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Pros and Cons of Legalizing Ö
brighton rock essays This study guide is pros weed essay, intended for thesis buy students preparing for exams at GCE Advanced (A2) level and Advanced Supplementary (AS) level. But it is suitable for university students and pros and cons the general reader who is thesis buy, interested in Brighton Rock . And Cons Of Legalizing Weed! Please use the hyperlinks in the table above to navigate this page. If you have any comments or suggestions to make about queen jude life, this page, please e-mail me by clicking on this link. The purpose of this study guide is to help you find your way around the text, and to introduce subjects which may be set by examiners. It is not a substitute for close study of the essay, novel. Ideas presented here need to be supported by textual reference (either summary of narrative detail or brief direct quotation, as appropriate; do not quote at length: you gain no credit for essay questions on buddhism this in an open book exam, the point of the reference will not be clear, and pros and cons of legalizing you are wasting time!). It is assumed by the examiners that literature is a humane subject; that is, that books set for study explore and interpret values and death questions attitudes in the real world, although they must also be judged in their own right as imaginative works depicting an alternative reality or alternative view of the world. Pros And Cons! Broadly speaking, students are asked to examine works in terms of their content ( what they are about) and the author's technique ( how they are composed). Love Real Essay! While examiners hope that students will enjoy studying these things, they recognize that this enjoyment will rarely be simple or immediate in the case of demanding texts.
Students would do well to develop maturity as readers, to discover the of legalizing, historical and cultural diversity of western literature, with some of its history; to recognize different literary forms, genres and conventions. Personal and independent judgements are encouraged, but should be made against essay questions a background of familiarity with established or current attitudes. Of Legalizing Weed Essay! It is impossible to teach this entirely within lesson time; private reading, directed by a teacher or other well-read person, is essential. Because you cannot read everything, or even very much, try to profit from the essay on buddhism, experience of others. At one level, this novel is a simple, if elegant, thriller: Ida Arnold, an of legalizing weed essay, unlikely heroine, pursues the evil but failed gangster Pinkie Brown; she seeks his punishment, while trying to love essay, save from his influence the young woman, Rose, whom Pinkie has married to buy her silence.
In these terms, with vivid but usually straightforward characters and well-drawn locations, and the shocking conclusion (the reader is aware of Rose's imminent discovery of Pinkie's hatred) the novel shows why it achieved great popularity, and why it was successfully adapted for pros and cons of legalizing weed the cinema. Unlike some classic works, it obeys the why the essay, convention of popular fiction, that there should be a well-paced and exciting story; suspense is also provided by the reader's concern for the perhaps doomed Rose. But why is the novel also considered to be serious fiction, or a modern classic? This is a little less obvious, but we can find reasons for this opinion, if we look. Like many writers from earlier times, Greene is deeply interested in what could be called metaphysical questions: about the real nature and purpose of this world, about the pros and cons of legalizing weed essay, nature or existence, even, of God; about man's freedom, by his own efforts, to alter his circumstances - or lack of this freedom. In order to address these arguments, Greene depicts characters who are not at all complex, but who hold, profoundly in the case of thesis buy Pinkie, radically differing views on these matters. Dallow, like Ida, sees only the immediate material world before him, as do the punters who see Brighton's jolly facade and essay gaiety, but not the essay questions on buddhism, squalor behind this. Pinkie, though, believes also in a world of unseen but eternal spiritual realities. Initially, he believes these to pros weed, await him after death, and he aspires to better his status in this world; but he comes, gradually, to see what Prewitt, his bent lawyer, articulates for him, that this (this world, generally; for get a life Pinkie, Brighton) is hell, nor are we out of it.
Brighton in its two aspects (the Palace Pier or Paradise Piece) becomes a metaphor for heaven and hell, while the and cons of legalizing, novel begs the question: does Pinkie have a morbid and deluded imagination, or is of a salesman, he right in his view of the world? Ida is a likeable heroine, but Greene does not at all endorse her matter-of-fact view of the world. Greene's examination of these questions should also be seen in its historical perspective. The major English novelist of the inter-war years, D.H. Lawrence, presented a view of the world in and cons of legalizing weed essay, which problems arise from personal, social and especially sexual relations. While ideas about religious belief might occasionally preoccupy the characters in thesis buy, Lawrence's novels the author does not seriously entertain belief in a supernatural God. Late Victorian writers, such as Thomas Hardy and George Eliot, followed by G.B. Shaw, have tried to replace religious values with social ethics. In Brighton Rock, Greene shows the continuing importance of religious belief.
In Hale's funeral service and Ida's superstitious dabblings in the spirit world he ridicules the then fashionable compromise between religious faith and so-called rationalism. Pinkie's rebuke to Dallow's I don't believe in what my eyes don't see (They don't see much then; p. 212 ) could reasonably be read as the author's gibe against and cons of legalizing weed the blindness, to eternal realities, of the modern materialist outlook. These ideas will be discussed more fully later. Pinkie accepts the Roman Catholic teaching about heaven and kat carmel jude get a essay hell, but in a rather perverted way. There may be heaven though he can form no idea of it; but he has a vivid idea of hell: Of course there's Hell. Flames and damnation. (p.
52) Initially, Pinkie believes that hell awaits him after death, and there is no point in troubling about it beforehand: Hell - it's just there. You don't need to think of it - not before you die (p. 91) But his remark to Rose immediately prior to this (I don't take any stock in religion) is not convincing. It is and cons of legalizing weed essay, probably true, however, at thesis buy, this point, that Pinkie believes he can use his position as Kite's successor to gain status and influence, though it is and cons of legalizing weed, not clear to the reader how he can achieve these, as Pinkie lacks imagination; his refusal to meet Colleoni's terms seems foolish. History! What Pinkie wants immediately is to obliterate his past in Paradise Piece, with the pros and cons of legalizing, knowledge of his parents' sexual habits, and to escape from the room at Frank's, where strategic planning is made impossible by the interruptions of the essay on buddhism, other gang members and Judy. An idea of controlling the race track, resisting Colleoni and doing what he needs to, in pros of legalizing, order to silence Rose is Pinkie's vision of history essay questions worldly success. The reader notes, first that the celibate, ascetic Pinkie is unfitted to enjoy the pros and cons, fruits of this success, other than the prestige it might bring; second, that Ida, effortlessly, achieves what is denied Pinkie: he is refused a room at the hotel on his wedding-night, while Ida uses the unlucky Hale's tip to pay her way in Brighton, and her charm to life, hitch a lift to the races in pros and cons of legalizing, a luxury sports car. What Pinkie comes to thesis buy, realize about his original view of pros and cons of legalizing weed essay things is that it is mistaken, and that hell is all around us. In trying to thesis buy, silence Rose, he finds himself committing a sin more serious than murder (the corruption of an immortal soul). He also sees how the squalid domestic routines and the sexual relations he has hitherto sought to escape have now trapped him; the only way out is to arrange Rose's death. Pinkie sees this most vividly when he takes his bride back to Frank's place: Now it was as if he was damned already and there was nothing more to fear ever again.
The ugly bell chattered, the long wire humming in pros and cons weed essay, the hall, and the bare globe burnt above the bed - the girl, the washstand, the sooty window, the blank shape of a chimney, a voice whispered, I love you, Pinkie. This was hell then; it wasn't anything to worry about; it was just his own familiar room. (p. 182) Later, when he visits Prewitt (Part Seven, Ch. Essay Questions! 3), this is articulated most clearly. Pinkie's fear of settled domesticity is alarmingly embodied in Prewitt's household. Prewitt is successful enough (or has been) to own a house and to employ a servant. But his house is near the railway line, shaken by shunting engines while soot settles continuously on the glass and brass plate. The party wall is so thin, there is non-stop noise from the neighbour's radio. The wife in the basement and the girl with grey underground skin suggest the hell just beneath this world.
Prewitt tells Pinkie that the Boy's danger of pros and cons weed conviction is to be preferred to his own living death: The worst that can happen to you is you'll hang. But I can rot. Finally, Prewitt tells Pinkie of Mephistopheles' words to Faustus: Why, this is salesman coursework questions, Hell, nor are we out of it repeating the pros essay, phrase soon afterwards. Pinkie would not be familiar with Marlowe's play, but the quotation expresses an idea to which his own thoughts have been tending. The reader sees that Pinkie is queen kat carmel jude get a essay, like Faustus: he has tried to make a deal, accepting his own damnation, in return for some advantage in this world. Like Faustus, he finds that the worldly gain is illusory and pros and cons unsatisfying. We see further how Pinkie becomes aware more and more of a loss of control.
When he confronts Hale, he is utterly confident he can kill him with impunity. Early in should be illegal, the novel (p. Pros And Cons Weed! 7) Greene likens Pinkie to love essay, a hunter before the pros and cons, kill. As he is drawn into closer relations with Rose, Pinkie sees how his scope for action is lessened. This becomes explicit when he visits Prewitt: More than ever yet he had the sense that he was being driven further and deeper than he'd ever meant to go: he is now the hunted. Real! This idea is central to pros weed, the novel's conclusion: although Pinkie is fairly sure of his own damnation, he believes (in theory) that a Catholic can be saved if he repents before death, an idea he thinks of repeatedly in terms of the rhyme about the stirrup and the ground.
When he fears he may be about to die, after the of a, attack on the race-course, he finds that this does not work, that his whole attention is given to trying to stay alive. But Greene is careful not to exclude the possibility of pros weed essay forgiveness for Pinkie. Driving with Rose to essay, the country, to arrange her suicide, Pinkie thinks of himself as pre-destined, unfairly, for damnation, because of the experiences of which his cells were formed. He is stirred by an awful resentment, and wonders why he should not have had his chance, like all the rest, seen his glimpse of heaven, if it was only a crack between the Brighton walls. (p. 228) But as he looks back on his brief courtship of Rose, Pinkie has his chance. He discovers, to his surprise, that he remembers it without repulsion and and cons essay the (slight) possibility of affection for Rose occurs to him; somewhere, like a beggar outside a shuttered house, tenderness stirred, but he was bound in a habit of hate. The image is questions on buddhism, repeated (p. 237) as Pinkie feels almost protective of Rose in response to the boasting of the upper-class men in and cons, the bar: Tenderness came up to the very window and looked in. The chance of repentance, twice refused, comes most vividly, the third and final time; as he drives away from the bar, Pinkie is aware of an enormous emotion, likened to something trying to get in; the pressure of gigantic wings against the glass. Dona nobis pacem . If the glass broke, if the beast - whatever it was - got in, God knows what it would do. (p. 239) The colloquial God knows here clearly has a serious literal meaning.
Pinkie is aware of love real what is happening, this is the crack opening in Brighton's walls, but when it comes, he resists it. Having declined the threefold offer of mercy, Pinkie cannot escape the divine judgement. His death is presented very much as the action of pros weed essay supernatural punishment: it was as if the flames had literally got him (the burning of the vitriol anticipating and becoming a metaphor for the hell-fire which Pinkie is about to meet). When he goes over queen jude get a essay, the cliff no sound is heard: it was as if he'd been withdrawn suddenly by a hand out of any existence - past or present, whipped away into of legalizing weed essay, zero - nothing. (p. 243) The hand is a conventional anthropomorphism for the action of God, while the reference to time indicates how Pinkie's hell, as Prewitt correctly divines, begins before his death. Thesis Buy! In the depiction of Pinkie, Greene addresses many of the paradoxes of Roman Catholic doctrine. Pros And Cons Weed Essay! Pinkie seems to is teenage essay, be doomed - both by his environment and by his temperament - to hell, and yet he is of legalizing essay, held accountable for his actions. His lack of imagination (of others' sufferings) and inability to value those for whom he has no affection (and he has affection for death coursework questions nobody) explain, but in Greene's eyes neither justify nor excuse, his crimes. He has the possibility of mercy but declines it. The reader is satisfied (with Ida) that justice has been done (though we understand it, as Ida does not, in the context of pros of legalizing weed essay eternal damnation). Ida, like Dallow, believes in of a salesman, what she sees.
She is superstitious, being quite ready to believe in a spirit world, but not seeing, as Pinkie does, the vivid reality of hell-fire. She believed in pros and cons of legalizing weed essay, ghosts, but you couldn't call that thin transparent existence life eternal. (p. 36) This is contrasted with Ida's hedonistic ideas about life, as a series of tangible material pleasures to be enjoyed without self-reproach: She took life with a deadly seriousness. (p. 36) Ida has no belief in heaven or hell: That's just religion. Believe me, it's the queen and st life essay, world we got to deal with. (p. 198) Fred has been deprived of life and Rose's life may be in danger; Ida, with her overwhelming sense of right and pros and cons wrong, of essay on buddhism fair play, casts herself in the rôle of avenger. Greene explains Ida's popularity in terms of pros of legalizing weed essay her understanding of ordinary people; her physical presence, her joie de vivre and her sentimentality all make her attractive; she is generous in every respect, and mixes common sense with commonplace superstition. In this, she is sqa higher essay questions, a kind of representative of the people, and of the popular world view.
Many readers will see things as Ida does; most will admire the courage with which she responds to what she sees as her duty to Fred. Whether we agree with Ida's belief that it's the world we got to deal with is another matter. It is possible to see Pinkie's theology as the morbid fantasy of a moral imbecile. But the conclusion of the novel appears more to endorse the weed essay, supernatural than the worldly outlook. The hand which seems to withdraw Pinkie from existence, for example, is on buddhism, not in his mind (we have no insight into the dying man's thought) but in and cons essay, the narrative. Just as Ida sets out to save Rose's (mortal) life, so Rose hopes to save Pinkie's (immortal) soul. If this is impossible, she thinks, she would rather be damned with him.
Though familiar with the Catholic doctrine in which she has been brought up, her understanding is sqa higher essay, very different from Pinkie's. She is essay, quite ready to defer to his authority, even when he pretends not to believe the orthodox teaching on marriage, in order to persuade Rose that he and she are to be married properly. Although Rose is queen jude life, conventionally good she has a sense of inhabiting a country where good or evil live together, speaking the same language, coming together like old friends; Pinkie and she live in pros weed, a common world, from which the non-Catholics are excluded. She sees Ida (in relation to Catholicism) as resembling an Englishwoman abroad, as if in a strange country without a phrase book. Essay Questions! Rose rightly suspects that Pinkie's background is the same as hers; he denies this (p. 91) not least because his home is the thing of which he most wants to be free. Rose fails, at the last, to commit suicide; though she thinks of the voice prompting her to stay alive so she can plead for Pinkie at the throne of of legalizing weed grace as speaking like a devil, yet her hand is stayed long enough for her to be overtaken by thesis buy, events. When Ida and the policeman arrive, Rose throws away the revolver she is holding. Rose tells the priest (p. 246) that Pinkie was damned and knew it. The priest encourages her to believe it might be otherwise if he (Pinkie) loved her, and and cons of legalizing weed essay tells her to make her child a saint to pray for his father.
The novel's concluding sentence intimates that Rose will soon discover (from Pinkie's recorded message) that he hated her, thus giving the thesis buy, lie to the priest's suggestion. In the novel, Brighton is pros essay, important as a well-drawn setting for the action; as a metaphorical device for depicting the eternal realities of salesman coursework questions heaven and hell; for and cons weed its close identification with Pinkie, and for queen kat carmel and st jude get a life its atmosphere. The reader does not have to know the town through personal experience to follow the pros, novel, though in fact Greene supplies very precise details at points (he identifies the Palace Pier, the West Pier, Old Steyne, Montpellier Road and neighbouring Rottingdean and Peacehaven, as well, of course, as the race track). The town could be any English seaside resort in its layout: a drab hinterland, known only to the locals extends back from the thesis buy, extensive promenades and piers with amusements, sideshows and kiosks selling confections and souvenirs. And Cons Of Legalizing Essay! These sources of pleasure and entertainment are presented by Greene as essentially vulgar, for the common people. Ida, ever adaptable, is able to enjoy her day-trip, but Hale, down on his luck yet of more middle-class outlook feels isolated, different from the crowd which seems to exist only as a collective, to which individual differences are surrendered: it is likened, impersonally, to a twisted piece of wire, uncoiling endlessly past him. While the crowds enjoy the queen kat carmel get a, seaside, they do not know the impoverished streets behind it. Though Pinkie seems to know all of Brighton well, there are parts he wishes not to know.
In seeking her parents' permission to marry Rose, Pinkie must return to the poor area from which he originates; he (like the reader) is directly confronted with the squalid detail of Nelson Place and Paradise Piece. The promenade and pros and cons weed essay the piers, dedicated to amusement, parting people from small amounts of money saved, patiently, from what they have earned through real work are artificial, a veneer on reality, as it were. For the real, crowds of holiday-makers or day-trippers on bank-holidays they are a delightful illusion of the good life: With immense labour and immense patience they extricated from the long day the pros weed, grain of pleasure: this sun, the music, the rattle of the miniature cars, the ghost train diving between the grinning skeletons under the Aquarium promenade, the sticks of Brighton rock, the paper sailors' caps. Death Of A! (p. 6) Greene indicates here how the and cons of legalizing weed, crowd almost force themselves into a sense of enjoyment, as this is the only diversion they can know. But the reality of Brighton is Paradise Piece and Nelson Place, with their poverty and squalor; Mr. Prewitt's domestic hell; the room at Frank's place; the life Pinkie sees embodied in the clutter of history essay questions a garage in which he takes refuge, or the sprawling development he and Rose look at from the bus. In every case, the pros and cons of legalizing weed, place is associated with unhappiness, failure of one's plans and of one's relationships but chiefly with entrapment. Prewitt's quotation of Mephistopheles points the reader to Pinkie's apparent inability to queen and st jude, leave Brighton.
We may wonder why he does not simply run away from his troubles: the answer is that he cannot leave. Unlike the much-travelled Dallow, he knows he is doomed to stay there. He tells Dallow: I'd feel a stranger away from here. I suppose I'm real Brighton (pp. 219,220) He says this as if his single heart contained all the cheap amusements, the Pullman cars, the unloving weekends in pros of legalizing weed, gaudy hotels, and the sadness after coition. Though he has tried to escape Paradise Piece, there is irony in his criminal actions (the intended means of escape) leading him, as he tries to silence Rose, back to the very slums from which he came. When Pinkie goes out into the country with Cubitt and Dallow he takes his past with him; confronted with Sylvie in the back of a Lancia he is as nauseated as ever by death penalty be illegal, the physical reality of sex. Immediately before this we are told (p. 130): This was his territory, the populous foreshore, a few thousand acres of and cons of legalizing houses, a narrow peninsula of electrified track running to London, two or three railway stations with their buffets and buns.
It had been Kite's territory, it had been good enough for Kite, and when Kite had died in the waiting-room at St. Pancras, it had been as if a father had died, leaving him an inheritance it was his duty never to leave for strange acres. Though, it seems, Pinkie is occasionally (if briefly) able to leave Brighton, Brighton cannot be taken out of him. Finally, Brighton is appropriate because of its atmosphere. Although a fashionable resort in its Regency heyday, the death of a salesman coursework, Brighton of the 1930s, which Greene knew was rather down-at-heel and extremely vulgar. The amusements are a series of clichs: ghost-train and shooting-gallery; paper hats and sticks of pros of legalizing essay rock. Sqa Higher History Essay! A supposedly festive location often, by pros and cons of legalizing weed, way of contrast, as here, may prove highly effective as the setting for a story about evil and crime. On the day of the Whitsun bank holiday, though the sun shines there is queen kat carmel and st jude get a, a chill wind; the weed essay, literal coldness becoming a metaphor for Hale's fear and sense of isolation and danger. Brighton Rock: why is the title apt?
Brighton is (or was, in Britain, until recent times) very closely associated in the public mind with the sticks of sqa higher history essay rock sold there, and would have been so even more in the 1930s, when the rock would have been seen as a semi-luxury. Greene chooses it for pros and cons essay his title, both because of sqa higher questions its connection with the circumstances of Hale's death, and because of pros of legalizing essay its use, by Ida, as a simile to explain the essay questions on buddhism, unchanging nature of the human heart. We do not learn at once how Hale died. We know that Pinkie and his gang believe they have killed him, yet are puzzled by the different conclusion of the and cons weed essay, coroner. Thesis Buy! Much later (p.
162) Cubitt hints to Ida about the killing: I can't see a piece of Brighton rock without. (without distress, evidently, at recalling his part in the killing; Ida presses him for more information, but he gives none). And Cons Of Legalizing! The mystery is resolved in the following chapter, where Pinkie sees a kind of diabolical leading of on buddhism Rose, as she inadvertently retraces his steps on the day of Hale's death. The covered walk which Rose takes (in bad weather) because it is sheltered has been chosen, earlier, by and cons of legalizing weed essay, Pinkie for discretion. When she reaches the kat carmel and st jude get a life, kiosk where the killing took place, Pinkie asks Rose whether she wants winkles or rock as if something important really depended on the answer. When she replies, I'd like a stick of Brighton rock he believes that only the devil. could have made her answer like that. We learn that some rock is for sale cheaply because it has been broken (in the kiosk) by some clumsy fools (Pinkie and his gang, with Hale). He knows, before he turns around, that the promenade will be shut out behind the weed, rows of history questions Brighton rock (p. 178).
Evidently, this place was chosen for the killing of Hale because few, if any, holiday-makers would see the men on the covered walk, and and cons of legalizing weed no-one would see the murder. (It is should be illegal, not clear whether the shop-assistant would be in the kiosk but unaware of what was happening or out, though her remark suggests that the murder may have occurred when the kiosk was unattended; Pinkie evidently knows every detail of the place.) The principal reason for Greene's choice of title, though, is pros and cons, that Brighton rock provides Ida with a topical but simple analogy to human nature. In response to Rose's statement that people change, Ida retorts: Oh, no they don't. I've never changed. Real! It's like those sticks of rock: bite it all the way down. That's human nature. (p. 198) In the case of Pinkie, Ida would appear to be correct. But whether Greene wishes us to endorse this view in every case is pros of legalizing weed, debatable; Pinkie, after all, is confronted with the possibility of change, but is unable to achieve it. This view is essentially pessimistic, suggesting that the only good people are those who are good to thesis buy, begin with.
In the eternal context (in which Ida has no real belief) this would mean that the capacity of the individual to respond to God's mercy (and thus damnation and salvation) are determined in and cons of legalizing, advance by God's will. Crudely, whether one is saved or damned, in terms of Ida's simile, depends on death penalty should what God has written on one's character or soul. Before considering this, it may be worth thinking generally about the pros and cons of legalizing weed, idea of viewpoint in thesis buy, fiction. Conventionally, writers use first or third person narration for different effects: the one gives a more partial and subjective view, while the other allows more objective or shifting viewpoint. However, by regulating the reader's access to the thoughts of the imagined characters or by making judgements about them, the author may massage the reader's sensibilities and and cons of legalizing attitudes. Comments may also be provided by way of explanation, to clarify what would otherwise seem puzzling or to elicit sympathy for otherwise repellent characters. In Brighton Rock Greene limits the reader's view to scenes in which Pinkie, Ida and Rose appear, save for the opening, in which we follow Hale, and a brief episode in which Dallow is prominent. Questions! We are granted access to the thoughts of these characters, to their feelings about and cons weed, others, with the author's explanatory comment sometimes, seeing the sqa higher history essay, story, as it were, through their eyes.
One way of understanding this better would be to consider those characters to whom we are not given this kind of insight. Good examples would be Colleoni or Kite: both exert a great influence on Pinkie but their own outlook is not important to the novel, so much as the way that Pinkie sees them, and this is how they are presented to the reader; like Pinkie, we judge Colleoni by how he appears and what he says, while Kite is known only by a series of recollections, some general, some (such as their first meeting ) more vivid and precise. In episodes in which more than one of the principals is present Greene will often present the pros weed, story through the history essay questions, eyes of pros and cons of legalizing essay one only. Occasionally, as in the set-piece description of the race day (Part four, Ch. 1; p. 99) Greene will adopt a neutral, impersonal view, not at all mediated by the subjective response of a character, but merely detailing what was to kat carmel and st essay, be seen and heard. One result of Greene's subjective limiting of viewpoint to that of Pinkie or of Ida, is to reinforce the idea of their mutual incomprehension: neither can make sense of the other's world; neither attempts understanding. Thus, when Ida appeals to Rose, she speaks in terms of worldly common sense, and cannot see why the younger woman is unmoved.
An episode which shows well how Greene selects a partial viewpoint is the pros weed essay, account of Pinkie's visit to the races with Spicer, at which both are attacked by thesis buy, Colleoni's men. We read what Spicer says, but see him through Pinkie's reactions, as when he blows gaseous malted breath towards the bookies. Comments such as It was as easy as shelling peas are clearly not those of the author, but an indication of Pinkie's thoughts. And Cons Of Legalizing Weed! Pinkie squeezes Spicer's arm, but there is no account of Spicer's pain or irritation; when the attack occurs, Spicer is coursework, seen and heard from afar, but Pinkie's pain is pros weed essay, presented directly; although the surprise is said to be worse than the pain at first, the account of the attack is should be illegal, graphic: we read the word pain repeatedly, as also references to razors and to slashing (of knuckles, twice, and of cheeks). Here, the reader is concerned with Pinkie's pain alone; Spicer is out of sight figuratively, as well as literally. Giving access to thoughts, with explanatory comment, Greene enables the reader to achieve imaginative sympathy with characters (Pinkie, Rose, Ida) whose views the author in no sense endorses. This does not, of course, mean that we are led to like them, but that we can understand them: even Ida, though we might like her for a neighbour, is depicted as narrow and worldly, while her tastes are snobbishly depicted as vulgar. This sympathy is most important in the case of Pinkie: if we saw him only as he appears to others, and without comment on the origins of his self-centred misanthropy, the novel would be repellent; as it is, Greene elicits some comprehension of (if not compassion for) how Pinkie has become what he has, by means of the repeated insights into pros and cons weed essay, his thoughts. This is not a novel in which rounded characters are depicted in the round: in fact, Greene is preoccupied with a limited range of human characteristics.
What we learn of Pinkie is what has made him as he is (his revulsion at his parental home and his parents' ugly ritual of sex, his sadism at school and thesis buy his Catholicism) and his present doomed struggle for advancement in and cons of legalizing, the Brighton underworld. This could be seen to bring what is important (Pinkie's evil) into sharper relief, and to omit everyday detail suggestive of humanity; but the is teenage love, poverty of Pinkie's past and present experience, the absence of happy childhood recollection, might indicate that there is nothing else to say about Pinkie, that simple hostility has driven out complexity of character. Where Pinkie eschews experience, Ida is game for anything, especially modest material luxuries. Where Pinkie is alienated by his singularity and hostility to God and man, Ida is the epitome of the insider. Essay! She is a stereotype of decent humanity at its best, eating, drinking and making merry but consoling the weak and seeking justice she believes Fred has been denied. Sqa Higher Essay! Her idea of right and wrong is far less profound and potent than Pinkie's sense of Good and Evil, but she is and cons weed essay, confident she is in the right, and inexorable in doing what she sees as her duty. Queen And St Essay! There is some irony in the reader's awareness that this mixture of superstition and agnosticism should be the unwitting instrument of divine retribution for Pinkie. Rose is more impoverished of and cons weed character and love real essay experience even than Pinkie, so that he appears to her as glamorous. She, too, seems motivated by pros essay, a single idea, that of love real loyalty to Pinkie, and resists Ida's arguments with sullen perversity.
Her commitment to Pinkie is an act of faith which she justifies by the will power with which she sustains it; she does not know him really, as appears (p. 195) as she attempts to explain her marriage to her friend, Maisie. The depiction of and cons of legalizing complex characters, showing development over time, is on buddhism, a legitimate purpose for a novelist, but in Brighton Rock we meet characters who are not complex and pros of legalizing weed essay who do not undergo much development, in the short time which the principal narrative occupies. What Greene is interested in is the states of mind of Pinkie and Ida, and the nature of thesis buy their conflict. In Brighton Rock Greene presents the reader with many motifs and symbols. In order to sort these out, we should note the pros and cons of legalizing essay, following types of symbolism. First, there are symbols or metaphors which are understood as such by the characters in the novel: of these, the most obvious is that in the title. The reader is aware that the letters run right through a stick of rock, but we may be a little surprised to read of Ida's using this image to essay, explain to Rose why, in pros of legalizing, her view, human nature is unchanging - the symbolism occurs to Ida as it does to us; second, we may consider things which the characters observe, and death salesman questions which suggest the characters' state of mind, although for them the symbolism is never articulated: thus, Pinkie's battered Morris and the sausage roll crumbs on pros essay his bed can be contrasted with Colleoni's gold cigarette lighter and of a salesman questions limousine, as indicative of the status of the two men; finally, there are the images which are never explained but which recur throughout the novel, and which we may choose to interpret analogically - such as the sea, or music (of various kinds).
As a writer whose work was frequently adapted for the cinema, Greene seems to think very much of weed essay what should be seen or heard at any time, but the context of these images suggests that they are at least ambiguous, if not obviously open to analogical interpretation. In your reading of the essay questions, novel, you should look out for recurring details which Greene introduces to indicate meanings beyond the literal. To take one minor example, we might note the frequency with which Greene draws our attention to glass and and cons weed essay windows (Rose outside her old place of queen jude get a life essay employment, Pinkie looking in shop windows, tenderness coming to the window in pros and cons of legalizing essay, the roadhouse and looking in, gigantic wings beating on the car's windscreen, references to glass breaking). Many of these can be seen as images of separation or isolation. They are also connected with a series of why the should essay references to seeing or not seeing: Pinkie twice rebukes others for failing to see (first, literally, and later, speaking to Dallow about hell, metaphorically), we (twice) meet a blind band, Prewitt wants to act like Samson and sees his wife as a mole (p. 210), while even the name of Nelson Place suggests partial blindness or wilful failure to see the of legalizing weed essay, enemy (as Nelson did at Copenhagen by placing his telescope against his blind eye).
Frank's ignorance of Dallow's affair with Judy is ultimately explained by Dallow's disclosure (p. Kat Carmel And St Jude Get A Essay! 234), which we may have anticipated: What Frank doesn't see, he doesn't mind. And he can't see much - he's blind (which explains why, although he has a wonderful hand with an iron, he does not notice the damp patch on Pinkie's suit, of which the Boy is so conscious, speaking to Colleoni at the Cosmopolitan). This recurrent motif is and cons of legalizing, part of Greene's way of why the death penalty be illegal distinguishing the visible everyday world of material pleasures, in pros weed, which Ida so firmly believes, from the kat carmel essay, unseen eternity behind or beyond it (see below) just as, to use another parallel, Pinkie knows the ugly real Brighton behind the facade of sea-front, promenade and pier, a Brighton which the day-trippers never see. Prewitt's seeing his wife as a mole in the cellarage is one of several subterranean references, depicting hell as the underworld (note that this word in its loose metaphorical sense [as used in the blurb on the novel's back cover] is avoided by Greene). Apart from the basement in weed essay, Frank's house, we might note the cellar at Snow's where Rose tends the wounded Pinkie, the essay, long tunnel (p. 177-8) under the parade (down which Hale is led to his death) or the likening of the blind musicians' eyes to those of pit ponies (p. 99). These references reinforce the pros weed essay, reader's sense that Brighton is, like the world, but in a local and comprehensible sense: the ravaged and disputed territory between the two eternities (of heaven and hell; p. 139). Thesis Buy! Pinkie eventually is stirred by an awful resentment that he has never seen his glimpse of heaven (228) though he is disgusted by pros and cons of legalizing, the romantic cliché (p.
48) beautiful to hold and heaven itself which confuses heaven with the kat carmel and st jude life essay, object of sexual or amorous desire. This theological understanding is made explicit by Prewitt, as he quotes Mephistopheles (this is Hell, nor are we out of it; p. 210) as by Pinkie's earlier recognition on returning to his room at Frank's with his child bride: This was hell, then; it wasn't anything to worry about: it was just his own familiar room (p. 182). As Pinkie and Rose are turned away by pros and cons of legalizing weed, the hotel clerk the reader senses a parody of the Holy Family finding no room at the inn. But the motif of Eden is one which Greene develops more fully: as the door of the Crown closes behind them, Pinkie and Rose feel as if they [are] shut out thesis buy, from an Eden of ignorance with nothing to look forward to but experience (p. 171).
Ignorance here seems synonymous both with bliss and innocence. For Rose, especially, marriage is like a different country, which she thinks of as the country of mortal sin. Pros And Cons Of Legalizing Weed! As she looks at Maisie on the other side of Snow's window (p. 194), she cannot return to the Eden of ignorance. That the squalid slum from love real which Pinkie has fled should be called Paradise Piece is an irony which requires no comment beyond noting that it has not given Pinkie the glimpse of and cons essay heaven he later wishes he had had! Pinkie knows and fears the love essay, sensual element in pros and cons of legalizing weed, the violin music he hears as he walks on the Palace Pier - he thinks of the catgut vibrating in the heart or grief in the guts and is the nearest thing he knows to sqa higher history, sorrow. Sentimental love songs such as that crooned at Sherry's, suggest stale romantic convention, which leads to the double horrors of sexual intimacy and domestication: the pros and cons weed, lyrics allow Greene to invoke playfully Pinkie's sense of Rose's inadequacy (lovely to kat carmel and st essay, look at), his eternal perspective (heaven itself), serious poetry (west wind. nightingale) and and cons of legalizing even Pinkie's way of life, as he would like it to be (the gangsters gunning). The dispassionate purity of the sung Mass is of a, more acceptable to Pinkie, not least because he has learned by rote the and cons of legalizing, Latin liturgy, while appearing not to notice its appropriateness to his own situation (does he know how the words translate?) as he sings, or thinks of, dona nobis pacem he is is teenage love real essay, trying to find ways to secure peace of mind for himself, while he speaks to of legalizing essay, Spicer of peace with Colleoni's mob and of a peace that lasts. Some motifs are obviously visual and cinematic: as we read, repeatedly, of the sausage roll crumbs on the bed or the gold lighter, we can see how these would be shown in close-up in the cinema. We are today quite familiar with the idea of the car as status symbol (indeed, the motif may now be too trite for real a self-conscious writer to use it) but the contrast between the gang's Morris, rarely parted from the epithet battered and the scarlet racing model in which Ida cadges a lift, the sports car of which the wealthy young man boasts to his friend (p. 237) or the limousines which may or may not be driven by Colleoni, is made explicit by Sylvie, who describes the Morris as no good to us, tries a Ford and finds it occupied, but cries (on finding one) I love a Lancia, pulling up her skirt to show the truth of pros and cons of legalizing essay her remark (p.
134). Images of battle and conquest abound throughout the queen kat carmel jude get a essay, novel. Ida thinks in these terms (looking at the heavy traffic of weed her battlefield, laying her plans, marshalling her cannon fodder, p. 81) while Pinkie tries, but fails, to find time and space to of a, plan his strategy. The world in which we live is seen as a battlefield where eternal powers struggle for and cons of legalizing weed the souls of men and women: this world, which never move(s) is sqa higher history essay questions, seen as the pros and cons of legalizing weed, ravaged and disputed territory between two eternities. Pinkie and Rose, from opposing territories, fraternize like troops at Christmas (p. 139). At times the images are nautical: Ida's mind, moving slowly but inexorably, is likened to a dredger (p. 72) while later she is compared to a figurehead of Victory (p. 244), an image which suggests both her triumph and questions her voluptuous figure (figureheads on and cons of legalizing weed sailing ships were conventionally carved in the form of bare-breasted women). Rose's poorly-concealed possessiveness towards Pinkie is thesis buy, likened (p. 138) to the guns on a Q-ship.
The comparison is interesting, as it is meant to give an insight into Pinkie's fear of Rose's attitude. Pinkie can plainly see what she is and cons weed, thinking, and thesis buy may well have heard of pros and cons essay Q-ships, but we feel the comparison is more the author's than one which would occur in thesis buy, this form to Pinkie! Later, as Ida fails to persuade Rose to save herself from Pinkie (p. 139), Rose's obstinacy appears to of legalizing essay, Ida in terms of a naval battle: . all the queen, fight there was in the world lay there - warships cleared for pros essay action and bombing fleets took flight between the set eyes and the stubborn mouth. It was like the map of a campaign marked with flags. The recurring motif which most defies clear or simple interpretation is the sea. Given the is teenage real essay, novel's setting in Brighton and the interest of the day-trippers, frequent reference to it need not invite any kind of pros and cons of legalizing essay symbolic interpretation.
But the way both Ida and Pinkie think of the why the penalty essay, sea, or, at pros and cons of legalizing essay, least, are repeatedly aware of it supports such a reading. Queen And St Jude! For Ida, the sea is a metaphor for the exotic, for possibility, for romance: It was the time of pros essay near-darkness and of the evening mist from the Channel and of love (p. 146). Greene is always aware of the Channel, which links Brighton to death coursework questions, other more romantic places: we read of its continual whisper, of thunder coming down the Channel, of tides which come from Boulogne. Prewitt's wished-for escape is to involve a Channel-crossing. For Pinkie, the sea has no romance, but, in the lightning, as he shows Rose the effect of vitriol, seems more like part of the pros and cons of legalizing, hell which lies about is teenage essay, him. Later, as he is burned by this same vitriol, the sea claims him (they couldn't even hear a splash, p. 243). It is almost as if the novel's characters embody mediaeval notions of the four elements and the corresponding vital humours: for the phlegmatic, earthy Ida, the and cons, sea is a comfortable alternative element, but for the fiery Pinkie it is threatening and hostile: as he disappears into it at the end of the novel, it is evidently the agent of his destruction.
In effect, the sea is a kind of mirror, reflecting the ideas of the beholder. Details of the characters' physical appearance may be understood metaphorically: Pinkie's thinness and physical immaturity suggest his emotional underdevelopment, for example. Queen Kat Carmel Life! But it is Ida whose physical presence is essay, most clearly indicative of thesis buy her character. Greene repeatedly refers to Ida's breasts to suggest her joie de vivre: She liked a good time, her big breasts bore their carnality frankly down the Old Steyne (p. 80). There is an interesting contrast here: the large-breasted Ida has no children but becomes a maternal figure for any number of men, such as Hale and Cubitt; but it is the immature Rose who terrifies Pinkie with the prospect of real maternity: His thoughts came to pieces in his hand: Saturday nights: and pros weed essay then the birth, the child, habit and hate (p. Is Teenage! 224); as he looks at her Pinkie (p. 228) sees a mouth which wanted the sexual embrace, the pros and cons, shape of breasts demanding a child. While the worldly Ida sees sex as a means to pleasure (and knows how to avoid conception) Pinkie understands that for Rose (a good Catholic) sex is a means to maternity, which also he dreads. Finally, one should note the sqa higher history essay questions, image of human nature as like a stick of rock: Bite it all the way down, you'll still read Brighton. That's human nature (p.
198). Where Rose suggests that people change, Ida cannot believe in this possibility, but sees the pros and cons of legalizing weed, world as composed of people, like her, who have never changed. This metaphor is central to our reading of the on buddhism, novel: at the end, Pinkie appears to pros, be aware of a possibility of change but he is bound in a habit of hate and resists the impulse. He thus appears to be responsible for his own actions - but it is not at all clear whether Greene believes (or expects his readers to believe) that Pinkie has any real prospect of repentance. And this ambiguity is endorsed by the priest who tells Rose (and the reader): You can't conceive. Thesis Buy! nor can I, or anyone. the appalling strangeness of the mercy of God (p. 246). Pros Essay! In Part One of the novel Greene introduces us to four characters; these are Pinkie (Brown) (aka the Boy), Ida Arnold, Charles Hale (Fred) and death coursework Rose. Although we will meet other characters, these four are of most importance to the narrative, which is chiefly about Ida's attempt to bring Pinkie to justice (for Hale's death) and to pros and cons of legalizing weed essay, save Rose from a dangerous association: we later see that though Ida is thinking of physical and moral danger, Rose is in far greater danger in a spiritual sense. Some questions you might like to consider as you read this first part are as follows: How does Greene present Brighton to the reader? Does it seem, already, to have any close or necessary association with the events narrated? (We know the novel is called Brighton Rock but do not yet know if this has any significance other than what is obvious, i.e. that Brighton, as a famous seaside resort, is associated with sticks of rock in the popular imagination.) What have we learned about the on buddhism, characters of Pinkie and of Ida in this part of the of legalizing weed, novel?
The novel is narrated in the third person but the narrative viewpoint is not neutral or objective; we see things usually as they appear to Pinkie or Ida, although the first chapter is narrated very much as events appear to Hale. In what ways does Greene achieve this? A more general idea to consider is the novelist's choice of subject; given that any story could be told, why this one? Behind this question (impossible to answer certainly) lie many other questions: is the is teenage essay, novelist merely documenting typical events naturalistically (what you mean when you say realistically) or is he trying to interpret/ make sense of the essay, world by history essay questions, means of of legalizing essay fiction? Is the novel written for a didactic purpose (that is to teach some moral or philosophical view)? On the surface, Brighton Rock looks like a fast-paced crime thriller, and it was a best-selling novel when it first appeared, so why is it considered a modern classic and worthy of close study by people like yourselves? What is the relationship between places in fiction and real places? Brighton, here, like Wuthering Heights, in Bront's novel of the same name is, arguably, as much a state of mind as a real place with streets and houses, even though Greene makes several precise references to the topography (layout) of the real town.
You may be disappointed by Greene's depiction of character in this novel: the two principals are strong but not complex characters; and Greene considers morality and religious belief more closely than psychology. How far ought a novelist, as most of the Victorians do, provide judgements on characters for the benefit of the reader, and death penalty be illegal how far should he or she present simply actions and speech (and perhaps, but not necessarily, thoughts) and of legalizing weed allow the sqa higher essay, reader to make his or her own judgements? In this part the focus is on Pinkie. In Chapter 1 he attempts to impress Rose, and subsequently how he threatens a bookie (Brewer) who has paid protection money to of legalizing essay, his rival Colleoni; in Chapter 2, he visits Colleoni, and love essay is subsequently picked up by the police and given a warning. What do we learn of Pinkie's situation and outlook here? Consider the contrast between Pinkie's impressing the nave Rose and his meeting with Colleoni, which reveals his own inexperience. Discuss Greene's use of descriptive detail (of Pinkie's room at Frank's and Colleoni's hotel, say) to show differences of status and experience. What do we learn from the references to Colleoni's lighter? In Chapter 1, Ida figures more prominently in the narrative again: she has come to Brighton, and places a bet on pros weed Black Boy; if the horse wins, the payout will cover the expense of her investigation into Hale's death; in of a questions, Chapter 2, Greene examines the of legalizing, fears of thesis buy Spicer, while Chapters 3 and pros of legalizing 4 follow Pinkie, first with Rose and subsequently with Spicer. While he moves to silence both of them (in different ways), he is unaware of Ida's moves, of which the why the be illegal essay, first hint comes in Rose's account of a big woman with a laugh, asking questions. How does Greene depict Ida in this part?
Consider her ease in gaining access to and cons essay, the police inspector (who has just spoken to questions, Pinkie), and enlisting the help of Phil. What do we learn from the of legalizing weed, description on p. 80 of her friends? Comment on Greene's imagery, as he likens Ida to a dredger (p. 72), who carries Phil along in her wake (p. 76) and in thesis buy, the extended metaphor of battle on p. 81. What do you find interesting about Spicer's tiredness and of legalizing weed essay desire for thesis buy escape?
What moves does Pinkie make in pros weed essay, this part to increase his security? In what ways does Greene indicate (through events or otherwise) their likely success or failure? On p. 80, Ida and Phil see the peepshow A Night of why the should Love; on p. 93, Pinkie and Rose pass this and several other named shows. Examine how Greene presents the contrast between Ida's frankness and sexuality and pros of legalizing essay Pinkie's horror of sex. In order to explain the latter, we read of Pinkie's recollections of his parents' intercourse. How does this increase (if it does) our understanding of coursework Pinkie's motivation and character, in relation to sex, and more generally? Comment on pros of legalizing Pinkie's recollection of his impoverished background (p.
90) and his memory of Colleoni's luxury (p. 91) as indications of what Pinkie is, in spite of what he aspires to. How is his denial of death of a questions faith (I don't take any stock in religion; p. 91) contradicted by his recollection of the liturgy* (p. 98) after he telephones Colleoni? How does the last paragraph of Part Three summarize important themes from the preceding section of the novel (Parts Two and and cons weed Three)? * Liturgy here refers to the words of the Mass (or Communion) which Pinkie learned to jude essay, sing, as a choirboy: Lamb of of legalizing essay God, that takes away the sins of the world. grant us (your) peace.
In this part, we have a detailed account of the day of the races; we see the thwarting of Pinkie's plans as Black Boy wins his race, Colleoni's men do not kill Spicer, but wound him and Pinkie, and the Boy find he is too young to marry Rose, whom Ida visits in the brief second chapter; finally, Pinkie silences Spicer for questions on buddhism himself. Weed! Ida's ascendancy over Pinkie is shown symbolically as she travels to the races in a sports car, in style, while he chugs behind in the gang's battered Morris. Thesis Buy! Look out for other occasions where cars are used to suggest Pinkie's poverty and the luxury of others' lives. And Cons Essay! Consider the device of Spicer's speculating about his retirement and why the penalty be illegal essay keeping a pub in and cons weed, Nottingham, while the reader is privy to Pinkie's intentions. It is Pinkie, however, and essay not Spicer, who is to receive a surprise (shared by pros and cons of legalizing, the reader?) when Colleoni's mob strikes. Note how the narrative of events, and Pinkie's conversation and death immediate perceptions, is interspersed with observations about death and hell, and recollections of Pinkie's past.
What light do these shed on pros and cons of legalizing weed the narrative? As Pinkie takes shelter in a garage, he is fascinated but repelled by its contents. For him, as for and st essay the reader, they become a metaphor of a certain kind of life. Comment on the symbolic function of and cons essay this descriptive detail. On page 112, Pinkie thinks of tactics and strategy; this is death salesman coursework questions, one of a number of weed essay images and other details which suggest to the reader the idea that both Pinkie and sqa higher essay questions Ida are at war. See how many others you can find, and try to explain how they qualify our view of the of legalizing weed essay, narrative. This part has parallels with earlier chapters of the novel; the same blind band which appears at the start of Part Four is described at the start of essay questions this part; the pros and cons of legalizing weed essay, contrast between Pinkie's room at essay, Frank's and pros weed Mr. Colleoni's hotel (Part Two) is found in chapters 3 and 4: in the former, Pinkie returns to the squalor of the Catholic slum (to bribe Rose's parents into consenting to his marrying her), while in essay, the latter, Ida, eating an clair in the Pompadour Boudoir, decides to splash some of her winnings on a room at the Cosmopolitan; Spicer's disaffection (Part Four) is pros of legalizing weed essay, followed by Cubitt's loss of thesis buy faith in Pinkie.
We note how the description of weed essay Pinkie's territory (p. 130) is real essay, followed immediately by an account of one of his rare excursions outside the boundaries of that territory; this symbolically mirrors his failed attempt to venture into the metaphorical territory of adulthood, seen in terms of drinking and sexual experience, with Sylvie, Spicer's girlfriend. Comment on the contrast between Pinkie's and Ida's situations in this part of the novel. Places, real and metaphorical, can be seen clearly to have enormous importance in this part of the novel (and subsequently). Comment on this, with reference to pros of legalizing essay, particular details which you have found to be of interest (Brighton, roads out of it, the sea, for example). What indications can you find in this section of Pinkie's increasing sense of inevitability in events, and queen get a of his losing control of and cons of legalizing weed his own security? Discuss the idea of nemesis here. Comment on the importance of marriage (as an idea and a reality) in salesman, this part.
In the first chapter of this part, we follow Cubitt who means to quit the gang and tries to join Colleoni, but is rejected by Crab (Colleoni's lieutenant), and subsequently consoled by Ida. The second chapter concerns Pinkie's marriage: he and Rose are refused a room at the Cosmopolitan, and pass time walking near the pier, before returning to Frank's, where the marriage is consummated. If the best marriages are made in heaven, is Pinkie's made in hell? (see p. 210). Pros And Cons Weed! Comment on Pinkie's belief that this marriage is a greater sin than murder (p. Thesis Buy! 167), and on weed the repeated references to hell and damnation in this part. How does Pinkie's sense of his own damnation change (p. 182)?
What is the sense of penalty should be illegal essay This was hell then; it wasn't anything to pros essay, worry about; it was just his own familiar room? On p. 178, Pinkie, led by Rose, returns to the scene of Hale's killing. Comment on Greene's presentation of this coincidence, especially noting Pinkie's understanding of it. Thesis Buy! This part of the novel has ten chapter divisions, but the important details of the plot concern Pinkie's growing desperation, his idea of a suicide pact (to rid himself of Rose) and Ida's concern to save the pros of legalizing weed, younger woman. Essay Questions! Pinkie's chance of repentance is vividly depicted, but he rejects it, and dies (symbolically?) by and cons weed, his own hand. The grim sequel to this is thesis buy, Rose's confession, which concludes with her belief that she may have a child, and her mistaken hope that the child will hear a loving message from Pinkie on the gramophone record he has recorded for her. The chapter (3) in which Pinkie visits his lawyer (Prewitt) at home is one in which the pros and cons of legalizing, idea of hell as all around us becomes most explicit; comment on this, with especial regard to Prewitt's comments and Pinkie's more profound understanding of them.
The aptness of the thesis buy, novel's title becomes clear in Ida's words to Rose (p. 198) about sticks of pros and cons rock: explain the metaphor, and comment on its relevance to the novel generally. Pinkie's words to Dallow (who doesn't believe in death coursework questions, what his eyes don't see): They don't see much then remind us of the pros of legalizing weed essay, novel's general concern with differing views of the world - those that allow for, and is teenage love real those which exclude - the supernatural or spiritual. Comment on this theme, and pros essay its treatment here. Pinkie has three chances of repentance (the first two are expressed as tenderness trying to reach him, but the third is far more striking (p. 239). Be Illegal! How do these explain what the priest (p. 246) calls the appalling. strangeness of the mercy of God. In what sense is Pinkie's death perfectly just?
What is and cons weed essay, meant by the priest's statement that a Catholic is more capable of evil than anyone? How far does the novel in its totality endorse this view? How satisfactory do you find the novel's ending in terms of the plot, situation and general themes of Brighton Rock? Open book style examination tasks. For most syllabuses (e.g. AQA, formerly NEAB) alternative questions will be set, on two different parts of the thesis buy, text. You will answer one only of these. The exam paper will indicate where the set passage is to and cons, be found in history essay questions, your copy, which you must have with you.
The text may be marked but detailed notes or mini-essays are not to enter the exam room. The examiners will require you, unless they clearly state otherwise, to discuss what is and cons weed essay, important in the specified passage and relate it to the rest of the novel (show how other parts anticipate or follow from the set passage). You may take some time to identify important ideas, but you should organize these in some way (by category or subject). Death Of A Coursework! For example, you might write about pros weed, how a specified character is presented generally, then discuss motifs, then the viewpoint, then the way this section connects with other parts of the text (this is only an example: there are other plans you may use; if the examiners indicate categories or subjects you must include all of these). Do not write a running commentary and (even worse) do not retell the narrative in the specified section. You may summarize narrative information, but this should not occupy more than a sentence or two (see summary comments above in the section called Beginning to Study the Novel ). The passages set for examination could reasonably come from anywhere in the novel. There are some parts which are of such obvious importance that you can expect to see questions on them, but there are others which could fairly be set. This is death be illegal, not a problem, for two reasons: first, as two passages are set, this gives you a chance of anticipating one; second, whatever passages appear, you should be able to discuss the and cons of legalizing essay, text in its entirety, in relating the passage you choose to the whole novel.
It is quite possible that you will have more things to write about than the death of a salesman coursework, time allows; so long as you keep writing and organize your work clearly, this is not a problem: do not confuse your essay in the attempt to cram everything in. It is weed, reasonable to thesis buy, balance detailed discussion and brief reference to related material: thus, you might list military metaphors, as above, but explain one or two of them more fully. Be aware of the essay, time, and ensure that you wrap up your discussion before the end of the exam. Queen Kat Carmel And St Life! The best preparation, assuming you have read the complete novel several times, is to select your own passages, and prepare to essay, discuss what is important in them. Be ready to discuss any of the things mentioned in this study guide (theme, motifs, characterization, viewpoint and so on) as these appear in sqa higher history essay, the passage chosen, and pros and cons of legalizing weed essay how they connect with the rest of the novel. Essay! Post-It notes may be inserted and colour-coded to help you with cross-references, while page numbers may be noted in the margin for this purpose also. There is no merit in long quotation but frequent brief quotation or reference to detail is very much in order. Your teacher should indicate, in the revision period, which passages are particularly important. Some you might wish to pros of legalizing weed essay, consider are Part Two (both chapters) where Pinkie is sqa higher, fully presented to the reader, Part Four, Chapter 1 (the Day of the Races), Part Five, Chapters 2 to 4 (Pinkie and Rose; Nelson Place and Ida's enjoying the luxury of the Cosmopolitan; Part Six, Chapter 2 (Pinkie's wedding day) and weed Part Seven, Chapter 3 (the visit to Prewitt), Chapters 7 to 9 (the novel's climax) and, as an outside bet, the very last chapter (11) which reflects much of what has gone before it.
Note that this is just a starting point, not an exhaustive list. The syllabus you are studying, and penalty should be illegal essay choices made by your teachers determine whether you are tested by questions requiring you to work from memory alone, or open book questions which allow you to use your copy of the text. The information which follows is appropriate to the exam papers for which you have been entered. Specimen examination questions for practice. In theory, examiners can test your understanding of any idea in relation to a text. Questions may be very open, leaving you to pros and cons weed essay, supply your own agenda or plan (quite hard) or may indicate an outline to salesman coursework questions, follow. Of Legalizing Weed! You may be given a statement (either from the why the death penalty, text, or from a critical work) and asked how far you agree with it. Usually, such statements will be reasonably close to some widely-held view, although certain texts (Shakespeare's plays, for example) have provoked extremely wide-ranging responses from critics. Always have a plan/structure before you write, and keep to it.
Make your point, produce the evidence, and pass on. Use paragraphing and other presentational devices to make your answer clear. What follows are, of course, not the only essays which might be set for this novel, but a selection which address the principal critical issues in Brighton Rock . How, in Brighton Rock , does Greene present Ida's and Pinkie's contrasting views of the world? How, in the novel, does Greene examine the difference between Right and Wrong and Good and Evil? How far would you agree that the novel is pros of legalizing essay, not so much about Brighton, as about heaven and hell? Consider the importance of place in Brighton Rock . How far does the novel endorse the view of Rose's confessor, that a Catholic is more capable of why the evil than anyone?
Examine Greene's use of contrast as a narrative device in and cons of legalizing essay, Brighton Rock . I don't believe what my eyes don't see. How far does Brighton Rock support or challenge Dallow's view of the world? Ida's world is clearly marked and comfortable to live in; Pinkie's, because of thesis buy his Catholic training, is a minefield of terrors and he is pathetic even in his nastiness. How far do you agree with this judgement? In what ways, if any, is Brighton Rock anything more than merely a well-written popular thriller with a clear plot and an exciting ending? Re-read the section from Part Seven, Chapter 1, beginning at weed essay, the start of page 194 [Penguin edition] (In the world outside it was Sunday. ) to the end of the chapter, on page 200. What is the relationship of this section to on buddhism, the rest of the novel? In answering the question, you should refer in detail to episodes before and weed after this one. Look again at Part Seven, Chapter 7, from page 226 (The old Morris was parked near the pier. Is Teenage Love Essay! ) to weed, the end of this chapter, on page 231.
How does this chapter contribute to the reader's understanding of Pinkie both here and essay on buddhism elsewhere? In answering the question, you should refer to Chapter 9 of this Part, and to passages from three or more of the earlier Parts of the novel. Please acknowledge my authorship by giving the URL of any pages you use, and/or include the copyright symbol. Suggestions for improvement are welcome. Thank you.
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Pros and Cons of Legalizing Ö
Rapture leaked: The true story behind the making of BioShock. From the pros weed archives: Simon Parkin investigates the why the be illegal essay torturous making of pros and cons weed essay a masterpiece. Now that BioShock: The Collection is here, we thought it might be interesting to revisit the original game's troubled development. Queen Jude Get A! Enjoy! 25th January 2007 was a cold day, even by the harsh standards of a Boston winter. That morning, a dozen senior members of BioShock's beleaguered development team shuffled into a hidden room in pros and cons of legalizing essay, the centre of the city, and stood to face a pane of one-way glass. As a huddle of strangers entered the adjacent room, unaware that they were being watched, the team from Irrational Games fell silent. After five years of arduous development, during which time the game's setting had shifted from an abandoned space station overrun with alien eels to a deep sea utopia project gone wrong, the team was about to see whether all of the toil, all of the late nights and all of the seven-day weeks had been worth the effort. Ken Levine, the game's creative director, held a clipboard that listed the sqa higher strangers' names and their vocations (all of whom were in their twenties). Security guard, construction contractor: these were blue-collar video game players.
Through the glass, Levine and his team watched as each person sat down at one of the various television sets arranged around the room and played the game. They began at the very start: a plane crash over the ocean. Pros And Cons Essay! The character, a lone survivor, swam to a nearby lighthouse where he discovered an elevator that dropped him into the oppressive splendour of the ruined city of Rapture. The early days of Irrational, around the time of System Shock 2. Photo from irrationalgames.com. After an hour or so, the queen kat carmel jude men put down the controllers and gathered for a QA session to answer questions about what they'd seen and played. The players spoke candidly, not knowing that the developers could see and hear everything.
The feedback was brutal. The game was too dark. They didn't know where they were supposed to pros and cons of legalizing, go. They had grown weary of collecting all that loot. Nobody trusted Atlas, the disembodied voice who acted as both welcoming party and guide to Rapture. One attendee described Atlas, who at the time spoke in a Morgan Freeman-esque Southern drawl, as a lecherous Colonel Sanders. Queen Kat Carmel And St Get A! Another player somehow missed the fact that Rapture was an underwater city. Most of the pros and cons group found the story entirely confusing. The feedback was direct. It hurt. With only a few months to go before the game's release, the temptation for death of a salesman the designers was to criticise the players, rather than listen.
Someone pointed out that one of the players didn't seem to know how to hold the controller properly. Someone else cast aspersions on the players' literacy: perhaps these people lacked the education to catch the and cons game's highbrow references? Someone else suggested that they had perhaps shown off the wrong sections of the game. Jonathan Chey, one of Irrational Games' three co-founders, suggested the way that the session had been organised was as much of a problem as the game itself. But behind the carapace of thesis buy bargaining, everybody knew there was truth to what had been said. At some point during the QA, I realised that it's bulls*** to take this kind of adversarial stance, says Jean Paul LeBreton, one of BioShock's level designers. If they didn't understand something, my first instinct should be to figure out and cons essay, how to make it clearer without making it worse.
Sometimes player entitlement is unpleasant, sometimes critique is and st jude get a life, unfocused. There is almost always truth hidden in pros weed essay, it, though. Levine, the weight of thesis buy a $25m underwater world on his shoulders, agreed. The last thing we wanted to do was ship something just because we've done the work already, he says. Looking back at it, you think of those days as some of the high points, because those are the ingredients for making something special. They are the price that you pay. Paul Hellquist was fired on his first day at Irrational Games.
It was a running gag that Ken Levine had at the time just to and cons of legalizing weed essay, freak out the new guys, he recalls. Essay! It worked. It's an unusual way to pros and cons, welcome a new staff member to any company, the sort of essay questions on buddhism mild hazing usually meted out in college fraternities. And Cons Of Legalizing Weed Essay! But it was perhaps indicative of the essay studio's small size and lack of experience at the time. Hellquist, who had no previous experience in the industry, joined Irrational in September 1999 when the company was run out of a four-room office with vast windows and exposed brick that had previously housed a school. Irrational was so small and they had so little money at the time, that they were in the tough position of hiring entirely junior, never-been-in-the-industry greenhorns like myself, says Hellquist. Weed! When I started, the level design team was comprised of three modders, like myself, led by Ian Vogel. I was not qualified, but they needed to take fliers on rookies with the limited budget they had at the time. Levine co-founded Irrational Games with Jonathan Chey and Robert Fermier in 1997 when he was 31 years old. The team was comprised of former employees from Looking Glass, another Massachusetts-based game developer, and initially the Irrational team worked out of the Looking Glass office.
We were a tiny company - only about 20 employees total, recalls Dan Kaplan, gameplay programmer on essay questions, BioShock. Any time someone came up with something cool, the pros of legalizing essay entire company would quickly know about it and would be riffing off it - it made for a great sense of accomplishment with even the why the be illegal smallest creative efforts. Pros And Cons Essay! There was a real sense of unity. I think that the pressure Ken felt to deliver a successful blockbuster corresponded, at many points on is teenage love, the project, to his unpleasantness with the pros weed essay team. BioShock, as shown at Microsoft's 2006 event X06. Irrational's first project was System Shock 2, a science-fiction horror title that pioneered a number of new techniques in interactive storytelling, which the sqa higher history questions team co-created with their former colleagues at pros of legalizing Looking Glass. The year after System Shock 2's release, Levine sent a two-page pitch for a sequel to publisher Electronic Arts. The document was bare bones, describing how the thesis buy previous game's cliff-hanger would be resolved.
EA rejected the idea, most likely because, while System Shock 2 was a critical success, it was also a commercial failure. While Irrational continued to work on other projects - Deep Cover, a cancelled game made in and cons weed essay, conjunction with Looking Glass, Freedom Force and The Lost, a game that was completed but never released due to legal complications - Levine wanted to return to System Shock's freeform, immersive style of narrative. The first demo for what would become BioShock was created in questions, 2002 for Microsoft's first Xbox using Unreal Engine 2. Set within a utopian project turned to dystopian ruin, the and cons essay underwater city of BioShock's Rapture has become one of video gaming's most enduring locales. But this initial demo took place not in Rapture, but on a space station plagued by genetic mutants. Enemy designs were pulled directly from B-movie science-fiction with working names like 'eel man' and 'jelly man'. Around this time the story centred on essay, a protagonist called Carlos Cuello, 'cult de-programmer' (Levine borrowed the name from of legalizing one of Irrational's own programmers).
While the team struggled to sqa higher questions, work out what game they wanted to make and how they wanted it to look, word that the studio was working on a game in the System Shock lineage got out. While the team struggled to work out what game they wanted to make and how they wanted it to look, word that the studio was working on a game in the System Shock lineage got out. LeBreton, who grew up in pros and cons, Texas, applied for a job at the studio after reading that the studio was working on the spiritual successor to thesis buy, System Shock 2, the game that had inspired him to pros weed essay, enter the games industry. Thesis Buy! LeBreton's final interview for the job was also with Levine, but this meeting was less confrontational than in Hellquist's case. We talked about Civilization 4, which had just come out, LeBreton recalls. Ken opened the and cons weed essay game's box and unfolded the tech tree with relish. The young designer's impression of Levine was lasting. I felt that I was in the presence of a hero, he said. He was charismatic, articulate and passionate about all the stuff I was passionate about. We were going to work together and raise the questions standard of what games could be.
I was thrilled. There I was, my first day and I'm s****ing on other people's work. Jelly man, a design from an earlier version of BioShock. Pros Of Legalizing Weed! Image from irrationalgames.com. Levine had a talent for finding and inspiring young game-makers. He discovered Bill Gardner, who would later become lead level designer on BioShock, while shopping at a local video game store, where Gardner worked. Ken was a regular, says Gardner. Salesman Coursework Questions! Somehow I hit it off with him and he invited me to apply for a job in QA. On Gardner's first day he was assigned a game to test. After a few hours, Hellquist walked into the testing room and asked Gardner what he thought. I told him it was great, says Gardner.
Then I asked him about a particular quest in which you had to pros essay, kill spiders. The spiders would lay eggs and undermine your progress, which was frustrating. Hellquist grabbed Gardner and frog-marched him into essay, a design team meeting. There I was, my first day and I'm s****ing on other people's work, says Gardner. I'm totally unprepared, but I make my case. And Cons Weed! Before I know it somebody yells: 'No f***ing spider babies should count toward the slaughter quest!' It was the first of many impassioned debates about design. Death Of A Coursework Questions! But I think that speaks a lot to the sort of environment we had.
In late 2004, Irrational formally announced BioShock. The response from the pros of legalizing weed essay press and public was unanimous excitement, and this positivity permeated the studio. As the game moved from pre-production into full-scale development, the is teenage studio left its loft in South Boston and moved into a larger office in Quincy. For the first year of development there were only six team members. During the next two years this number would swell to 60, partly thanks to an influx of money when the video game publisher 2K acquired the studio in late 2005 (although this wasn't announced until January 2006). While the pros expansion was swift, the studio tried to maintain its close-knit culture. Real! Irrational had a flat structure back then: Ken at the top, department heads beneath and pros and cons of legalizing weed, then a bunch of artists, programmers, designers beneath that, says LeBreton.
This worked well for the studio's size. The atmosphere was that of a team that had shipped multiple solid games together. I felt like the real new guy, as all these other folks had been in of legalizing weed, the trenches together. But I felt like I fit in. There were, however, problems brewing, ones that would almost entirely scupper BioShock's development and which would resurface during the development of its follow-up, BioShock Infinite, Irrational last game before the studio was closed earlier this year. While BioShock's story (a modern-day nightmare of the terrifying nexus between religious fanaticism and unbounded science. in an undersea complex as Levine's original design pitch put it) began to come together, the art team couldn't find a strong style for sqa higher essay questions the game. The project struggled at the beginning to develop a visual identity, says Chey, director of product development at Irrational at and cons of legalizing weed the time. There was a period of time where the levels looked like typical grey industrial space corridors and the opponents were the usual mutated monsters that you'd fought a hundred times before. Part of the thesis buy struggle came from the creative difficulties that existed between departments, which prevented the and cons of legalizing weed design team and the art team from properly collaborating. There was a rift between artists and designers at the time I came on, says LeBreton. Early in 2006, we hired a new level artist named Hoagy de la Plante.
He picked up on the same cultural tensions within the team and why the death penalty essay, asked for permission to work with me on of legalizing, a week-long experimental level-building process, in which we collaborated closely on is teenage love essay, a small space. We were both pretty new at the time, and we didn't have some of the historic friction between Irrational's design and art departments that influenced some of the other studio veterans, says de la Plante. We collaborated on Arcadia's initial art and design vision and ended up with a few rooms of the level, which later became the 'Tea Garden' area. When Levine saw the pair's work he declared it the first environment he'd seen that met a 'next generation' visual standard. Pros Essay! Ken showed off our work to essay questions, the entire studio as an example of a great BioShock space, as well as an example of what can happen through cross-disciplinary collaboration, says de la Plante. That felt pretty great for me, because Irrational was my first real developer job.
While the rifts didn't disappear with the and cons weed shift in questions, working process, they also didn't curdle into the sort of dysfunction that can destroy a blockbuster game at its foundations. Nevertheless, perhaps due to publisher indifference to the System Shock 3 pitch, Levine was eager for the team to move away from the cyberpunk trope. Pros And Cons Essay! Ken's relationship with design gradually became an adversarial one, says LeBreton. I think that the and st life essay pressure Ken felt to pros of legalizing, deliver a successful blockbuster corresponded, at many points on the project, to his unpleasantness with the team. At the time, creating a game that was set in an underwater failed utopia espousing objectivist values didn't really seem like something that the public at large would enjoy. Despite the sqa higher natural creative friction seen by most large teams who work on a blockbuster project, many of BioShock's most memorable ideas were born of successful collaboration. LeBreton claims that he originated the of legalizing idea of introducing mind-control as a way to instruct the player on what to do next in the game through the narrative. I thought that those 1950s-era 'subliminal messages' seen in penalty should be illegal essay, movies like The Manchurian Candidate might be a more novel way to restrict a player's access than the traditional locked doors and of legalizing weed essay, keys. The idea was that Atlas had this conditioning something into the player character's biology with he could be controlled. During the first half of 2006, Hellquist wrote an thesis buy, outline script for each area in pros essay, the game that Levine could work from when he came to of a coursework questions, write the first draft of the dialogue. Hellquist had the idea of making the of legalizing essay control a spoken phrase.
Initially he used a single world, 'Excelsior', which later became 'Cedo Maiori' (I yield to a greater person). But these phrases too obviously signalled Atlas's treachery. They needed a mind-control phrase that was more conversational, which could be slipped unobtrusively into dialogue. As the team prepared to show off the game at the E3 games conference in 2006, Levine began to essay questions on buddhism, work on a marketing tagline for the game. Pros And Cons Weed! He settled on, Would you kill people, even innocent people, to survive? The line stuck and, later that year reappeared in Levine's first draft of the game's script as the famous triggering phrase: 'Would You Kindly?' Not every aspect of the queen kat carmel and st jude get a essay game evolved so effortlessly. At one point the team needed to create a demo for the American video game magazine Game Informer. The magazine was set to run a BioShock cover story.
The pressure was on to create something that would impress, and our deadline was looming, says LeBreton. In a level review, there was some discussion of how an pros and cons of legalizing essay, AI should be presented in the short demo. Someone mentioned System Shock 2's evasive cyborg ninjas as a reference point. Ken threw his glasses down and yelled: 'I don't want to thesis buy, hear anything about any f***ing cyborg ninjas!' When Paul Hellquist, lead level designer on the project tried to interject, Levine screamed: Shut up! This stunned everyone into silence, recalls LeBreton. This was still early in of legalizing, my time at Irrational, and I wasn't sure what to make of it. Other folks were upset, but in a way that indicated this was something that had happened before. One of the should essay central themes of BioShock's development was the tension between our initial aim to make a spiritual sequel to System Shock 2 and the need to essay, make a very successful mass-market console game, recalls LeBreton. Shortly after the game's strong showing at E3 2006, Ken emerged from discussions with 2K marketing and announced to the team that we would be marketing the game as a shooter - but not to queen get a life, worry, we were still making the same smart FPS/RPG hybrid, we might just make a few small design adjustments here and and cons weed essay, there to on buddhism, make it accessible to the Halo crowd.
Lead artist Shawn Robertson understands why 2K made the change. At the time, creating a game that was set in an underwater failed utopia espousing objectivist values didn't really seem like something that the public at large would enjoy, he says. Anything that reminded Ken of the nerdy roots from which BioShock sprang was terrifying to and cons of legalizing weed essay, him. JP LeBreton, a level designer on BioShock and now a member of kat carmel jude get a life essay DoubleFine. As the game's budget swelled, the pros of legalizing pressure to create something with mass-market appeal increased in kind.
LeBreton considers that Levine's outburst derived not only from a desire for creative rigour, but also fear. I think it stemmed from a growing lack of salesman coursework questions trust in the people he'd hired. Levine's strong objection to the reference to 'cyborg ninjas' may also have stemmed from a tension between his own formative nerd interests, and the desire for his work to pros of legalizing essay, reach a wide, mainstream audience and to be respected as a creator outside of the video game playing public. During a BAFTA interview in 2013, Levine talked candidly about how, as a lonely child, he would play Dungeons Dragons by history essay himself. Video games were my only friend, he said at the time.
Anything that reminded Ken of the nerdy roots from which BioShock sprang was terrifying to him, says LeBreton. LeBreton claims that these high-pressure incidents happened regularly during BioShock's development. There was always some thematic connection, says LeBreton. Someone was always being 'sand in the gears', a phrase Levine used a few times to describe his time at Looking Glass, when he battled designer and programmer egos. The pressure was on him and he probably felt people didn't see the gravity of the situation, or have his clarity on the broader project. Chey, who by this point had been sent to pros weed, run 2K's Australian studio but who continued to spend most of his time in Boston, agrees. Ken and I always had a core idea of essay what it was we were trying to create. Even if we couldn't see that in the build in front of us, it was always important for us to continue to of legalizing weed, believe in it and questions, try to communicate that vision to others who couldn't see. It's easy to get overwhelmed by negativity but, as a director, you have to keep that inside and not let it sway you from your course. With hindsight, LeBreton is able to express sympathy for any creative director on a blockbuster video game. They are expected to be both godhead and pontiff of vast collaborative projects, un-insulated from either the weed fiscal realities that hang over of a salesman coursework them or the daily difficulties of making games.
They must defend their choices to their teams and then to the world; they're given too much credit or not nearly enough. Levine's distance as director granted him a useful distance to provide valuable guidance and feedback. I recall an early design question involving Fort Frolic's quest logistics that we'd been banging our heads against for a while, says LeBreton. Ken came into the situation without the preconceptions we'd built up and offered a solution that fit perfectly. He cherished such victories. I remember him saying early on essay, that he saw himself as the real essay Cassandra of the project, the Greek princess granted the gift and curse of prophecy. Another source of tension for weed the Irrational team and the game's publisher 2K was the Little Sisters, the young girls who harvest stem cells from corpses left lying around Rapture. The Little Sisters started life as armoured slugs and, while the is teenage love essay design changed to little girls, they remained vulnerable; the pros and cons of legalizing weed essay player was supposed to prey on them. Is Teenage Love Essay! This murderous interaction matured into and cons, the idea that the player could also 'save' the Little Sisters, by performing a form of exorcism.
For a while, this was implemented as a plasmid that you'd fire at them, recalls LeBreton They'd double over and start rejecting the slug, and their protectors, the Big Daddies, would take this as a sign of aggression, so you were still in for of a salesman coursework a big fight. And Cons Of Legalizing! Saving the girls was a harrowing process, and queen jude life, it was ambiguous as to pros and cons, whether 'saving' them was even doing them a favour. The Little Sisters in their original guise. Image from irrationalgames.com. Towards the on buddhism end of pros weed 2006 Levine and queen get a life, Chey were unhappy with the system.
We couldn't really figure out how to pros and cons of legalizing weed essay, make them work properly, and we thought about cutting them a number of essay times, says Levine. Part of the issue was that, if a player chose to save a Little Sister rather than murder her, he or she received a markedly smaller reward. Pros And Cons Weed Essay! One team member recalls 2K's boss Greg Gobbi saying: We are not shipping a $25m product where the essay questions player gets punished for doing the right thing. Essay! Moreover, 2K was nervous that the fact players could kill children in the game would cause issues with the ratings board. In the trenches we were pretty sure it was a no-go, says LeBreton. I remember booting up Deus Ex with the team present to confirm that, yes, you can trivially kill children in is teenage love, the game's second mission. Of Legalizing Weed! but that was released into the game industry of 2000, before Hot Coffee. The way the player interacted with the Little Sisters was always going to should be illegal essay, be a tricky issue, says Chey.
Not because of what upper management thought of it, but because of what the and cons of legalizing weed essay press and the public would think. We were worried about is teenage real essay, it. We weren't looking to create controversy and we didn't want outrage to overshadow the real point of the game. Pros And Cons Essay! We had to find a solution that conveyed the tough decisions we wanted the kat carmel and st essay player to make without bringing out the of legalizing essay mob and the pitchforks. The team's solution was to make the Little Sisters invulnerable, only allowing the player to harvest or save the child after their assigned Big Daddy was eliminated.
This involved writing a massive kludge into the game's fiction that I still cringe thinking about, says LeBreton, but maybe it was the only way given the thesis buy other constraints. As BioShock entered its final year of development, the pressure on pros of legalizing essay, the team to of a questions, work ever harder increased. Two of the lowest points on pros of legalizing essay, BioShock's development were when mandatory six and later seven day weeks were instituted, says LeBreton. According to the designer the decision to force the team to work without days off came directly from Levine; the game's producer, Alyssa Finley (who would later become studio head of 2K Marin) was against the move. I'm dubious of any real quality gains from the decision, says LeBreton, especially given the morale cost. The team would find different ways to cope with the is teenage love real bruising workload. I needed a break from pros of legalizing weed essay all of the questions on buddhism late nights but didn't know how to switch off,Ē says John Abercrombie, a programmer at the time who later became AI lead on BioShock and lead programmer for and cons weed BioShock Infinite. I didn't want to play pinball or whatever so I decided to replace the grenade that the grenadier AI used with a 3D model of questions a cat, which would explode on contact. Abercrombie called the mod 'cat-astrophe' but when management found out about the work he was made to promise he wouldn't include it as an Easter Egg. Pros And Cons Of Legalizing Essay! I guess they were concerned about the why the penalty ASPCA or someone getting wind of it and it causing all sorts of pros of legalizing media troubles. So I just made a video locally and then went on, fixing bugs.
The increased work hours coincided with the fracturing of the core design team. The rift between Paul and Ken grew as Ken asserted more direct control over the design process, says LeBreton. Hellquist was increasingly shut out of key meetings. Essay Questions! The reasoning seemed to be that time was short and some decisions could only be made by the most critical people, and Paul was either deemed non-critical or considered an impediment to the decision-making process. Hellquist corroborates LeBreton's account, but is more understanding of why he was sidelined. The shift upset me and ultimately led to of legalizing weed, my departure, he says. But with the benefit of five years' distance from that time as well as sitting in the creative director chair since then I have a totally different perspective on that situation. I was a pain in Ken's ass towards the end of development. I was constantly challenging his opinions and directives and, having sat in that chair now, I expect he was exasperated. In retrospect I should have been more quick to say: 'OK, I'll do it.'
For Hellquist, the estrangement reminded him of his first day at the studio. I felt that, despite eight years at Irrational, Ken still thought of essay questions me as the junior level designer who he fired on my first day, he says. Pros Weed Essay! I thought he should consider me his equal. I felt my opinions deserved more weight than they received. Love Essay! Hellquist's forced move to the sidelines came at a time when he was tasked with improving the Medical Pavilion area of the game. Pros Of Legalizing Weed Essay! I was no longer asked to be involved in meetings. It hurt, but I channelled that frustration into making that portion of the game as good as I possibly could. Hellquist left Irrational Games almost exactly two months after BioShock's completion. Despite the natural friction of egos under pressure, there were those who found the high-pressure environment exhilarating. Jordan Thomas joined Irrational in January 2007 as a senior level designer, eight months before BioShock's release. I remember the hunger, he says.
I came on sqa higher, late, but you could smell it, like an weed, animal; everyone there had something to prove. Why The Should! And when we let ego fall away, and that engine of collective intent began to roar, man - there was a beauty to the naked momentum of it. Maybe you were at the wheel, maybe you were fuel. And Cons Weed! On the best days at Irrational, it didn't matter. Thomas, who would go on to found 2K Marin with LeBreton, where he directed BioShock 2, remembers the sense of salesman elation when a design fell into and cons weed, place. One night he was working on death penalty be illegal essay, the area of the game for and cons which he was responsible, Fort Frolic, where an insane artist, Sander Cohen, holds the player captive. Coursework Questions! Chris Kline, lead programmer at the time, was there at 2am with me, and would give me a first read on new content. Pros And Cons! I was trying to show him Cohen's big final entrance scene, and had been tinkering with it for queen kat carmel and st jude get a life several days, with the savvy assistance of JP LeBreton.
That night, though, some minor bug fouled it up. Pros Weed! Chris left to questions, go home. Thomas remained at his desk and, after some time, solved the issue. In the scene Cohen descends - applauding himself. There's canned cheering and the music swells. but the only people there to and cons essay, observe his work are you, his prisoner, and the dead. Thesis Buy! Oblivious in my pride I stood to my feet, arms thrown up, and and cons weed essay, bellowed: 'IT IS DONE!' to a completely empty building.
As Cohen sat there in his looping poses, admiring his masterpiece, I realised that, in a way, I had become him. We had to find a solution that conveyed the tough decisions we wanted the player to make without bringing out the mob and the pitchforks. The Big Daddy changed during the design process, too - originally, they were seated in wheelchairs. As BioShock neared its scheduled completion date and the natural pressures on why the death essay, the team intensified, the game's publisher made an announcement that startled the pros team: they had added three extra months to the schedule in which to finish the game. It was double-edged news offering the prospect of three more months of and st get a physically and psychologically exhausting seven-day weeks, but also the opportunity to realise the game's grand ambition. Weed! I think the team, or at on buddhism least I was happy to have had the time to be able to polish the pros and cons essay game more, says Levine. When Ken stood up in sqa higher history essay, front of the team and announced that we had three extra months to pros and cons weed, work on the game, it was a mixed feeling, recalls Robertson. Why The Should! We had been crunching for a while and of legalizing weed essay, were ready to thesis buy, get the game out the and cons essay door, but on the other hand, we saw those three months as a way to put that extra bit of polish in and really ship something we were proud of.
Any time a game you're working slips, it is definitely a little demoralising, says Keith Shetler, assistant producer on death of a coursework, the project. When you realise that the light at the end of the tunnel just got moved further away, it hurts. Pros Of Legalizing Weed Essay! Hellquist agrees: When we got the extra months added to the schedule it felt like a blessing and a curse. I was excited because I knew that was the time we needed to why the should essay, really make something special but the curse was that we knew we had more months of essay crunch before we could rest. The wearying news was made more palatable for some staff members by the fact that they felt like they were on the verge of thesis buy greatness with the project. We knew the potential was there and just needed that project to pull everything together, says Gardner. In every way fathomable, BioShock was that project. I imagine it's how a band feels before they enter the pros and cons of legalizing weed essay studio to record their breakthrough album. There's just an energy. Other team members were less certain the game would be a success. I'm the thesis buy guy who is always looking for problems - with the goal of trying to find solutions, of course, says Chey.
That means that I can have a pretty negatively skewed view of the product. Shetler is even less equivocal: I didn't think anyone would like it. The play-test behind the one-way glass in pros and cons of legalizing, January 2007 only seemed to confirm these fears. Death Questions! But, after the initial sting of the criticism, the team went away and essay, redoubled their effort. The art team redesigned the game's lighting to essay, make Rapture appear less murky.
A great deal of work went into reworking the control, UI and feedback. The team implemented a 'quest arrow' to direct the player on where to go next (much to the chagrin of pros of legalizing essay some designers). Atlas was recast as an death of a salesman, Irishman. Pros Weed! The introduction was re-directed to show off multiple sea vistas to ensure there would be no confusion as to where the game was set. As the is teenage real essay final submission date approached, confidence grew. Towards the end of pros of legalizing weed essay a video game's production the issue of accreditation is raised. How one's work is credited in a video game is important not only for validating one's sense of contribution, but also as an essential part of establishing a career record. With blockbuster productions, establishing the boundaries of authorship can be difficult, especially when the project is led by something of an auteur. Ken is paranoid about people taking credit for what he considers his work, LeBreton claims.
He chose people's titles in the credits carefully and why the should essay, did the and cons of legalizing same for the BioShock Infinite team. Essay On Buddhism! I think deep down he knows how much of a weird collaborative thing game development is, and he's insecure about his claim to what became the 'genius' of BioShock. I sympathise; I contributed to the game significantly, but when I play I see my fingerprints flicker between 'everything' and 'nothing'. In video games so many people touch the and cons of legalizing work and no idea is the same in two or more minds. I remember Levine saying early on that he saw himself as the Cassandra of the project, the Greek princess granted the gift and curse of prophecy.
BioShock's launch trailer, as first aired in 2007. BioShock launched on 21st August 2007. The reviews were universally positive. Kat Carmel Get A Life Essay! Irrational had succeeded in its lofty aim: to and cons essay, bring an involved, thematically rich simulation game to the mass market. But the team was broken.
I don't remember what I felt like when it went gold, but I do remember when the game came out I went into a sort of postpartum depression, Levine tells me, over email. When your life is so focused on something for such a long time and then all of the sudden you wake up in the morning and coursework, you're not sure what you're supposed to be doing exactly, it can be very confusing. I worked on the game for a long time, and it was very special to me. I was in a bit of an and cons of legalizing weed essay, odd place because I wasn't sure what I was going to do next. It was a feeling echoed across the essay questions team. After the essay game's launch, many team members left, either - as in Jordan Thomas and LeBreton's case - to death of a salesman coursework, found 2K Marin, or, as in Hellquist's case, to move to new studios where they could step out of Levine's shadow. It's often the essay case, says Hellquist of mass departures following a multi-year game project. Queen Kat Carmel Jude Life! Making games is hard. We pour so much of our lives into them and sometimes people feel like they need to and cons weed essay, move to reignite the creative fires.
It's also just generally the history right time to do it. You feel like you are not leaving your friends holding the bag like if you left during crunch or during those dog days. It's just the right time to shift your focus. Despite the strains of the final few months of BioShock's development, and the creative tensions that existed long prior to that, many team members look back on the project with fondness, the essay pain salved by time and distance, and is teenage love, the near universal praise the game received and and cons of legalizing weed essay, has maintained. It's certainly one of the things of which I'm most proud, says Levine. It wasn't a game that we made to anybody's specifications. Why The Essay! We made exactly the thing that we wanted to pros weed essay, make. Grant Chang, one of sqa higher essay just three animators who worked on BioShock, agrees: I was so green in those days. Maybe I look back at the experience with rose-tinted glasses, but it was definitely one of the most satisfying professional experiences of my life.
For Chey, who now works as an indie developer, it was a fierce learning experience, We learned a ton of things making that game and, at the same time, made something that a lot of pros weed essay people loved and enjoy to this day. Although, if you just let me redo one thing, I think it would have to thesis buy, be the pros weed Atlas boss battle. Questions! We weren't great at boss battles. I have nothing but respect for pros of legalizing Ken, says Hellquist. He taught me so much about questions, games, design, narrative, and the craft of game making that I will always be in debt to him for that.
Ken can be a tough guy to work for sometimes, but he is pros weed essay, driven to make his games great and drives his team towards that same goal. I always aspire to that goal in my work and be illegal, probably learned that from him. For LeBreton, who describes working on BioShock as the turning point in his career as a designer, the experience gave him strange expectations for his future career. I formed a bad habit, he says. I conflated my career's success with my self-esteem in a way that more or less caused my entire life to implode.
Unlike Hellquist, who subsequently worked as creative director on Borderlands 2 at Gearbox Software, LeBreton stepped away from the path that would, perhaps, have led him to a similar role. Despite his departure, he has fond memories of his time at the studio. I miss working with them, he says. Irrational was a fine group of pros of legalizing essay people to work with. LeBreton now leads a tiny team at Double Fine, which, in his words, he tries to lead with empathy, consensus and trust. We'll see how it goes, he says. Game development makes fools of us all.
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Pros and cons of legalizing weed essay
Amusing Ourselves to Death Essay Questions. Pros Weed. In what ways is Amusing Ourselves to Death still relevant to an age less defined by television than by the Internet? In what ways is it not relevant? As Andrew Postman notes in his introduction to the 20th anniversary edition of his father#39;s book, there are some younger students who criticize the book as relevant only to an older generation. However, its thesis can easily be applied to Ė if not elevated by Ė the age of the Internet. The concept of decontextualized news Ė the NowÖthis mentality Ė is doubly true on death of a salesman coursework, the Internet, where one can gather triple the amount of information his or her parents could in half the time and yet not necessarily have any context in and cons weed essay, which to understand that information. The rise of questions social media has enhanced the way that people can present themselves as commodities or defined personalities that ultimately entertain one another rather than provide accurate personal descriptions. And it would not be difficult in a world of viral YouTube videos, downloadable media, and ever-expanding Internet punditry to find parallels to Postman#39;s basic theory that our discourse is one based around entertainment.
However, if one were inclined, one could suggest that the Internet has somewhat returned us to a print-based culture. It has allowed many to start personal blogs, which use language and propositions, and many websites are indeed text-based. In this way, the media-metaphor of the pros of legalizing weed, Internet can be seen as quite distinct from that of television, and death of a coursework questions not simply an implication of television, which continues to be quite a popular medium. Explain the pros of legalizing weed essay, concept of a media-metaphor, as Postman defines it. Apply it to both television and the Internet. Postman suggests that Marshall McLuhan#39;s famous aphorism Ė that the medium is the questions, message Ė is not quite accurate, since the medium is, in fact, the metaphor. He suggests that our media-metaphors classify the world for us, sequence it, frame it, enlarge it, reduce it, color it, argue a case for pros and cons of legalizing weed, the what the world is like (10). As relates to his thesis, a civilization#39;s media-metaphor shapes its discourse by defining the way that civilization understands truth.
An oral culture will prize proverbs as the ideal repository of truth, whereas a written culture will value the permanence of the written word over proverbs. Postman#39;s conception is that television, as a media-metaphor, has shaped us to death be illegal believe all discourse worth paying attention to should be presented as entertainment. As such, our discourse both on and off the weed essay, screen has turned into different shades of entertainment, no matter how important that discourse is. He does not address the essay, Internet, but one could consider the media-metaphor of the Internet to pros and cons of legalizing weed be that nothing should be taken by itself, but rather should be accompanied by essay on buddhism, a slew of other disconnected information. A life lived without several tabs going at once is being wasted. We must constantly be stimulated and busy, or else we are not taking full advantage of pros of legalizing our lives. As such, the value of silence and emptiness has declined in history essay, the face of the weed essay, over-stimulation suggested by the media-metaphor of the Internet. Who or what is to sqa higher questions be blamed for the predominance of television, and the discourse it inspires? Feel free to weed cite Postman himself and/or your own opinions.
Postman seems to deliberately avoid placing the penalty should be illegal, blame for the problems he details on any particular parties. Instead, he seems to think that civilization is somewhat powerless before its media-metaphor, especially when that civilization does not understand the way that media works to shape our discourse. He speaks of television almost like a sentient medium that inherently subscribes to its biases and preferences, so that it is almost a force like destiny. Our only hope, he suggests, is that we recognize the way it is working upon us, and attempt to exert control over it. However, he makes implications that touch on decades of thought, suggesting that there are parties Ė government and the monied interests of of legalizing essay society Ė that can benefit from keeping the public diverted by non-stop entertainment. Both to increase profits from products, and to keep the public from demanding change, these entities might encourage the discourse introduced by television, rather than merely letting television take its own path. Postman#39;s discussion of advertising in Reach Out and Elect Someone is perhaps the closest he comes to suggesting the profit some entities might gain from encouraging such a discourse of distractions to persevere.
Does the death salesman coursework, increased audience afforded to subjects like politics and religion by pros and cons of legalizing, television justify the compromises it requires of those subjects? Why or why not? This is naturally a question of opinion. Postman does not believe that the increased audience afforded to discourse like politics and religion justifies the compromise that television requires of death questions them. His reasoning is and cons of legalizing essay different with respect to queen kat carmel jude life each arena, but both arguments boil down to the fact that television does not deliver an authentic and honest experience.
Religion, he argues, requires a community present in and cons essay, a space that can be consecrated to its spiritual purpose. Religion is also difficult and demanding, requiring a person to confront himself. Television, on the other hand, is an inherently secular space in which a viewer can change the channel and will soon be subjected to commercials even if she doesn#39;t. Therefore, the religious experience cannot be truly communicated through television, and so the larger audience is not getting a real spiritual experience. Politics are necessarily devalued into image politics through the television, which favors brevity, simplicity and imagery over history essay deliberation and contemplation. Pros And Cons Of Legalizing Essay. As such, the complexities of any politician#39;s personality and queen and st jude get a life essay opinions can never be fully communicated on television without compromising his candidacy, and so the weed essay, electorate will never have a truly rational understanding of sqa higher history questions who or what they are voting for. However, one could argue that the increased audience does justify the compromises by suggesting that people are not typically inclined to pursue intellectual or spiritual outlets on their own. Pros Weed. By having these messages brought to them, people might be encouraged to investigate political questions or visit a local church, when they might otherwise not have been.
Explain the title Amusing Ourselves to Death . Salesman Coursework Questions. Should the title be considered as hyperbole or literal warning? Postman discusses his book#39;s question as a matter of high stakes, suggesting on several occasions that the Huxleyan warning is of legalizing weed essay coming true, that we are becoming so amused that we can no longer tell the truth about our world. Death Of A Salesman. However, it is and cons weed essay possible he does this for entertainment value, to keep his inherently academic book interesting to a general public. Sqa Higher Questions. In his view, our public discourse is steadily devolving, and under the inherent biases of of legalizing weed essay television, this will only continue. The continually trivialized elections, decontextualized news shows, and simplistic religious attitudes all support the idea that the warning is literal. One could easily argue that the title is hyperbole by suggesting that Postman#39;s thesis, no matter how accurate, deals too heavily in generalities and does not consider that each individual has both his own relationship with television and his own set of experiences that will determine to what extent his discourse will be shaped. Similarly, one could argue that much of the problem lies with people#39;s inherent triviality, and that television only amplifies these small-minded attitudes, rather than causing them to lead us to queen life death. Essay. Postman argues that the crossword puzzle became a popular pastime around the period that the telegraph was invented. Sqa Higher Essay. Explain the connection. What the telegraph introduced, by destroying the idea that geographical distance limited communication, was the idea of decontexualized news.
Before the telegraph, Postman suggests that news existed primarily to inspire action in the listener, to encourage him or her to pros weed change his or her world. This happened because the history, news had a context Ė the listener could relate it to his or her life and community. And Cons Of Legalizing Essay. However, with the telegraph, a conversation across our huge continent must necessarily have been decontexualized. The same information could not be relevant to someone in queen kat carmel jude get a life essay, Maine and also relevant to someone in Texas. Therefore, information became a commodity to be collected, rather than a means by pros and cons of legalizing, which one judged one#39;s life and then took action. The crossword puzzle was an obvious outgrowth because people could suddenly judge themselves on the extent of questions information (trivia) they collected, and then use that information in a game. The crossword puzzle created a context for information that otherwise did not have one.
In what ways is television an educational curriculum? Integrate Postman#39;s opinions on education in your answer. Pros Of Legalizing Essay. In the chapter on education, Postman suggests that educational programs are less useful in teaching children to love learning than they are in teaching children to love television. By posing school-worthy lessons in thesis buy, an entertainment context, children are being trained to respond to of legalizing essay learning only real essay, when it is weed essay presented as entertainment. Therefore, television is a curriculum on the contemporary discourse Ė which says that all worth saying should be said as entertainment Ė rather than on love essay, any particular subject. Children learn by doing, not simply be receiving information, and yet television is incapable of engaging a student. It only dictates. This idea of a curriculum could be used to generally understand Postman#39;s thesis, which suggests television has trained us to essay respond to the world in a certain way; it gives us lots of decontextualized information, but what we retain most of all are the rules of the discourse that television demands. How did the era of the written word influence the discourse in Typographic America, according to Postman? One could argue that Postman over-romanticizes Typographic America, but his argument is nevertheless striking. And St Jude Essay. He suggests that America#39;s early era centered on the written word and thereby used a discourse that was fundamentally rational.
He defines rational as something that puts forth a proposition that the and cons of legalizing weed, reader or audience can logically understand and then judge as true or false. Postman explores how the discourse of Typographic America reflected this. Speeches Ė like those of the Lincoln-Douglas debates Ė used long, complicated phraseology, and why the penalty should essay even areas like advertising used rational paragraphs to make claims about products. Religious sermons were certainly emotional, but were delivered and prepared in a literary style. People, he claims, subscribed to a discourse of language, which was important for the message it delivered, and not for the entertainment value inherent in the words. This is quite distinct from the Age of Show Business, in which images are pleasing in themselves, so much so that we respond to the entertainment rather than to the message that the images are purportedly trying to impart. Explain what Postman means in calling the intersection of telegraphy and and cons of legalizing weed essay photography the Peek-a-Boo World.
As a children#39;s game, peek-a-boo involves revealing a silly face or image, and then taking it away immediately to be replaced with another. Kat Carmel And St Jude Life Essay. Postman argues that in mid-nineteenth century America, the intersection of telegraphy and photography led to a world in which information was delivered without context and without any pretense of inspiring contemplation. Instead, information was delivered as typically sensational, and of legalizing weed with the understanding that one headline would soon be displaced by another. People thereby grew accustomed to death penalty be illegal essay information as something soon to be forgotten in favor of pros weed something else. The relevance of salesman coursework questions any information to pros and cons essay someone#39;s life barely mattered, because even if it was relevant, it was soon replaced, leaving no time or inclination towards thought or consideration. Spectacle became the discourse of why the essay information, rather than serous content. The Peek-a Boo World led to the Age of pros weed essay Show Business, when entertainment became not just the discourse of news, but of everything, because of the media-metaphor of television. Explain the phrase NowÖthis, and how it serves as a metaphor for the way our current discourse operates. Postman provides the thesis buy, phrase NowÖthis to explain the and cons of legalizing weed, way news works in and st get a life essay, the Age of Show Business, but it is actually an apt metaphor for the general discourse demanded by television.
Referring to the way a newscaster typically transitions from one piece of news to another, the phrase implies a disconnection between stories or information, and inspires a lack of contemplation or consideration of any one detail. No matter how grave, serious, or potentially relevant a story is, the discourse of news tells us that it should not be belabored, which it does by transitioning immediately to essay something unrelated. The next story might be tonally different, and it also might be an advertisement or commercial. Is Teenage Love Essay. This philosophy applies to television in of legalizing essay, general, which is required to deliver its story or message in concrete 30 minute or one-hour chunks of time, and which is in fact meant to create a self-sustaining experience between each set of history essay commercials. This sense of jumping from one experience to the next, without truly living in the ramifications of any experience, is an indication of the pros weed, discourse Postman fears we have fallen into.
Religion is but one entertainment soon to be replaced by politics soon to be replaced by sports, and so none of those are meant to be truly profound. It is an easy jump to claim that in the Age of the and st jude life, Internet, the concept of pros and cons NowÖthis not only remains relevant, but in fact seems almost prophetic on Postman#39;s part. How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/amusing-ourselves-to-death/study-guide/essay-questions in MLA Format. Study Guide Navigation About Amusing Ourselves to coursework questions Death Amusing Ourselves to Death Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and Analysis Summary And Analysis Foreword-Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapters 3-5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapters 8-10 Chapter 11 About Marshall McLuhan Related Links Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Citations Related Content Study Guide Q A Mini-Store Neil Postman Biography. Amusing Ourselves to of legalizing weed Death Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for Amusing Ourselves to Death is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. I think that is generally true. B. Autobiography of of a questions Benjamin Franklin. Study Guide for Amusing Ourselves to Death.
Amusing Ourselves to Death study guide contains a biography of essay Neil Postman, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and why the penalty should be illegal a full summary and analysis.
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Department of Teaching and pros and cons of legalizing, Learning. “Your calling is where your deep gladness and the world’s deep hunger meet.” Click here to download full Presentation. Identification Home address College address (include zip code and phone number) Email address Professional Objective Non-specific approach - use the word prefer, it leaves you open, i.e. Queen Life Essay? prefer to work in an educational setting. Be careful not to be too broad. Weed Essay? Specific approach - type of classroom or specific grade Summary of Qualifications Tie together what you feel that you have accomplished in your program A personal touch What are your assets What are your personal attributes, i.e.: interpersonal relations dependability communication skills perseverance through student teaching experience Do the job for the employer by thesis buy, highlighting abilities and qualifications in summary form. Education Name of institution attended Location (town, state) Degree and when received Areas of concentration (if you took courses which highlight your abilities, add them); or certification area Other high points (dean's list, scholarships, excellence awards) GPA (optional, if consistent over the years) Student Teaching Experience School System (start with most recent heading); location Dates Describe what each placement is all about. Of Legalizing? Describe basic responsibilities (highlight 2 or 3) and duties performed. What did you gain from each experience? What skills did you use? Career-Related Work Experience Name of employer Location Dates Duties and Responsibilities (use action verbs that highlight skills) Non-Career-Related Work Experience (optional, include if there are transferable skills, such as “people skills” or if you are a career-changer who needs to account for thesis buy, previous years of employment) Same as above if you choose to separately describe each position.
Be sure to of legalizing weed essay highlight it if you have financed education by working part-time, i.e. work study, odd jobs, etc. Extra-Curricular Activities University related activities and organizations Name of organization Your role (President, Treasurer, etc.) Responsibilities (optional if they show skills you used) Highlight your leadership experience and skills. They do not have to be solely university related. Thesis Buy? Non-university activities and organizations Interests (indicates well-rounded individual) Emphasize your education and and cons weed essay, experience in areas of particular interest to school districts. For example: coaching, multi-ethnic education, reading, remedial education, etc. Emphasize special skills or abilities (languages spoken, technology skills) Credentials or References Include the names and contact information for 2 or 3 references. Student teaching experiences are of utmost importance . Education resumés can be two pages. Thesis Buy? Organization is important in pros and cons essay, resumé format. Communicate effectively - no need to be flowery - stick to the point!
No errors of any kind are acceptable. Flexibility and willingness to sqa higher essay questions relocate will be a big factor when seeking employment. DOs and DON’Ts of Writing the Resumé Use attractive quality paper. Use a readable font (preferably 12 pt). Be concise and specific in your objective. Essay? Use phrases and words that are positive and action-oriented. Love Real? Limit the and cons essay number of sqa higher questions pages to two. Include your name and and cons, Page 2 at the top of the second page. Jude Life? Check spelling, grammar and punctuation carefully. Have several people proofread your resumé.
Consider stating that you have a portfolio, upon request. Include personal information such as marital status, age, race or social security number. Use flashy graphics or fonts. Use the words: I, me, my. Use vague words or phrases such as: seeking a position working with people or seeking a challenging position . Start phrases in the Experience section with Responsible for.
Use abbreviations. Include high school information in your Education section. Good Verbs to Use in Resumé/Cover Letter. Assigned, Coordinated, Evaluated, Organized, Planned, Produced, Scheduled, Collaborated, Moderated, Identified, Investigated, Reviewed, Encouraged, Explained, Designed, Developed, Established, Assisted, Demonstrated, Facilitated, Monitored, Prepared, Accomplished, Completed, Conducted, Consulted, Implemented, Studied. Cick on one of the resumé samples below to see a full-sized PDF. A slogan and a testimonial bracket this resumé for strong impact from beginning to end. This resumé for a newly qualified teacher makes a strong visual impression through use of unusual fonts and a striking graphic. This job seeker returned to school to earn teaching credentials after a 30-year career in manufacturing.
Page 1 of the pros essay resumé could stand on its own; page 2 provides details of earlier experience and love, community activities. There is a lot of information packed into pros of legalizing weed, this resumé for a newly qualified teacher. It was important to include coaching and employment activities that gave him lots of death coursework questions experience working with children. The Professional Portfolio gives evidence of your growth and achievement over the past years. It will allow you to document and display the beliefs and practices that you have developed and implemented, as well as offer a reflective view about your role as a teacher. You can use this tool to give evidence of the many skills and abilities you have learned. It provides a venue to pros weed demonstrate your thinking strategies and show your professional growth in of a salesman questions, diverse educational situations as well as your professional and personal attitudes towards teaching and learning. Your Professional Teaching Portfolio will be a careful record of specific accomplishments attained over the past years. We suggest that you include the pros of legalizing following: Table of Contents - showing sections or organization Background information Resumé Educational Philosophy a statement, self-reflection, documenting what you believe about students, teaching and learning, personal goals, things you want to achieve during your career Teaching Artifacts and Reflections Documenting Teaching Activities Overview of a unit plan Consecutive lesson plans Thematic units Student work samples related to lessons or units included in the portfolio Evaluation of student work Reflective commentary by the cooperating teacher Supervisor’s comments and questions on buddhism, observations Additional units/lessons/work as appropriate Case Study Your own reflections Sample Letter to and cons of legalizing weed Parents Newsletter Letter of permission if you are using photos of the children or the sites Lesson Plans that have been modified and adapted for children with special learning needs. Student and parent sentiments Samples of college work case studies, projects related to teaching Original ideas anything spectacular and inventive for the classroom.
Your artifacts may be accompanied by love, a brief, identifying caption. (title of the artifact, date produced, description, purpose, evaluation or any other comment) Professional Information Letters of recommendation List of professional activities Awards and commendations Conferences Committee membership Workshops Community involvement Evaluations Ways of Displaying your Portfolio Decide on an underlying theme can be discrete or bold Use high-quality paper and plastic inserts Use graphics Make attractive inserts Use divider pages Can be creative , but maintain a dignified and pros and cons of legalizing weed, professional tone Create a CD Important items from the portfolio to give to the administration. Possible Interview Questions Regarding Your Portfolio. What evidence in your portfolio supports your strengths? What do you consider the most important artifacts in queen kat carmel and st jude essay, your portfolio? Which lessons included in your portfolio did students most enjoy? Which artifact best represents you? Describe a lesson which demonstrates your educational beliefs. The Professional Portfolio Artifacts Checklist from A to Z. Items you MAY wish to include these are suggestions: Action Research Anecdotal Records Article critiques or summaries Assessments Awards and Certificates Bulletin Board Ideas Case Studies Classroom Management Philosophy Community Resources Computer Programs Cooperative Learning Strategies Curriculum Plans or Units Committee Memberships Department or grade-level meeting minutes Essays Evaluations written by Supervisors or Professors Field Trip Plans/Ideas (with students) Classroom Floor Plans Goals and Objectives Grading Policies Individualized Plans for Children examples Interviews with students, parents or teachers Jigsaw approach KWL technique Lesson Plans Listing of Motivational strategies Letters from students or Parents Mastery Learning Approaches Notebook Samples Newsletters Observations Original Ideas Photos of Student Performance Photos of pros of legalizing essay Classroom Environment Position Papers Peer Reviews Philosophy of Education Questions and Questioning Techniques Reading Strategies Reflections Recognitions Self Assessment Instruments Socialization Approaches Simulated Experiences Student Contracts Subscriptions Self Evaluations Teacher-Made Materials Theme Studies Teamwork Approaches Test Prep Strategies Unit Plans Videotapes of lessons taught Volunteer Work Experiences Work Experiences Xtra carefully edited materials Yearbook and/or other publications Zen/yoga activities for children Zoo or Zoological experiences. Cover Letters should do more than say you are looking for why the penalty be illegal essay, a job.
Do not let your resumé speak for itself; use the cover letter to highlight special strengths you have that may not jump off the resume. Keep this to one page . Pros And Cons? Use simple language and action words. Personalize the sqa higher essay letter you send outdo not send it “To whom it may concern.” (Adapted from Expert Resumes for Teachers and pros of legalizing weed essay, Educators. W. Questions On Buddhism? Enelow and L. Pros And Cons Essay? Kursmark. 2005, JIST Works.) Format: Use typical business formatting, beginning with the should date, a return address, and the address of the recipient. Salutation: Address your letter to the principal of the pros of legalizing school. Make sure that you spell the name correctly, and use his/her correct title.
If you are not sure, call the of a coursework school to find out this information. Opening Paragraph : Identify the position for which you are applying, and write a bridge statement referring to your qualifications. Second Paragraph: Include the reason why you are qualified for this teaching position, and outline previous student teacher/work experiences that you think make you a good candidate for pros weed essay, the position. Make it catchy. Don’t repeat your whole resumé. Third Paragraph: Thank the principal for taking the time to review your letter and resumé, and create a clear and positive ending. Closing: Close your letter with “Sincerely” or “Respectfully Yours”. Thesis Buy? Type and sign your name.
Writing Your Educational Philosophy. The following are some suggestions for you to consider as you develop and of legalizing, write your own educational philosophy. It is important to be aware of your own educational philosophy since it helps you focus on why you make the decisions that you make when you plan for your lessons and implement these lessons. Through the writing of your own philosophy, you will see more clearly your own goals and death of a, values. Your Educational Philosophy is a description of your goals and beliefs as a teacher. There really is no such thing as the pros and cons philosophy; our philosophies are a reflection of our own beliefs, experiences, and of a questions, training. Your philosophy is a statement of of legalizing weed PERSONAL beliefs and how these will be put into is teenage essay, action in your classroom - the philosophy is not a theoretical essay on education but an action plan for you. Pros? It is often used by queen kat carmel jude life essay, administrators to of legalizing weed essay judge whether the applicant is the kind of person that I would want in my school or teaching my children.” You may wish to approach the development of sqa higher essay your philosophy by considering the following: What is the purpose of education?
What is your role as an educator? Specifically, how will you reach the pros and cons of legalizing wide diversity of children that you will have in your classroom? How do you define your community of learners? How and what are you going to teach? What are your beliefs about sqa higher essay how children learn?
How will these beliefs impact your teaching? For example. classroom management instructional strategies curriculum design assessment What are your goals for your students? How do you balance the needs of pros and cons of legalizing weed individuals with those of the entire class? How will you bring a global awareness into your classroom? What will be your relationship with the community, parents, teaching colleagues, administration? As you write your philosophy, keep the following in your thoughts: Your educational philosophy reflects your own approach to essay questions education; this philosophy should be based on your personal beliefs, which in and cons of legalizing essay, turn should show an influence of college work, readings, and thinkers. Consequently, when appropriate, drop names in your philosophy. Why The? For example, Like Erikson, I believe that children go through a series of mini-crises as they mature and it will be part of my task to assist young people in making these transitions. However, be sure you understand the philosophy of the person being quoted since you may be asked questions about it at an interview. Appropriate grammar is mandatory; among other things, be careful with the following: Watch agreement - for of legalizing weed essay, example, The student should do all of history essay their work.
Be sure to write using complete sentences. Use only essay, one idea for each paragraph and be sure to provide a transition between paragraphs. Use topic sentences. Be aware of the change in jude essay, voice. And Cons Weed? Don’t mix up first person with third. Why The Penalty Should Essay? Keep it consistent. Alternate the use of “he” and “she” to avoid clumsy phrasing. The following are some of the and cons weed essay things that you can address in your philosophy use of cooperative learning management techniques parent involvement technology diversity A philosophy does not have a cover page; be sure your name and why the penalty be illegal, title are on the first page of of legalizing weed your philosophy. Thesis Buy? Your educational philosophy should have an introduction and a conclusion; your conclusion should provide a logical ending to your philosophy.
Avoid using the same word or phrase over and cons of legalizing weed essay and over in your philosophy. Queen Kat Carmel And St Get A Life? For example, avoid using the word teacher several times in and cons weed, the same paragraph or near each other - check your thesaurus for alternative choices of words. Your philosophy should be positive. While there may well be problems with our educational system, a prospective employer does not really want to hear how bad things are - s/he is interested in real essay, what you are going to do to essay make the classroom experience a better one for the students. You are writing a personal philosophy, not a critique of the kat carmel jude get a essay educational system. Avoid the use of and cons of legalizing weed jargon. If you do use educational jargon, explain how you are going to essay impact the student. For example, rather than writing I strongly believe in and cons weed essay, inclusion write I will support inclusion through practices such as using alternative assessments and preparing lessons which appeal to different learning styles. Your philosophy and your cover letter are among the first things a prospective employer will see. The appearance of these documents is important. Your software program may have some pre-formatted documents that you can use as a starting point.
Under no circumstances should you mail anything (except perhaps a personal reference) that is handwritten. Avoid the use of different fonts on a page; use the essay questions on buddhism most readable font available - you may have to pros and cons of legalizing experiment a bit to thesis buy get the and cons essay best possible font - remember, what looks good on a screen may look different when printed. Use a font that is and st jude get a life essay easy to read and of an appropriate size - avoid any fonts under 12 pt. Avoid broad generalizations - while you may want to say I believe that all children can learn - the statement is relatively meaningless without examples of of legalizing how you will put that into action. Some suggestions on word usage: I believe. Is Teenage? is more forceful than, My belief is . Instead of Education should . or I will try to. Of Legalizing Weed? be more positive and use I believe that . or I will . Avoid the use of I hope. or Hopefully . for something more positive, such as I will . Rather than writing In school students should experience . use In my classroom, students will experience . Instead of writing Teachers will . use I will . Have someone review your philosophy for accuracy and eye-catching appearance. Perfecting Your Demo Lesson: Principal and Alumni Panel Discussion. Monday, April 23, 2012. Event Notes prepared by essay questions on buddhism, Elizabeth Misiewicz.
a. And Cons Essay? Research the school: See if it is a good fit for you. b. Become familiar with the of a salesman coursework school community, teaching style is pros and cons it a TC Workshop model? i. See if you can tour the school prior to the demo lesson/interview. II. Practice your demo lesson/interview. a. Ask friends, family members, professors and students to watch you and give feedback. a. Prior to the lesson, contact the teacher and ask about: learning styles of the students, technology available (specifically what type of computer, i.e. Mac or Windows), IEPs. IV.
Keep it simple and student-centered. a. Do not over-plan. b. Do not spend the love real essay majority of the time speaking. c. Pros And Cons Essay? Circulate the questions room. d. Only use technology if you have time to set it up.
i. Prepare a ‘Plan B’ in case technology doesn’t work. ii. If you are unable to use the technology in the room due to time constraints, hand in a second lesson plan that demonstrates how you would have used it. a. Pros Of Legalizing Weed? Welcome students at the door: Introduce yourself, learn their names. b. Have students complete an exit ticket to demonstrate learning. c. If you move the desks/chairs, put them back. VI. What the principals look for: a. Ability to sqa higher essay questions connect to students. b. How you move around the room. c. And Cons Of Legalizing Weed Essay? How you handle yourself under pressure and classroom management issues. d. During the sqa higher essay debrief: how you reflect and pros and cons, provide solutions to things that may have gone wrong.
Ten Tips for Interviewing for Your First Teaching Job. (Former Teacher and Elementary Principal, Current Teacher Educator) In order to get the interview, your cover letter is the chance to of a sell yourself to the screening/hiring committee and set yourself apart from the many other applicants they may be considering. Address it directly to the school principal by name, make sure it is and cons of legalizing absolutely error free, and give the sqa higher history essay questions readers a sense of who you are and what you have to offer. Pros And Cons Weed Essay? A bland formulaic letter won’t make the cut if the market is competitive. On the other hand, don’t make it too long no more than two pages in a font size that respects the sqa higher history readers’ varying acuity.
Another thing to pros and cons of legalizing spend time on before interviewing is question and is teenage real, answer rehearsal. Pros And Cons Of Legalizing? You may have a chance to essay questions do some mock interviews as part of your program or with a friend. And Cons Of Legalizing Essay? If not, do it on death of a salesman questions, your own by pros of legalizing, getting a good interviewing book or website that provides typical questions. Write responses out salesman coursework questions, or use a voice recording tool or another person (preferably someone else in the education field) as a sounding board. The more you can anticipate and prepare, the pros and cons weed more relaxed and confident you’ll be. Of A? Have concrete examples or illustrations in mind to accompany your responses. Create a “leave behind” portfolio whether or not you’ve also created a larger one-of-a-kind professional portfolio. And Cons Of Legalizing Weed? Not all committees are interested in, or have time for, a thorough review of all applicants’ portfolios. Bring along your full portfolio to pass around if asked to do so, or for you to questions on buddhism make reference to a particular item in response to a question.
Get attractive, professional copies made of just the essential items cover letter, resumé, letters of recommendation, one or two other items and put them together in a nice folder that you can leave behind. Creating a CD version will demonstrate your technology skills, but you can’t count on people taking the time to look at of legalizing weed it until you reach the finalist stage. Make sure you know where you’re going! If possible, make a trial run before your interview. If you get lost or delayed on the day of your interview, you’ll be late and and st jude get a, stressed out pros and cons of legalizing weed essay, not a good way to start.
Much better to be illegal arrive with time to sip the water you’ve remembered to bring and use a restroom! Think professionally when you choose your clothing and your language. You may have heard or observed that a particular school is casual. There is and cons plenty of why the death should be illegal time to further assess the school culture, rules, and administrative standards and adjust your style after you’ve been hired. If at all possible, wander the neighborhood before your interview to gather a sense of the community where the school is of legalizing essay located. Thesis Buy? The committee will be impressed if you have questions or comments reflecting your efforts to acquaint yourself with the surrounding area.
When you arrive, remember that you are creating a first impression for everyone you see: the pros and cons of legalizing security guard, parents in the hallway or office, the secretaries, students, a visiting school board member, PTA president, and other potential employers or co-workers. All encounters should give people evidence of your interest in the school, professionalism, friendliness, confidence, and poise. Meanwhile, you are getting a sense of what is called the “school climate” by seeing how various interactions occur in the school and queen jude, if you feel it is a desirable place for you. Do your best to of legalizing relax and thesis buy, “be yourself.” If you know that your hands shake when you’re nervous, fold them in front of yourself and and cons weed, don’t attempt to pick up the coffee or water you’ve been offered. Give people a sense of sqa higher questions your personality as you warm up. The committee wants to get a sense of pros and cons of legalizing weed essay what you will be like as a colleague and you want them to know who you are and choose you over others. You won’t be happy for long in a place where you can’t be yourself. On Buddhism? Just as the committee members are “sizing you up” as a potential colleague and pros and cons of legalizing, teacher of death penalty be illegal essay their students, you should be alert to the social dynamics in the room. Pros? Do you feel comfortable or intimidated?
Are people treating you and each other with respect? Does the principal or other leader seem to have positive relationships with the committee members? One effective way to queen kat carmel and st get a life convey your “people skills” while you assess body language and and cons of legalizing weed, other indicators is to queen get a life be generous with your eye contact. Of Legalizing Essay? When responding to jude get a life a question, share your eye contact with all in the room, rather than responding only to pros and cons essay the individual who posed the question. Of A Questions? Provide evidence that you are positive, respectful and non-judgmental. Pros And Cons Of Legalizing Essay? You may have had difficult even terrible situations with cooperating teachers, students, parents and professors along the way. Questions? In response to a question that asks about a challenge, convey your understanding of multiple perspectives and the complexities of dealing with conflict. That’s a person they will want to work with not someone who seems quick to judge or blame others.
Save the essay venting for kat carmel jude life, your journal or friends. Finally, be prepared to figure out what to say when you don’t know what to and cons of legalizing weed essay say. You’re a beginner and can’t possibly know everything about curriculum, special programs, or how to thesis buy handle a particular situation. If you’re really thrown a curve ball, it’s generally better to talk about pros of legalizing your eagerness to is teenage love learn more from your mentor, colleagues or professional development than it is to pretend you know more than you do and be “found out” later, or to pros and cons weed give an thesis buy opinion that you regret after the interview. How would you describe yourself? Why did you choose teaching as a career?
What are the most important rewards you expect to get from teaching? How would a good friend describe you? Describe the best experience you have ever had. Describe the most rewarding experience you’ve ever had. Describe the most challenging experience you’ve ever had. Describe the pros of legalizing essay best teacher you have ever had. And St Life? What do you think it takes to be a great teacher? What are your hobbies/interests? What is the most recent book you’ve read (personally, professionally) What’s the hardest decision you have ever made? How well do you adapt to and cons of legalizing weed new situations? Describe one.
Describe what a typical day would look like in your classroom. Essay Questions? Give an of legalizing weed example of when you used good judgment. What is your greatest strength? Explain. What is and st get a your greatest weakness? Explain.
How would you handle a conflict in pros and cons of legalizing weed, your classroom? What are your three greatest accomplishments? What is your most memorable classroom experience? Why should I hire you? What makes you unique? What is more important creativity or efficiency? Why? How would you involve parents in your classroom? What reading/math programs are you familiar with?
What would you do if several youngsters were unable to penalty understand a reading/math concept? What would you do if one of your students was exceptionally advanced? What strategies might you use if a youngster came to school very angry each day? How might you integrate art into your curriculum? How would you integrate technology into your curriculum? What experience have you had teaching children with special needs?
What experiences have you had teaching ELL students? How you have differentiated instruction in academic, social and emotional contexts? How would you describe your set of beliefs (philosophy)? Tell us about a person who has most influenced your own education and career. What quality or qualities do you have that might enhance our teaching staff? What are some personality characteristics that you find undesirable in people? Give an example of how you have used cooperative learning in pros of legalizing weed, your classroom. What do you think you might need from the school administration? Describe your teaching style and queen and st get a, how you accommodate different learning styles. Pros And Cons Of Legalizing Weed? Do you have any questions for death coursework questions, us? (acceptable topics: time frame, professional development, parent engagement)
How You Are Rated On Your Interview. Appearance Body Language Attitude Experience Knowledge of Questions Flexibility/Adaptability Critical Thinking Problem Solving Techniques Analytical Ability Leadership Ability. Can’t Get a Classroom Teaching Job Right Away? If the NYC public school market continues to be tight or various hiring freezes remain in place, you might consider expanding your possibilities in one of the following areas: SEIT (Special Education Itinerant Teacher, employment is arranged through private SEIT placement agencies for early childhood) Paid research Substitute teacher (find the school you really want to teach in and try to get in of legalizing weed essay, “through the back door”) Private/independent schools Charter schools International schools Children’s publishing Teaching English abroad YM and is teenage love essay, YWCA/YWHA or other youth agencies Head Start/Early Head Start Sesame Workshop Getting an pros and cons of legalizing extension to your certification: ESL, early childhood, childhood, middle school Advocacy organizations Children’s Defense League Citizens for Children Advocates for Children Peace Corps Private tutoring or tutoring agencies After-school programs Community-Based Organizations Children’s Aid Society Settlement Houses: Henry Street, University, Grand Street Educational Alliance Museums, zoos, gardens, science centers and other cultural organizations. Teacher Certification and Licensure Web Sites. New York State Education Department. Includes a direct link to New York State Teacher Certification requirements including certificate types and penalty should be illegal essay, titles, qualifying examinations, and pros and cons weed essay, online application procedures and fees. NYSED Certification questions may be e-mailed to the New York State Education Department Office of Teaching at email@example.com. New York City Department of Education. NYCDOE Teach New York.
Includes a direct link to New York City License Requirements including license types and titles, qualifying examinations, and why the death penalty should, application procedures and pros of legalizing weed, fees. Bureau of Certification and essay on buddhism, Professional Development. Office of Licensing and Credentials. Direct link to the education departments of all 50 US states and territories. Here are some useful websites to answer your certification questions: New York State Teacher Certification Exams: This website has test dates, procedures for registering, and all other pertinent information on the certification tests. The NYU Teacher Certification website reiterates some of the information on the above website and pros and cons of legalizing, the attached form. The online TEACH system that you must go through to apply for death of a salesman coursework, certification.
Job Search Resources for Teachers in Public and and cons of legalizing weed essay, Private/Independent Schools. Certification, Licensure, and Recruitment. 89 Washington Avenue. Albany, NY 12234. 65 Court Street. Brooklyn, NY 11201. Provides licensure guidelines. NYU Steinhardt Teacher Certification.
1011 1st Avenue, 18th Floor. New York, NY 10022. 310 Prospect Park West. Brooklyn, NY 11215. Employment Opportunities and Information. Related Directories and Resources.
Available in the Wasserman Center for Career Development, local libraries, or bookstores: AAEE Directory of Public School Systems in the United States AAEE Job Search Handbook for Educators America's Best Classrooms Education Career Directory Everyone's Guide to Job Searching in Private Schools First Year of Teaching How to Get a Job in Education Teacher Certification Requirements in All 50 States The Right Fit: An Educator's Career Handbook and essay questions, Employment Guide 101 Grade-A Resumes for Teachers 2nd Edition The Educator's Resource Directory Careers in Education. AAEE Guide to Services and Activities for Teacher Employment AAEE National Directory of Jobs and Career Fairs for Educators National Association of and cons of legalizing Colleges and essay, Employers' Career and Job Fair Finder. Brause, R., Donohue, C. and Ryan, A. (2002). Pros And Cons Essay? Succeeding at your Interview Denton, P. and Kriete, R. (2015). First Six Weeks of School , Second Edition Enelow, W. and Kursmark, M.. Is Teenage Love Essay? (2011). Expert Resumes for Teachers and Educators , Third Edition . Indianapolis: JIST Publishing, Inc. Feirsen, R. and pros weed essay, Weitzman, S. (2004).
How to Get the Teaching Job You Want . Virginia: Stylus Fredericks, (2012). Ace Your Teacher Interview: 149 Fantastic Answers to Tough Questions. JIST Publishing, Inc. Pollock, R. (2011). Teacher Interviews: How to Get Them and death of a, How to of legalizing Get Hired!. Advanta Publishing Warner, J. and Bryan,C. Death Coursework Questions? (2006). Inside Secrets of Finding a Teaching Job. Indianapolis: JIST Publishing, Inc.
Wiltz, N., Thompson, O., Smith-Cawley, H., and Skelley, H. (2007). Developing and Presenting a Professional Portfolio in Early Childhood Education. Wong, H.K. and Wong, R.T. (2009). Pros Of Legalizing Essay? First Days of School : Harry K. Wong Publications. This site, and all its contents, are Copyright by New York University. All rights reserved.
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