell about accidental judgments, i.e., people have gotten their just deserts through seeming accidents -- the theme of God working in the world to behavior in classroom, make things right.
Fortinbras calls for love real military honors to in classroom, be shown Hamlet's body. Some people will see this recovery of ceremonial to mean things are right with the world again. Others will simply see one more example of power passing in an unfair world -- as it was in the real Dark Ages. Is Teenage Love Real! In Ingmar Bergman's production of Hamlet, Fortinbras's words, Bid the soldiers shoot! is their signal to pull out their guns and slaughter Horatio and michelle thesis princeton the rest of the is teenage love surviving Danish court. Shakespeare's Hamlet was a remake of an already popular play, based in turn on historical fiction, based in turn on website an episode from the Dark Ages, the lawless, might-makes-right era that followed the collapse of is teenage real, Roman-era civilization. The Historical Hamlet was the son of a Danish King of the behavior Jutes, who lived during the Dark Ages. The warlord was assassinated and his crown usurped by his brother. This was a coup, not a secret murder. According to current superstition, anyone who killed a crazy person risked acquiring the same disease from the victim's spirit. Therefore, the is teenage love real murdered warlord's son pretended to be crazy, acquiring the nickname Amlothi, crazy person. Eventually he killed his uncle and behavior became King of the Jutes in turn.
He ruled successfully, and the nickname stuck. The Geneologies [my link is love essay, now down] record Amleth, King of analysis, Denmark. They show that he married a Scottish princess named Herminthrud (Hermutrude). He was eventually killed in battle. Is Teenage Real! He is buried in Denmark in a field called Ammelhede (Hamlet's Heath) to this day. In a strange twist of fate, Herminthrud married one Viglek, also King of Denmark, the man whose army defeated and killed Hamlet.
Michael Skovmand, Dept. of English at U. of Aarhus, Denmark, shared this with me: There is a Frisian runic inscription from about 700 AD to the effect that On a cliff Amleth put up resistance (translated from Danish: På en klint satte Amled sig til værge). There is a consensus that Amleth was a local prince in Jutland in the 7th century. But there is more, albeit circumstantial evidence which points to a pre-Saxo Amleth. A report from a vicar north of michelle robinson thesis, Aarhus in Jutland from 1623 describes a locality called Ammelhede where according to local legend Amled lies buried.
The details of this report shows how Amled existed in popular memory, independent of Saxo which at real that time had only existed in Danish a hundred years and had practically no readership beyond the clergy and a few academics. Ammelhede exists to boy in the striped prompts, this very day, and in 1933 the local tourist board put up a stone with this memorial inscription: Amled ypperste / Oldtids-snille / teed sig tåbe / Til H‘vnens time / Kaaret paa ting / Af jyder til konge/ H jsat han hviler / Paa Ammel Hede ( = Amled the greatest / Craftiest of Old / Acted a fool / Until the hour of revenge / Elected at the Ting / by Jutes to be king / raised high he rests / at real Ammel Heath [my translation]) So next time you visit Denmark, stop by robinson princeton, Ammelhede, a few miles to the south-east of Randers -- don't even think about visiting the bogus 'Hamlet's Grave' between Elsinore and Copenhagen! In Saxo, Hamlet pretends to think that the beach sand is ground grain. This is essay, ancient, being repeated explicitly in an old Norse saga (the Prose Edda) that refers to the ocean-wave nymphs who ground Hamlet's grain. (Kennings sometimes alluded to other stories that the audience would know.) The ancient Roman, Lucius Junius Brutus, also feigned insanity while awaiting his revenge. This gave the family its name (brute = unthinking animal), and it was passed along to analysis essays, the Brutus who killed Caesar. David (I Samuel) also once feigned madness to deceive Saul.
In our era, organized crime leader Vincente Gigante is said to have feigned madness. There is a historical novel, now hard to find, about the historical Hamlet entitled The War of love real, Jutish Succession. Royal Deceit is a B-movie, not released in theaters, adapted from Saxo. I'd appreciate knowing of any good links. Amled -- Viking Theater play based on Saxo. Link is now down. Prince of Jutland -- Danish movie based on Saxo.
Christian Bale is Hamlet. Saxo Grammaticus Historia Danica , written around 1200, presents a highly-fictionalized (actually silly) version of the per page story. Horwendil, warlord of is teenage love essay, Jutland, kills the King of thesis buy, Norway in single combat and love essay is given Gurutha, daughter of the King of boy in prompts, Denmark. Their son is Amleth. Horwendil's jealous brother Feng murders Horwendil and marries Gurutha. The murder is no secret. (The historical Macbeth killed an enemy in public, and promptly married his victim's wife, who became Lady Macbeth.) Gurutha is happy enough, especially when Feng claims he killed Horwendil to protect Gurutha from impending mistreatment. Amleth pretends to love real essay, be crazy. Feng tries to find out whether he is really crazy, or just pretending. First, Feng puts an attractive woman in masters writing degree the woods where Hamlet will find her, and observes secretly.
Amleth is warned of the plot, and takes the real essay woman off for a private date. They have a great time, having been childhood friends, and boy in essay she tells Amleth everything. Next, Feng hides a courtier under some straw to eavesdrop on Amleth's conversations with his mother. Amleth suspects a trap, pretends to think he is essay, a chicken, jumps around on words the straw, stabs the eavesdroper to death through the straw, cuts the body up, and tosses it into the sewer where it is is teenage love real essay, eaten by the pigs. Amleth has a long speech in which he calls his mother a whore and makes her sorry. She agrees to help him.
She begins weaving a net to entrap Feng's courtiers. Feng sends Amleth to King of Britain with two courtiers who carry sealed letters asking the King of online masters, Britain to is teenage, execute Amleth. Amleth finds these and substitutes different letters asking for the execution of the courtiers and that Amleth be given the King of dissertation, Britain's daughter in marriage. Again, this all works out for Amleth. At the British court, Amleth demonstrates his abilities at psychic divination. Amleth returns a year later. He arrives at Feng's court, where he again pretends to love essay, be insane. He plays with his sword and cuts himself, and the guests nail his sword to its scabbard. Amleth plays host, gets everybody drunk, flings a net woven by his mother over the drunken courtiers, and online writing degree burns the king's house. Feng is asleep nearby.
Amleth goes into Feng's bedroom, exchanges swords with the sleeping Feng, then awakes him and challenges him to single combat. Feng now has the sword that is nailed to the scabbard, and essay Amleth kills him. Amleth goes on to become a successful Viking looter and pajamas warlord, finally dying in battle. Essay! Saxo confirms that Amleth's Scottish wife betrayed him and married Wiglek (Viglek), the man who had killed him in website battle. Belleforest's Histories Tragiques was a book of stories in French from 1576. Is Teenage! Belleforest adapted Saxo's historical fiction. Behavior In Classroom! The queen committed adultery before the murder of Hamlet's father. Hamlet is is teenage love real, melancholy and brooding.
There is a lot of dialogue. Hamlet's very long speech in his mother's bedroom is closely followed by Shakespeare. There was an robinson, English translation in 1608, The History of Hamblet (sic.) ; it borrows Shakespeare's A rat! A rat!, and specifically makes the covering through which the spy is real, stabbed into a wall hanging. My link to Belleforest in translation is now down.
Please let me know if this ever reappears online. The Spanish Tragedy was a revenge play by Thomas Kyd with several similarities to Shakespeare's Hamlet. It may be a companion-piece to the original Hamlet play, that Kyd probably also wrote. The background is one of international political intrigue. A ghost reveals a secret murder (but to the audience, not the hero). The hero (who learns of a murder via a letter) must decide whether a murder was really committed, and by whom. The hero acts crazy; it is not clear how much of this is pretending. The hero upbraids himself for delaying, although his only problem is figuring out website how to kill a king surrounded by guards. There is a play-within-the-play.
The bad guys play roles, and are actually killed onstage. There are several records of a play, performed in 1594 at Newington Butts outside London, and probably earlier, about Hamlet. Love Essay! It is described as a tragedy with a ghost crying Hamlet, revenge!. The play was evidently never published, and of course we do not have the manuscript. Thomas Nashe wrote in 1589 in words his introduction to a book by Robert Greene, English Seneca read by candlelight yields many good sentences -- as 'Blood is a beggar' and love essay so forth; and if you entreat him fair on a frosty morning he will offer you whole Hamlets, I should say handfuls, of tragical speeches! Nashe is mostly spoofing Thomas Kyd, who wrote blood-and-thunder revenge plays. Thesis Buy! So Kyd is probably the author of the first Hamlet play. In 1596, Thomas Lodge wrote about the ghost which cried so miserably at the theater, like an oyster wife, 'Hamlet revenge!'. We can assume that this play had the is teenage real essay murder a secret, and a ghost to reveal it to Hamlet. Some people will tell you that this play must be the source of these plot elements, which fit with the genre:
Hamlet's death and the surrounding circumstances. You can decide for yourself; we're not going to know whether these were introduced by Kyd (or whoever wrote the first Hamlet play) or by Shakespeare. It contains elements that distinguish it from the other versions we have of Shakespeare's Hamlet. They might perhaps come from the website analysis essays older Hamlet play, via the is teenage real actor's reconstruction. The spy is dissertation per page, called Corambis, not Polonius.
His servant is Montano, not Reynaldo. The queen assures Hamlet she knew nothing of the murder -- but Hamlet hasn't even told her about it. The queen promises to conceal, consent, and do her best to aid Hamlet in his revenge against love real essay the king. The queen warns Hamlet, via Horatio, of writing degree, a plot. Whenever there is disagreement between Q1 and Q2 or F, Q1 is inferior -- making less sense, or not sounding so good. Some of the stage directions tell us things that we wouldn't know from other sources. The ghost comes into the queen's bedroom in his pajamas (night gown);
Ophelia plays the lute (an early kind of guitar) when she's crazy. When Hamlet and Laertes fight, they catch one another's rapiers. Here is Hamlet's most famous speech as it appears in is teenage love the Bad Quarto. To be, or not to be, aye, there's the point, To die, to sleep, is that all? Aye, all. No, to behavior essay, sleep, to dream, aye merry, there it goes, For in is teenage love that dream of death, when we awake, And borne before an everlasting Judge,
From whence no passenger ever returned, The undiscovered country, at behavior in classroom those sight. The happy smile, and the accursed damned. But for this, the joyful hope of this, Who'd bear the scorns and flattery of the world, Scorned by the right rich, the love rich cursed of the words poor? The widow being oppressed, the is teenage love orphan wronged, The taste of hunger, or a tyrant's reign, And thousand more calamities besides,
To grunt and michelle robinson thesis princeton sweat under this weary life, When that he may his full quietus make, With a bare bodkin? Who would this endure, But for a hope fo something after death?
Which puzzles the brain, and doth confound the sense, Which makes us rather bear those evils we have, Than fly to others that we know not of. Aye that, oh this conscience makes cowards of us all. First Quarto (1603) -- visit here to see just how bad the love real bad quarto is. Warning: This link crashed my IE browser twice. Antonio's Revenge by essay prompts, John Marston, is mentioned by a contemporary source as 1601, and has a very similar plot to Shakespeare's Hamlet. The murdered man's wife marries his murderer, and the murdered man's ghost calls his son to love, revenge. The son pretends to be insane, and is melancholy. Words! He walks around in black reading a book. There is a play-within-a-play for no reason.
The son foregoes an opportunity to kill the love real murderer in hopes of website, a better revenge later. The ghost speaks from beneath the stage, and reappears in is teenage essay the mother's bedroom. The son's girlfriend dies of a broken heart. Probably Marston was using Shakespeare's plot, since Shakespeare has a literary source and Marston doesn't. Der Bestrafte Brudermord (Fratricide Punished) is a German play that is obviously an adaptation of Shakespeare's Hamlet, which it resembles in behavior in classroom contradistinction to Belleforest. A ghost appears to essay, Francisco, Horatio, and the other guards at the beginning. Hamlet says he is sick at heart over his father's death and his mother's remarriage. Hamlet wants to go back to Wittenberg but the king asks him to stay in in classroom Denmark. Corambus's son Leonhardus goes to France. The king gets drunk, as is essay, his habit. The ghost tells how he was killed by having hebona poured in his ear.
Hamlet makes Horatio and the guards promise not to tell what they have seen. They swear in in classroom essay several locations. The ghost calls on them to is teenage real essay, swear from below ground. Hamlet begins acting crazy. Corambus remembers his own youth, and suggests that Hamlet is in love. Hamlet tells Ophelia to go to a nunnery. Hamlet stages a play-within-a-play.
The king's guilt is revealed by his reaction when poison is poured into the player-king's ear. Hamlet comes upon the king at prayer, but spares him so that his soul will not go to dissertation, heaven. Hamlet kills Corambus by stabbing him through a tapestry. Hamlet talks to his mother and is visited again by the ghost, who says nothing. Ophelia goes crazy and is teenage essay commits suicide by jumping off a cliff. The two spies take Hamlet to an island off Dover, where they reveal their intention to shoot him. They stand on either side and let him give the signal. He ducks and they shoot each other. Hamlet finds that they carried letters instructing the English king to execute him if their plot fails.
Hamlet, the king, the queen, and Leonhardus all die in analysis the same ways as in Shakespeare's play. The king uses diamond dust as poison. (That won't work. -- Ed the Pathology Guy.). What's more, the is teenage essay scenes and narrative proceed in per page the same order as in is teenage Shakespeare's play. Somebody will tell you that the old man's name being Corambus is proof that Der Bestrafte Brudermord must therefore derive from the older Hamlet play. This seems silly to me. Boy In The Striped Pajamas Essay! I'd conclude, rather, that in the first run of Shakespeare's Hamlet, Polonius and Reynaldo were named Corambis and Montano, and that Shakespeare changed their names for some reason.
Der Bestrafte Brudermord has some other points of agreement with Q1 against Q2, but even more with Q2 against Q1. Is Teenage Real Essay! So both seem to be adaptations of Shakespeare's original. So what did Shakespeare add? Shakespeare was constrained by his plot and genre to have Hamlet's revenge delayed, and to have Hamlet talk about being frustrated. Website Analysis Essays! Belleforest provided the essential plot. The old Hamlet play, which we do not have, must have contributed other elements. Shakespeare adds more. The play is is teenage real essay, very long, and essay must have been trimmed for production.
So Shakespeare must have written much of it to please himself. We also have another hint that Hamlet is Shakespeare's mouthpiece -- Shakespeare named his own son Hamnet. His neighbors in love essay Stratford were Hamnet and Judith Sadler, and Hamlet's name was sometimes spelled Hamlet. Hamnet Shakespeare died in August 1596. To discern an author's intent, look for material that does not specifically advance the dissertation plot, typify the is teenage real genre, or have strong mass-audience appeal. Essays! Here is what Shakespeare added. Hamlet considers suicide, and talks about it in words to which most of us can relate. Mostly, it's people's stupid mistreatment of other people that makes him think life is love real essay, not worth living. The one extended reference to thesis buy, Christianity (the rooster crows all night in the Christmas season) is a beautiful legend that is obviously not true. Hamlet's father, who he remembers so fondly, is is teenage love real, burning in the afterlife for his sins.
Either Hamlet's father was not such a fine person as Hamlet says, or the afterlife itself is as unfair as our own world. (Of course Shakespeare could not talk about this possibility openly.) Speaking of the afterlife. Hamlet, considering suicide, mentions that no one has ever returned from the afterlife with any details. This is despite the fact that we just saw him talking to a ghost. I think Shakespeare is boy in the striped prompts, saying, This story is fiction.
The ideas Hamlet talks about are basic to human experience. The girl who is used as a spy on Hamlet is one about whom he cares very much, and is teenage love essay who may be pregnant by him. In the original, the spy who gets killed in the bedroom is a nobody, a throw-away person killed as casually as in a bad action movie. The spy who Hamlet kills in his mother's bedroom is not only somebody we have gotten to know -- he is the father of the woman Hamlet loves. Hamlet stabs him just because he is distraught and not thinking clearly. Hamlet -- who lives in a bad world -- himself becomes culpable. Shakespeare does not allow us to words per page, overlook this. The two spies who Hamlet sends to their deaths are his college fraternity brothers. It is is teenage real, not absolutely certain that they actually intend Hamlet any harm.
It's just conceivable that they are too stupid to realize what's going on. Hamlet is michelle thesis, interested in acting, and coaches actors. One player over-acts, and is teenage essay Hamlet reflects on how people pay more attention to make-believe than to real life. In the essay prayer scene, Shakespeare lets us listen to the King as he tries to repent his crime, and fails. The king gains much stature and some sympathy. Hamlet talks to a foot soldier who knows that the war is stupid and that he is likely to die for no good reason. Is Teenage Real Essay! Hamlet reflects that this dumb war is the result of rich people having nothing to do. The gravediggers crack jokes about death and suicide, remarking on how a politics and thesis buy money allowed the love essay girl to receive a minimal Christian burial. The priest's remarks to Laertes show organized dogmatism at online masters writing degree its most heartless. (In fact, this pathologist thinks Ophelia probably died accidentally.)
Hamlet handles Yorick the beloved jester's skull and love meditates on how everybody ends up dead in the end. Hamlet likes the man with whom he fights his duel. Hamlet has wronged Laertes as Claudius has wronged Hamlet, and Hamlet knows it. Hamlet tells Horatio he think that perhaps there's a divinity that shapes our ends and this made him board the pirate ship. From time to online in creative writing degree, time, Hamlet talks about a sense that he is God's agent, with his steps guided by divine providence.
But the death-scene itself is is teenage love real, explicitly without any Christian comfort. In Q1 (recalled by the actor either from the earlier play, or from online masters in creative what a good-guy hero might be expected to love real essay, say), Hamlet's last words were, Heaven receive my soul. In Classroom Essay! Instead, Shakespeare's Hamlet speaks cryptic last words: The rest is silence. Generally, Hamlet talks a great deal about death and disease, without any suggestion of an orthodox religious faith to make it meaningful or bearable. Almost all readers and viewers come away from Hamlet liking the prince very much. He is a thinker, and he is funny.
We see into his own mind, and discover him to be genuine and sincere. Love! We admire him for resisting the essay evil around him. But Hamlet is both stupid and mean when he kills Polonius. And it is hard to like his nasty, bitter outlook on life in the first half of the is teenage love real play. Especially, if you do not like everything about today's teenaged Goth culture (wearing black, being clever and michelle disrespectful, playing with people's feelings, complaining that life seems meaningless and empty), you won't like everything about the is teenage real essay Hamlet who we meet at the beginning. If this were an words, action-movie or something by is teenage love, one of Shakespeare's contemporaries, the prince might be entirely sympathetic, and his enemies altogether despicable.
It's characteristic of Shakespeare's later tragedies that our sympathies are always divided. Some of the most powerful serious movies (Shane, Unforgiven, Hoodlum -- all are revenge plays) have the same moral ambiguity. You can find examples from thesis buy classical tragedy as well (Agamemnon, Medea, many more). In Hamlet, Shakespeare explains why he writes in this way -- he intends to hold a mirror up to is teenage love real essay, nature, to thesis buy, show us ourselves. I know not 'seems'. -- Hamlet. I'd already noticed when I was formally taught it in my medical school psychiatry course. For most twenty-year-olds, the biggest life-issue is, What has happened to is teenage real essay, most forty-year-olds that caused them to essays, lose the ideals and real the authenticity of youth? For most forty-year-olds, the biggest life-issue is, How did I lose the ideals and authenticity that made me who I was when I was twenty?
It's no coincidence that college Greeks profess high ideals. Analysis! It's what makes them work. for people not yet corrupted by the world. Teenaged Holden Caulfield (Catcher in the Rye) described the shams of the phony society of the wealthy, and love real heard Hamlet had talked about the essays same theme. Is Teenage Love Essay! He plans to read the play eventually. In the 1970's, it was usual for people to per page, call each other phony if they thought differently about something, and there was no defending against it. Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn uses another young person to comment on the falsity of adult society. Huck lives fairly well, as Hamlet does. Huck speaks only by his actions, without Hamlet's eloquence. Is Teenage Essay! Mark Twain uses humor and behavior in classroom irony to real, show how much finer Huck is than his betters. The king holds a ceremonious first-public-meeting in I.ii.
Polonius is buried without ceremony. Ophelia gets a limited ceremony. At the end, Fortinbras holds a ceremonial memorial for dissertation words per page Hamlet. In Macbeth, we are treated to a spectacle from the same era of warlords that gives the is teenage real essay setting for Hamlet. Everybody knows Macbeth killed Duncan, and nobody intends to do anything to bring him to justice, preferring the stability provided by another capable leader. In Hamlet's court, everybody (not just Hamlet, and probably even his mother) must suspect Claudius to be a murderer. After the play-within-the-play, it's obvious. Son: Dad, what's the difference between ignorance and apathy? Dad: Son, I don't know and analysis I don't care. -- Contemporary.
At the end, Hamlet's fideism, a vague faith in God's ability to sort out the mess of this world without any more specific religious dogma, is the kind of faith that many honest, thinking people have reached in our own day. Elizabethans talked of God's general providence (the goodness and intelligence that created and sustains the world) and God's special providence (God guiding events subtly to make things work out for the right.) You will need to is teenage real, decide for yourself whether special providence is at work in our own world, or whether Shakespeare actually believed so. Online Masters In Creative Degree! But Hamlet thinks it does. Hamlet sees himself as God's agent, and he tells this to his friends (O cursed spite. ) and his mother (scourge and minister). Hamlet reflects on God's providence (fall of a sparrow) after his life is saved from the spies. Laertes sees his own death as God's judgment, and love real Hamlet as God's avenger. What is telling, though, is masters writing degree, that this does not enable Hamlet to hope for, or expect, a better afterlife.
Is Life Worth Living? If his chief good and market of his time. Is but to is teenage love real essay, sleep and feed? A beast, no more. -- Hamlet. Pathologists joke, Is life worth living? It depends on the liver!. Seriously, we've all asked this question. Shakespeare offers no pat answer, only Hamlet's courage and online degree dignity in accepting the human condition, saying No! to corruption, and in meeting his own task and his own death. In the noir genre of love real essay, hard-boiled detective fiction, the hero gradually learns about both public and private corruption. Nothing is as it seems.
The hero strikes back, but the dissertation words per page ending is never completely happy. Hamlet is essay, called to his revenge by behavior, heaven and hell, i.e., something that Shakespeare thought of is teenage love real, as more fundamental than the struggle between good and evil. In Classroom Essay! Hamlet talks a great deal about the nature of human beings, characterizes himself as indifferent[ly] honest and could accuse himself of things for which it would have been better if he hadn't been born. Real Essay! We are left to thesis buy, wonder what these are, but soon Hamlet becomes the villain in a revenge story that mirrors his own. Old Hamlet, supposedly a good man, is burning for a while in purgatory for unconfessed sins of the kind that ordinary folks commit. Claudius, who Hamlet considers a very bad man, shows us his true mind twice, and we see a struggle between his hunger for divine grace and is teenage love his need to keep his wife's love. The morality plays that preceded Shakespeare showed examples of good and bad people, and heroes that had a clear choice and words per page made it. Shakespeare seems to is teenage love real essay, be telling us in Hamlet that we can and should try to live well, but that both good and dissertation words bad are inherent in the human condition. Growing up, we must come to terms with our inability to live up to our own ideals.
(You may have trouble finding much on life's gray areas in English literature before Shakespeare. Even Chaucer published a pious deathbed retraction for his freethinking.) Today we hear a lot about the love essay usual five stages of coming to terms with death (impact, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance.) As a physician, I've noticed that the sequence often happens as described, though it's by no means invariable. Words! (People with a living, mature religious faith often -- but by no means always -- simply accept.) At the love real end, Hamlet is behavior in classroom essay, no longer depressed, but accepts the is teenage real essay human condition. Whether he's right to do so is something you'll need to decide. But it's a common experience for people growing up. Dissertation! And Shakespeare's shown it to us in real essay Hamlet. If you find yourself wondering whether it's worth going on living in a world full of sham and wrong. Behavior Essay! perhaps you will find your own answers in unselfish love rather than in love real essay stoical acceptance.
And perhaps you, too, can be a hero. Shakespeare was constrained by his plot. to have Hamlet pretend to be delusional; and. to have Hamlet kill the spy in his mother's bedroom. The principal scene in which Hamlet pretends to be crazy (puts [his] antic disposition on) is the online in creative writing one in which he teases Polonius, calling him a fishmonger (compare fleshmoner, or pimp. remember that Polonius wants money for his virgin daughter.) In the other scenes, Hamlet acts genuine and other people think he's crazy. Real! Ophelia describes Hamlet's silent visit and Polonius thinks it's craziness. Ophelia hears Hamlet telling her to robinson thesis princeton, get out of a bad world, and she thinks he's lost his reason. Hamlet's mother thinks Hamlet is crazy after becoming distraught at the end of the essay closet scene. After the masters in creative writing degree play-within-the-play, the king knows Hamlet isn't crazy, but tells the rest of the court that he must be sent away to England because of his mental illness.
Notice how Shakespeare adds a new theme -- be yourself, be genuine, and a fake world will consider you to is teenage love real, be deviant. Shakespeare's Hamlet is already distraught, and in times of emotional distress, we do wrong things without thinking. Afterwards, Hamlet (who is indifferent honest), blames his madness for the killing of Polonius. The delusions are fake (as Claudius, and anybody familiar with real mental illness, will recognize). The irrational striking-out in website a moment of emotional turmoil is very real. Shakespeare's play focused on is teenage love essay the mind of a man who's profoundly distraught and who is asking himself whether life is worth living. Having Hamlet also pretend to be insane was central to the old story, but not to behavior essay, Shakespeare's play. Love Real! Hamlet uses his feigned madness to point out to those around him how crazy and false the sane world is. Behavior In Classroom Essay! There are themes and real controversies that you can explore further, based on your own experience of love real, life.
T.S. Thesis Buy! Eliot, asked whether the madness of Hamlet was real or feigned, asked, Is the madness of Hamlet's critics real or feigned? This sums it up for me. The nonsense about Hamlet being unable to make up his mind begins with his own speeches after hearing the Player King's speech on Hecuba (he berates himself for hesitating), and especially after talking to Fortinbras's soldier (thinking too precisely on real the event -- i.e., people who obsess a lot are the dissertation ones who do the love least). Obsessive-compulsive personality and online masters writing neurosis are well-known, and mild variants have affected most bright people occasionally. Is Teenage Love Essay! Bradley points out that Hamlet seems depressed (melancholy) and that this will slow a person down; early 20th century writers influenced by psychoanalysis talked about a mother-fixation causing the depression.
But the truth is that Hamlet has no opportunity to kill the king and then justify his action, until the final disaster, when Laertes reveals The king's to blame. In the behavior in classroom case, providence provides the opportunity. Hamlet really does not delay his revenge any more than do Robocop or Nevada Smith. Heroes of earlier revenge plays soliloquize about having to delay, and essay criticize themselves for it. But revenge plays require that the revenge take time and planning -- or there would be no play. Sam Coleridge (an obsessive who blamed the failure of his grandiose projects on his opium habit) talked about Hamlet thinking too hard.
Coleridge identified with this Hamlet, but this isn't Shakespeare's Hamlet. Online Writing Degree! Schlegel called Hamlet thought-sick. Goethe found Hamlet lovely, sensitive and without strength of is teenage love real, nerve. Now, when Hamlet expresses regrets that he's not completed his revenge, he compares himself unfavorably to the Player King (who has just recited a ridiculous, bombastic speech) and to Fortinbras (who is getting thousands of people killed for online masters in creative no good reason at all -- I first became interested in Shakespeare during the Vietnam war). It is no coincidence that both the Player King and love essay Fortinbras are pursuing stupid, vain goals. What is Shakespeare trying to tell us? Hamlet's revenge isn't so much simply the killing of the king, as it is the dissertation per page purging of all the rottenness in the Danish court. And although it costs him his life, he succeeds. At some time, we all consider how much wrong there is in the world. Hamlet gives us a chance to watch an love, ordinary person consciously choose to say No! to the world's wrongness and phoniness, and to strike back with intelligence and power. From the bare-bones of an old revenge story, Shakespeare has held up the degree mirror to something in is teenage real essay us that is precious.
I hear Hamlet saying, So many people put so much effort into robinson thesis doing things that are not worthwhile. It's a bad world, and I am far from a perfect human being. And we all end up dead in the end. Is Teenage Love Real! But I am going to thesis buy, do something worthwhile, and do it right. More on whether Hamlet has a tragic flaw.
I believe that the whole there has to be a tragic flaw business was dreamed up by Aristotle, who got paid to is teenage essay, tell young people that if they were really good, then bad things couldn't happen to them, and boy in pajamas essay prompts that people went to sad shows just to have a good cry (purge the emotions of pity and is teenage love real fear). If it is helpful, point out the obvious. Aristotle said that a tragic hero should have character flaws so that we wouldn't see bad things happening to totally-good people. Maybe the dissertation words heroes of Shakespeare's tragedies are not all-virtuous because Shakespeare wants to show us life as it really is. Since Sophocles's ultra-coldblooded Electra, revenge plays have been among the favorite genre for theater and movies.
Why? First, a revenge play presumes that to essay, right a wrong, somebody is forced to take the law into his or her own hands. This showcases one of the most important and serious of human concerns -- how do we maintain good law (i.e., a government that really protects its people's lives and opportunities)? It's the central question of civilization. (The conclusion of Electra is chilling -- read Sophocles's answer.) Second, the revenger must overcome obstacles to revenge. Website Essays! The lead character has a strong purpose with which we can identify, and we can share his or her feelings and thoughts. There is a satisfaction when revenge is finally won. Shakespeare's philosophy?
You decide! One may find ideas similar to love real essay, those in Hamlet in words per page Montaigne's essays (here's a top-flight college paper for an eager student), in Ecclesiastes (Old Testament, of course) and in the following famous twentieth-century piece (sometimes stated to be much older). Go placidly amid the noise and haste, and remember what peace there may be in silence. As far as possible, without surrender, be on good terms with all persons. Speak your truth quietly and clearly; and listen to others, even to the dull and ignorant; they too have their story. Avoid loud and aggressive persons; they are vexations to love essay, the spirit.
If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain or bitter, for always there will be greater and dissertation words lesser persons than yourself. Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans. Keep interested in real your own career, however humble, it's a real possession in the changing fortunes of time. Exercise caution in your business affairs, for the world is full of trickery. But let this not blind you to what virtue there is; many persons strive for essay high ideals, and is teenage real essay everywhere life is online writing degree, full of heroism. Be yourself. Especially do not feign affection. Neither be cynical about love; for in the face of all aridity and disenchantment, it is real essay, as perennial as the grass. Take kindly the counsel of the years, gracefully surrendering the robinson princeton things of youth.
Nurture strength of is teenage, spirit to shield you in sudden misfortune. But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings. Many fears are born of fatigue and loneliness. Beyond a wholesome discipline, be gentle with yourself. You are a child of the universe no less than the trees and the stars; you have a right to be here. The Striped Pajamas Essay! And whether or not it is clear to you, no doubt the is teenage love real universe is unfolding as it should. Therefore be at peace with God, whatever you conceive him to be.
And whatever your labors and dissertation words aspirations, in the noisy confusion of life, keep peace in your soul. With all its sham, drudgery and broken dreams, it is still a beautiful world. Be cheerful. Strive to be happy. Contrast this with Polonius's advice to Laertes.
Somebody will remind you that according to the Christian ethics of Shakespeare's era, revenge was considered wrong. A saint would forgive and bring about reconciliation. (As a Christian, I have discovered that this is possible more often than we might think.) Even ordinary people were not supposed to take the law into their own hands. Is Teenage! It's hard, though, to see this as a major theme of this revenge play. Somebody will tell you that Hamlet is about how it's difficult to dissertation per page, know the right thing to do -- whether it's killing the is teenage love king, how to deal with an impossible home situation, or whether life is worth living. Somebody else will tell you that the real tragedy is that Hamlet kills the boy in the striped prompts king, rather than forgiving him and living in love and harmony. In Hamlet's era, without effective birth control or stable democracy, bloody conflict was a fact of love, life.
In an thesis buy, era of real essay, warlords, the best for which anyone could hope was a temporary truce and some justice. Words! Despite their individual virtues and their politically correct apologists, all real-life primitive societies are like this. Hamlet was fundamentally correct -- the world, by is teenage, its very nature, is thesis buy, full of unpleasantness and wrong. How does Hamlet's attitude toward women change during the play? Is this a major theme? (I think so -- it's not mentioned that often. You decide.) Hamlet starts off very upset and claiming he wishes he was dead because of his mother's faithless to his good father's memory. Love Real! He urges Ophelia to withdraw from a rotten world full of rotten women. Later, at the end of the closet scene, he reaffirms his love for his mother despite her faults, and in the graveyard scene affirms he loves Ophelia. If life has taught me anything, it's that people are to be loved along with (not just in spite of) their imperfections. Perhaps you believe this as well. Eric Jones MD came up with an idea in Hamlet and Oedipus.
Hamlet cannot kill Claudius because he unconsciously identifies with him, due to Hamlet's old Oedpius complex, when he wanted to have his mother incestuously. Jones notes that Shakespeare's own dad died around the time the play was written. Nowadays, almost all psychiatrists will tell you that Freud's psychoanalysis is of historical interest, having shown very limited ability to predict the thoughts and actions of dissertation, patients or to effect recovery. One of my own medical school psychiatry professors said, There's no 'Oedipus complex.' You can decide for yourself about real essay, Jones's claims. Is Ophelia pregnant with Hamlet's baby? Hamlet was romantically interested in michelle robinson Ophelia, and she in is teenage real him, and they lived in dissertation words per page the same castle. Hamlet jokes with Polonius about how his daughter might become pregnant, a pregnant rich girl might be sent for secrecy's sake to a convent (nunnery) and love the child given for boy in adoption, and Ophelia sings about lost virginity.
We aren't going to know. Supposedly there were two drownings in Shakespeare's community when he was younger. Is Teenage Essay! A lady named Alice suicided by jumping down a well when her family didn't approve of the man she loved. Another lady (Katherine Hamlet) accidentally fell into the river (she was carrying buckets). Website Analysis! How these events may have affected Shakespeare's decision to have Ophelia drown must remain speculative. You've already noticed that Shakespeare follows a rule from his era -- the is teenage love highest-ranking person on stage gets the first and behavior essay last lines in is teenage essay each scene.
An easy high-school paper can focus on how different characters approach the questions posted in the To Be or Not To Be soliloquy. Ophelia is online masters in creative degree, mostly passive. People who go on to become schizophrenic are often quiet, passive people (schizoid). Shakespeare probably noticed this. Laertes is bold, forceful, and real essay spouts lines from a bad Elizabethan revenge tragedy (I don't care if I go to hell -- contrast Hamlet's and Claudius's fear of damnation.) Fortinbras bides his time, and grabs the opportunity. Horatio is a classic stoic with a Roman's sense of honor and a Christian trust in God's power to help. Polonius is a manipulator.
From Shakespeare's Era. If you are interested in the English religious controveries of essays, Shakespeare's era, you may decide that some are reflected in Hamlet. People who held to the Roman tradition might believe in Purgatory, a place of suffering where sins committed in life were burned away, and where sufferings could be eased by purchasing the ministry of the real church. Before the in creative writing Reformation, this had helped make the relgious orders wealthy, and also sparked the founding of schools and is teenage hospitals where the beneficiaries were asked to pray for the sould of their benefactors. People who still believed in the Roman doctrine of purgatory feared especially dying without the sacraments of the church, because the time in purgatory would be prolonged. The English government church forbidden even praying for the striped essay the dead. Probably many people didn't like this. On the other hand, the Puritans pressured for religious rituals to be even further curtailed. In an is teenage love essay, era without religious freedom, this had generated a lot of bad feeling. Stories of ghosts returning from boy in the striped prompts purgatory, which had been popular before the Reformation, were dismissed as diabolical deceptions. For purposes of the plot, there is really no reason for Old Hamlet to talk about his being in torment or having died with all his imperfections on his head (i.e., unconfessed sins).
Hamlet swears by is teenage, Saint Patrick, who is sometimes described as the patron saint of Purgatory. Of course, Old Hamlet is in purgatory, which according to the the official government church doesn't exist. When Laertes complains about the limited burial service given to website essays, his sister, people in the audience would have thought about the contemporary controversies. You can find out on your own what evidence exists to show that John Shakespeare, the author's father, was at least a Roman Catholic sympathizer who wanted prayers for his soul after he died. (Ask about documents found in Stratford centuries later.) But you'll need to decide for yourself whether Shakespeare is using an old plot, or expressing his secret beliefs, or (my choice) showing us ourselves. More For Students.
Kronberg Castle, in is teenage Helsingor (Elsinore), near Copenhagen, is supposedly Hamlet's castle. Online In Creative! Photo. Commentary: T.S. Is Teenage Real Essay! Eliot on Hamlet and his Problems G Wilson Knight's remarks on Hamlet seem to be off-line today.
Shakespeare always divides our sympathies. Knight sees Hamlet as more the villain than Claudius is. Introduction to Hamlet Postmodernist. . or even perhaps to tell us that there is no truth, save for that truth given existence by a genius through theatrical devices, representation, illusion, and art. Words! Uh? No Fear -- text along with 21st-century English translation.
Sixty-Second Shakespeare -- Bloodbath at Danish Court -- 'Mad' Prince Hamlet Was Right All Along Trysto Hamlet -- extremely abridged, could be performed by small children. Oor Hamlet -- mock Scots ballad, very funny. Shakespeare's Sonnets. A remarkable sequence even by today's standards.
The site author is, like me, committed to making Shakespeare available to everybody, at no cost. Enjoy. Duane Morin -- an is teenage real, e-book is in preparation. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. The Undiscovered Country -- Hamlet site, promoting the author's e-book. In Classroom! Looks good.
To the love real best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the boy in the striped domain and spare everybody from a lot of is teenage real, wasted time. It's a shame. Thesis Buy! This site will always remain free, to is teenage real essay, help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. Great PerformancesDavid Tennant / Patrick Stewart -- watch the entire NC-17 play. Laurence Olivier -- introduction for children, well done. Royal Shakespeare Company -- David Tennant / Patrick Stewart; watch the play; highly recommended. Star Wars -- Hamlet and Laertes trade weapons.
Jude Law -- talks about his Hamlet. Coventry -- Patrick Stewart as Claudius. Sam West -- Royal Shakespeare Company 2000. Public Broadcasting System -- gets NC-17 rating. Psychological thriller. Graphic violence. Scenes of website analysis, a supernatural nature. In a time of conflict, a voice from the is teenage real grave will take a vengeful man to a place beyond sanity where only robinson thesis conspiracy and death await. Ethan Hawke's Hamlet is set in contemporary New York City. I liked it much better than most of the critics did. Bill Murry, who is always funny, plays Polonius and is teenage essay still shows up how cruelly he treats Ophelia.
The popular movie Coraline quotes Hamlet's speech, What a piece of work. when the heroine, who is neglected by her parents, is tempted with false promises of a richer and more meaningful life. The theme of the book and movie, which surely explains their popularity, is that if parents don't attend to their children's needs to grow emotionally and mentally, someone else will. And it will probably be the thesis buy wrong people. Oedipus the is teenage love real King -- including something about the tragic hero business. If you are asked to thesis princeton, write about Shakespeare's tragic heroes or their tragic flaw or whatever, help yourself to my skeptical notes on is teenage love real essay Aristotle. You may find it more rewarding to focus on something at dissertation words per page once more obvious and more profound. Essay! Shakespeare (unlike Sophocles) is writing about real-life, flesh-and-blood people (tragic flaws -- nobody always acts smart) who live in an imperfect world (tragic choices). In Shakespeare, our sympathies are usually divided among the thesis buy characters. Is Teenage Love Real Essay! For this reason, Aristotle's thoughts on tragedy (i.e., people are imperfect) really seem more useful in discussing Shakespeare than in discussing Sophocles. In my pathology course and here, my advice is the same -- focus on the human beings, the real-life, individual situations. You may also decide there are some common theme elements (real vs. fake friendship; bad government is bad for the country; despite what has happened to in classroom essay, you, you can still be a hero).
If you decide that the real philosophical Hakuna Matata (Everything is fine) song is ironic, then the central theme of in classroom, The Lion King is that life is by is teenage love, its nature full of troubles and wrongs, and you find its meaning in behavior essay what you do about is teenage love, it this fact. Of course, compare and contrast papers are for beginners. (1) Look at the short story that provided the plot (click here. and behavior in classroom notice how Shakespeare has portrayed racism as it really is in our world. Ordinary decent folks (i.e., the real Venetian government) care only who a person is and dissertation words per page what that person can do. They consider Brabantio a jerk for is teenage love accepting a person of another race as a friend but not as a son-in-law. Iago, who for whatever reason has a chip on his shoulder, spews racial venom for online degree his own dark reasons. Desdemona is originally frightened by someone who looks different, but quickly learns to love that person so that race become indifferent.
(2) It is love, very common for online writing special-forces operatives who return to civilian life and/or who try to sustain a marriage to have terrible difficulties. Those who are successful deserve our special admiration. Is Teenage Real Essay! Too many become terribly confused and end up in self-destructive behaviors, both loving and hating. It's one of our world's strangest ironies that romantic love is more treacherous and incomprehensible than war. I'm Ed. In Classroom! You can visit me at my own page and follow the is teenage links from there to behavior essay, my autopsy page, my notes on is teenage real essay disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks and thesis buy parentheses.
This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. In one of the Bard's best-thought-of tragedies, our insistent hero, Hamlet, queries on two fronts about how life turns rotten. To be or not to be: that is the question; Whether 'tis nobler in love real essay the mind to suffer. The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune. Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and dissertation words only if you like it, and get out of abusive relationships by essay, any means. Tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances or what feelings you really harbor -- get guidance from other adults if you need it, and prompts remember Polonius's advice, which works often enough in our crazy world).
The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. To include this page in a bibliography , you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Hamlet by William Shakespeare Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from love http://www.pathguy.com/hamlet.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and michelle the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Thanks for visiting. Health and friendship. reset Jan. 30, 2005: Athar: Hamlet is post-Christian.
Bleakers: Sigh. Hamlet didn't find meaning, because there isn't any, but he did find peace. Ciphers: Hamlet found out he could act instead of brood. Doomguard: The court goes bad and everybody dies. Dust Folk: Hamlet finds peace in real essay death. Free League: There are many meanings here. Godsfolk: Hamlet develops as a person. Guvnurs: Nowadays with good forensic pathology, we could have proved the case against Claudius without Hamlet having to take the law into his own hands.
Hardheads: See what happens when law and order break down. Mercykillers: We love a good revenge play. Revolutionaries: Authority corrupts. Sensates: Hamlet showcases powerful feelings. Signers: There is boy in the striped pajamas, nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. Takers: Hamlet learned to quit moping and got what he wanted. Xaositects: Crazy make sense people the is teenage love most.
Visitors send me this question from thesis buy time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, Is life worth living in a world full of wrong? And can I live well? -- then the answer is maybe that Shakespeare deals with basic human issues. Click here to see the real author's friend, Dr.
Ken Savage, do it right. Thanks for the memories and for your friendship. Give me that man That is not passion’s slave, and I will wear him In my heart’s core, ay, in thesis buy my heart of is teenage love real essay, heart.
Write My Paper -
Is Teenage Love Real Essay - Oberurnen
resume te Upon several occasions throughout your career you will need to provide your potential employer with important information about your background and your qualifications. The most common method to provide information to potential employers is to create a resume. A resume can create a vivid word picture of yourself. The World Wide Web (WWW) has recently became more popular, and is often considered the newest form of popular media by many people. In fact, making your resume available on the World Wide Web is comparable to broadcasting it on national television during prime time hours. The most obvious benefit you will immediately receive by making your resume available on the Web is that you will reach an unlimited number of people and have opened new doors to love real essay, audiences you would otherwise probably have never reached before. Many companies will visit college resume lists searching for potential employees. If you have your resume on paper but not on the Web, they will undoubtedly never see it.
Another benefit of creating an electronic resume is cost. Thesis Princeton! Many colleges provide space on their web server for their students' resumes free of charge. Using college web servers, students can practically eliminate paper and printing costs. Rather than performing mass mailings of your resume, you can reduce the number of is teenage love, printed copies you will need and reserve these for companies you are particularly interested in. Other benefits you will receive by creating an HTML resume include: the ability to provide electronic links to your reference and previous employers as well as providing links to previous jobs or projects you have been involved with the the striped pajamas essay prompts ability to make updates immediately available ease of maintainability the ability to show that you can adapt to, and use new technology as it becomes available (a plus to love essay, many employers) simply making your resume look more professional.
By creating your resume using HTML and making it available on the World Wide Web, you will improve your chances of getting a job that best suits your interests as well as your employer's interests. Writing Your Resume in HTML Format. CREATE YOUR RESUME ON A WORD PROCESSOR AND PRINT IT. When writing your resume, consult English books, writing guides, or take advantage of career services provided by many universities. Be sure to behavior essay, have someone proofread and review your resume. Many instructors in the English department of a University will gladly proofread your resume, but be sure to love, give it to masters writing, him/her enough in is teenage love real essay, advance to website, provide enough time to review it and so that it will not be an love real inconvenience to him/her. Dissertation Words Per Page! Remember to be courteous and thank them; after all, they are doing you a big favor.
It is is teenage much better to have a professor see your mistakes while you have the chance to thesis buy, correct them than for a potential employer to see them. It is important that your resume be grammatically correct as well as in the correct format. Your resume is often the first impression an employer will receive. It will be easier to essay, htmlify your resume if you have already created it. By creating your resume first you can focus on formatting it rather than trying to dissertation per page, create it and format it at the same time. SAVE YOUR WORD-PROCESSED RESUME IN TEXT (.txt) FORMAT. This can usually be done by using the save as option found under the file utilities of your favorite word processor. Is Teenage Love Real! If you are unable to analysis, locate a save as feature for your word processor consult your user's manual or contact customer support. After selecting save as choose text or Ascii text from the available list of is teenage love real essay, formats.
By saving your resume in per page, text form, you will be able to is teenage, add HTML formatting tags more easily. Although you could save your file in other formats, saving in text format will make it easier to thesis buy, edit because text file format does not save any formatting information. Other file formats embed formatting information like boldface, italics, and indentations as part of the file. Real Essay! When you view or edit word processor formatted files you will see formatting information that is unreadable by HTML browsers, thus you will need to delete it before you will be able to proceed. Editors allow you to change files without embedding formatting options such as boldface, italics and thesis buy, underscoring into the file. Many editors are available to use. Some of the most common are: edit on DOS machines and PCs; emacs and vi on UNIX workstations; and edit on VAX/VMS machines. Real! You can also use your favorite word processor to open a text file. For more information on the editor you will use, consult your system administrator or read your user's manual. Which editor you should use depends upon the type of system you are using and your preference between the editors on masters in creative writing degree your system.
Make sure you use an real essay editor that you are familiar with. By using an unfamiliar editor you will find yourself spending most of words per page, your time trying to learn to use the editor rather than actually creating your resume. Throughout the love essay remainder of this document I will base the steps on the DOS editor and a generic word processor. To open your resume, first open the editor by typing edit at a DOS prompt, or the appropriate command for the editor you intend to use. Next, choose the Open File option from the FILE menu. Fill in the filename you choose earlier or use the browse feature to locate the thesis buy file. Elements of an HTML document are denoted using HTML tags. An HTML tag usually consists of a left angle bracket ( ). Love Real! Tags are also usually paired (e.g. Thesis Buy! ltP and lt/P), the first is is teenage used to identify the beginning of the element and the second (usually lt/tagname) identifies the thesis buy end of the element. Some tags may also contain additional information. This information should be placed inside the love essay angle brackets. For example, to display a paragraph using full justification use ltP ALIGN=justifygt.
HTML documents have a minimum requirement of tags. These tags are required by HTML browsers in order to recognize a file as a HTML file. The following is thesis buy a summary of the required HTML tags: The required HTML tags must be placed in the appropriate order inside and HTML file. The following HTML is a simple example of the is teenage real minimum HTML document. Using indentation can greatly improve the looks of your HTML, make it easier to read, and writing degree, make it much easier to maintain. Is Teenage Real! Although indentation is not required, you should always use it to improve your HTML. The benefits greatly outweigh the extra time it takes to write your HTML.
HTML browsers ignore extra white-space therefore the indentation will not be visible when the document is viewed using a HTML browser. Here is the previous example written using indentation to make it easier to read. ADD ADDITIONAL HTML FORMATTING TAGS AS NECESSARY. The use of boy in the striped, additional HTML tags will greatly enhance the essay appearance of your resume. HTML contains numerous tags to use, in addition many new tags will be added in the future.
I could not possibly cover every tag here. However, I will briefly describe some of the commonly used and behavior, most useful tags. For advanced options, or a more detailed list you should obtain a copy of the latest HTML reference manual. This manual can be found on the world wide web at http://www.sandia.gov/sci_compute/html_ref.html. The following table contains many of the most common and most useful HTML tags. Love Real! You can use any of these tags by simply placing the begin tag, the text to format, and the end tag directly in your HTML document.
You will find it useful to website essays, view your document as you make changes. See step 9 for instructions on is teenage how to view your current HTML document. By doing this, you will become familiar with the essay effects of the tags. In order to ensure no word processor formatting options are saved into your file you should save your resume as a text file. However, when you choose your filename you should give it the .html or .htm extension. To do this choose save as from the file menu. Next you should choose the text or ASCII text format from the is teenage essay available format list. Finally, type your filename in the filename input box as filename.html or filename.htm where filename is the name you wish to call your file (e.g. Analysis Essays! resume.html).
CREATE AND/OR ACQUIRE ANY IMAGES YOU WANT TO USE IN YOUR RESUME. While creating images can be very fun and essay, exciting, it is website also very time consuming. There are many tools available to essay, help you create your custom images such as Paint Shop Pro, Photoshop, Corel Draw, and MsPaint. For information on how to use these tools you should consult your user's manual. An alternative to creating custom images is to find a non-copyrighted image on the world wide web and copy it.
One method of locating useful and free images is to view clipart collections available on the web such as Caboodles of Clipart. Another method of locating useful images is to use the Yahoo search engine and search for the image. To do this simply type image:keyword in the Yahoo's search box and click on the search button. This type of searching is very time consuming and often does not result in any useful images. Behavior In Classroom Essay! If you are unable to is teenage love real essay, create or locate the image you desire and feel that your resume would be incomplete without it, you should consider hiring a Graphics Artist to create the masters in creative writing image for you. Although images can improve the is teenage real essay appearance of your resume, you should use them sparingly. Often the behavior in classroom quality of your resume decreases proportionally with an is teenage increase in the number of images you add. Any graphics you use (except for a background) should be relatively small in size. Analysis Essays! Most web developers agree that large images take longer to load and love real essay, will in turn drive impatient viewers away from your page. In addition, you should keep the content of your images on a professional level unless the image directly relates to thesis buy, your job qualification. Is Teenage Real Essay! For example it is acceptable to have cartoons you've created on your resume if you're applying as a cartoonist.
However, you should consider placing any such images on a second page and creating a link to in classroom essay, it. ADD HTML IMAGE TAGS AS NECESSARY FOR EACH OF THE IMAGES YOU PLAN TO USE IN YOUR RESUME, AND SAVE YOUR RESUME (SEE STEP 6). To insert an is teenage real essay image into your HTML resume open your resume in website, your editor, then use the ltIMG SRCgt tag to specify the location and filename of your image. For example, to display an image called computer.gif that is 32x45 in size, use the following tag: ltIMG SRC=directory/computer.gif ALT=Computer WIDTH=32 HEIGHT=45 BORDER=0gt. All images should be in the .GIF or .JPG file format. If you see a gray box with three small dots in is teenage essay, it rather than your image, then the browser was unable to load your image. Possible causes of in classroom essay, this problem are: you used an incompatible file format, the image does not exist, you did not specify the correct filename or had a typographical error in the directory/filename, or the file permissions were set incorrectly (UNIX workstations require that you set the file permissions of an image to 770.
See your system administrator or consult a UNIX reference manual for help with setting file permissions). Be sure to love, save your resume after you make any changes. OPEN YOUR HTML RESUME IN A HTML BROWSER. Open your HTML browser by clicking on its Windows Icon, or by typing its execution command at the command prompt. Michelle Princeton! There are many browsers available for use such as Netscape, Microsoft Explorer, and ICOMM. Consult your user's manual for help with using your HTML browser. Open your resume by clicking on the Open File option on the File menu. Next, type the is teenage love essay filename you choose earlier in the filename input box or using the browse feature to locate the file, then click on michelle the ok button.
Your resume should be displayed in the browser window. Viewing your resume in an HTML browser is an excellent way to ensure the content of your resume. REPEAT STEPS 5 THROUGH 9 UNTIL YOU ARE SATISFIED WITH THE APPEARANCE OF YOUR RESUME. After reviewing your resume in an HTML browser, you should revisit steps 5 through 9 above and make any necessary changes. Is Teenage Real! Once you are familiar with the process of creating a HTML document, most of these steps can be performed as necessary in any order. You should get your resume to a point that you are satisfied with before preceding. In order to ensure that you have not made any mistakes in in classroom essay, the uniform resource locator (URL) addresses, you should click on each of the links you've created using your HTML browser.
Links that do not work are nicknamed broken links. Is Teenage Love! Broken links are highly unprofessional and will affect the impression a potential employer has on your resume. Words Per Page! Broken links are usually the result of a typographical error or a link to a web site that no longer exists. Because the web is real constantly changing, you should only create hypertext links to words, sites that are relatively stable. In order for your resume to be visible to the rest of the world, you must have current internet provider. Is Teenage! Many universities provide the resources for online in creative degree students to love essay, install their resumes. Contact your University Webmaster to obtain information. Writing Degree! You can often locate the Webmaster through an email address on the universities main web page. After you have completed your HTML resume, copy it and all of the love real essay images you have used to the directory your web provider specifies. Words Per Page! After installing your HTML resume you should always test it.
Visit the URL your web provider supplies to insure it was installed properly. You should always respond to essay, potential employers that contact you as soon as possible. In addition you should always mail a paper copy of your resume to any potential employers. By showing sincere interest, you will increase an employer's impression. The Source For Java Development. Java Report . March/April 1996. Java Report is a relatively new magazine for software developers using the Java environment. Java is a relatively new software developing environment that allows software developers to implement more complex features such as Net-based electronic transactions and delivering interactive content across the Web. Java Report combines programming tips, new technology, application trends and corporate issues to bring the reader a broader range of information. In one of the analysis articles Philip David Meese does an excellent job of explaining to the reader how to create his/her first Java application.
His article was well written and is teenage love, was equivalent in content to a small course. The article The Java Tutor provides clear and concise information as well as easy to understand example code. I strongly agree with Mr. Meese's confidant statement by the time you finish reading this article, you'll be able to develop a Java application. An entire section of Java Report is devoted to Product Review. In this section the authors review Java related products and provide information to the reader. This information was the equivalent of behavior in classroom essay, a Consumer Reports article. This section is a great source of information about individual products.
In general, Java Report is a great source of information relating to love essay, the use and development of Java applications for any software developer. However, some of the technical articles may be beyond the the striped pajamas essay scope of the average reader. Rampe, David. Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt. The New York Times . 3 February 1997, sec.
C6. In his article Cyberspace Resumes Fit the is teenage real Modern Job Hunt David Rampe discusses the website analysis advantages and disadvantages of an HTML resume. The article, which appeared in is teenage love essay, The New York Times' Taking In the Sites section provides some very useful information regarding resumes. Some of the thesis buy topics Mr. Is Teenage Love Real! Rampe discusses includes the searchability of HTML resumes, electronic filling, industry jargon, and the dehumanization of the process. Mr. Rampe also discusses the importance of writing your HTML resume in the proper fashion, to thesis, the computer. He states that you must resolve mentally to address your resume to 'Dear Computer. Real! ' and just ignore the essays dehumanization of is teenage love real essay, it all.
In addition, the article provides the URLs for eleven electronic sources to behavior essay, help the reader get started. Each of the sources listed are excellent sources of information and should be reviewed by anyone who decides to essay, create and HTML resume. Rampe also discusses cookie-cutter forms available on boy in the striped essay the World Wide Web to help the is teenage love real least experienced computer user create his/her HTML resume. In general, Mr. Michelle Princeton! Rampe provides an is teenage real essay ample amount of behavior in classroom, information and resources necessary to create an HTML resume. Rampe provides both the love real pros and the cons of an robinson HTML resume in an unbiased fashion, leaving the reader to is teenage, decide the necessity of an HTML resume. Sandia National Laboratories. HTML Reference Manual , 2 January 1996.
Sandia National Laboratories' HTML Reference Manual is, in behavior essay, my opinion, the most complete and useful source of HTML information. Although the manual is essay currently over a year old, the information it contains is accurate, precise and very helpful. The HTML Reference Manual begins with and introduction to HTML in general, then lists important terms and definitions. Next the thesis buy authors validate the document's content by discussing the conformance guideline RFC 1866, commonly referred to as HTML Version 2. The authors also discuss the importance of Sandia requirements for specific HTML elements. Is Teenage Love! Next the dissertation words per page authors discuss the general breakdown of HTML into: General HTML syntax, HTML Comments, HTML Elements, Uniform Resource Locators (URL), Special Characters, and Internal Icons.
Finally, the authors break down over one hundred HTML elements into a description, minimum attributes, all possible attributes, elements allowed within, allowed in content of, and variations. In addition the document contains an easy to use index which allows the reader to jump directly to any element of interest. The HTML Reference Manual provides the most complete reference manual available. In addition it is well written, well organized and very easy to use. Is Teenage Love Real! This document is an excellent source of information for website analysis both the novice and is teenage real essay, expert HTML programmers.
Authors Note: Windows, DOS, Paint Shop Pro, MsPaint, Yahoo, Café, Netscape, ICOMM and Microsoft Internet Explorer are copyrighted by their respective owners.
Order Essay from Experienced Writers with Ease -
Teen romance: Does true love really …
50 Inspiring Resume Designs: And What You Can Learn From Them. Your resume or CV may be one of the love real essay, most important projects you ever design. It can make or break job applications, open doors to new careers, make a great (or dismal) first impression. When you send out your resume, you’re really sending out a piece of behavior in classroom essay, yourself. Love! So make sure it’s representing you to your best advantage. Just like how you dress your best for an interview, it’s important to give your resume the same treatment — to make sure it’s polished and presentable. The 50 resume designs below span a wide range of styles, from website, strictly businesslike to is teenage essay ultra creative — browse through them to get some ideas for updating your own resume. Website Analysis! Designing your own is love real essay, easy with our wide collection of dissertation words, beautiful resume templates.
Click the love essay, image to analysis see more resume templates. Starting off your resume strong with a bold header, like in is teenage real, this design by thesis buy Shed Labs for Loft Resumes, draws attention to your name and makes it more memorable. You can also include a few keywords or descriptors under your name that sum up who you are as a candidate. This chessboard-style layout is certainly striking, giving each category its own distinct space. But Mikha Makhoul’s resume is still somewhat subdued thanks to the simple black-and-white color scheme; it doesn’t sacrifice professionalism for visual interest. Love! Some well-placed shadows can make your resume pop, literally — giving it a 3D appearance and thesis creating the love real essay, illusion of dissertation words, depth. Errol Veloso explains how he chose the colors of his design purposefully: blue to symbolize his creative side and red to symbolize his analytic side. Try using shapes and frames for love essay emphasis. Per Page! You can experiment with geometric shapes (circles, squares, rectangles), ribbons, or solid or dashed lines.
Here, Michael Long frames his name and his role to help them stand out. Love Real Essay! A cohesive color scheme of cool blues and words minty hues gives this information-packed, infographic-style resume by is teenage love essay Joseph Acena a visual theme and an orderly, coordinated look. Boy In The Striped Pajamas Prompts! Using a horizontal orientation (instead of the traditional vertical format) immediately gives your resume an is teenage real, edge in terms of attracting attention. Other strong points of this design by Justin Schueler include a balanced, un-crowded layout and plenty of negative space. There seems to be a trend, at least in industries where you can take some risks with your resume, to analysis forget the stuffy business lingo and show that there’s a human behind the piece of paper. Using a more conversational tone, as David Elgena has done with his “Hello, nice to meet you.
Here’s a little about me” header at love essay, the top of this resume, may help you create rapport with the person who’s reviewing your application before you even meet them. This resume by words per page Kyle Robertson features a custom crest with Kyle’s name and a catchy tagline. Creating a distinctive personal brand or style for is teenage essay yourself (such as a personal logo, a color scheme, a nice selection of fonts, etc.) gives your work an boy in the striped pajamas essay prompts, extra sheen of professionalism (and an opportunity to show off your abilities). Plus, once you put the work in, this “brand” is something you can use over and over again — on letterhead, business cards, social media profiles, you name it. For a unique take on traditional resume colors, try light text on a dark background, as Abdullah Al Mamun has done here. Just make sure that your font is weighty enough to is teenage love real essay be easily readable and not get lost against masters in creative, the background.
This clean resume by Patrick Rogan uses a bright splash of color and whittles down the love real, information to only the basics (skills and past positions). Icons in the skills section provide a visual reference that still complements the michelle robinson thesis, simplistic style. Printing your resume on textured paper can give an impression of quality, craftsmanship, or luxury. If a color other than white seems inappropriate for your industry, try a white or cream-colored paper with a slight texture for an ultra-professional, upscale look. This example by S.N. Carter, printed on a recycled or kraft-style paper, gives the resume a custom, hand-printed feel. When applying for a position where a more creative approach isn’t appropriate, it’s always a safe bet to opt for a simple, text-based resume with clean fonts.
Here, Frank Schamhart has embellished his resume slightly with minimal use of an love, accent color and a small personal portrait. If you’re after a job in the arts or some other highly visual industry, make your resume a mini portfolio like illustrator Rianti Hidayat has done here. Bradley Brooks keeps his resume businesslike with a classic black-and-white color scheme, but livens things up with a modular layout and in creative a personal logo. Infographic-style resumes have become popular, and they can be effective when done well. But they should be more than a collection of pretty pictures; the images should, at a glance, tell something about real you and complement or enhance the pajamas, text, like in this resume design by Rachel Winter. If you’re seeking work in is teenage real essay, an industry where appearance is important, or the thesis buy, job has asked you to include a portrait, try integrating it into your resume. It doesn’t have to be the center of attention, though — you can make it a bit more subtle by using a small picture or placing it behind a colored screen, like in Egotype’s resume template. Love Real Essay! Mailing out some resumes? Make opening yours up a memorable experience, like Amber Van Mieghem has done with this clever folding resume. Wishing you could infuse a little creativity into in classroom your plain, corporate resume?
Try a monogram with your initials, like Bill Mawhinney has done for this resume template. It adds a little style while still keeping the overall presentation very businesslike. You can use the is teenage, same graphic on michelle thesis princeton, your cover letter to give your application a polished, pulled-together look. If you have some creative leeway in creating your resume, using a non-rectangular shape will be sure to love real essay attract attention, like John Mujica’s round resume does here. If you do format your resume in any unusual shape, just make sure all the text is michelle princeton, readable. Is Teenage! You’ve only got one name. In Classroom Essay! Make it memorable. If it’s unique, highlight it. Make it big and bold, like Fredrik Andresen did on his resume. Give the hiring manager something to zero in on.
Your font choices can change the is teenage real, whole character of in classroom, your resume. For instance, the rounded fonts with soft edges that Louis Omari has used for is teenage love essay his resume have a more casual, friendly feel than sharper, serif fonts might have. Need to show your qualifications on the run? Post your resume online and make it mobile-friendly, like Julien Renvoye has done. You can include your resume on your personal website or even post it to networking platforms like LinkedIn.
Use blocks of color and/or lines to separate different sections of website, your resume, give it structure, and make it easy to is teenage real navigate visually. Dissertation Per Page! This template from Beautiful Resumes features vibrant colors, but you could just as easily get the same effect with a more subtle color scheme. If you’re going the infographic route, think of effective ways that you can use different types of graphs to represent your skills, experience, or background, like Martin Suster did here. Organizing your resume with columns, like this three-column layout Anton Yermolov used, keeps the real essay, information tidy, creates clear divisions between sections, and helps you keep everything sharply aligned. Use a sidebar in your resume to call attention to extra (or extra important) information that you want to highlight. Here, Ola Hamdy used a colored sidebar to separate her personal and masters in creative contact information from her educational and professional details. Although this resume design is text-heavy, Gershom Charig mixes things up with a two-color scheme and a word cloud to love real essay creatively represent the breadth of his skills and experience.
Similar in online masters, function to the word cloud above, various sizes of circles represent Silviu Schiau’s proficiency in various areas, such as management and design. Love Real Essay! The size of the the striped pajamas essay prompts, circles corresponds with his amount of is teenage love real essay, experience — a fresh way to website essays illustrate core competencies. Give the person looking at your resume an excuse to find out real, more about you. Dissertation Words! Including a link to your website or portfolio (or even a QR code, as Krysten Newby has done here) acts as a good prompt. Is Teenage Love Real! If your job history includes working for big companies with recognizable logos, feature them on the striped prompts, your resume. Tamas Leb has included space to do so on this resume template, and it makes an impressive statement, even at a glance. For creative resumes, a theme can give you a starting point to build a one-of-a-kind design and think about innovative ways to is teenage present your information.
Here, Peter Kisteman’s laboratory theme makes a strong visual statement and gives his artistic background a scientific, experimental dimension. Putting your resume in a folder or other kind of holder gives you more space to showcase your experience and accomplishments, plus the extra tactile feature makes it memorable, as with this design from S1M. The vertical timeline on the outside offers an immediate visual representation of the candidate’s career history. This traditional black, white, and gray design by Brice Seraphin brightens up quite nicely with some turquoise as an accent. Thesis Buy! This can be done with any color (and you may want to tone it down depending on your industry), but vibrant hues have particular impact. Is Teenage Essay! Besides being another nice example of using an accent color, this design by robinson thesis Adam Rozmus keeps things clean and essay simple, showing that resumes don’t have to be fancy to make a good impression. Degree! If competition is is teenage love, stiff, try standing out with a resume package that gives you some space to demonstrate your abilities, develop a personal brand, and include more information than the online masters writing, limited area of a one-page resume allows for. Here, Sabrae Precure uses a distinct color scheme and custom illustrations to stand out from the crowd.
This resume by Gabriel Valdivia combines a traditional format (the typical positions, dates, and short descriptions) with pictorial elements that provide a more personal touch. As if to say that a normal paper resume just won’t cut it, Alison Root got clever with her resume presentation, which demonstrates that she thinks outside the box. This sample resume from is teenage essay, Rahul Chakraborty features bold typography and essay bright colors for a high-impact look that will make people take notice. There may be times when it’s ok to let your sense of humor shine through in your resume; it makes you more relatable, more likable. For instance, check out the pronunciation guide Nick Iannuccilli provided for his difficult last name. Essay! Using a border is a good way to add a little bit of color to your resume, as Evelien Callens has done here, without worrying about website essays looking unprofessional. Stylistically, this design is a good compromise between customary and more creative resumes. The two-color, mostly traditional layout uses graphic elements sparingly but purposefully.
As a nice touch, Dan Hernandez has branded his cover letter with the same style, which is is teenage love real essay, a smart idea if your job application involves submitting multiple documents. Sometimes you have to do what you can to online get noticed. Is Teenage Love! For an illustrator like Lucia Paul, hand-drawing her resume is both appropriate for her industry and gives her a standout way to display her skills. Big, bold typography, a high-contrast color scheme, and a well-organized presentation all combine to make sure Joao Andrade’s resume gets looked at. No long-winded explanations of thesis buy, job roles here. Just the essentials — enough to get someone interested in wanting to know more about Gianina Santiago and her background. Clean, sans-serif fonts, relatively little text, and lots of white space give Maxat Malbekov’s resume a sleek look that’s easy to real achieve if you condense your resume down to only the most relevant information. If you have a lot of information you need to fit on one page, take a tip from this design by Halle Rasco and use easy-to-read fonts and clear headings for each section.
Need to keep your resume fairly conservative? A two-column layout with a businesslike blue-gray accent color gives this otherwise traditional resume from words, ResumeBaker some extra interest. Syril Bobadilla’s illustrations are whimsical and kid-friendly, and her resume reflects that style. Notice how she also created matching business cards for a cohesive personal brand. Even if your industry doesn’t allow as much creative expression as someone in the arts, you can express your personality in is teenage real essay, more subtle ways, like through font choices or an accent color. Resumes don’t always have to read from left to right, top to bottom. You can play with the layout of your resume to make the best and online most visually interesting use of the is teenage, space you have available, like Milena Filipova has done here. You can use a grid structure to boy in pajamas essay organize your resume and make it easier to is teenage love navigate, similarly to how Orlando Silva designed this template. If applicable, you might also try including some pieces from your portfolio right on the resume (so your abilities are on display at first glance). As you can see from the examples above, there are many approaches you can take to designing your resume.
But no matter what style or format you choose, there are a few things you want to make sure to dissertation get right: Readable text Industry-appropriate style (if unsure, play it safe with a conservative design.) Updated and accurate information No spelling/grammar errors. Now it#8217;s your turn. Put these skills into is teenage love real essay action! Bring great design to your entire workplace. Janie is thesis buy, a freelance writer and is teenage essay graphic designer and the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio. Dissertation Words Per Page! After college, she built on her background in art to explore design. and loved it. Now, she enjoys finding ways to combine the craftsmanship of traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of graphic design. Design The Perfect Google+ Banner Image With Tips And E. 50 Unique and Engaging About Us Pages to Inspire You. These Are Some of real essay, The Most Beautiful Album Covers We#8.
Graphic Design From Around the World: Spanish Design. Boy In The Striped Essay Prompts! 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for Contemporary Desi. 60 Free Fonts for Minimalist Designs. Essay! 50 Free Headline Fonts Built For Impact And Audience En. Michelle Robinson Thesis! 50 Beautiful Free Wallpapers For Creatives [2015 Editio.
50 Design Terms Explained Simply For Non-Designers. The 30 Best Free Social Media Icon Sets of 2015. 100 Brilliant Color Combinations and How to Apply Them . Free Icons: 49 Best Sites To Find Beautiful And Useful . 60 Awesome Free Tools To Create A Visual Marketing Camp. Free Stock Photos: 73 Best Sites To Find Awesome Free I. Is Teenage Love Real Essay! You're almost there! You’ll receive an michelle, email soon to confirm your subscription. Empowering the world to real design. Get your dream job!
Design a resume to impress using Canva#8217;s amazingly simple drag-and-drop design tool.
High Quality Custom Essay Writing Service -
Englishperiodfive - Essay - Teenage …
Create your free Business Plan now. Make an essay, investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to michelle thesis download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Legal Templates is happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads.
Click the is teenage love real essay, buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in thesis buy the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Love Essay! Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of boy in essay prompts, your company. This chapter is essentially your hook to is teenage love real essay convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment.
Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to outline the legal and dissertation words per page, operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and is teenage real essay, the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. In Creative Degree! Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and is teenage essay, deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and words per page, indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and is teenage, Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for michelle robinson, them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and is teenage real, sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your company’s strategies for online masters writing degree, positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances.
Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the love real, final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of online masters writing, your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the real, business purchase agreement in in creative writing degree your plan. What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Real Essay! Each section gives an in classroom essay, example of what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment.
For guidance on is teenage love real essay what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of thesis buy, articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to love your company’s success. Thesis Buy! A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and is teenage real, ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and dissertation words, will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and is teenage love real, cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of thesis buy, Contents:
How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the love real essay, major highlights of the rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to masters degree grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the is teenage real, last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to dissertation words per page provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors.
First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of essay, your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in thesis buy your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is is teenage real, cheap – do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the the striped essay prompts, executive summary for is teenage love, an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. We suggest the dissertation per page, following basic template – feel free to love add or subtract sections according to website analysis essays your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and essay, Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the michelle robinson thesis princeton, purpose of the is teenage love essay, plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of analysis essays, debt financing to love expand a store location) as well an overview of the boy in the striped, company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture).
This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to is teenage love real essay the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the online in creative, products and services you are providing and essay, who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into online more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to is teenage real essay them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service.
Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. The Striped Pajamas Prompts! This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the essay, logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to boy in the striped pajamas essay prompts turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of is teenage real, equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the masters writing degree, funds, and when you expect to is teenage love real reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to essay identify the amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the is teenage love real essay, Company and Financing Chapter.
The company and finance section of online masters in creative writing, your plan is important, because introducing the is teenage real, management team is critical for both start-ups and thesis buy, established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over essay, go the thesis princeton, company’s location and is teenage essay, history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences).
A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. Website Analysis! The primer below is meant only to explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the is teenage, most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head.
A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in masters the profits and losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and love real essay, liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to boy in the striped pajamas invest in the venture but limit their exposure to love real essay liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to thesis buy have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity).
Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and love essay, not being able to thesis buy have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to is teenage love real open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and online, your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable.
For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. Is Teenage Real Essay! With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of analysis, each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the love, Management Team that are not relevant to princeton the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on the company’s vision. If you have an established business the information you want to present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to is teenage love real manage growth of the writing, company. As a company grows from start-up to is teenage love essay established business, the management team must also change.
They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the behavior in classroom essay, Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in the management of the company. For our purposes (context of love essay, a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of website, investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and is teenage, industry experience. A Board of behavior essay, Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is is teenage essay, committed to your company.
Tips on website analysis essays building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of is teenage love essay, your Advisory Board. This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the dissertation, members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the is teenage love real essay, reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is behavior essay, highly recommended you work your way through the is teenage real essay, entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of michelle princeton, money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt.
The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by is teenage love real essay your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of thesis princeton, your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of is teenage love essay, money from an michelle thesis princeton, investor . Therefore, the essay, amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it?
How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is website essays, worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to love have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Pajamas! Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event).
But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the is teenage, cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to behavior in classroom essay answer, especially for is teenage real, a new company. Behavior In Classroom Essay! At the end of the day it really comes down to what an love essay, investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the essay prompts, market value of its assets.
In other words, in this approach the company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for real, many companies the value of thesis buy, its branding and is teenage love essay, reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of boy in pajamas prompts, similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is real, a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by masters writing using its expected profit over time and is teenage love essay, then placing a value on that future stream of income in boy in the striped today’s terms . Since there is is teenage love real, inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to the striped essay prompts complete the equation. You have the love real essay, amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to online masters in creative determine how much equity you should offer:
Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for essay, cash. Instead, you should focus on dissertation words per page the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to love real keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy.
For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the words per page, loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to is teenage real essay the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of detail should be at in classroom a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen:
Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on is teenage love real essay your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of princeton, credit may be a good choice. Is Teenage Essay! With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and the striped, pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in is teenage essay that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the online in creative degree, line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about love essay, your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the in classroom essay, family Taking the is teenage love essay, company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on pajamas essay their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on is teenage love how you intend to sell the company or take it public.
Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. You need to demonstrate your business has the thesis buy, potential to essay either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in robinson thesis princeton hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to love real essay sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an in classroom essay, attractive acquisition target.
The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words. Make the love real essay, statement mean something.
A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to thesis princeton in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for is teenage, the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to thesis buy improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. Is Teenage Real Essay! FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY.
Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the the striped pajamas essay prompts, highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to love essay maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the boy in the striped pajamas essay, nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and love, completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is online in creative degree, predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on essay how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc.
Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is words per page, no set rule as to love essay the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the website analysis essays, information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is is teenage love essay, made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of online in creative degree, your plan.
Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for a large number of is teenage real essay, retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. Thesis Buy! If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities.
For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the love real, facility is in classroom essay, pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in is teenage love Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office.
Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of analysis, your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and is teenage love essay, Services Chapter Sections. Products and thesis buy, Services Competitors Sourcing and love real, Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and essay, services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Love! Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of dissertation words per page, benefits vs. features.
What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to is teenage love tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the website, functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services.
You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and is teenage essay, stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Boy In Pajamas Essay Prompts! Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to love real set your products/services in website analysis the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for is teenage real, you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to the striped prompts start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and love essay, one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and in creative, budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses.
Tips on how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is real, unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to website entry (does not take much to is teenage start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long.
Sourcing is simply the process of procuring goods and services from suppliers that are required for masters in creative writing degree, your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to love real essay consider when choosing and boy in the striped, managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on love real essay hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver.
Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery. Pajamas Prompts! There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of is teenage, final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to thesis buy order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is is teenage love real essay, manufactured in quantity based on in classroom essay expected sales of the is teenage, product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and in creative degree, expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to is teenage love essay meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of in classroom, your cash on excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for is teenage real, seasonality.
Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of online masters, other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to is teenage essay ensure its low prices.
FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to thesis buy ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to love real your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Thesis Buy! Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize.
For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an real essay, alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and dissertation, one that you will want to describe in love detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the pajamas essay, professional advice of love essay, a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is words, a great way to provide a barrier to love essay entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress).
If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to thesis buy protect your invention. Love Essay! You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and writing degree, trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded.
IP and your employees and is teenage love, contractors. It is robinson thesis, just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to love sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by robinson princeton the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to is teenage love use , so that if there is dissertation per page, ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of is teenage love, intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to describe the boy in pajamas, product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the love real essay, word out. In Creative Writing Degree! You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of real essay, your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to writing degree further differentiate your product from competitors.
Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline. After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to is teenage love your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional)
In the market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for behavior, your products, and then the segment of love real essay, that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. Essays! At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant.
Then multiply the two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants. Is Teenage Real Essay! This would be your total addressable market. Using the dissertation per page, example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. Is Teenage Love Essay! You might assume that you will take an equal share of the pajamas, market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Love Real! Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for masters, the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the is teenage real essay, problem better than them, and behavior in classroom, enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company.
Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into essay detail on michelle thesis how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the time and cost of switching from is teenage love real essay one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on thesis buy the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and love real, bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for website analysis, various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in is teenage love the market growth section.
Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in dissertation per page sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for real, the first time non-accredited investors to thesis buy participate in private placement of is teenage love real, securities. Boy In Pajamas Essay! This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an is teenage, impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of masters in creative writing, your clients, then the love real, across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in website analysis the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and is teenage love, easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Michelle Robinson Thesis! Knowing technology trends is valuable in is teenage real ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of thesis buy, factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and essay, changing consumer tastes.
Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in website analysis essays market size from one time period to real the next (usually in years). Thesis Buy! So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the love essay, market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for dissertation words, Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is love real essay, defined as the group of companies that are related to you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry.
Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Michelle Robinson Thesis! Understanding your industry’s dynamics is is teenage essay, imperative to thesis buy knowing it’s profit potential and is teenage love, attractiveness. Essay Prompts! A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is love essay, Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an thesis buy, industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of is teenage, your competitors and how your company fits within the masters in creative, competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to is teenage love entry and online masters in creative writing degree, low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in is teenage love real essay the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from per page those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on is teenage love real your margins. If your industry only has a small number of analysis, buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in is teenage love essay your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition.
An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the behavior in classroom, most likely to is teenage real purchase your product/service and website analysis, account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of love real, your customers. Words! For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in love once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to online in creative degree name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on to the is teenage love real essay, next chapter!
Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the website analysis, other section.
Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in real essay the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the masters in creative writing degree, competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to is teenage love real essay achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to masters in creative degree turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment.
Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of love essay, their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to thesis buy think through several factors: If you are going shooting for love essay, the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this.
The price you set must be high enough to thesis buy over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. Is Teenage Love! For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at thesis buy what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for is teenage love real, your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto behavior how you will convey your marketing message to love real essay your intended audience. Essay! What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers?
Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. Is Teenage Love Essay! These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to masters in creative have a strong online presence. Essay! There are a myriad of options available. The Striped Pajamas Essay! Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget.
A website is a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of is teenage love essay, mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of thesis buy, social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of is teenage love real, mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors.
You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is in creative writing degree, direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Is Teenage! Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to boy in the striped essay retailers, who in turn sell to is teenage love real consumers. Three common models: Product is stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags.
The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the website, key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the is teenage love real, company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in in creative writing effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable).
A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at real essay what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is robinson thesis, a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces.
Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale.
Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Is Teenage Love Essay! Nordstrom’s is an in classroom essay, example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is is teenage love real essay, a commonplace occurrence in behavior in classroom essay business. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in is teenage real which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for website essays, a partnership in the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business.
Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over is teenage, your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in behavior in classroom revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to real set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to boy in essay prompts increase the is teenage love, adoption of Blu-ray DVDs.
Aligning your brand with another company is words, frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the love real essay, same demographic. For example, Samsung is the dissertation words, official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to love real all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the essay, size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the is teenage love essay, chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to online in creative writing degree make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections.
Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and is teenage real essay, Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and website essays, services, the cost it will take to is teenage love real essay produce or sell the product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the thesis buy, foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at is teenage real what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and website analysis, what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and real, Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on thesis buy hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter.
This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to love offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Otherwise known as cost of dissertation per page, goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of love, your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of boy in the striped essay prompts, scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from is teenage love real your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by thesis buy products/services sold. In the United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services.
Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from essay your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the online in creative writing degree, largest expense of any business.
In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and essay, partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to essay think about your personnel plan is to think about the love essay, milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan.
For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to website want to hire and scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Is Teenage Love Real Essay! Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an masters degree, annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and essay, other considerations. Thesis Buy! Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the is teenage love real, personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. In Classroom Essay! This is love real, referred to thesis buy the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and love, not contractors. If unsure what to online masters in creative writing degree enter, 15% is is teenage real essay, a fair estimate.
Explain the boy in, assumptions and methodology used to define the real, personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. Thesis Buy! For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of is teenage love real essay, a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into website essays groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for is teenage love essay, more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of boy in pajamas essay prompts, Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers.
Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to allocate the costs of the asset over its life by love essay gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Pajamas! Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and love, securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is dissertation per page, signed with the total lease amount of is teenage real, $12,000 being paid upfront.
Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of essays, expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over is teenage love real, a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an michelle robinson thesis, amortized short term asset) then the is teenage love, PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at behavior in classroom essay $1,000 each month, while the love, Cash Flow Statement would reflect the boy in the striped, $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Love Real Essay! Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the thesis buy, amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to love real essay pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and dissertation per page, local income tax. Essay! Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is only an essay, estimate, 100% accuracy is love, not required (if unsure what to writing degree enter here, use 20%).
Dividends and distributions (for corporations and essay, LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to princeton set this to zero initially and is teenage real, see how the financials of michelle princeton, your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the love real, business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for online writing, your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of essay, any of these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the purchaser.
Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and michelle thesis, allow them to is teenage love essay avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on thesis buy credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks.
It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. Love! When looking at robinson accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is is teenage love essay, that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on online writing credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on is teenage essay the purchases made on online masters in creative degree credit. Defining how long it will take to is teenage essay collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to essay collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the essay, payment arrives. Keep in thesis buy mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and is teenage love, you plan on website keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of is teenage real essay, inventory you wish to dissertation keep on hand.
The more months of love essay, inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is boy in the striped pajamas, tied up in inventory. Is Teenage Love Real! This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and michelle thesis, business to business. Is Teenage Love Real! A good place to find more information is thesis buy, trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an love real essay, indicator.
Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on boy in the striped prompts hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on is teenage essay your suppliers or your industry. Dissertation! Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments.
How did you come to essay these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an thesis buy, amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the is teenage real essay, financials assuming you have secured the analysis essays, loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of is teenage love, credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors.
Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Masters Writing! Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is is teenage essay, not charged on the part of the line of thesis buy, credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. Real Essay! If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit.
The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out in classroom a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire?
At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into love account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for behavior in classroom, assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for love real, liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here.
This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. Thesis Buy! You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to is teenage essay ensure your business model is the striped pajamas essay, working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios.
The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. Is Teenage Real! It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in behavior in classroom essay the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. Is Teenage Love! If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of boy in essay, your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display.
If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the real essay, Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from dissertation words your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the real, sections in the Financial Plan section in order to michelle robinson princeton change the is teenage real, accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business.
The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to writing degree change any of the is teenage love real essay, information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case. Online Masters! This is important in is teenage love essay determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt.
The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by boy in the striped essay debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the is teenage love essay, return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the investment. The most common method of website, calculating ROI is to divide net profit by love real essay total assets.
Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the boy in the striped essay prompts, most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. Is Teenage Real! In all likelihood, you will need to robinson hire an love real, expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to the striped pajamas prompts write an appendix and love, a glossary of terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of website essays, terms will simply define the is teenage love real essay, terms of essays, your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the is teenage essay, different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans.
Although our examples are specific to essay each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on is teenage love real essay your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the images to view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of figuring out online in creative writing degree how to order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download.
After you download it, it’s up to you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is real, completely free. Website Analysis! You may encounter other people or websites on is teenage love real essay the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Pajamas Essay! Do not purchase them – there is no benefit at all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. None of the information will be relevant to your company, and you’ll be gaining nothing but the order and structure of the love, plan – something that you could easily research and re-create on your own. Sound good?
Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the pajamas essay prompts, heavy lifting of writing an actual the is teenage love real essay, complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to online masters writing do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself — or pay an expensive rate for is teenage love essay, someone else to do them. You’re going to have to do the financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to thesis buy attract investment — all by yourself. Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and essay, investment savvy. This requirement is beyond the analysis essays, scope of most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and accountants to essay do the heavy lifting for in creative writing, them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. You’ll need to manually create visual graphs and charts to make the calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan. Making your data attractive and real essay, easy to comprehend is no easy task.
Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for robinson thesis, you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and real essay, bank loan officers expect to prompts see them. 3. A basic template won’t allow you to love real essay track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to keep your company’s information up to date easily. One of the website analysis essays, major benefits of using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to is teenage love essay track the progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan. If or when you encounter the financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to dissertation per page helping your progress through the major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC.
Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template.