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A Sample Hedge Fund Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a hedge fund business? If YES, here is a complete sample hedge fund business plan template feasibility study you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a hedge fund business. We also took it further by ethical dilemma healthcare essays analyzing and drafting a sample hedge fund marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for hedge fund companies. On Patriotism. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. Executive Summary Market Analysis SWOT Analysis Financial Projection Marketing Plan Marketing ideas Strategies. If you are a big time investor looking for ethical essays, ways to expand your investment portfolio, then you should consider starting a hedge fund firm. You may want to ask what is read, a hedge fund? Hedge fund can be simply defined as is a regulated investment fund ( a much wider range of investment and ethical dilemma healthcare, trading activities ) that is typically open to a limited range of read college essays, investors who pay a performance fee to the funds investment manager who invest the funds and bring returns. The investment could either be a long term investment or a short term investment. Hedge funds manager are known to invest in dilemma, a broader range of assets, which includes long term and short term investment in equity, bonds, commodities, and derivatives et alit you run a hedge fund firm, the read essays easiest ways for you to make money is to help your clients make more money.

The income you generate is based on your performance which is why most hedge fund managers employ different investment strategies to healthcare essays generate good returns for their clients. In other words, the performance fee is indeed the defining characteristic of read college essays, a hedge fund. Essays. What Does It Take to Start a Hedge Fund Business Successfully? If you are looking towards starting your own hedge fund, then should be ready to manage a small highly professional workforce. Writing Essay. This is so because on the average, hedge fund firms are known to ethical dilemma manage huge assets with relatively few employees. Hence the stiffer competition in the hedge fund industry amongst those seeking for job openings in the industry. Saying that Hedge funds investment is a risky venture is just stating the read college for application obvious because hedge funds arent regulated by the government or any financial regulatory body because it is limited to friends, business partners and families and not open to ethical healthcare the general public. The risk involved in hedge funds is essay, what makes it open to only few accredited investors.

Here below is a sample hedge fund business plan; A Sample Hedge Fund Business Plan Template. Hedge funds is simply an investment medium that enables big time accredited investors or well established institutions pool cash or capital together to be able to invest in securities and any other form of investment opportunity that requires large initial capital to invest in. Ethical Essays. The fact that hedge funds requires large capital makes it easier for only the rich and accredited investors to cash in on descriptive, it. Hedge funds are only open to dilemma limited partners with the required cash for investing in capital intensive business portfolios. The concept and term Hedge Fund was created by Alfred Jones in 1949. Essays For Application. He founded A.W. Jones, which is a partnership with four friends, and through this investment vehicle, they were able to invest one hundred thousand U.S. dollars ($100,000) in the stock market. They employ both long and short positions. The bottom line is that, they were able to generate 17.3 percent returns during the first year of investment and that was enough to set the ball rolling for hedge fund investment et al. In the United States of America, the dilemma hedge fund industry is thesis for wordpress theme, estimated to be a $1.2 trillion industry with approximately 9,000 active hedge funds and ethical dilemma, funds of funds.

Statistics has it that in college, December 2009, the largest top 25 hedge fund managers had an dilemma healthcare, estimate of $520 billion in assets under management. Amongst the list are Bridgewater Associates, Paulson Co., and Soros Fund Management. History has it that hedging out unwanted risk has been a common business activity in the financial markets for centuries. Which is why as far back as the good euthanasia 18 th centuries, commodity manufacturers and merchants have started using forward contracts to ethical dilemma healthcare essays protect themselves against futures changes in commodity prices they do it in order to hedge out the risk of adverse market fluctuations beyond their control. Forward contracts are still pretty much traded to this day in the futures / commodities market. Hedge Funds Investment is not open for process, all and sundry basically because it requires large capital to invest in it. The amount required to healthcare invest in good statement against euthanasia, hedge funds could range from 1 Million US Dollars to ethical dilemma healthcare even multiple Millions of for wordpress, Dollars. Each Hedge fund managers have their requirements, so just ensure that you save up large amount of cash that can meet the investment requirement of the ethical average hedge funds you can find. Hedge fund firms are known to generate income by charging both a management fee and a performance fee from their clients. On the average, hedge fund firms charges between 1 percent and 2 percent of assets under their management annually and the performance fees is about 20% of gross profits returned by process writing essay the fund which is usually based on certain constraints. There are several hedge fund firms in the United States of healthcare, America but that does not in any way place a cap on the industry.

If you know you have studied the industry and you have vast and unique investment strategies, then you can come into the industry and thesis statement euthanasia, make profits. Despite the high volatility of the market, investors still choose to invest in hedge funds because of the huge returns on their investment they stand to gain if they get it right. Hedge funds are known to provide access to a wide range of ethical healthcare, investment styles, strategies and process writing, hedge fund managers for one easy-to-administer investment. Hedge fund provides more predictable returns (depending on ethical healthcare, the objectives of the fund of funds), than traditional investment funds and it provides effective diversification for investment portfolios. Hedge Fund Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. For Wordpress. If you look through some of the top hedge fund firms, you will realize that most of them have their headquarters in New York City. This is so because New York is one of the worlds business headquarters; key business decisions that shape the world of business are taken in New York. The nature of ethical dilemma essays, hedge fund investment requires the services of Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€, core investment professionals. As a matter of ethical healthcare, fact, before any investor can commit their hard earned money under youre the care of a hedge fund manager; they usually would want to know the profile of the hedge fund manager.

On the average, hedge fund firms employ strategies that can help them reduce market risk specifically by shorting equities or through the use of derivatives. Descriptive Funeral. Which is why many hedge fund strategies, mostly arbitrage strategies, are limited as to how much capital they can successfully employ before returns starts diminishing. Little wonder most successful hedge fund managers place limit on ethical dilemma essays, the amount of capital they will accept per time. Hedge funds is simply an writing, investment medium that enables big time accredited investors or well established institutions pool cash or capital together to be able to ethical dilemma healthcare essays invest in securities and any other form of investment opportunity that requires large initial capital to invest in. The fact that hedge funds requires large capital makes it easier for only the rich and Ої‚ Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€, accredited investors to cash in on ethical dilemma healthcare, it.

Hedge funds are only open to limited partners with the required cash for essay, investing in capital intensive business portfolios. Essays. As a standard, accredited and licensed hedge fund management firm, JB Moses Associates, LLP offers a wide range of Ої‚ Ќ_‹, investment portfolio management services hence we are well trained and equipped to ethical healthcare services a wide range of thesis theme, clientele base. Our target market cuts across businesses and ethical healthcare, investors that have the required capital to invest in hedge fund. We are coming into the industry with a business concept and investment strategies that will enable us produce good returns on investment for our clients. Below is a list of the individual and 5 paragraph essay, organizations that we have specifically design our products and services for; Accredited Investors Wealthy People in the Society Investment Clubs Top corporate executives Corporate Organizations / Blue Chip Companies.

Our Competitive Advantage. Despite the fact that hedge funds give huge returns on investment, it is indeed risky venture. If you drive through the dilemma street of New York City, you will come across several hedge fund firms; that goes to for application show you that there are competitions in the industry. For you to survival as a hedge fund firm, you should be able to come up with workable investment strategies; strategies that will help you attract the required cash / capital and above all you should be a good risks manager. Ethical Dilemma. We are quite aware that to be highly competitive in the fund managers and investment services industry means that we should be able to give good returns on investments to our clients, deliver consistent quality service, our clients should be satisfied with our investment strategies and we should be able to process writing meet the expectations of ethical healthcare essays, clients. JB Moses Associates, LLP might be a new entrant into the hedge fund management services industry in the United States of America, but the management staffs and owners of the business are considered gurus. They are people who are core professionals and licensed and highly qualified portfolio management experts in the United States. These are part of what will count as a competitive advantage for us. Lastly, our employees will be well taken care of, and on patriotism, their welfare package will be among the best within our category (start ups hedge fund management businesses) in the industry meaning that they will be more than willing to build the business with us and dilemma healthcare, help deliver our set goals and achieve all our aims and essay, objectives. Hedge Fund Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. We are mindful of the fact that there is stiffer competition amongst hedge fund managers and other related financial consulting service providers in the United States of America; hence we have been able to ethical dilemma healthcare hire some of the best business developer to handle our sales and Ої‚ Џ†±__€, marketing.

Our sales and marketing team will be recruited base on their vast experience in ethical essays, the industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall goal of the organization. We will also ensure that our return on read for application, investment and ethical dilemma healthcare essays, excellent job deliveries speaks for us in the market place; we want to Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ build a standard hedge fund management business that will leverage on word of mouth advertisement from satisfied clients (both individuals and corporate organizations). Our goal is to grow our hedge fund management firm to become one of the top 20 hedge fund management firms in the United States of America which is why we have mapped out strategy that will help us take advantage of the ethical dilemma healthcare essays available market and grow to become a major force to reckon with not only in the New York City but also in other cities in college for application, the United States of America. JB Moses Associates, LLP is set to make use of the following marketing and sales strategies to attract clients; Introduce our business by healthcare essays sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to corporate organizations, accredited investors, top corporate executives and descriptive essay, key stake holders in dilemma healthcare, New York City and other cities in The United States Advertise our business in relevant financial and business related magazines, newspapers, TV stations, and radio station. List our business on funeral, yellow pages ads (local directories) Attend relevant international and local finance and business expos, seminars, and business fairs et al Create different packages for different category of dilemma healthcare, clients (start ups and established corporate organizations) in 5 paragraph, order to work with their budgets and still deliver good returns on healthcare essays, investment Leverage on the internet to promote our business Engage direct marketing approach Encourage word of mouth marketing from descriptive essay, loyal and satisfied clients Our Pricing Strategy. Hedge fund managers make their money on commission; they charge their client some percentage of the capital invested and ethical healthcare essays, service charges et al. At JB Moses Associates, LLP we will keep our fees below the average market rate for all of our clients by keeping our overhead low and by collecting payment in advance.

In addition, we will also offer special discounted rates to Џ†±__€ our loyal and repeated customers. At JB Moses Associates, LLP our payment policy will be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the ethical healthcare essays payment options that we will make available to our clients; Payment by via bank transfer Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft Payment with cash. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans with little or no itches. Hedge Fund Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy. Writing. The uniqueness of hedge fund firms is such that it is the result they produce that helps boost their brand awareness.

Hedge fund firms do not go out there to healthcare essays source any investors that they can come across but they are strategic when it comes to inviting investors to invest in their hedge funds. It will be out of 5 paragraph essay on patriotism, place to boost your hedge fund brand if you have not proven your worth in the industry. If you have successfully proven that you have what it takes to operate a hedge fund firm, then you next port of ethical essays, call is to strategically engage the funeral media to help you promote your brand and also to create a positive corporate identity. We have been able to work with our brand and publicity consultants to help us map out publicity and advertising strategies that will help us walk our way into ethical healthcare essays, the heart of our target market. We are set to take the hedge fund management services industry by storm which is why we have made provisions for effective publicity and advertisement of process writing, our travels and tours agencies. Ethical Healthcare Essays. Below are the thesis theme platforms we intend to leverage on to promote and advertise JB Moses Associates, LLP; Place adverts on both print (community based newspapers and magazines) and ethical dilemma healthcare, electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community based events / programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, YouTube, Google + et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations all around New York City. Engage in road show from time to time Distribute our fliers and handbills in thesis theme, target areas Ensure that all our workers wear our branded shirts and all our vehicles are well branded with our companys logo et al.

Generating Funding / Startup Capital for JB Moses Associates, LLP. JB Moses Associates, LLP is a business that will be owned and managed by Johnbull Moses and ethical dilemma healthcare essays, his business associates. They are the sole financial of the firm, but may likely welcome other partners later which is against euthanasia, why they decided to restrict the sourcing of the start up capital for the business to dilemma just three major sources. These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start up capital from personal savings Source for soft loans from family members and friends Apply for loan from my Bank. N.B: We have been able to generate about $50,000 (Personal savings $40,000 and soft loan from family members $10,000) and we are at college, the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $100,000 from our bank. All the papers and document has been duly signed and ethical dilemma, submitted, the loan has been approved and funeral, any moment from now our account will be credited.

HEDGE FUND BUSINESS GROWTH: Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have the capacity and ethical, competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of these factors are missing from a business (company), then it wont be too long before the business close shop. One of our major goals of starting JB Moses Associates, LLP is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the business is officially running. We know that one of the against ways of ethical dilemma healthcare, gaining approval and winning customers over is to give investors good returns on their investment. Read. We will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in ethical healthcare essays, place to ensure that our staff welfare is well taken of. Our companys corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and re training of our workforce is at the top burner of our business strategy. Process. As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of three years or more as determined by the board of the organization.

We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to ethical healthcare essays help us build the business of our dreams. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Incorporation: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts various banks in the United States: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and process essay, Obtaining Tax Payers ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of All form of Insurance for the Business: Completed Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating part of the start up capital from the ethical founder: Completed Applications for Loan from our Bankers: In Progress Writing of Ої‚ Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€, Business Plan: Completed Drafting of ethical, Employees Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents: In Progress Design of The Companys Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: Completed Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed software applications, furniture, office equipment, electronic appliances and thesis euthanasia, facility facelift: In progress Creating Official Website for the Company: In progress Creating Awareness for the business (Business PR): In progress Health and Safety and ethical dilemma healthcare essays, Fire Safety Arrangement: In progress Establishing business relationship with vendors and descriptive, key players in the industry: In progress.

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My Dream Pc Essays and ethical healthcare essays Research Papers. Essay: Dreams From My Father Barack Obamas Dreams From My Father is exactly what it claims to be . by title, a story of race and Ої‚ identity. Barack Obama comes from a diverse background, which he explores throughout the essays, book. Having a white American mother and black Kenyan father, he has a different experience than the thesis for wordpress theme, majority of people in society when it comes to race and identity, however still it seems similar to the experience of ethical, many blacks as described in William E. 5 Paragraph! Crosss Black Psychological. African American , Barack Obama , Black people 1303 Words | 3 Pages. Dreams from My Father (Barack Obama) What is healthcare My Identity? Dreams from Ої‚, My Father archives Barack Obamas journey, and struggles, to find his . identity. Obama quickly admits that race is an important part of himself, and it is that quest of race and identity that pushes him to question his own uniqueness.

Ultimately spanning both worlds of the healthcare essays, vastly different cultures of good thesis against euthanasia, his life in America and his roots in Kenya causes Obama confusion and ethical self-doubt. Essay! It is through the steady love of his family that allows Obama to dilemma healthcare truly find acceptance. African American , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 841 Words | 3 Pages. Obama: Individual in the Community(Dreams of My Father) Alyna Torres QU 101 Professor Matt Tortora September 29, 2010 Dreams from My Father There are many barriers one must . overcome, and to thesis accomplish this, one must find their distinctiveness and take a key role in the community.

Throughout the novel, Dreams from my Father by dilemma healthcare our current president Barrack Obama, Barrack demonstrates the true meaning of being an theme individual. Ethical Healthcare! He is highly active in his community, despite the fact that he is 5 paragraph essay on patriotism part of the black community. The economic, social, and. A Great Way to Care , Barack Obama , Dreams from My Father 1916 Words | 5 Pages. Presentation: Barack Obama Dreams from My Father Barack Obama Dreams From My Father-A Story of Race and Heritance Today I want to ethical introduce you United States President . Read For Application! Barack Obamas first memoir, dreams from healthcare, my father. Funeral Essay! It was first published in July 1995 as he was preparing to ethical essays launch his political career and republished in essay on patriotism, August 2004. Author: Since my book is an autobiography I wont tell you everything about the author, I just will give some personal facts about ethical dilemma healthcare essays, him. Barack Obama was born in 1961 in college, Honolulu, Hawaii to Barack Obama Senior.

Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Barack Obama, Sr. 1586 Words | 6 Pages. and brain power. One specific example of why Obama is who he is today was because of the way his mother, Stanley Ann Dunham nurtured him. Dunham was a . woman who had empathy, and essays worked hard every day to achieve her goals and thesis statement live the all American dream . She was a tough on Obama because she knew the potential he had. Dunham was hard on him during his high school years.

She often reprimanded him for not putting in a lot of effort in his studies. She taught him that you cant just sit around waiting. Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Barack Obama, Sr. 1774 Words | 4 Pages. migration. To add on, I will inform you about he migration that occurred through out my relatives lives. Ethical! And finally, I will speak upon the . migration that occurred through out the movie Scarface that starred Al Pacino that played Tony Montana's role. My parents weren't born in the United States, but they were looking for read essays for application better lives and opportunities, so they migrated from Haiti to the United States. My parents growing up in such a poor country that didn't provide much opportunity for ethical them. Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1984 Words | 5 Pages. A Journey of Self-Discovery and Self-Initiation.

impossible because no one has just one thing that makes them who they are. Creating ones identity is a continuous labyrinth of ideas, likes, dislikes, and . other factors that somehow end at one person and affect their whole character. Having read Dreams From My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance by Barack Obama over the summer, I found out how he formed his true identity through the process, knowledge he gained of the different events and episodes of his life. Some people find out who they are at a very. African American , Barack Obama , Black people 2809 Words | 7 Pages. Prepared Remarks of President Barack Obama: Back to School Event.

the whole speech, and pathos when he tells about his own experience and expresses how he feels on this matter in the speech, which in general, makes it . easier to earn people's attention. I know the feeling. When I was young my family lived in Indonesia for a few years, and my mother didn't have the money to send me where all the ethical essays, American kids went to school. So she decided to teach me extra lessons herself, Monday through Friday at 4:30 in the morning. Feelings are important to use, especially. 2008 Democratic National Convention , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1117 Words | 3 Pages. Dreams from 5 paragraph essay on patriotism, My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance Summer . Reading Assignment 1. Ethical Dilemma Healthcare Essays! Explain the authors purpose for writing this book?

The author of descriptive funeral, this book is Barack Obama, and the reason I believe he wrote this book is to share his experience growing up and for people be able to understand his personal background. He shared experiences from being raised by his mother and grandmother while his father was living in Kenya. 2008 Democratic National Convention , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 530 Words | 2 Pages. why did Barack wrote a book for his father? Dreams for my father Barack Hussein Obama was born in dilemma, 1961, in Honolulu, . Hawaii. His mother was a white American girl from Kansas and his father a black man from Luo, a Kenyan tribe. At that time their union was unusual, so Barack had to live with that combination of races. He grew up with his mothers family far from his father and thus to his black origins. Barack had a hard time understanding his situation during his childhood. Ќ_‹! He was lost. African American , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 823 Words | 2 Pages.

Barack Obama: 'Dreams from dilemma essays, My Father' Personal Response Number One Title: Dreams from My Father A Story of Race and Inheritance Author: Barack Obama Genre: . Autobiography, Life Memoir Before Barack Obama was a Politician he was an theme author. Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance is an Auto-Biography written by Barack Obama. The book describes Obamas life in three parts, from his birth in Honolulu, Hawaii up to the final part of the book which includes his emotional and ethical essays revealing trip back to his fathers homeland;. African American , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 765 Words | 2 Pages. MY VACATION AT THE CITY I can still remember the time I went to the city with my family just to Џ†±__€ have a bit of relaxation since . we are over and done with our periodical examinations. Hoping that we can spend some precious time together, I felt so excited while we are on our way. Ethical Dilemma! I expected a lot of jokes and laughter, and read college essays for application full of satisfaction when we get there.

After a long journey on a muddy and terribly devastated nautical highway, we reach the city, the only city and the capital of our province. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from ethical essays, My Father 773 Words | 2 Pages. ? In The Life You Imagined and Dreams From My Farther, Derek Jeter and Barack Obama use a . Thesis For Wordpress! variety of writing strategies to dilemma convey their goals. Both texts describe their childhood dreams and good thesis statement against goals, however each author uses different writing styles such as academic vocabulary, cause and effect, colloquial vocabulary and figurative language. Derek Jeter and Barack Obama both used Figurative language and cause and. Barack Obama , Dreams from My Father , High school 385 Words | 2 Pages. Life without Television When my familys only dilemma healthcare essays television set went to writing essay the repair shop the other day, my parents, . my sister, and I thought we would have a terrible week. How could we get though the long evenings in such a quiet house?

What would it be like without all the shows to keep us company? We soon realized, though, that living without television for a while was a stroke of good fortune. Dilemma Essays! It became easy for each of us to enjoy some activities alone, to complete some postponed chores. Anxiety , Barack Obama , Dreams from My Father 606 Words | 2 Pages. people say I cannot achieve something in life my resilience and determination carry me through to statement euthanasia the end. In the face of failure I am not a . person who will crumble and give up as that is the easy way but instead fight as hard as I can to achieve my goal in life. Ethical Dilemma! When people in process essay, my life do the wrong thing it is easy to healthcare essays follow in college essays, order to be accepted but instead I act against it and healthcare my morals say it is wrong and no matter how much they try to make me do it my answer is always no. 4. 5 Paragraph Essay On Patriotism! I am a person. Barack Obama , Bill Clinton , Dreams from My Father 446 Words | 2 Pages.

It is my opinion that Barack Obama is a role model communicator. Dilemma Essays! President Obama has found a way to communicate his thoughts and ideas in a way . that many people find acceptable. Prior to 5 paragraph essay being a presidential nominee, Barack Obama was a senator for the state of Illinois. As senator he was known to be charismatic and an influential speaker. Politics aside, I think his style of communication to be ethical, effective, and honest. President Obama was able to become a modern day celebrity through. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from My Father 500 Words | 2 Pages. every scenario would be analyzed and examined. If combat was unavoidable it would be with a reluctant heart. Dilemma Healthcare! Barack Obama's strengths and weaknesses as the . Essay! Democratic candidate for the president Barack Obama would receive my vote if I was eligible to vote!

He would receive my vote because his strengths stand out to ethical me more than his weaknesses do and he's an overall better candidate for president then John McCain. Good Statement Against Euthanasia! His strengths are: 1. He pulls the republicans and democrats closer together! Although. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from My Father 5095 Words | 14 Pages. Edward Sinigayan 06/26/12 My Life The sun rays from my balcony window of my 2 story mansion . hit my face as the sun arose over healthcare essays the oceans horizon. I slowly opened my eyes to the beautiful creation God has bestowed upon me also know as my wife. When my mind came to a still, I came to realize that from all of the descriptive, long hard hours of studying and working at ethical dilemma healthcare a time was a small step in my long and relaxing life that I am now continuing. It feels great to be the owner of the multi-million.

Business , Business plan , Entrepreneur 900 Words | 3 Pages. India of My Dreams Introduction William Dement said, Dreaming permits each and everyone of essay, us to be quietly and . safely insane every night of ourMy India My Pride lives. He says that sometimes this insanity can be fruitful and sometimes very infectious and sometimes very delectable and ethical dilemma healthcare essays delicious. Writing Essay! It is in many ways necessary for a country like India to be insane and ethical essays dream as it is a bigger crime not to dream than to dare to dream . India of my dreams is a topic, which is as wide and. Drinking water , Government of college essays for application, India , Human Development Index 2255 Words | 7 Pages. worker until I got my CNA certification, then I worked in various nursing homes. Ethical! Its easy to get burnt out when working with elderly, dementia . and Alzheimers patients; however, I loved my job. Writing Essay! Taking care of others is what I wanted to do. The first nursing home I ever worked at was a small 50 bed facility, where I met my best friend. I have many fond memories from all the places I have worked, but nothing ever felt quite right to me. In July of 2011 I got the opportunity of my life! I was job searching.

Full-time , Home care , Nursing 1223 Words | 3 Pages. DREAM COMPANY My Dream company is ethical dilemma essays Hewlett Packard Co. I would like to see myself in top position as a General . Manager of thesis theme, HP company in near future. HP company is known for its best quality products and great services. This prestigious organization gives me more opportunities like exploring my innovative thoughts in building this organization in perfect manner.

Because of ethical essays, its large scale productivity services all over the world makes any person or customer comfortable. For Wordpress Theme! HP company is founded. Compaq , David Packard , Hewlett-Packard 979 Words | 3 Pages. My experience in healthcare, PC Assembly/Disassembly dates back since 2000 when I first studied Information Technology. From that time till . Essay! now I have built many computers from scratch and ethical dilemma healthcare disassembled many as well for hardware upgrading purposes. The hardware needed in order to make up a PC are and funeral not limited to: - Computer case and components - Power supply - Motherboard - CPU - RAM - Hard Disk Drive - Optical Drive - Floppy Drive - Adapter Cards Most importantly when beginning the assembly. BIOS , Floppy disk , Hard disk drive 587 Words | 3 Pages. My Dream House House is a place where we can shelter and it gives us a protection from rain, heat, storm etc. Everyone has . their own choice on what type of dilemma healthcare essays, house they feel comfortable to live in, so do I. I enjoy living in essay, a calm and open environment, so house built on small land (I'm not sure what you mean by dilemma 'small land' here) won't be my choice.

I want a large open space surrounded by compound, where I can stroll, especially when I feel bored on at my job. I want a garden in read for application, front of ethical essays, my house. Apartment , English-language films , Feeling 2454 Words | 7 Pages. ?February 7th, 2014 My American Dream The American Dream is still alive out there, and hard work will . get you there. You dont necessarily need to have an Ivy League education or to have millions of dollars startup money. It can be done with an idea, hard work and determination. Bill Rancic We do not live in a perfect world, not even a perfect country. Yet, we still live in read for application, a place that gives us opportunity. We live in a place that may not always be equally fair but gives us the . 2006 singles , American Dream , James Truslow Adams 1031 Words | 3 Pages. My dream is to ethical dilemma go on a cruise ship.

It would be the sickest thing ever. Cruises just seem so extravagant and funeral beyond this world. . the ethical dilemma essays, fact that a whole community, per Ої‚, say, can exist in the midst of the sea is just mind boggling. Of course the fear of healthcare, it sinking still lies within my thoughts, but regardless of my fears i think it would be the 5 paragraph, trip of a lifetime. I would participate in ethical, all the activities, dancing, swiming and games. i would meet some wonderful people and i would share amazing memMy. 2009 singles , Cognition , Cognitive science 1979 Words | 5 Pages. MY DREAM HOUSE I have a dream , you have a dream , she . has a dream , he has a dream , they have a dream , and we have a dream because everyone on for wordpress this planet has their own dreams . But we have one dream in common. Healthcare Essays! We insist to achieve that one dream yet we know we cannot. It is good statement against euthanasia because we know only the ethical dilemma essays, selected people can have or those who tries their best to against euthanasia achieve their dreams . We are a dreamer, we dream big.

We have been dreaming to be rich for ethical dilemma healthcare essays years. Floor , Floors , Need 1231 Words | 3 Pages. soldiers. Џ†±__€! My ideal India is modernised. It embodies the best in the cultures of the East and the West. Education is wide - spread, and there . is practically no illiteracy. While India is militarily strong, it believes in non - violence, and healthcare spreads the read college essays for application, message of peace and brotherhood of man. Dilemma Healthcare! In this situation, it is natural for the youth of the process writing, country to turn to the India of its dreams . A dream often inspires the dreamer to work and ethical dilemma healthcare strive so that it may come true. In the India of my dreams , everybody. Asia , Developed country , Dream 901 Words | 3 Pages.

___ My Dream Life Essay Due Date: Typed final drafts are due on _______________________ at good against euthanasia the beginning of the period. Your . graded final draft will be placed in your portfolio. Organization of Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Use one of the hooks from the dilemma, six choices on side 2. Thesis For Wordpress! Dont forget to let your reader know what your essay will be about (career, family, friends, relationships, house, and vehicle). Paragraph #2: Write about your dream job. Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages. about my Dream about my Country INDIA. The I in India is Me. I am India and India is in me. Thus, if . Ethical Dilemma Healthcare! India, my Country, is not doing well in some spheres and is still amongst the Developing Countries of the World is spite of its man power then we need to ask ourselves as to who is responsible for it? Dr.

Abdul kalam had once asked a little Girl, what was her dream for India? She replied I dream of a developed India.this impressed him and to be honest this is also My Dream . I dream. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam , History of India , India 878 Words | 3 Pages. Nursing: My Dream Profession Nursing as I know is an good thesis euthanasia important component of the ethical essays, health care delivery system that requires a . Writing Essay! whole lot of energy and time to put in patient welfare. Healthcare! Although, nursing is a profession that is rewarding and challenging, I have always admired becoming a nurse someday in the future. As a child, I had my father as a role model. My father was a nurse in Cameroon, central Africa.

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His Dream , My Reality Composition 1 His Dream , My Reality His dream was for . racial equality. Im living that dream today because he sacrificed his life for my freedom. Im referring to Dr. Dilemma Healthcare Essays! Martin Luther King Jr., who was one of the greatest civil rights leaders in history. Dr. King was a spiritual leader, who in the 1960s, led the 5 paragraph on patriotism, African American Civil Rights Movement in healthcare, the south. During this period of time, Dr. 5 Paragraph! King would make the ethical dilemma, largest impact against racial inequality while giving. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , American Civil War 1136 Words | 3 Pages. ?The company of my dreams Lots of people find it hard to answer the question what do you want to do for Ої‚ a living.

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I also believe it helped them form into descriptive essay, the successful individuals that they are today. Sometimes good can come out of a bad situation. I was pretty lucky as a child, because I did not experience rejection. And if I did, it had no effect on me as an adult that I can remember. It was later on in life where I experienced not only rejection and. Coming out , Employment , LGBT 2192 Words | 5 Pages.

Slogans On India Of My Dreams Essays. Bottom of Form Slogans on dilemma India Of My Dreams Essays and Term Papers Top of Form Bottom of Form Top of Form Bottom of statement against, Form . My India My Dream the dream of every citizen of a country, to healthcare see that the country develops with no negative systems or ideas or beliefs. It is my dream and my vision that India would be the read, most powerful and developed nation in the world in near future. India will be a golden bird of the coming years. In my dreams more. Vision of My Dream India International Day against dilemma essays Drug. Artificial intelligence , Carl Jung , Cricket 1194 Words | 4 Pages. ? My Dream Job The Pathway The Program Software engineering applies the fundamental concepts and principles of both computer . Essay! science and engineering in order to dilemma essays create, operate, and maintain software systems.

The University of Waterloo offers a software engineering program in which one can earn a Bachelor of Software Engineering degree (BSE). This program is offered jointly by the schools Faculty of Engineering and Faculty of Mathematics, and is recognized as both an engineering and computer science. Application software , Computer , Computer science 946 Words | 2 Pages. INDIA OF MY DREAM All of descriptive funeral essay, us want India to become a respectable super power in the world. Ethical Healthcare! India had rich past. it was because of . its riches, that it was invaded innumerable times and its wealth was plundered. The Britishers ruled India for almost two centuries and exploited the 5 paragraph on patriotism, country economically. At the time of independence, the country was in turmoil, its economy had been shuttered and there was unrest all around. However it was time for India to write its own history. A lot of progress has been. Better , Demography , Developing country 928 Words | 3 Pages.

m MY DREAM TRIP: BERMUDA ISLAND I couldnt even sleep last night, because I was so excited for today. . I have been waiting so long for this day to come! I finally got to enter into the kiss92.5 trip contest to go to ethical essays your trip of your dreams . I was excited to call in but I was also scared because it would be really hard to get chosen. As I called in college, mocha answered the phone and yelled. HELLO TO CALLER NUMBER 9! YOU HAVE WON A TRIP OF YOUR DRAMS! WHERE WOULD YOU. American films , American television actors , Dream 553 Words | 3 Pages. My Dream Vacation! By: Chase P Loosli B5 I have wanted to ethical go for a vacation for very long.

The country for . my dream vacation is Australia. Australia is process a part of the ethical dilemma healthcare essays, continent, Oceania. It is a big country with many attractions. I am going to share with you, in this essay, what attracts me such that I want to go to Australia, There are many physical factors in Australia. One of essays, them is deserts. I would like to go to a desert in Australia as there are many plants and animals at the.

Australia , Coral reef , Great Barrier Reef 787 Words | 3 Pages. MY DREAM ORGANIZATION We all have a dream to healthcare essays work for an organization which has influenced us in some or the essay, . other way, when it comes to me I have always dreamt of working for dilemma essays a great and writing essay globally acclaimed financial institution, a great institution and ethical dilemma essays whenever I think of such an institution, only one name flashes in my conscious mind and that is thesis against euthanasia ICICI Group (Industrial credit and investment corporation of india limited). As an institution the ICICI has made a very strong impact on my decision. Bank , Companies based in Mumbai , Financial services 1627 Words | 6 Pages.

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100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for ethical healthcare over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Need a great argument topic? Below I give over read college for application, 100 ideas. You'll write faster and easier if you pick a topic based on: Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about can make research faster and easier.

Interest: Picking a question you want to know more about can make this paper more interesting. Available Sources: I give links to many sources. Check those for articles first and if you find some, your work is half done. I also save you time by giving you links to videos and sample student essays. Dilemma? Check out essay on patriotism my guides for writing papers too. Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and tell me!

1. Instructions for how to (and how not to) pick a topic. 2. Lists of topic ideas (in the categories of food and health, obesity and ethical dilemma healthcare essays dieting, recycling and the environment, families and relationships, and Ої‚ science and technology, with videos and many links to research and student essay examples. 3. Step-by-step instructions for ethical healthcare essays how to write your essay. 5 Paragraph Essay? Choosing a topic that everyone is talking about makes writing an argument essay easier. Dilemma Healthcare Essays? Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an answer people already agree on.

Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to the choir. It also helps if the topic is something everyone has an opinion about: this will make it easier to get examples to back up your essay, either from articles or from people you interview. Finally, you probably want to pick a topic that is interesting to you and that you care about. Steer clear of 5 paragraph overused topics like abortion, gun control, and the death penalty. Ethical Healthcare? For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of these essays and is not only probably bored with the topic, but also has already heard everything you might say. For Application? Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in dilemma, their ways about these issues and it is hard to think of an on patriotism, argument that might change their minds. Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of cutting down forests outweigh the environmental damage? What is ethical, Love?

What kind of love leads to for wordpress a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for a father to raise his children full-time? What causes a man to become a stay-at-home dad and can it work out well for a family? Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and do more about the hunger faced by ethical dilemma essays people around the world? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? What can be done to help children maintain a healthy weight?

How can people lose weight and keep it off? Is weight gain caused by for wordpress genetics, environment, or some other factor? How do naturally thin people stay that way? What is the relationship between food, exercise, and weight? Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Paleo, Adkins, and South Beach diets) really the best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and Nutrisystem really work to help people keep weight off? Why are Weight Watchers and other calorie-counting diets often considered the best by ethical dilemma healthcare doctors? Is controlling weight really a matter of calories in, calories out? What is the best diet for a young adult? Can vegetarian diets be healthy?

Why are so many people now choosing to process essay go on dilemma essays gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for you? Does restricting the size of soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and writing essay other bad snacks? What can schools do to promote better health in students? Does intermittent fasting really help you to be more fit? How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely?

Is the dilemma healthcare, T.V. show The Biggest Loser helpful in motivating people to be healthy? Does the show create negative or positive feelings about morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the contestants? What causes anorexia? How can it be prevented? How can you help an anorexic friend?

Why are more young men becoming anorexic? What is morbid obesity? How does morbid obesity affect a person's health? What should we do about the read for application, cost of healthcare for overweight people? Should there be a greater insurance premium for ethical dilemma healthcare essays people who are obese? Is surgery a good method for 5 paragraph essay people to lose weight? Are sugar substitutes helpful for dieting? Is fat really bad for you? Is a low fat diet the best?

Research Articles on Obesity and dilemma healthcare Dieting. Here are some professional articles and websites that can help you start. Many of these articles contain links to 5 paragraph essay on patriotism other sources also. Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by Rena R. Wing and Suzanne Phelan, in ethical essays, American Society for writing essay Clinical Nutrition (2005). The National Weight Control Registry. An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of weight and kept it off for long periods of time. Overweight and ethical essays Obesity. U.S. government reports from the Centers for Disease Control and descriptive Prevention. Dilemma Healthcare? Diet Topic Articles from Psychology Today . What can we do to help people around the essay, world have clean water to drink? Is hunting good or bad for ethical healthcare essays the environment?

Should the horns of wild rhinos be removed to prevent them from being poached? Can we protect wild areas and animals by promoting eco-tourism? Should the government discourage or regulate oil drilling in the gulf of Mexico? What are the dangers of fracking? Does recycling really make a difference? Should all states adopt a deposit on soft drink bottles and cans in order to promote recycling? Should schools require students to bring refillable containers for funeral essay water and ethical dilemma healthcare essays other beverages rather than disposable ones?

Should supermarkets charge for plastic bags in order to encourage the use of reusable bags? Should your city (or campus) do more to for application encourage recycling? What causes people to litter? What could motivate people to clean up after themselves? What causes earthquakes? What can we do to reduce death or damage from earthquakes?

Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the environment? Can using LED lights make a difference? How can composting help save the environment? What is hazardous household waste and why is it important not to throw it in the regular trash? What is deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is fracking?

Is fracking worth the dilemma essays, risks? Does fracking hurt drinking water? What is a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint? What are the read essays for application, dangers for people living in cities like Beijing with high pollution? Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste? What is the ethical essays, best way to handle our trash? Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and other alternative energy sources effectively? What is the best way to encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations?

Incentives? Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?) The World Bank on descriptive Environment: Information and research about dilemma, environmental issues around the world. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: On the science and technology page, find research and information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems.

Discover Magazine: Search the environmental topics page for your topic. U.S. Government Recycling and Conservation: Statistics and Ої‚ Ќ_‹ information. Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work? How can divorce be prevented?

Is divorce something that kids can recover from? Are teenage marriages a good idea? Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out of the friend zone? How can you know you are in an abusive relationship?

Why do people stay in ethical essays, abusive relationships? What are the effects of domestic violence on children? Who should do the chores in a family? What are helicopter parents and how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to thesis for wordpress theme be an dilemma healthcare essays, only child? Is doing sports together a good thing for families? How have video games impacted family life?

Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing? How important are grandparents to Ої‚ Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for children? How does birth order affect children? Do older people make better parents? Have cell phones and ethical essays social media made families closer or not? How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in a dating relationship? How long should people date before they become engaged? What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage?

Are the expectations raised by process writing romantic movies damaging to real relationships? Are Beauty Pageants Good for ethical dilemma essays Kids? What is 5 paragraph essay, nanotechnology and how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in developing new types of computers, cell phones, or data storage? Does using cell phones make people more or less connected? Do cell phones cause a cancer risk?

What should the ethical healthcare essays, laws be concerning the 5 paragraph on patriotism, use of cell phones while driving? Have social media and texting hurt or improved the lives of teenagers? Why are children better at understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to act out violently? Should schools use video games as a teaching tool? Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by using books, pens, and paper? Will paper and books become obsolete? What is the difference between reading on a screen and reading a book? Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to avoid identity and credit card theft? Should parents be able to ethical healthcare essays choose the genetics of their children?

Are smart watches going to replace cell phones? What is the next big leap in technology? Which is essays, better, the PC or the healthcare, Mac? If we can help people live longer through technology, should we? Is there a balance between quantity and quality of life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and read college essays for application new technology news and ethical dilemma healthcare research reports.

MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for read college explaining new technologies. Ethical Essays? If you want to write a quick and easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the lists above. Decide your answer to writing essay the question (this is your beginning thesis). Write down everything you know about the topic. Essays? Talk to read your friends or family to find out what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the topic (have them give you the source if they know it). Look at some of the research articles or web sites about that topic. Look back at your question and refine your answer. After gathering information, you may want to change it. Write down three or more best reasons for your answer (these are your topic ideas for the body of your essay). Using those reasons, look at the articles you've read or the ideas you've already written down for some evidence to support those reasons (this is the backup evidence for each topic sentence). Write your outline, then follow it to write your paper.

Do you have to dilemma do research for your paper? 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by read college Virginia Kearney 16. 100 Great Psychology Research Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 2. by Virginia Kearney 16. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. This is a great resource. I've just entered into college, and didn't know where to healthcare begin writing my first argumentative essay. Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of anything to Ої‚ Џ†±__€ do with the argumentative essay of should smoking be banned because I have to do essays with research and I need some reliable sites.

Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from ethical healthcare, United States. Hi Aashi! I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too. Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in thesis for wordpress, your grade for several years. I will have to put together some topics for primary grade students. Until then, you might want to look at dilemma healthcare essays, my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for your age too.

I am in primary school in grade 6 and I want some good topics for descriptive primary students. Good job making this page. I don't know what to do at ethical dilemma healthcare, first. Thesis For Wordpress? I was clueless and was browsing for dilemma answers but none of 5 paragraph them made sense except for this. Thank you very much! I think the ideas are wonderful and are very helpful!

I am a Junior in high school and I have to write an argumentative paper. Your insight on ethical dilemma healthcare essays how to do so has been extremely helpful. I wanted to thank you for your intelligence on how to Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ write an argumentative paper. Thanks! This website was very useful for picking out a topic for my essay.

Again, thank you for helping me out! King of Stuff 8 months ago. I find this website very interesting and ethical healthcare essays helpful. Thank you for making it! Your tips on writing essays is really helping me out. Mr. fluffypants 8 months ago. I love this article. You have helped me with my school essay. Ої‚ Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€? Thank you! letter pile 8 months ago. I LOVE this website.

Thank you so much for writing it! It has helped me so much! Virginia Kearney 8 months ago from United States. Healthcare? Hi Nataly! You are welcome to shift the focus of the questions to good statement whether governments should take action. My questions and topic ideas are just a starting point. I teach my students that there are a variety of ways to solve problems and one of those is by having governments or larger groups take action. Ethical Dilemma Essays? However, I want my students to focus more on how they and Џ†±__€ their audience can personally take responsibility and action, so often my questions are more locally written. In my class, I focus on having my students address a very particular audience in their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from dilemma essays, really thinking carefully about the good statement against, viewpoint of the healthcare, other person and good euthanasia developing points that would persuade that person. In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the student is using other sources as well.

However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of source. Most people who do TedTalks have written out their arguments in papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to see if there is an healthcare essays, online paper you can cite as well. I find your lists great and really appreciate the idea of college essays providing useful links. Still, I would rather shift the focus of some questions so that they ask students to think more globally, from the point of healthcare view of the state and for wordpress theme the society. For example, should the state take actions to prevent high rate of divorces, which ones? Are people in developed states responsible for providing water and food to the starving people around the globe?, etc. I also wanted to ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources. Essays? Have you ever heard of any cases when professors forbid to read college essays for application use it? Thank you for a good work!

Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago. This helped me so much with my homework, thank you! Great Efforts . Well done. should guns be allowed on school campus. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. This is an interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial. I'd love to hear how you would develop your thesis. preetyradd 14 months ago. Ethical Healthcare Essays? i think this is cool i got a good grade on my essay thanks. Kanwal asif 14 months ago. Ої‚? Thank u so much God bless u. Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from United States. Glad this will help you three keys! ThreeKeys 17 months ago from Australia.

Im about to try out your suggestions in this great article. Essays? Im excited to writing essay see what the outcome will be in how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in a written debate so to speak. Thanks so much! Thank you it is ethical dilemma, really helpful. Thank you so much for thesis the topics. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from Rensselaer, New York. Ethical Dilemma Healthcare? Love the great ideas! Absolutely love the list you shared with us. Thank you so much for this Article! Kalai 3 years ago from Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Sometimes i find that the most easy or obvious topic the thesis against euthanasia, hardest to argue about.

The less the words the greater the headache. When we prepare for debates, each word has the ethical essays, ability to make or break the case. Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia. What an interesting range of ideas and tips! Massive thanks for writing this, pal! Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from 5 paragraph, Wales. Healthcare? A great hub Victoria ;thanks for sharing and I vote up. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. This is good thesis euthanasia, very useful to ethical healthcare those who must teach essay writing (and to thesis theme those who must write them). I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from Illinois.

Wow! This is a very impressive list and great instructions. I like how you were able to ethical healthcare essays write the writing, questions without giving away your position on ethical dilemma healthcare essays each topic. - Ginger. Eric Dierker 3 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

Very interesting. Fun ideas and Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ great food for thought. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and essays respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of 5 paragraph essay on patriotism HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on healthcare essays affiliate relationships and thesis statement against euthanasia advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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Ethical dilemma in nursing

conflict fear essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is ethical dilemma healthcare essays under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in thesis statement euthanasia poetry refers to ethical dilemma healthcare the use of on patriotism words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds.

It is the opposite dilemma healthcare of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the essay, faces appearing in the initial letters of the ethical dilemma essays, Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the 5 paragraph essay on patriotism, natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles. A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of ethical dilemma healthcare poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the college for application, Latin a cutting or a slicing. Ethical Healthcare Essays! Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all.

CALQUE : An expression formed by euthanasia individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for dilemma, the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an 5 paragraph essay important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at healthcare essays the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of funeral essay strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for one removed by essays the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works. Originally, the term canon applied to the list of theme books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to healthcare essays apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. Thesis Against! (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. Ethical Dilemma! In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€, admiration and study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon.

Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in essays the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the process, thirty-six plays contained in healthcare essays the First Folio. Thesis For Wordpress! NB : Do not confuse the ethical, spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Theme! Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Ethical Dilemma Healthcare Essays! Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Descriptive Essay! Examples include the divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. Ethical Dilemma Essays! fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to thesis euthanasia the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is ethical dilemma healthcare essays a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the read, first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas.

CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for healthcare essays, some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the theme, Captivity and ethical dilemma healthcare essays Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of essay fides (faith), spes (hope), and ethical dilemma healthcare caritas (love) espoused in funeral essay the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of ethical God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the for wordpress theme, coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and ethical dilemma healthcare Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in thesis euthanasia an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the ethical essays, Greek letter lambda or an read essays for application arrowhead pointing upwards.

Here is an healthcare essays example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. College For Application! After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and dilemma illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the funeral essay, phrase is Latin for seize the ethical dilemma, day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to for wordpress a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of ethical healthcare life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is 5 paragraph essay on patriotism often called poetry or literature of the dilemma essays, carpe diem tradition.

Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and funeral Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of dilemma healthcare essays Time. Writing! Cf. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and dilemma healthcare the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the thesis for wordpress, same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and dilemma healthcare essays their is the possessive case of they . 5 Paragraph Essay On Patriotism! Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by ethical healthcare essays specific hereditary classes in read for application a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the dilemma, speaker as part of that particular class.

For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of college essays for application speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. Ethical Dilemma! In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. Good Statement Against! The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is dilemma healthcare his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in thesis statement these lyrics.

Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of ethical dilemma healthcare essays another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for thesis for wordpress, you. Healthcare! A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time.

Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the essay, heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by dilemma asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into read college for application, his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is ethical dilemma healthcare essays all about blind mouths. Funeral! Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the dilemma healthcare essays, cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color.

The second is the writing, proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. However, by taking the ethical essays, two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the descriptive, eye of dilemma healthcare totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and thesis for wordpress theme glares at ethical dilemma healthcare essays its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality.

CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the descriptive funeral essay, second line in this couplet from healthcare essays, A. E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the Ої‚ Ќ_‹, first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of ethical healthcare essays poetry containing the expected number of read college syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.

CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in ethical dilemma essays poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. The act of such truncation is called catalexis. Writing Essay! If catalexis occurs at the start of essays a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is theme also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of dilemma healthcare Myself.

An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in college essays for application the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel,

The farmer stops by ethical healthcare essays the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to 5 paragraph essay the asylum a confirmed case. Ethical Dilemma! [etc.] One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the descriptive funeral essay, plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to healthcare essays be sung as a round, with the words arranged in essay each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of ethical healthcare singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in euthanasia the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and healthcare the word her appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is essay arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of dilemma lyrics.

Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the against euthanasia, poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. Ethical Dilemma! The printer would print a specific word below the Ої‚ Џ†±__€, text at the bottom of a page. This word would match the first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about ethical dilemma healthcare essays a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. According to 5 paragraph Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work.

He writes in his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament. The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. Healthcare! They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. On Patriotism! Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in ethical dilemma healthcare essays England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. 5 Paragraph On Patriotism! Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style.

The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Dilemma! Cuddon put it (125). Good Thesis Against Euthanasia! They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. Dilemma! As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the funeral essay, details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the dilemma healthcare essays, Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R.

Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. Good Thesis Statement Euthanasia! They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Healthcare Essays! Lewis took it upon himself to for wordpress raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Cf.

Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the nature of ideal government. In the section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is dilemma healthcare essays being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the essays for application, senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of ethical dilemma essays education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Writing Essay! Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become.

CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the dilemma healthcare, ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and thesis for wordpress theme they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. Ethical Healthcare Essays! It began in essay the late 1700s and continues to this day.

Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of ethical dilemma healthcare essays a Chair of Celtic at that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the thesis statement, Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and ethical healthcare Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of thesis a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of ethical dilemma essays art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in essay an occupational position in the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to healthcare conducting the descriptive essay, census for ethical essays, tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to thesis for wordpress theme impose moral standards for citizenship, including the healthcare essays, removal of unsavory literature. See also the Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in on patriotism matters of religion and the government.

The Master of Revels was appointed to dilemma healthcare essays monitor and descriptive essay control such material. Ethical Dilemma! All of Ќ_‹ Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of ethical essays alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the writing, horse's head would be). This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. Dilemma! In classical Greek artwork and good against literature, centaurs were associated with sex and healthcare violence. Their lineage traces them to essay Centaurus, the healthcare, twin brother of King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and for wordpress theme Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the ethical dilemma essays, younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to funeral essay find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the dilemma essays, land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the thesis, Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to healthcare essays abduct the descriptive funeral essay, bride and bridesmaids.

The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the ethical dilemma healthcare essays, lower passions of process writing essay gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the dilemma essays, body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of descriptive George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. Ethical Healthcare Essays! Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in 5 paragraph on patriotism particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the ethical dilemma healthcare, upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of Ої‚ natural biological or animal passions.

Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and ethical healthcare the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the thesis, chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the ethical dilemma healthcare essays, universe common in thesis for wordpress the Middle Ages and ethical dilemma healthcare essays the Renaissance. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at Ќ_‹ the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at ethical dilemma healthcare essays the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and 5 paragraph essay on patriotism plants, were arrayed in descending order of ethical dilemma healthcare intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. Process Essay! The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on ethical essays particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. Theme! They were usually dedicated or devoted to ethical dilemma healthcare a lady or a mistress in process essay the courtly love tradition.

CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to dilemma healthcare people): Old French songs or poems in 5 paragraph on patriotism dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and ethical what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and on patriotism unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the course of the narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the protagonist ; the character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the antagonist . Ethical Dilemma Healthcare! If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). Thesis Against! A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the dilemma essays, role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Writing! Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of ethical dilemma description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in the reader an descriptive funeral emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic.

Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. Dilemma Healthcare Essays! For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in essay Of Mice and dilemma Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Read Essays For Application! Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Ethical Healthcare! Cf. Theme! eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and ethical dilemma healthcare nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and Ої‚ Ќ_‹ use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and dilemma essays new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and thesis theme standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in ethical dilemma healthcare Renaissance orthography.

Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. Euthanasia! For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the ethical dilemma essays, author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the read college, chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by dilemma healthcare night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x):

The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Good Thesis Statement Against Euthanasia! Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and ethical healthcare essays Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Essays For Application! Following the ethical healthcare, grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in writing essay reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and ethical healthcare essays social behavior for Ої‚ Ќ_‹, the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and ethical healthcare chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of funeral essay becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs.

The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of ethical dilemma essays warfare. 5 Paragraph On Patriotism! The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the ethical dilemma, protection of the church; honesty in word and descriptive bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Ethical Dilemma! Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to read college essays for application British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Dilemma Healthcare Essays! Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . College Essays For Application! In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of ethical healthcare essays knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the for application, King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the healthcare, heathen and uphold the Christ,

To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to descriptive essay her,

And worship her by years of noble deeds, Until they won her. For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of ethical dilemma healthcare essays a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the essays, leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by ethical dilemma healthcare remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on essay the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the healthcare, traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature.

For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about essay on patriotism Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on ethical healthcare essays Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the canon of Ої‚ Ќ_‹ great novels in Western civilization. Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of dilemma essays spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ.

Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and Ќ_‹ the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in dilemma a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of college Christ allowing himself to enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . . . and dilemma healthcare essays so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. Statement Against Euthanasia! It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of ethical dilemma healthcare Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Process! Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend.

In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in England after the dilemma essays, British defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and 5 paragraph essay that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Healthcare Essays! Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of Џ†±__€ touch with the ethical dilemma healthcare essays, 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45).

CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of thesis for wordpress spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in ethical dilemma healthcare public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in thesis for wordpress theme the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and healthcare essays death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and for wordpress theme Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dilemma healthcare essays, dead. Thesis! This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the dilemma healthcare essays, Olympian in contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence. By the fourteenth century, the writing essay, job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court.

Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of ethical dilemma healthcare medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in for wordpress theme each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is probably the most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the dilemma healthcare essays, hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the process essay, influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of ethical dilemma healthcare essays conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the 5 paragraph essay on patriotism, writer's opinion of the subject.

Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for dilemma healthcare, the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to 5 paragraph essay on patriotism a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the ethical healthcare, end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at writing the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an essays ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the Ої‚ Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€, speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in essays its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the theme, cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of death. In many ways, the dilemma healthcare essays, smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the thesis for wordpress, reader away from the ethical dilemma healthcare, larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by good thesis against euthanasia returning the reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Ethical Dilemma Essays! Example critics include Belinski (active in 5 paragraph on patriotism the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski.

CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another. For instance, the ethical, word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the read college essays for application, Greeks and dilemma Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to funeral essay be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to ethical dilemma Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and 5 paragraph essay Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here.

To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the ethical dilemma essays, predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is for wordpress theme any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the healthcare, term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in the form of descriptive participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. Ethical Dilemma Essays! For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about essay a famous person from history or literature. Ethical Essays! Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor.

He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from thesis against euthanasia, his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to ethical dilemma download a PDF handout for good thesis against euthanasia, more information. Dilemma Healthcare! Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and thesis for wordpress breeze . Essays! Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to descriptive funeral essay hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and healthcare essays dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to funeral avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by dilemma clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an thesis against exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. Essays! For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name.

CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the essay, next film or read the ethical healthcare, next installment to find out what happens. On Patriotism! The term comes from the ethical, common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the for wordpress, last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the dilemma healthcare, peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and 5 paragraph essay usually the turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. Ethical! (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of 5 paragraph essay increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by ethical dilemma essays the same process. For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by essay on patriotism bit, in ethical healthcare essays order to analyze the significance of Џ†±__€ every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information.

The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an ethical essays essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at 5 paragraph essay on patriotism the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the healthcare, plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the process, protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in ethical dilemma which the essay, author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author.

For instance, in ethical essays J. R. Process! R. Essays! Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the college essays, sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of ethical dilemma literature and poetry may achieve closure by 5 paragraph on patriotism circular structure , in healthcare essays which the poem or story ends by coming back to 5 paragraph essay the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. Essays! See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to descriptive funeral frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in healthcare an attempt to gain returning audiences. Essays For Application! Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and ethical dilemma artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of read other interpretations.

For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of ethical dilemma healthcare this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and funeral juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and dilemma essays jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Good Against! Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Dilemma Essays! Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. Good Thesis Statement! It comes from dilemma, cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the thesis for wordpress theme, wrong gender to lay an egg. Ethical Dilemma Healthcare! By Renaissance times, the word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to college for application be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island.

See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of dilemma healthcare London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€, tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the ethical, phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of for wordpress one language to another--often in mid-sentence. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in ethical essays a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of Salvatori the monk in Ої‚ Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in ethical code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance.

Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and for wordpress theme meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for dilemma healthcare essays, each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Good Statement Against! Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of ethical dilemma healthcare essays languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages.

The amateur philologist should be cautious of 5 paragraph false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence. Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in ethical dilemma healthcare terms of their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items.

What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. For Wordpress Theme! Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for ethical dilemma, singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the funeral essay, the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is dilemma essays done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and process writing essay universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the ethical dilemma healthcare, fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to process writing the next in folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to ethical dilemma those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to descriptive funeral essay combine with each other. Ethical! For instance, Algeo notes that the 5 paragraph essay, phrases tall person and ethical healthcare essays high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .)

COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from essay, 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and ethical dilemma essays continues up through the end of the writing, Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and ethical healthcare essays Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to Ќ_‹ colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and ethical dilemma healthcare essays globalistic erasure of essay cultural differences. The term is often applied in academic discussion of ethical dilemma healthcare essays literature from the read college essays for application, colonial period.

We can see the ethical dilemma healthcare, concerns of on patriotism colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in dilemma healthcare Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in read Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. Dilemma Essays! The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and good thesis against Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is ethical essays only in descriptive the nineteenth and ethical twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and thesis theme pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Ethical Dilemma! Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the 5 paragraph essay, embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the dilemma healthcare essays, physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the cast consists of statement against euthanasia such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of ethical dilemma essays Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters.

In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of college such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on ethical healthcare essays trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to thesis volunteer by shaking its head or by ethical healthcare essays walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to good statement execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the ethical essays, comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the Џ†±__€, executioner's identity) or the ethical dilemma healthcare, custom of good statement against euthanasia granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on ethical healthcare essays the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of descriptive funeral essay human sacrifice in earlier times. For instance, a number of dilemma local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Given the relative insignificance of these gods in Ої‚ Џ†±__€ the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of ethical dilemma healthcare tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits.

Another common version of the good thesis statement against euthanasia, comedy of innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is healthcare essays miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Ої‚ Ќ_‹! Phrixus gets whisked to ethical safety by Ої‚ Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and ethical dilemma healthcare interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and Ої‚ Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to healthcare their linguistic and intellectual prowess.

It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in Ої‚ a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in healthcare essays which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. Good Statement Against! (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the healthcare, lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Process Writing Essay! Comic relief is deliberately designed to dilemma healthcare essays relieve emotional intensity and funeral simultaneously heighten and dilemma highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the funeral essay, action. Healthcare! Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of Ќ_‹ a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the healthcare, earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . Statement Against! . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in ethical dilemma which an adolescent protagonist comes to 5 paragraph essay on patriotism adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is essays called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fine armor and weaponry.

The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. Thesis Theme! It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of healthcare early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by funeral essay the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by ethical healthcare essays stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and descriptive funeral essay it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of their parents. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the healthcare, young lovers.

In the on patriotism, end, the couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of dilemma iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is good thesis against divinest Sense--

To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to ethical healthcare a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the essay, proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich.

The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of ethical dilemma vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to Џ†±__€ kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in ethical essays the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the thesis for wordpress, conception and ethical healthcare essays birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the thesis theme, hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon healthcare essays a queen!) or the visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation. The birth-tale in general is good thesis euthanasia not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy.

By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the ethical dilemma, logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the essay, Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the ethical essays, fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and good thesis statement euthanasia medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of essays various animals. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the process, body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of dilemma healthcare essays a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head. Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and descriptive funeral essay breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and dilemma healthcare human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the Ої‚, ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head).

In the medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the ethical dilemma healthcare, mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in thesis against the legends of ethical dilemma classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of process extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and ethical dilemma healthcare essays misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in Ої‚ Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of healthcare arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. therianthropic and descriptive funeral theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in ethical a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ have been set by multiple compositors. Ethical Dilemma Essays! As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141).

COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). Essay! All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and essays stuff. However, Germanic languages and Ої‚ Ќ_‹ Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of dilemma healthcare English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of Ої‚ Џ†±__€ their own.

Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to healthcare essays fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. Џ†±__€! A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of dilemma essays oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at least his good character). If he was unable to find the essay, required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by healthcare ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark.

In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an college essays for application extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. Dilemma Essays! In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in good statement euthanasia a well, for instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of ethical dilemma healthcare metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is college essays concrete . The preference for ethical healthcare, abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate.

Ezra Pound and T. E. Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the ethical dilemma healthcare essays, lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of Ої‚ Ќ_‹ wings, which in some direct way connects to ethical the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to Ої‚ present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety.

Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and ethical essays Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by essay combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the ethical, Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of thesis for wordpress theme people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on. Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the dilemma essays, subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€! Conflict is the engine that drives a plot.

Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and ethical nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to shore). Thesis! Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of ethical healthcare narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the process, hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the dilemma healthcare, protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at thesis statement against once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the dilemma healthcare essays, Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is process writing essay a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary.

For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is dilemma often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the funeral essay, words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of ethical dilemma essays these my home , for process writing, example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Dilemma Healthcare Essays! Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the descriptive, repeated pattern of consonants is marked by ethical changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the writing, final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Healthcare! Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below).

See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in descriptive essay the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. Ethical Dilemma Healthcare Essays! This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on Ої‚ this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Dilemma Essays! Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously.

Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and thesis literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of dilemma healthcare essays coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and good against Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the ethical dilemma healthcare essays, context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the on patriotism, Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime.

Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of ethical dilemma healthcare essays Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and 5 paragraph essay on patriotism do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to dilemma use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Essay! Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . Dilemma Essays! In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film.

In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and college essays the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for healthcare essays, an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. For Wordpress Theme! The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance.

Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and ethical dilemma essays acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and Ої‚ Ќ_‹ so on. The word is derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and healthcare mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. Essay! The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other.

Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the dilemma, lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and essays the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. Ethical Healthcare! This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ exist in ethical dilemma the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in theme nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and stars to ethical dilemma healthcare fall from the sky. All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the good against euthanasia, others.

For more information about correspondences and ethical dilemma healthcare essays the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for descriptive, situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. Essays! See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. Read Essays For Application! See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and ethical healthcare the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Descriptive Funeral Essay! Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of ethical dilemma healthcare essays Judith . Click here for essay, details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of dilemma healthcare a piece of thesis writing by counting the numbers of words in ethical healthcare paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century.

An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. Dilemma! A couplet that occurs after the read for application, volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman.

At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on essays trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Descriptive Funeral! Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of love for his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and healthcare Queen Anne may have required him to for wordpress write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and ethical dilemma essays her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in ethical dilemma the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to good thesis a code of behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of dilemma essays chivalrous romance. Thesis Theme! The term itself was popularized by ethical healthcare essays C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of on patriotism courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from dilemma, afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the thesis, woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him.

Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and dilemma healthcare essays Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the good statement euthanasia, dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the ethical dilemma, conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and process writing Shakespeare's sonnets. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and ethical dilemma unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of essay courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into ethical healthcare essays, schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€! The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically.

The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on dilemma healthcare medieval culture by 5 paragraph essay exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. Healthcare! In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the thesis, reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of dilemma healthcare multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. Process Essay! This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters.

In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the ethical essays, native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . Writing Essay! See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. At the moment of crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in dilemma essays his struggle. Thesis For Wordpress! The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to determine the validity of an argument.

Often this term is essays used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for essay on patriotism, the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the dilemma essays, editor indicates all the 5 paragraph essay on patriotism, known variations of ethical essays a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and college for application glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. Essays! V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of statement against William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14:

Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by dilemma healthcare essays a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the process essay, dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in essays three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career.

Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Descriptive Essay! Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. Dilemma Essays! However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and essay unannotated; that would effectively erase them from ethical dilemma essays, history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six.

The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in thesis for wordpress the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the ethical dilemma healthcare essays, editor has chosen for his edition.

The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the funeral, multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. Ethical Dilemma Essays! This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in good statement against the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings. Dilemma Healthcare! For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. Essay! In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings.

In the dilemma healthcare essays, case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and read college essays so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on ethical dilemma the fullness of death . Laurel is green for a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the essay, words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and ethical dilemma essays the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is 5 paragraph essay on patriotism also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an healthcare interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the first six serves as the last line of the Џ†±__€, next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the ethical, first sonnet.

All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the good thesis statement, sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the ethical dilemma healthcare essays, Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by Ої‚ Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and healthcare popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Writing Essay! Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the ethical dilemma healthcare essays, creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Process Writing! Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of R'lyeh and ethical healthcare essays plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror.

August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and process essay characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to essays a contextual symbol created by descriptive a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Healthcare! Examples of college essays cultural symbols in Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the healthcare essays, Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of for wordpress theme mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the healthcare, white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the read for application, priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth.

Contrast with contextual symbol and healthcare essays archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of good against euthanasia science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in ethical healthcare essays popularity in thesis for wordpress theme the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the ethical dilemma healthcare essays, following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and thesis for wordpress theme mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon dilemma healthcare essays society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to good statement against be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of dilemma healthcare essays novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in good thesis against euthanasia the Net , and ethical dilemma healthcare essays Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. Thesis Statement Against! We speak of the dilemma essays, Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance. Good Thesis! These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over ethical, several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles.

See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of Џ†±__€ four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. Ethical! The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€ which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length.

CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and ethical dilemma internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and thesis for wordpress end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. Dilemma! The second line of the good statement, couplet rhymes with the first six lines. The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in ethical dilemma healthcare essays the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the process, eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian.

The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from dilemma healthcare essays, Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of funeral essay this script, though it is healthcare essays more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to 5 paragraph essay as an ethical dilemma healthcare abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to descriptive replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Ethical Dilemma Healthcare! Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918.

The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of Ої‚ Џ†±__€ syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and ethical dilemma healthcare unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of process writing light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables. The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of ethical healthcare Welsh verse consisting of essays a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively.

The first two lines rhyme and ethical essays cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and read college the third and healthcare essays sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.

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In Defense of ethical healthcare essays Lust (An Essay, and Polemic) I was working on essay, an essay not long ago and came across a comment from Twilight author Stephenie Meyer that in ethical essays, her novels she wanted to funeral write about “love, not lust.” At first I barely registered the line, probably because it’s so pro forma . I’ve heard that exact phrase or its gist asserted with prim confidence and nary a peep of dissent thousands of timesin women’s magazines, on grazes through talk shows, and in dating advice columns. Google the phrase, “love not lust.” Use a comma, or not. You’ll get 385,000 entries for that precise phrasing. Healthcare? A Wikipedia entry will explain how to tell the thesis for wordpress theme, two apart.

I’m so very tired of hearing lust belittled and trash-talked. Lust and love have undergone a conjunction metamorphosis. The “and” that happily and plausibly joins them in partnership tends to get elbowed out ethical dilemma healthcare essays, these days by a “but” that sets them at odds. So the first allegation against lust is that it’s different from Ќ_‹ love, and lesserby some accounts, it’s a counterfeit love, and like any good undercover agent you need to be able to tell the forgery from the essays, real. But is there really lust devoid of for application any glimmer of love in it, or a lust that isn't on collusive speaking terms with love? Are we ever just lusting after a body, like an inanimate lump of ethical dilemma healthcare essays meat sitting on a barstool, without lusting a bit after the soul that animates the body? I prefer to think of lust as a kind of love that attaches first, but rarely exclusively, to the ephemera. Lust gets aroused by a curve of a breast or a sparkly eye, or some charming crooked smile. In French director Eric Rohmer’s moral tale, “Claire’s Knee,” a fateful but random glimpse of the leggy Claire’s knee as she stands on a stepladder under a cherry tree sparks the engaged hero Jerome’s insatiable, subversive lust, to essays touch that knee.

Feeding on ethical dilemma essays, details and glimpses, lust is about nothing and everything, simultaneously. It insists that the random (a knee, or a smile) is profound, and that profound things emerge from the perceptually random. Worlds are upended over so littleexcept that it isn’t really a little thing. Lust is a heightened state of seeing, observing, and against euthanasia hearing, of attentiveness to arousing detail. Dilemma? People in car accidents often report that time “slowed down” for them. Apparently, this is an adaptive neurological reaction. I think a similar thing happens with lust.

Lust isn’t a life-threatening emergency, but its oppositea potential life-beginning emergency, when attraction might lead to consummation which might lead to good statement euthanasia conception. In this crisis of bliss rather than trauma, time can slow down just as dramatically. Turning as it does on exquisite perception, I’m confused when lust’s critics complain that it sordidly cheapens and trivializes the subject of the lust, and dehumanizes them. They might have in mind the objectifying male banter that occurs around cheerleaders or the SI swimsuit issue. That sort of ogling doesn’t really rise, or sink, to the level of ethical dilemma lust, I don’t think. It’s an in-group social ritual more than an example of desire. One admires a nice ass on the page or screen to be part of the group, and essay moves on, with no real persistent, compelling urge behind it. It seems to me that a genuine case of ethical dilemma essays lust does the opposite. It humanizes more than it reduces.

Love, like lust, is an college for application, act of ethical imagination, and good statement against euthanasia it’s almost an ethical dilemma healthcare essays, alchemy, to glean a whole desirable human in the small gesture and theme minutiae of dilemma healthcare essays that person’s being. Ої‚ Ќ_‹? “I don’t know what she sees in him,” people say. Or, “she’s not all that! ” (but of ethical healthcare course, she is process essay, ). Lust magnifies the humanity of the desired, and sometimes attunes us to it excruciatingly, which sounds like one of a hundred plausible definitions of love. Another of the bum raps against lust is that it doesn’t last. It’s so perishable, unlike love. A friend once called lust “fool’s gold.” Okay, lust is a passing thing. Ethical? Let’s stipulate that. In some cases, two people find each other, have an intense lust, and thesis for wordpress the attachment wanes, whether it’s consummated or not.

But in other cases, it wanes and solidifies into what even a foe of lust would recognize as love. You could think of lust in ethical healthcare essays, this example as the evolutionary fuel that ignites love. In both of these cases, lust may indeed be fleeting, but that doesn’t mean it’s antithetical to love. In one scenario, it’s the “gateway drug” to good thesis statement euthanasia love. And, in any case, why is dilemma, impermanence synonymous with cheap ? Do we believe that only relationships that end in a proposal and lifelong marital union truly count as success stories?

A lasting union is theme, precious. My parents have been married over 60 years. I have friends whom I’ve known since 6 th grade. I also have people that I cared for fleetingly in essays, my life. But they mattered. Evanescently, they did important or pleasurable things for me. Statement Against? They taught me something or elicited new aspects of my character. Some afforded me happiness or confidence about myself, at a time when it was hard to find elsewhere.

Some were good comrades. There wasn’t much to them, I suppose, by the implied romantic standard that what doesn’t last doesn’t count. I was just lusting over them, I guess. However, I know in my heart they did count. Ethical? I know that I remain loyal to these people in my mind, although we’re no longer in touch. They mattered but they didn’t turn out to be people that I was going to take a long journey with. These transitory unions of lust didn’t elicit destruction but enrichment. Lust’s power is thought to be cataclysmic although it can be generative. The association of lust primarily with sexual destruction and demise is a fairly modern one. “Lust” wasn’t always about sex, or pejorative.

Its earliest meanings in the 1300s were to Ої‚ Ќ_‹ “please or delight.” This meaning was refined into dilemma healthcare the act of theme desiring or choosing, but this wasn’t specifically an erotic desire; as in, “Who so lusteth to rede this lytell treatyse?” (1526), or “He that lust to see examples, let them search their lives” (1563). From this point a more pejorative inflection grew stronger. Lust means “to have a strong, excessive, or inordinate desire.” There are examples of this usage from the 1700s and 1800s. A secondary meaning of lust as sexual desire appears from the ethical dilemma essays, 1600s as well. Interestingly, in theme, the 1300s, the more pejorative meaning of lust attached to its absence , with the word “lustless,” to dilemma healthcare be without vigor or energy,” a precursor to “listless.” Shakespeare’s Sonnet 129 catalogs lust’s fearsome power. It is. savage, extreme, rude, cruel, not to trust.

enjoy’d no sooner but despised straight, past reason hunted, and thesis statement against no sooner had. past reason hated, as a swallowed bait. It is “mad in pursuit and in possession so.” Sonnet 129 presents lust almost as an inevitable heavenly torment. It is maddening in “pursuit and in possession.” We hunt it “past reason” beforehand, and hate it past reason afterwards.

We’re deranged by lust either in its contemplation or its consummation. Ethical Healthcare Essays? And, as the last lines remind us, we’ve no defense: “All this the world well knows; yet none knows well/To shun the good thesis statement against, heaven that leads men to dilemma essays this hell.” While not condoning lust, Shakespeare concedes its troubling ineluctability. There’s also a mood of futility in “To His Coy Mistress.” If lust is for application, ephemeral, warns Andrew Marvell, then so too is the honor that stands as a bulwark against it. If not devoured and acted upon, “your quaint honor turn to ethical healthcare essays dust,/And into ashes all my lust.” These choices appear to balance on the scalesashes for honor; dust for descriptive funeral lust.

If there isn’t a good, hard lust that doesn’t have a kernel of love in it, I wonder if there is really a marital love that endures without a kernel of ethical dilemma healthcare lust? Romantic-disabusing advice givers might lead you to believe so, as they see marriage more as The Longest Day than Casablanca . They’ll urge you to go about the process, practical, almost bureaucratic labors of building your marriage. Be realistic. As anyone on the street now knows to counsel you, marriage takes hard work. You know what? It also takes lust. I mean lust in the broadest sense, of aroused energy for healthcare essays each other. Read For Application? It takes a zany, joyous, spontaneous, spirited approach to a life together. There are plenty of marriages that don’t have that frisson in them. Dilemma? Some of them are still together, and sometimes that makes sensemaybe for good thesis against the children, or because the relationship gives the partners something they need, or because it’s a good compromise, to ethical essays sacrifice the lust to essay maintain a household. But please don’t mistake this sort of reasonable compromise as an healthcare, exemplary marriageor, what’s worse, as all that you should expect because, after all, “love” and Ої‚ “lust” work opposite sides of the street.

This trash-talking of lust is part of the dilemma essays, disenchantment of love. It’s an ad hoc idea that we should estrange and quarantine love from its mischievous, wild, joyous cognate of lust. And then, maybe we’ll settle down into lifelong marital unions with each other, quit wanting so much, and save the endangered institution of marriage. Don’t be fooled: in this regard, the contempt for lust is writing, political. It’s not political in the literal sense of a Romney/Ryan 2012 bumper sticker, or such. Rather, it’s political in that “lust disgust” resonates for culture warriors who are frustrated (and it’s not a groundless frustration) by the demise of marriage in a generation that they feel doesn’t embrace commitment, the long view, a work ethic, or morals. Under two years ago a bitter harridan who had never read my book sent me one of only ethical dilemma healthcare, two negative emails I ever got about 5 paragraph essay on patriotism it. She made a point of ethical dilemma essays saying she hadn’t actually bought or read it. She figured she knew about it because she’d read something online or heard a rumor. She threatened to shelve it with “whiny books written by against euthanasia, rich people.” Quick! Call my accountant and tell him the good news!

I’m rich! Although shelving it in “Whiny Books Written by Rich People” would be more accurate than its current mis-shelving in dilemma, “Self Improvement.” Anyway, the harridan’s point was, “what did you expect from marriage? Some thrill ride?” Right you are. Descriptive Funeral Essay? Marriage is like a depressing but secure job.

You just gotta show up each day, and grind it out. Healthcare? Work is good against euthanasia, workand, now, so is dilemma healthcare essays, marriage. I guarantee you: The woman who sent me that email is the same one who would urge persistence in a gray-souled marriage by 5 paragraph essay, saying, “It's about love, not lust.” There’s this dreary group of dilemma essays people out there who really do want you to Ої‚ Ќ_‹ lowball your expectationsexpectations for your libido, your marriage, and your life . There are people who hate your sex life. If you aspire to more, you’re selfish. At a time when you as a woman, have the most possibilities, they want you to downsize. They warn you that love isn’t about lust. Others will tell you until they’re blue in the face about the impossibility of really having it all, whatever “really” means, since if you casually survey women in their 40s and 50s, you’ll see plenty who have rich, multi-faceted, satisfying lives with several different elements in them.

These women might well be mentors for younger women, except that we’re told that they don’t really exist. To be fair, however, people who trash-talk lust have good, but I think misdirected, reasons for doing so. Some lived through the ethical, seismic social disruptions of the 1960s and 1970s. They feel that Americans became a selfish, pleasure-seeking people, who don’t make sacrifices or delay gratification. It’s important to understand that they imagine social liberals as having vastly more sex than they actually do.

In their minds, liberals are swinging, or frittering their time at wife-swapping parties while their kids cry in thesis theme, a corner. I think they’re correct that long-term relationships of any sort require delayed gratification and self-sacrifice. If my husband and I had divorced at ethical healthcare, each moment when married life sucked, we’d have split up 50,000 times by descriptive funeral essay, now. For this group, the “love not lust” phrase codes: “people think life is dilemma, all fun and games and essay lust, and it’s not. Healthcare? Relationships require more. You can’t just split up when things get rough.” These people should be waging battle against ethical flaccidity and shortsightedness, rather than lust. Others who talk down lust are tired of getting bombarded by college essays for application, vulgar, tacky images from Madison Avenue, or of dilemma essays sleazy pop culture that affords no sexual charm. College For Application? They look at ethical healthcare essays, this tawdry landscape and call it an excess of lust. So they wish that people would seek a more meaningful intimacy. Thesis Statement Against? For them, “love not lust” codes: “For the love of God, could we please not have to keep stumbling over raunchy crap all day long?”

I don’t disagree with them, either. Ethical Healthcare? Our junk sex culture is to erotica what Velveeta is to cheese: a tasteless imitation liable to make you sick and bloated. Џ†±__€? And I don’t want to have to explain Viagra commercials to my child. Nor do I want to be “media-educating” him continuously about how vulgar and sometimes exploitative it is that women get sexed out and used to sell things. These people should be waging battle against tastelessness, aesthetic-sexual monstrosities, and ethical dilemma healthcare essays exploitation, rather than lust. In both cases, lust stands wrongly accused.

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The 2 Types of Freedom That Will Help Us Settle the Gun Debate. SMARTER FASTER trademarks owned by The Big Think, Inc. All rights reserved. Big Think Edge helps organizations get Smarter Faster by catalyzing conversation around the Ої‚ Ќ_‹ Џ†±__€, topics most critical to 21st century business success. Ethical? Led by the worlds foremost experts, our dynamic learning programs are short-form, mobile, and immediately actionable.